ASME History & Heritage

ASME History & Heritage ASME's History and Heritage program celebrates and landmarks the significant contributions of mechanical engineers in creating a better society.
Founded in 1880 as the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASME is a not-for-profit professional organization that enables collaboration, knowledge sharing and skill development across all engineering disciplines. Learn more @ www.asme.org

Since the invention of the wheel, mechanical innovation has critically influenced the development of civilization and industry as well as public welfare, safety and comfort. Through its History and Heritage program, ASME encourages public understanding of mechanical engineering, fosters the preservation of this heritage and helps engineers become more involved in all aspects of history.

How much do you know about the Disneyland Monorail, #ASMELandmark number 115? Take this quiz from ASME (American Society...
01/10/2020

How much do you know about the Disneyland Monorail, #ASMELandmark number 115? Take this quiz from ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) to test your knowledge!

How much do you know about the Disneyland Monorail? Take our quiz about the ASME landmark ➡️ https://bit.ly/2tLfa4L

How many #ASMELandmarks do you spot in this photo of Alan Bean stepping on the moon during the Apollo 12 mission? Surpri...
09/28/2019

How many #ASMELandmarks do you spot in this photo of Alan Bean stepping on the moon during the Apollo 12 mission? Surprise! There are two. You probably knew that the Apollo lunar module is one of our landmarks, but did you know that the Apollo space suit is as well? ⁣

The space suit wasn’t just a garment; it was a survival system for Apollo program astronauts. The suits had three major components: ⁣

1️⃣ An inner comfort liner, worn closest to the body⁣
2️⃣ In the middle, a garment that controlled for pressure and temperature⁣
3️⃣ An outer layer called the TMG (thermal micrometeroid garment) that reflected radiation and reduced conductivity, covered by a fireproof cloth⁣

In terms of operations, the suit also provided critical life support for crew members. Its features included a pure oxygen airflow, pressurization, continuously flowing cooling water, signal telemetry to track the astronauts’ vital signs, and radio communications with Earth. ⁣

Other fun facts about the suit: ⁣
🌙 The design integrated steel rods to prevent the suit from expanding too much in changing atmospheric pressure⁣
🌙 The gloves had silicone fingertips to aid the astronauts in picking up objects⁣
🌙 The suit included an injection patch in case an astronaut had to give himself a shot, and self-heaing rubber would fill the hole in the suit once the needle was removed⁣
🌙 The helmets had a feed port in case the astronauts needed to wear them long-term, such as during a depressurization of the command module; a tube of paste-like food could be inserted to allow the astronauts to eat⁣

The Apollo Space Suit was designed by NASA and International Latex Corporation Dover, and was used on eleven missions between 1968 and 1972. The suit was named an ASME Landmark of Mechanical Engineering in 2013. ⁣Read more about it here: https://www.asme.org/about-asme/engineering-history/landmarks/255-apollo-space-suit

#TBT #Apollo50ASME #Apollo50 #Apollo50th

30 years ago today, the #ASMELandmark Voyager spacecraft made a historic flight past Neptune.
08/22/2019
30 Years Ago: Voyager 2's Historic Neptune Flyby

30 years ago today, the #ASMELandmark Voyager spacecraft made a historic flight past Neptune.

Humanity's first and (so far) last visit to the outermost giant planet in our solar system was a monumental event for scientists and the public alike.

ASME Landmark: the Antikythera Mechanism
07/25/2019

ASME Landmark: the Antikythera Mechanism

This week, we celebrated the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11 landing on the moon and successfully returning its crew to Ea...
07/25/2019

This week, we celebrated the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11 landing on the moon and successfully returning its crew to Earth.

While the journey of #Apollo11 was over, the Apollo program encompassed far more than just this one groundbreaking mission. Before Apollo 11, there were uncrewed test flights and flights in Earth and lunar orbit. Apollo 10 was a dress rehearsal for the eventual landing, getting as close as 50,000 feet. After Apollo 11, between 1969 and 1972, there would be five more trips to the moon's surface. ⁣

But without the lunar module, a spacecraft designed to carry two astronauts from the command-service module in lunar orbit to the moon's surface, there would be no moon landings. The lunar module (LM, pronounced “lem”) was the first crewed spacecraft to operate only in space, and is still the only crewed spacecraft that has landed anywhere other than Earth. It was developed and built by Grumman Aircraft in Bethpage, New York, USA. Eventually, 15 LMs were built, and 10 launched into space, and 6 landed on the moon. ⁣

