ASME History & Heritage

ASME History & Heritage ASME's History and Heritage program celebrates and landmarks the significant contributions of mechanical engineers in creating a better society.
Founded in 1880 as the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASME is a not-for-profit professional organization that enables collaboration, knowledge sharing and skill development across all engineering disciplines. Learn more @ www.asme.org

Since the invention of the wheel, mechanical innovation has critically influenced the development of civilization and industry as well as public welfare, safety and comfort. Through its History and Heritage program, ASME encourages public understanding of mechanical engineering, fosters the preservation of this heritage and helps engineers become more involved in all aspects of history.

07/29/2020

Most of us probably don't think twice about the setup of our keyboards, how they came to be, and what typing devices paved the road for modern designs.

That's why we're taking you back in time today to learn about the Sholes & Glidden typewriter, also known as ASME engineering landmark #249. #ASMELandmark

July 24, 2020, is the 51st anniversary of Apollo 11's return to Earth. The command module splashed down in the Pacific O...
07/24/2020

July 24, 2020, is the 51st anniversary of Apollo 11's return to Earth. The command module splashed down in the Pacific Ocean at 12:44 PM Eastern time. ⁣

While the journey of #Apollo11 was over, the Apollo program encompassed far more than just this one groundbreaking mission. Before Apollo 11, there were uncrewed test flights and flights in Earth and lunar orbit. Apollo 10 was a dress rehearsal for the eventual landing, getting as close as 50,000 feet from the moon's surface. After Apollo 11, between 1969 and 1972, there would be five more trips to the moon's surface. ⁣

But without the lunar module, a spacecraft designed to carry two astronauts from the command-service module in lunar orbit to the moon's surface, there would be no moon landings. The lunar module (LM, pronounced “lem”) was the first crewed spacecraft to operate only in space, and is still the only crewed spacecraft that has landed anywhere other than Earth. It was developed and built by Grumman Aircraft in Bethpage, New York, USA. Eventually, 15 LMs were built, and 10 launched into space, and 6 landed on the moon. ⁣

The LM was known for being the most reliable part of the Apollo spacecraft. As Tom Kelly, a Grumman engineer, told ASME in 2002, "We didn't know anything about space anymore than most people did at that time. But we did know a lot about producing reliable flying machines that had to operate in a very hostile and demanding environment."⁣

For its engineering achievements, and for its undeniable role in history, ASME designated the lunar module as a landmark of mechanical engineering in 2002. The plaque is posted at the Cradle of Aviation Museum in Garden City, New York, not far from where the LMs were built. On display at the museum is LM-13, built for Apollo 19, which was later cancelled. ⁣

Photos: ⁣
1) LM-13 at Cradle of Aviation Museum
2) The Apollo 11 LM on the moon, with astronaut Buzz Aldrin in the foreground ⁣
3) The #ASMELandmarks plaque at the Cradle of Aviation Museum
⁣4) and 5) Lunar module schematics as they appeared in the ASME landmark brochure in 2002⁣

📷 : 1 and 3: Wendy Felton for ASME; 2: NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; 4 and 5: ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers)

Today, the 51st anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing, is a good day to celebrate one of the #ASMELandmarks that mad...
07/20/2020

Today, the 51st anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing, is a good day to celebrate one of the #ASMELandmarks that made it possible: the Apollo space suit.

