Federal Hall National Memorial

Federal Hall National Memorial Birthplace of American Government
Here on Wall Street, George Washington took the oath of office as
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Here on Wall Street, George Washington took the oath of office as our first President, and this site was home to the first Congress, Supreme Court, and Executive Branch offices. The current structure, a Customs House, later served as part of the US Sub-Treasury. Now, the building serves as a museum and memorial to our first President and the beginnings of the United States of America.

The New York Stock Exchange has held a Christmas tree ceremony in front of the stock exchange for the last 100 years. It...
12/08/2023

The New York Stock Exchange has held a Christmas tree ceremony in front of the stock exchange for the last 100 years. It is one of the oldest traditions in New York City. A great view of the tree can be seen from Federal Hall.

The New York Historical Society was founded in the City Hall building on Wall Street in 1804. On December 6th, 1810, the...
12/06/2023

The New York Historical Society was founded in the City Hall building on Wall Street in 1804. On December 6th, 1810, the New York Historical Society met at the North Court Room in City Hall to celebrate St. Nicholas Day. In the late afternoon, members of the society went to the Washington Hotel on Broad Street for a dinner celebration. Saint Nicholas Day is also known as the Festival of Saint Nicholas. Saint Nicholas is a patron saint. The Dutch called Saint Nicholas Sancte Claus. John Pintard, one of the founders of the New York Historical Society, wanted Saint Nicholas to be the patron saint of New York.

OTD: On December 4th, 1783, members of the Continental Army came to Fraunces Tavern to say goodbye to General George Was...
12/04/2023

OTD: On December 4th, 1783, members of the Continental Army came to Fraunces Tavern to say goodbye to General George Washinton. George Washington was leaving New York City to give up his commission as General of the Continental Army in Annapolis. Fraunces Tavern is located in lower Manhattan on the corner of Pearl and Broad Streets. The tavern opened in 1762. It was originally called the Queen Head's Tavern.

The Constitution of the United States was drafted in Philadelphia. Article 7 of the document explains that the constitut...
12/02/2023

The Constitution of the United States was drafted in Philadelphia. Article 7 of the document explains that the constitution can take effect when nine states ratify it. Why is this important? When the First Congress met in New York, 11 states ratified the Constitution. The states that did not ratify it were North Carolina and Rhode Island. North Carolina ratified the Constitution on November 21st, 1789. Rhode Island ratified the Constitution on May 29th, 1790.

OTD: On November 30th, 1782, the Americans and the British completed a preliminary Peace Treaty. In this initial agreeme...
11/30/2023

OTD: On November 30th, 1782, the Americans and the British completed a preliminary Peace Treaty. In this initial agreement, the United States demanded full autonomy from the British Empire. The British did not want the colonies to leave the British Empire. The Americans also wanted Canada. But, this was rejected by the British. The final Treaty of Paris was signed in September of 1783.

The colored portrait down below depicts the delegation for the Treaty of Paris. They included John Jay, Benjamin Franklin, and John Adams. The picture was never finished because the British delegates did not want to pose with the American delegation.

We had a special event celebrating Evacuation Day in New York City on Friday. On November 25th, 1783, George Washington ...
11/27/2023

We had a special event celebrating Evacuation Day in New York City on Friday. On November 25th, 1783, George Washington and his troops came down Manhattan, and the British left Manhattan Island. George Washington proclaimed a day of Thanksgiving. We had reenactors celebrating this event on Friday, which included George Washington and Martha Washington. Visitors had a great time.

Join us today for our Evacuation Day event at Federal Hall. It is from 11 am to 4 pm. Reenactors will be here for the li...
11/24/2023

Join us today for our Evacuation Day event at Federal Hall. It is from 11 am to 4 pm. Reenactors will be here for the live event, including George Washington.

Federal Hall National Memorial will be closed for the Thanksgiving holiday on Thursday, November 23, 2023. The park will...
11/22/2023

Federal Hall National Memorial will be closed for the Thanksgiving holiday on Thursday, November 23, 2023. The park will reopen Friday, November 24, 2023, from 10 am until 5 pm. Come join us on Friday, November 24th, for our Evacuation Day event. The event is between 11 am to 4 pm.