The LM was known for being the most reliable part of the Apollo spacecraft. As Tom Kelly, a Grumman engineer, told ASME in 2002, "We didn't know anything about space anymore than most people did at that time. But we did know a lot about producing reliable flying machines that had to operate in a very hostile and demanding environment."⁣

For its engineering achievements, and for its undeniable role in history, ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) designated the lunar module as a landmark of mechanical engineering in 2002. The plaque is posted at the Cradle of Aviation Museum in Garden City, New York, not far from where the LMs were built. On display at the museum is LM-13, built for Apollo 19, which was later cancelled. ⁣

#Apollo50 #Apollo50th #Apollo50ASME ⁣

This week, one of our #ASMELandmarks hit an incredible milestone! NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration's...
12/14/2018

This week, one of our #ASMELandmarks hit an incredible milestone! NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Voyager 2 spacecraft left the heliosphere and arrived in interplanetary space. Both Voyager 1 and 2, a pair of craft launched in 1977 whose primary mission was to explore Jupiter and Saturn, were named ASME landmarks of mechanical engineering in 1993. ⁣

Voyager 2 is only the second human-made object ever to reach interstellar space. (Voyager 1 arrived there in 2012.) Even better, Voyager 2 has an instrument called a Plasma Science Experiment (PLS). Voyager 1’s PLS stopped working in 1980, so Voyager 2’s departure from the heliosphere means that scientists are now getting data and information that humans have never before received. The Voyagers are the farthest and longest-lived spacecraft ever built.

The Voyager missions were intended to last five years, but here we are, more than 41 years after their launches! It is now expected that the Voyagers have enough electrical power and thruster fuel to keep their scientific equipment running until at least 2020. An awe-inspiring feat of engineering! ⁣

For more about the Voyager mission, visit voyager.jpl.nasa.gov. ⁣For ASME's landmark report, visit https://www.asme.org/about-asme/who-we-are/engineering-history/landmarks/171-voyager-spacecraft-interplanetary-explorers.

Congratulations to our 268th landmark!
10/15/2018
PPPL designated historic mechanical engineering site

Congratulations to our 268th landmark!

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) on Oct. 5 presented the U.S. Department of Energy’s Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory with an engraved plaque designating the laboratory an ASME historic mechanical engineering landmark for its achievements in the quest to develop magnetically ...

Last month, ASME named the Janney Coupler its 267th landmark of mechanical engineering! The coupler not only improved sa...
10/08/2018

Last month, ASME named the Janney Coupler its 267th landmark of mechanical engineering! The coupler not only improved safety for rail workers, it also made train travel faster for passengers. Read more at ASME News: https://bit.ly/2yfPRaD (Photo by Daniel Schwen) #ASMELandmarks

ASME's newest landmark of mechanical engineering!
08/15/2018

ASME's newest landmark of mechanical engineering!

Earlier this week the ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) recognized the Moench tufting machine at corporate HQ as a historic, mechanical engineering landmark, ranking among landmarks such as the Model T and the Wright Flyer. Did you know that 75% of US-made carpet comes from descendants of this machine? Learn more: https://bit.ly/2w7ktJp

08/10/2018
Science Channel

The Pilatus was designated as an #ASMELandmark in 2002. Amazing to see the railway travel at a 48% grade!

The Pilatus Railway built in 1888, with its elevation of nearly 7,000 ft. is the steepest cog railway in the world. Its 48% grade is twice that of other cog railways - an engineering feat offering beautiful views.

06/14/2018
Science Channel

Check out this video to see a rotary snow plow in action! The Northern Pacific Rotary Snow Plow No. 2, the oldest of its kind still in existence, was declared an ASME Landmark in 2015.

This 1500 hp rotary snowplow train with its front intake and side blower, can move massive amounts of snow in minutes while moving SLOWER than wedge-shaped plows.

We love unique engineering! #ImpossibleRailroads

02/22/2018
Pratt & Whitney

Congratulations to our newest mechanical engineering landmark!

Join us as we mark history, honoring one of the brilliant inventions that changed the game for P&W engines.

#Eweek2018 #WeArePW #ENGINEering

Chosen from ASME landmarks, these trains, cars, and railways revolutionized transportation.
12/08/2017
11 Railway Engineering Marvels

Chosen from ASME landmarks, these trains, cars, and railways revolutionized transportation.

Gleaned from the ASME’s Historic List of Mechanical Engineering Milestones, these trains, cars, and railways changed the face of transportation and engineering.