Read the post, then test your knowledge with our quiz: https://bit.ly/3cVeonx

The space suit wasn’t just a garment; it was a survival system for Apollo program astronauts. The suits had three major components: ⁣

1️⃣ An inner comfort liner, worn closest to the body⁣
2️⃣ In the middle, a garment that controlled for pressure and temperature⁣
3️⃣ An outer layer called the TMG (thermal micrometeroid garment) that reflected radiation and reduced conductivity, covered by a fireproof cloth⁣

In terms of operations, the suit also provided critical life support for crew members. Its features included a pure oxygen airflow, pressurization, continuously flowing cooling water, signal telemetry to track the astronauts’ vital signs, and radio communications with Earth. ⁣

Other fun facts about the suit: ⁣
🌙 The design integrated steel rods to prevent the suit from expanding too much in changing atmospheric pressure⁣
🌙 The gloves had silicone fingertips to aid the astronauts in picking up objects⁣
🌙 The suit included an injection patch in case an astronaut had to give himself a shot, and self-heaing rubber would fill the hole in the suit once the needle was removed⁣
🌙 The helmets had a feed port in case the astronauts needed to wear them long-term, such as during a depressurization of the command module; a tube of paste-like food could be inserted to allow the astronauts to eat⁣

The Apollo Space Suit was designed by NASA and International Latex Corporation Dover, and was used on eleven missions between 1968 and 1972. The suit was named an ASME Landmark of Mechanical Engineering in 2013. ⁣

📷 : courtesy NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration

On this day in 1969, Apollo 11 launched from Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida, USA. Thousands of people gathered to...
07/16/2020

On this day in 1969, Apollo 11 launched from Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida, USA. Thousands of people gathered to watch the launch, including United States Vice President Spiro Agnew and former US President Lyndon B. Johnson, while an estimated 25 million people watched the live TV broadcast of the event. Apollo 11 launched on a Saturn V rocket, which to this day is the tallest, heaviest, and most powerful rocket ever operated. ⁣⁣
⁣⁣
Apollo 11 entered earth orbit twelve minutes after its 9:32 AM launch. It would take 75 hours and 56 minutes for Apollo 11 to enter a lunar orbit, and then Apollo 11 would become the first crewed mission to land on the moon (on July 20) and return to Earth (July 24).⁣⁣
⁣⁣
More than 400,000 engineers worked on the Apollo program during its course, from 1961-1972. "When I was there working on it, it was more like, 'We've got a job to do, we're engineers, we can get the job done,'" engineer Peter Kachmar told ASME. Katchmar worked on the algorithms and crew procedures for the rendezvous system that directed the lunar module from the command module to the moon’s surface and back. "And I've come to realize what a tremendous feat it really was."⁣
⁣⁣
📸 : courtesy NASA⁣

On Thursday, June 11, join Thomas Fehring, P.E., for a virtual tour of industrial Milwaukee!
06/08/2020
Virtual Museum: The Magnificent Machines of Milwaukee - National Museum of Industrial History

On Thursday, June 11, join Thomas Fehring, P.E., for a virtual tour of industrial Milwaukee!

The upcoming presentation will provide stories of engineering innovation and enterprise creation in Milwaukee, focusing on Allis-Chalmers and Pawling & Harnischfeger. These two Milwaukee companies, along with seventy others, are chronicled in the Magnificent Machines of Milwaukee, a recent book that...

How much do you know about the Disneyland Monorail, #ASMELandmark number 115? Take this quiz from ASME (American Society...
01/10/2020

How much do you know about the Disneyland Monorail, #ASMELandmark number 115? Take this quiz from ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) to test your knowledge!

How much do you know about the Disneyland Monorail? Take our quiz about the ASME landmark ➡️ https://bit.ly/2tLfa4L

How many #ASMELandmarks do you spot in this photo of Alan Bean stepping on the moon during the Apollo 12 mission? Surpri...
09/28/2019

How many #ASMELandmarks do you spot in this photo of Alan Bean stepping on the moon during the Apollo 12 mission? Surprise! There are two. You probably knew that the Apollo lunar module is one of our landmarks, but did you know that the Apollo space suit is as well? ⁣

The space suit wasn’t just a garment; it was a survival system for Apollo program astronauts. The suits had three major components: ⁣

1️⃣ An inner comfort liner, worn closest to the body⁣
2️⃣ In the middle, a garment that controlled for pressure and temperature⁣
3️⃣ An outer layer called the TMG (thermal micrometeroid garment) that reflected radiation and reduced conductivity, covered by a fireproof cloth⁣