November is Native American History Heritage Month. New York City is a historic city. Before the New York City, the Lenn...
11/20/2023

November is Native American History Heritage Month. New York City is a historic city. Before the New York City, the Lenni Lenape lived on the land. The Leni Lenape were part of the Delaware Indians. They were a semi-nomadic group of Native Americans. The word Manhattan comes from the Leni Lenape. They called the island Manahatta, which means hilly island. The Lenni Lenape were located in New Jersey, southeast New York, eastern Pennsylvania, and Delaware. They moved to Oklahoma.

John Adams became Vice President of the United States on April 21st, 1789. He addressed the senate at Federal Hall on th...
11/16/2023

John Adams became Vice President of the United States on April 21st, 1789. He addressed the senate at Federal Hall on that day. John Adams was very grateful to be the Vice President. He also thanked the delegates for creating the constitution. After George Washington's presidency, John Adams was elected the second President of the United States.

George Washington understood everything he did as president of the United States would be followed for generations. On S...
11/14/2023

George Washington understood everything he did as president of the United States would be followed for generations. On September 19, 1796, George Washington announced he would not run for a third term as president. He started the two term limit tradition. This two-term tradition was followed until Franklin Delano Roosevelt completed more than two terms. In 1951, the 22nd amendment was passed, which made two terms the limit for the president of the United States.

Come to Federal Hall for the Evacuation Day Celebration on Friday, November 24th.
11/11/2023

Come to Federal Hall for the Evacuation Day Celebration on Friday, November 24th.

Armistice Day celebrated the early ceasefire of World War 1 that occurred on November 18, 1918. Armistice Day became an ...
11/11/2023

Armistice Day celebrated the early ceasefire of World War 1 that occurred on November 18, 1918. Armistice Day became an approved legal holiday on May 13, 1938. After World War 2 and the Korean War, the 1938 act was amended to replace Armistice with veterans. Veteran organizations fought for this change. Veterans Day was born when this legislation was approved on June 1, 1954. Happy Veterans Day to all our veterans! Let us remember our veterans who fought to develop this country in the American Revolution.

We are open on Saturday, November 11th, for Veterans Day. Come to Federal Hall at 11:00 am for a program about the men a...
11/09/2023

We are open on Saturday, November 11th, for Veterans Day. Come to Federal Hall at 11:00 am for a program about the men and women who participated in the American Revolution.

Martha Washington understood her behavior was going to be very important as the first lady of the United States. Every F...
11/07/2023

Martha Washington understood her behavior was going to be very important as the first lady of the United States. Every Friday evening, she had gatherings that included the public, visiting dignitaries, and members of Congress. These gatherings took place at the presidential mansion. Many people addressed Martha Washington as "Lady Washington." Some people addressed her as "Lady Presidentess."

11/03/2023
OTD: On November 1st, 1765, the Stamp Act took effect in the colonies. The British passed the Stamp Act because they wer...
11/01/2023

OTD: On November 1st, 1765, the Stamp Act took effect in the colonies. The British passed the Stamp Act because they were in debt because of the French and Indian War. The Stamp Act required all paper goods to have a stamp on them. As a result, the cost of these goods was higher. The colonists disapproved of this because they lacked representation in the British Parliament.

George Washington understood everything he did as president of the United States would be followed for generations. On S...
10/30/2023

George Washington understood everything he did as president of the United States would be followed for generations. On September 19, 1796, George Washington announced he would not run for a third term as president. He started the two-term limit tradition. This two-term tradition was followed until Franklin Delano Roosevelt completed more than two terms. In 1951, the 22nd Amendment was passed, which made two terms the limit for the president of the United States.

10/26/2023

Early Closure/October 26, 2023

Today, Thursday, October 26, 2023, Federal Hall National Memorial will be closing at 1:30 p.m. We will resume regular operations tomorrow, October 27, 2023,(10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.).