On this day in 1969, American astronauts first walked on the moon! The suits worn by the crew of Apollo 11 were named AS...
07/20/2017

On this day in 1969, American astronauts first walked on the moon! The suits worn by the crew of Apollo 11 were named ASME landmarks of mechanical engineering in 2013. From 1968 to 1972, the suits were used on eleven missions, with a total of 158 hours spent on the lunar surface! Read more about the suits here: https://www.asme.org/about-asme/who-we-are/engineering-history/landmarks/255-apollo-space-suit (Photo: NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration)

Here's what it's like to visit the Lockport Cave & Underground Boat Ride, home of two ASME landmarks, the Holly Fire Pro...
06/20/2017
100 Things: Try Lockport Cave Tour & Underground Boat Ride - The Buffalo News

Here's what it's like to visit the Lockport Cave & Underground Boat Ride, home of two ASME landmarks, the Holly Fire Protection and
Water System and the Holly District Heating System.

Summer is the time for road trips. And so we celebrate Americana. We are talking weird roadside attractions, curiosities visitors see while passing through. Things you equate with the Travel Channel, Boy Scouts, and Ripley's Believe it Or Not. Western New York has a gem of Americana in the Lockport ...

Congratulations to ASME's newest landmark of mechanical engineering!
06/14/2017
ASME Recognizes Engine Collection in Italy

Congratulations to ASME's newest landmark of mechanical engineering!

A collection of more than 100 artifacts at the University of Palermo in Italy — including a variety of steam, automotive and aircraft engines — was recently recognized by ASME for its historical significance.

A collection of more than 100 engines and artifacts at the University of Palermo was designated with a ceremony on May 3...
06/14/2017

A collection of more than 100 engines and artifacts at the University of Palermo was designated with a ceremony on May 31. Some of the more notable items in the collection include the Neville stationary steam engine and the Ljungström counter-rotating steam turbine, the FIAT 8V and FIAT-Ferrari Dino automobile engines, and the Siemens-Halske Sh.IIIa counter-rotary aircraft engine and the General Electric J47 turbojet engine. For the complete story, visit:
https://www.asme.org/about-asme/news/asme-news/recognizes-collection-italy-historical-importance

A collection of more than 100 engines and artifacts at the University of Palermo was designated with a ceremony on May 31. Some of the more notable items in the collection include the Neville stationary steam engine and the Ljungström counter-rotating steam turbine, the FIAT 8V and FIAT-Ferrari Dino automobile engines, and the Siemens-Halske Sh.IIIa counter-rotary aircraft engine and the General Electric J47 turbojet engine. For the complete story, visit:
https://www.asme.org/about-asme/news/asme-news/recognizes-collection-italy-historical-importance

ASME was founded on this day in 1880!
02/16/2017

ASME was founded on this day in 1880!

Happy birthday to us! 🎉 ASME was founded at 96 Fulton Street in New York City on this day in 1880. Here's a portion of an article published the next day in the New York Times commemorating the event.

Today's Google doodle honors Ladislao Jose Biro and his invention, the ballpoint pen! The pen was named an ASME landmark...
09/29/2016
www.google.com

Today's Google doodle honors Ladislao Jose Biro and his invention, the ballpoint pen! The pen was named an ASME landmark in 2005.

An ASME landmark will reopen to visitors this month!
08/01/2016
Graue Mill to reopen in August upon completion of structural repairs - Chronicle Media

An ASME landmark will reopen to visitors this month!

The Forest Preserve District of DuPage County’s Graue Mill is expected to reopen to the public in early August after being closed for structural repairs. Repairs were needed to the historic landmark, located at Fullersburg Woods Forest Preserve in Oak Brook, after an April 2013 flood left 5 feet of…

Tomorrow, the SLA-1 3D printer at 3D Systems Corporation will be designated as ASME's 261st mechanical engineering landm...
05/17/2016
7 Questions with 3D Printing Icon Charles Hull

Tomorrow, the SLA-1 3D printer at 3D Systems Corporation will be designated as ASME's 261st mechanical engineering landmark! Learn more about the company's co-founder and CTO and his pioneering work.

Get to know the engineer known as the "father of 3D printing."

Get a preview of an upcoming ASME mechanical engineering landmark!
03/10/2016
Civil War ironclad Monitor's famous pump is resurrected

Get a preview of an upcoming ASME mechanical engineering landmark!

