Military History Society of Rochester

Military History Society of Rochester A not-for-profit historical society chartered by the Board of Regents of the State of New York, under Federal 501(c)3 guidelines. Come see where military heritage lives!
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Our goal is to promote a knowledge of the rich military-history belonging to the city of Rochester and the surrounding areas. Our collection and library includes artifacts and material from all eras of the military history of the United States and is open to the general public free of charge. On display in our main gallery is a large collection of Civil War items focusing on artillery. You can learn about the most common field artillery pieces, the projectiles fired and the batteries in which they fought. Immerse yourself further into the lives of the fighting Rochestarian by viewing their day-to-day equipment, uniforms and weaponry. Also, you can stay and relax while reading something from our collection of over 2,000 books. For the gun enthusiast, we have a large display of muskets, rifles and carbines which leads you through the transition of the major U. S. firearms from the Revolutionary War to World War Two. In our back gallery, see items from World War One, World War Two, Vietnam and more modern times including uniforms and a D-Day diorama. There is also an extensive collection of Navy and Air Force combat aircraft models from World War One to the present day.

Operating as usual

6 FEBRUARY 1862 – General Ulysses S. Grant provides the first major Union victory of the war when he captures Fort Henry...
02/06/2021

6 FEBRUARY 1862 – General Ulysses S. Grant provides the first major Union victory of the war when he captures Fort Henry on the Tennessee River. Ten days later, he captured Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River, which gave the Yankees control of northern Tennessee and paved the way for the occupation of Nashville.
ROCHESTERMILITARY.COM

Charles Henry Lee (6 February 1732 [O.S. 26 January 1731] – 2 October 1782) served as a general of the Continental Army ...
02/06/2021

Charles Henry Lee (6 February 1732 [O.S. 26 January 1731] – 2 October 1782) served as a general of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He also served earlier in the British Army during the Seven Years War. He sold his commission after the Seven Years War and served for a time in the Polish army of King Stanislaus II.
Aaron Burr Jr. (February 6, 1756 – September 14, 1836) was an American politician and lawyer. He served as the third vice president of the United States during President Thomas Jefferson's first term from 1801 to 1805. Burr's legacy is defined by his famous personal conflict with Alexander Hamilton that culminated in Burr killing Hamilton in the famous Burr–Hamilton duel in 1804.
James Ewell Brown “JEB” Stuart was a cavalry commander known for his mastery of reconnaissance and the use of cavalry in support of offensive operations. While he cultivated a cavalier image (red-lined gray cape, the regular yellow waist sash of a confederate general, hat cocked to the side with an ostrich plume, red flower in his lapel, often sporting cologne), his serious work made him the trusted eyes and ears of Robert E. Lee's army and inspired Southern morale.
William Dorsey Pender (February 6, 1834 – July 18, 1863) was a General in the Confederacy in the American Civil War serving as a Brigade and Divisional commander. Promoted to brigadier on the battlefield at Seven Pines by Confederate President Jefferson Davis in person, he fought in the Seven Days Battles and at Second Manassas, Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, being wounded in each of these engagements. Lee rated him as one of the most promising of his commanders, promoting him to major general at twenty-nine. Pender was mortally wounded on the second day of Gettysburg.
Anton Herman Gerard "Anthony" Fokker (6 April 1890 – 23 December 1939) was a Dutch aviation pioneer, aviation entrepreneur, aircraft designer, and aircraft manufacturer. He is most famous for the fighter aircraft he produced in Germany during the First World War such as the Eindecker monoplanes, the Dr.1 triplane and the D.VII biplane.
Ronald Wilson Reagan was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th president of the United States from 1981 to 1989. A member of the Republican Party, he had previously served as the 33rd governor of California from 1967 to 1975 and president of the Screen Actors Guild from 1947 to 1952 and 1959 to June 12, 1960. While on active duty with the 1st Motion Picture Unit and the 18th Army Air Forces Base Unit, Captain Reagan served as Personnel Officer, Post Adjutant, and Executive Officer. By the end of the war, his units had produced some 400 training films for the Army Air Forces. Reagan's Reserve Commission automatically terminated on April 1, 1953. However, he became Commander-in-Chief of all U.S. Armed Forces when he became President on January 20, 1981.
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1918 – Stephen W. Thompson shoots down a German airplane. It is the first aerial victory by the U.S. military. His unit,...
02/05/2021