The New York Historical Society was founded in 1804. It was the first museum in New York City. The mission of the New Yo...
10/26/2023

The New York Historical Society was founded in 1804. It was the first museum in New York City. The mission of the New York Historical Society was to teach American and New York History. There were many prestigious members of the society. These included Peter Gerald Stuyvesant, the great-great-grandson of Peter Stuyvesant, and Mayor De Witt Clinton. Mayor De Witt Clinton provided rooms in Federal Hall for the New York Society to use.

The First Congress passed the Treasury Bill of 1789, which created a Secretary of the Treasury and many other offices wi...
10/23/2023

The First Congress passed the Treasury Bill of 1789, which created a Secretary of the Treasury and many other offices within the department. As the first Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton significantly impacted the development of the banking and credit system of the United States, which included the development of the Bank of the United States.

In October 1765, the Stamp Act Congress occurred in New York City. Representatives from 9 colonies convened at the old c...
10/20/2023

In October 1765, the Stamp Act Congress occurred in New York City. Representatives from 9 colonies convened at the old city hall building in New York to discuss the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act was a tax against the colonists. It required the colonists to buy paper goods, playing cards, and even dice with a stamp on them. This tax would pay off Britain's debt from the French and Indian War.
The colonists disagreed with this tax. They still wanted to be part of the British Empire but felt they were not represented as British subjects. They did not have any representation in Parliament. As a result, the members wrote the Declaration of Rights and Grievances at the Stamp Act Congress. One of the resolves stated that the colonists should have legislators in the colonies administer and enforce taxation. The Stamp Act Congress developed the concept of no taxation without representation.

Come to Federal Hall National Memorial for Open House New York on Saturday, October 21. Learn about the importance of Fe...
10/16/2023

Come to Federal Hall National Memorial for Open House New York on Saturday, October 21. Learn about the importance of Federal Hall and how it relates to the history of New York City.

Here is a picture of the subtreasury building in 1900. In the 1890s and early 1900s, New York City underwent a significa...
10/13/2023

Here is a picture of the subtreasury building in 1900. In the 1890s and early 1900s, New York City underwent a significant transformation. The city consolidated into a supercity called Greater New York in 1898. The city now consisted of Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx, and Staten Island. During this period, corporations developed with their headquarters in Manhattan. Some of these corporations included United States Steel and the American Sugar Refining Company. The wealthy men of Wall Street were starting to project their economic power globally.

On April 3, 1776, George Washington received an honorary law degree from Harvard College. The degree was a doctor of law...
10/11/2023

On April 3, 1776, George Washington received an honorary law degree from Harvard College. The degree was a doctor of laws. He earned the degree because he drove the British from Boston. He also used Harvard College as a barracks for his troops and kept the campus in shape.

Come visit Federal Hall for Open House New York on Saturday, October 21.
10/09/2023

Come visit Federal Hall for Open House New York on Saturday, October 21.

Federal Hall is open on Indigenous People's Day. Come to Federal Hall this Monday and learn about the First Congress and...
10/08/2023

Federal Hall is open on Indigenous People's Day. Come to Federal Hall this Monday and learn about the First Congress and George Washington. We are open from 10 am to 5 pm.

OTD: On October 7th, 1765, the Stamp Act Congress convenes in the old City Hall. A total of 27 representatives from 9 co...
10/07/2023

OTD: On October 7th, 1765, the Stamp Act Congress convenes in the old City Hall. A total of 27 representatives from 9 colonies would meet and develop the Stamp Act resolutions. This petition stated that the British government should not tax the colonies because they were not represented in it. The colonists felt legislators in the colonies should be responsible for taxation. The Stamp Act Congress developed the concept of no taxation without representation.

Alexander Jackson Davis was one of the architects of the New York Custom House, built between 1834 to 1842. He designed ...
10/04/2023

Alexander Jackson Davis was one of the architects of the New York Custom House, built between 1834 to 1842. He designed other buildings. In 1838, Alexander J. Davis designed the Lyndhurst Mansion. This home is located in Tarrytown, New York. Jay Gould bought the house in 1880.

Henry Knox was a founding father of the United States. He was a general during the American Revolution. Because of his e...
09/30/2023

Henry Knox was a founding father of the United States. He was a general during the American Revolution. Because of his experience, George Washington appointed Henry Knox the first head of the Department of War. He stayed in this position from 1789 to 1794.