For more than 150 years after the celebrated Civil War ironclad Monitor sank off Cape Hatteras, N.C., the engines and pumps that drove history's first mechanized warship have been silent.

Atlas Obscura features the Lookout Mountain Incline Railway, built in 1895 and dedicated as an ASME landmark in 1991.
03/01/2016
Lookout Mountain Incline Railway

Atlas Obscura features the Lookout Mountain Incline Railway, built in 1895 and dedicated as an ASME landmark in 1991.

This funicular railway rumbles along for a mile up the nearly vertical face of Chattanooga’s Lookout Mountain.

Let's take a look back at IMECE 2011 in Denver, Colorado. Dick Pawliger (now the Past History & Heritage Chair) presente...
01/28/2016

Let's take a look back at IMECE 2011 in Denver, Colorado. Dick Pawliger (now the Past History & Heritage Chair) presented the 2011 ASME Engineer-Historian Award to Dr. Francis C. Moon, Joseph C. Ford Professor of Engineering Emeritus at Cornell University. Dr. Moon received the award for his work on the history of machines, including his book "The Machines of Leonardo da Vinci and Frantz Reuleaux: Kinematics of Machines from the Renaissance to the 20th Century." Afterward, a reception was held in conjunction with the 75th anniversary celebration of the Old Guard. #TBT

This weekend at #IMECE2015, the ASME History and Heritage Committee honored Mark Rosheim with the 2015 ASME Engineer-His...
11/16/2015

This weekend at #IMECE2015, the ASME History and Heritage Committee honored Mark Rosheim with the 2015 ASME Engineer-Historian Award, and Thomas Fehring was named an ASME Fellow. Congratulations!

Built in 1885, the Folsom Powerhouse 1 in Folsom, California, is one of the earliest successful uses of hydroelectric po...
10/15/2015

Built in 1885, the Folsom Powerhouse 1 in Folsom, California, is one of the earliest successful uses of hydroelectric power in the world. For the first time, high-voltage alternating current (AC) could be transmitted over long-distance transmission lines. The Powerhouse delivered electricity to Sacramento, the state capital, 22 miles away.

The Powerhouse was dedicated as an ASME landmark in 1976, and is now open to the public as Folsom Powerhouse State Historic Park.

For more on the Folsom Power House: http://bit.ly/HHFolsom

This 1913 photo advertises the Evinrude outboard motor, an ASME landmark of mechanical engineering. Though boat motors h...
09/24/2015

This 1913 photo advertises the Evinrude outboard motor, an ASME landmark of mechanical engineering. Though boat motors had been around since the late 1800s, Evinrude's lightweight and reliable design was the first to be commercially successful. Today, the Evinrude design--horizontal cylinder, vertical crankshaft, and submerged direction gears--remains the standard.

To learn more: http://bit.ly/HHEvinrude

Our book focusing on feats of mechanical engineering is now available for Amazon Kindle!
09/17/2015
MACHINES THAT MADE HISTORY: Landmarks in Mechanical Engineering: Digital Student Edition

Our book focusing on feats of mechanical engineering is now available for Amazon Kindle!

With full color and black & white images, this hardcover, photographic book highlights 100 key landmarks in the history of mechanical engineering, devices or innovations that have shaped the world. “The products of mechanical engineering sustain the very fabric of modern life. Some are obv...

ASME Landmark: Funicular Giessbach
09/03/2015

ASME Landmark: Funicular Giessbach

Here's another great drawing by J. Lawrence Lee, former chair of the History & Heritage Committee, depicting a NASA craw...
08/13/2015

Here's another great drawing by J. Lawrence Lee, former chair of the History & Heritage Committee, depicting a NASA crawler-transporter. The largest ground vehicles ever built, each transporter carried the 12-million-pound Saturn V rocket for several miles. The crawler-transporters were designated as ASME landmarks in 1977.

How do you launch a 45-ton spacecraft into orbit? With the Saturn V! At the time it was in use, it was the tallest, heav...
07/30/2015

How do you launch a 45-ton spacecraft into orbit? With the Saturn V!

At the time it was in use, it was the tallest, heaviest, and most powerful rocket ever built. From 1967 to 1972, it launched the Apollo spacecraft's orbital and lunar missions. Saturn V also launched Skylab on May 14, 1973.

Shown here in a drawing by J. Lawrence Lee, former chair of the History & Heritage Committee, the rocket was designated an ASME landmark in July 1980.

For more on Saturn V, visit http://bit.ly/HHSaturnV.

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