1918 – Stephen W. Thompson shoots down a German airplane. It is the first aerial victory by the U.S. military. His unit, the 1st Aero Squadron had not yet begun combat operations. Thompson visited a French unit with a fellow member of the 1st Aero Squadron and both were invited to fly as gunner-bombardiers with the French on a bombing raid over Saarbrücken, Germany. After they had dropped their bombs, the squadron was attacked by Albatros D.III fighters. Thompson shot down one of them. This was the first aerial victory by any member of the U.S. military. He was awarded the Croix de guerre with Palm for the action.
ROCHESTERMILITARY.COM

René of Chalon, Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht and Gelre, died on 15 July 1544, aged 25, ...
02/05/2021

René of Chalon, Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht and Gelre, died on 15 July 1544, aged 25, during the siege of St. Dizier where he fought for Emperor Charles V. René had been mortally wounded in battle the previous day, and died with the Emperor in attendance at his bedside. He died without leaving any direct descendants. Charles wrote soon after to René's wife, Anna of Lorraine(d. 1568), setting out in detail the circumstances of René's last hours and death.
Anne Jules de Noailles, 2nd Duke of Noailles (5 February 1650 – 2 October 1708) was one of the chief generals of France towards the end of the reign of Louis XIV, and, after raising the regiment of Noailles in 1689, he commanded in Spain during both the War of the Grand Alliance and the War of the Spanish Succession, and was made marshal of France in 1693.
Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim (5 February 1840 – 24 November 1916) was an American inventor best known as the creator of the first automatic machine gun, the Maxim gun. Maxim held patents on numerous mechanical devices such as hair-curling irons, a mousetrap, and steam pumps.
Gonzalo Queipo de Llano y Sierra (5 February 1875 – 9 March 1951) was a Spanish military leader who rose to prominence during the July 1936 coup d'état and the subsequent Spanish Civil War and White Terror.
Red Buttons (born Aaron Chwatt; February 5, 1919 – July 13, 2006) was an American actor and comedian. Drafted into the United States Army Air Forces, Buttons in 1943 appeared in the Army Air Forces' Broadway show Winged Victory, along with several future stars, including Mario Lanza, John Forsythe, Karl Malden and Lee J. Cobb. A year later he appeared in Darryl F. Zanuck's movie version of Winged Victory, directed by George Cukor. Buttons also entertained troops in the European Theater in the same Jeep Show unit as Mickey Rooney. Buttons played a lead role, that of Private John Steele, in the 1962 international ensemble cast film, The Longest Day.
Roger Thomas Staubach (born February 5, 1942), nicknamed "Roger the Dodger", "Captain America" and "Captain Comeback", is an American former professional football player who was a quarterback for the Dallas Cowboys in the National Football League (NFL). He attended the U.S. Naval Academy where he won the 1963 Heisman Trophy, and after graduation he served in the U.S. Navy, including a tour of duty in Vietnam. Staubach joined Dallas in 1969 and played with the club during all 11 seasons of his career. He led the team to the Super Bowl five times, four as the starting quarterback. He led the Cowboys to victories in Super Bowl VI and Super Bowl XII.
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Fra' Jean "Parisot" de la Valette (4 February 1495[?] – 21 August 1568) was a French nobleman and 49th Grand Master of t...
02/05/2021

Fra' Jean "Parisot" de la Valette (4 February 1495[?] – 21 August 1568) was a French nobleman and 49th Grand Master of the Order of Malta, from 21 August 1557 to his death in 1568. As a Knight Hospitaller, joining the order in the Langue de Provence, he fought with distinction against the Turks at Rhodes.
Adam Philippe, Comte de Custine (4 February 1740 – 28 August 1793) was a French general. As a young officer in the Bourbon Royal army, he served in the Seven Years' War. In the American Revolutionary War he joined Rochambeau's Expédition Particulière (Special Expedition) supporting the American colonists. He was guillotined in Paris in 1793 for inadequacy in command of the French revolutionary armies fighting continental monarchist armies.
Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko (English: Andrew Thaddeus Bonaventure Kosciuszko was a Polish army officer and statesman who gained fame both for his role in the American Revolution and for his leadership of a national insurrection in his homeland.
Halbert Eleazer Paine (February 4, 1826 – April 14, 1905) was a lawyer, politician, and general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. After the war, he was elected to three terms as U.S. Congressman from Wisconsin.
Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov, (born Feb. 4 [Jan. 23, Old Style], 1881, Verkhneye, Russia—died Dec. 2, 1969, Moscow), military and political leader of the Soviet Union who served as head of state after the death of his close friend and collaborator Joseph Stalin.
Johann Baptist Albin Rauter (4 February 1895 – 24 March 1949) was a high-ranking Austrian-born SS functionary and war criminal during the Nazi era. He was the highest SS and Police Leader in the occupied Netherlands and therefore the leading security and police officer there during the period of 1940–1945. He was responsible for the repression of the Dutch resistance and supervised the deportation of the Dutch Jews to the concentration and death camps. In March 1945 he was severely wounded by an attack of the Dutch resistance. After the war he was handed over to the Dutch government by the British Army. He was tried by a special Dutch court and sentenced to death.
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1779 – John Paul Jones takes command of Bonhomme Richard. Bonhomme Richard, formerly Duc de Duras, was a warship in the ...
02/04/2021