Thomas Jefferson was appointed the first Secretary of the State of the United States. He did not want the capital to be ...
09/28/2023

Thomas Jefferson was appointed the first Secretary of the State of the United States. He did not want the capital to be in the north, especially in New York City. He had a big influence in getting the capital moved out of New York City. When New York City was the capital, he lived at 57 Maiden Lane. This street is located in the financial district. Down below is a black and white picture of the plaque.

OTD: On September 25th, 1789, the First Congress proposed 12 constitutional amendments. Ten of the resoulutions passed t...
09/25/2023

OTD: On September 25th, 1789, the First Congress proposed 12 constitutional amendments. Ten of the resoulutions passed to become known as the Bill of Rights. How did the resolutions become amendments? Under Article 5 of the constitution, 3/4 of the state legislatures needed to pass a resolution for it to become an amendment. On January 15th, 1791, Virginia became the 11th state to ratify 10 of the resolutions. The remaining states did not bother to vote on the proposed amendments. In 1939, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Georgia ratified the first ten amendments in celebration of the 150th anniversary of the Bill of Rights.

On September 22, 1789, the First Congress at Federal Hall authorized the Postmaster General office. A few days later, Sa...
09/22/2023

On September 22, 1789, the First Congress at Federal Hall authorized the Postmaster General office. A few days later, Samuel Osgood was selected as the United States Postmaster General.

OTD: On September 21st, 1776, a great fire burned much of New York. The fire started at the Fighting C***s Tavern. The c...
09/21/2023

OTD: On September 21st, 1776, a great fire burned much of New York. The fire started at the Fighting C***s Tavern. The cause of the fire is unknown. The fire might have started accidentally in the tavern. However, the fire occurred during the American Revolution. A few days earlier, the British attacked Manhattan at Kip's Bay. George Washington had discussed burning New York City with Congress since the Americans could not hold it. The idea was quickly overturned. But, did American sympathizers start the fire anyway? The true answer is not known.

OTD: On September 17, 1787, 39 of the 55 delegates at the constitutional convention drafted the constitution. The Consti...
09/17/2023

OTD: On September 17, 1787, 39 of the 55 delegates at the constitutional convention drafted the constitution. The Constitution of the United States had to be ratified by 9 of the 13 colonies to become the supreme law of the land. By the end of 1788, 9 states had ratified the constitution. Before being dissolved, the Confederation Congress chose New York City as the first capital under the new constitution.

OTD: On September 15th, 1789, the Department of Foreign Affairs was renamed the Department of the State. The Department ...
09/15/2023

OTD: On September 15th, 1789, the Department of Foreign Affairs was renamed the Department of the State. The Department of State is responsible for the international relations of the United States. The State Department is also responsible for implementing the United States' foreign policy. Thomas Jefferson was the first Secretary of State. Only a few people worked in the department when he was Secretary of State. The Department of State also only had two diplomatic posts when Thomas Jefferson was Secretary of State. These posts were located in London and Paris.

On September 11th, 1776, John Adams, Edward Rutledge And Benjamin Franklin met Lord Richard Howe to try to make a peace ...
09/11/2023

On September 11th, 1776, John Adams, Edward Rutledge And Benjamin Franklin met Lord Richard Howe to try to make a peace agreement at the Conference House in Staten Island New York. Peace did not happen. Shortly after the peace conference the British took New York City.

When New York City was chosen as the short-term capital, the Government House was built in hopes it would be the Preside...
09/07/2023

When New York City was chosen as the short-term capital, the Government House was built in hopes it would be the Presidential Mansion for George Washington. However, the Residency Act of 1790 moved the capital to Philadelphia for ten years until Washington, D.C., was ready for occupation in 1800. As a result, the Government House was used by the State of New York. The governor of New York lived in the house. The building became a custom House after the state capital moved out of New York City.

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26 Wall Street
New York, NY
10005

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Tuesday 9am - 5pm
Wednesday 9am - 5pm
Thursday 9am - 5pm
Friday 9am - 5pm

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