1779 – John Paul Jones takes command of Bonhomme Richard. Bonhomme Richard, formerly Duc de Duras, was a warship in the Continental Navy. She was originally an East Indiaman, a merchant ship built in France for the French East India Company in 1765, for service between France and the Orient. She was placed at the disposal of John Paul Jones, who renamed the vessel in honor of Benjamin Franklin, by King Louis XVI of France as a result of a loan to the United States by French shipping magnate, Jacques-Donatien Le Ray.
ROCHESTERMILITARY.COM

The Four Chaplains, also referred to as the "Immortal Chaplains" or the "Dorchester Chaplains", were four World War II c...
02/03/2021

The Four Chaplains, also referred to as the "Immortal Chaplains" or the "Dorchester Chaplains", were four World War II chaplains who died rescuing civilian and military personnel as the troop ship SS Dorchester sank on February 3, 1943. The Dorchester was a civilian liner converted for military service in World War II as a War Shipping Administration troop transport. She was able to carry slightly more than 900 military passengers and crew. The ship left New York on January 23, 1943, en route to Greenland, carrying approximately 900 others, as part of a convoy of three ships escorted by Coast Guard Cutters. During the early morning hours of February 3 the vessel was torpedoed by the German submarine U-223 off Newfoundland in the North Atlantic. The chaplains helped the other soldiers board lifeboats and gave up their own life jackets when the supply ran out. The chaplains joined arms, said prayers, and sang hymns as they went down with the ship. The impact of the chaplains story was deep, with many memorials and coverage in the media. Each of the four chaplains was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Cross and the Purple Heart. They were four Army chaplains, Lt. George Fox, a Methodist; Lt. Alexander Goode, a Jewish Rabbi; Lt. John Washington, a Roman Catholic Priest; and Lt. Clark Poling, a Dutch Reformed minister. Quickly and quietly the four chaplains worked to bring calm to the men.
ROCHESTERMILITARY.COM

Blas de Lezo y Olavarrieta (3 February 1689 – 7 September 1741) was a Spanish admiral best remembered for the Battle of ...
02/03/2021

Blas de Lezo y Olavarrieta (3 February 1689 – 7 September 1741) was a Spanish admiral best remembered for the Battle of Cartagena de Indias (1741) in modern-day Colombia, where Spanish imperial forces under his command resisted a siege by a large British invasion fleet under Admiral Edward Vernon. He has lately been promoted as one of the best strategists in naval history.
Friedrich Wilhelm Freiherr von Seydlitz (3 February 1721 – 8 November 1773 ) was a Prussian officer, lieutenant general, and among the greatest of the Prussian cavalry generals. He commanded one of the first Hussar squadrons of Frederick the Great's army and is credited with the development of the Prussian cavalry to its efficient level of performance in the Seven Years' War.
Louis-François, Baron Lejeune (3 February 1775 in Strasbourg – 29 February 1848) was a French general, painter, and lithographer. His memoirs have frequently been republished and his name is engraved on the Arc de Triomphe.
Samuel Ryan Curtis (February 3, 1805 – December 26, 1866) was an American military officer, and one of the first Republicans elected to Congress. He was most famous for his role as a Union Army general in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War, especially for his victories at the Battles of Pea Ridge in 1862 and Westport in 1864.
Joseph Eggleston Johnston (February 3, 1807 – March 21, 1891) was an American career army officer, serving with distinction in the United States Army during the Mexican–American War (1846–1848), and Seminole Wars. After Virginia seceded from the Union, he entered the Confederate States Army as one of its most senior general officers.
James Albert Michener was an American author. He wrote more than 40 books, most of which were lengthy, fictional family sagas covering the lives of many generations in particular geographic locales and incorporating detailed history. Michener had numerous bestsellers and works selected for Book of the Month Club, and was known for his meticulous research behind the books. Michener's books include Tales of the South Pacific for which he won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1948, Hawaii, The Drifters, Centennial, The Source, The Fires of Spring, Chesapeake, Caribbean, Caravans, Alaska, Texas, Space, and Poland, as well as The Bridges at Toko-ri.
ROCHESTERMILITARY.COM

The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine supersonic multirole fighter aircraft originally developed ...
02/02/2021

The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine supersonic multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics for the United States Air Force (USAF). Designed as an air superiority day fighter, it evolved into a successful all-weather multirole aircraft. Over 4,600 aircraft have been built since production was approved in 1976.
ROCHESTERMILITARY.COM

James I the Conqueror (Catalan: Jaume el Conqueridor; 2 February 1208 – 27 July 1276) was King of Aragon, Count of Barce...
02/02/2021

James I the Conqueror (Catalan: Jaume el Conqueridor; 2 February 1208 – 27 July 1276) was King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276; King of Majorca from 1231 to 1276; and Valencia from 1238 to 1276. His long reign—the longest of any Iberian monarch—saw the expansion of the Crown of Aragon in three directions: Languedoc to the north, the Balearic Islands to the southeast, and Valencia to the south.
Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon (originally Laudohn or Loudon; 13 February 1717 – 14 July 1790) was a Baltic German-born Austrian generalisimo, one of the most successful opponents of the Prussian king Frederick the Great, allegedly lauded by Alexander Suvorov as his teacher. He served the position of military governorship of Habsburg Serbia from his capture of Belgrade in 1789 until his death, cooperating with the resistance fighters of Koča Anđelković.
Albert Sidney Johnston (February 2, 1803 – April 6, 1862) served as a general in three different armies: the Texian Army, the United States Army, and the Confederate States Army. He saw extensive combat during his 34-year military career, fighting actions in the Black Hawk War, the Texas War of Independence, the Mexican–American War, the Utah War, and the American Civil War. Johnston was the highest-ranking officer, Union or Confederate, killed during the entire war. Johnston was the highest-ranking officer, Union or Confederate, killed during the entire war.
Nathaniel Collins McLean (February 2, 1815 – January 4, 1905), was a lawyer, farmer, and Union general during the American Civil War.
Abner Monroe Perrin (February 2, 1827 – May 12, 1864) was a Confederate general in the Army of Northern Virginia during the American Civil War.
In the Star Trek science fiction universe, Data was constructed on the planet Omicron Theta around 2336. He was the fifth of six known androids designed by Dr. Noonien Soong. His physical and mental capabilities were far superior to that of virtually any organic or cybernetic humanoid, including Klingons, Humans, and even Borg drones. Data has a storage capacity of 800 quadrillion bits (which is 100 Petabytes) and can make 60 trillion operations per second.
ROCHESTERMILITARY.COM

Comin' in on a Wing and a Prayer  February 1, 1943  The U.S. Air Force bomber All American's tail is nearly sheared off ...
02/01/2021

Comin' in on a Wing and a Prayer February 1, 1943 The U.S. Air Force bomber All American's tail is nearly sheared off after being struck by German fighter plane. The bomber was able to make a safe landing despite the extensive damage and none of the crew were injured. This incident was one of several that popularized the phrase, "Comin' in on a Wing and a Prayer," and inspired its 414th Bombardment Squadron's emblem, that of a puppy praying atop the rear fuselage. American bombers from the 414th Bombardment Squadron were returning from a bombing run on German-controlled seaports in Tunisia, when they were attacked by German fighters. One of the incoming fighters was either disabled or its pilot killed and was unable to pull away from the All American, crashing into it slicing through the bomber. The tail section, housing the rear gunner, was barely attached to the aircraft. The fighter broke apart, leaving some of its pieces in the bomber's fuselage. The crew had donned their parachutes expecting to bail out, but despite the extensive damage, the All American was able to safely land and none of the crew were injured
ROCHESTERMILITARY.COM

Address

250 N Goodman St, Fl 2nd
Rochester, NY
14607

Opening Hours

Thursday 12:00 - 16:00
Friday 12:00 - 16:00
Saturday 12:00 - 16:00

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(585) 730-4041

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General Trexler's Trout's... Allentown PA
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Please help us spread the word: The Accidental Hero is returning to Downstairs Cabaret at Winton Place next weekend (June 1-4) for its 13th engagement in Rochester, following recent performances in the Czech Republic. It is the extraordinary story of the actor's grandfather - a WWII officer who hit Omaha Beach, was a hero in the Battle of the Bulge, and liberated the same Czech towns where his grandparents lived. Tickets are $25, but WWII veterans are admitted free and other veterans receive 1/2 price tickets. It's a remarkable tribute, and we appreciate your help in getting the word out. Tickets may be reserved by calling (585) 325-4370, and more information can be found at