In terms of operations, the suit also provided critical life support for crew members. Its features included a pure oxygen airflow, pressurization, continuously flowing cooling water, signal telemetry to track the astronauts’ vital signs, and radio communications with Earth. ⁣

Other fun facts about the suit: ⁣
🌙 The design integrated steel rods to prevent the suit from expanding too much in changing atmospheric pressure⁣
🌙 The gloves had silicone fingertips to aid the astronauts in picking up objects⁣
🌙 The suit included an injection patch in case an astronaut had to give himself a shot, and self-heaing rubber would fill the hole in the suit once the needle was removed⁣
🌙 The helmets had a feed port in case the astronauts needed to wear them long-term, such as during a depressurization of the command module; a tube of paste-like food could be inserted to allow the astronauts to eat⁣

The Apollo Space Suit was designed by NASA and International Latex Corporation Dover, and was used on eleven missions between 1968 and 1972. The suit was named an ASME Landmark of Mechanical Engineering in 2013. ⁣Read more about it here: https://www.asme.org/about-asme/engineering-history/landmarks/255-apollo-space-suit

#TBT #Apollo50ASME #Apollo50 #Apollo50th

30 years ago today, the #ASMELandmark Voyager spacecraft made a historic flight past Neptune.
08/22/2019
30 Years Ago: Voyager 2's Historic Neptune Flyby

30 years ago today, the #ASMELandmark Voyager spacecraft made a historic flight past Neptune.

Humanity's first and (so far) last visit to the outermost giant planet in our solar system was a monumental event for scientists and the public alike.

ASME Landmark: the Antikythera Mechanism
07/25/2019

ASME Landmark: the Antikythera Mechanism

This week, we celebrated the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11 landing on the moon and successfully returning its crew to Ea...
07/25/2019

This week, we celebrated the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11 landing on the moon and successfully returning its crew to Earth.

While the journey of #Apollo11 was over, the Apollo program encompassed far more than just this one groundbreaking mission. Before Apollo 11, there were uncrewed test flights and flights in Earth and lunar orbit. Apollo 10 was a dress rehearsal for the eventual landing, getting as close as 50,000 feet. After Apollo 11, between 1969 and 1972, there would be five more trips to the moon's surface. ⁣

But without the lunar module, a spacecraft designed to carry two astronauts from the command-service module in lunar orbit to the moon's surface, there would be no moon landings. The lunar module (LM, pronounced “lem”) was the first crewed spacecraft to operate only in space, and is still the only crewed spacecraft that has landed anywhere other than Earth. It was developed and built by Grumman Aircraft in Bethpage, New York, USA. Eventually, 15 LMs were built, and 10 launched into space, and 6 landed on the moon. ⁣

The LM was known for being the most reliable part of the Apollo spacecraft. As Tom Kelly, a Grumman engineer, told ASME in 2002, "We didn't know anything about space anymore than most people did at that time. But we did know a lot about producing reliable flying machines that had to operate in a very hostile and demanding environment."⁣

For its engineering achievements, and for its undeniable role in history, ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) designated the lunar module as a landmark of mechanical engineering in 2002. The plaque is posted at the Cradle of Aviation Museum in Garden City, New York, not far from where the LMs were built. On display at the museum is LM-13, built for Apollo 19, which was later cancelled. ⁣

#Apollo50 #Apollo50th #Apollo50ASME ⁣

This week, one of our #ASMELandmarks hit an incredible milestone! NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration's...
12/14/2018

This week, one of our #ASMELandmarks hit an incredible milestone! NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Voyager 2 spacecraft left the heliosphere and arrived in interplanetary space. Both Voyager 1 and 2, a pair of craft launched in 1977 whose primary mission was to explore Jupiter and Saturn, were named ASME landmarks of mechanical engineering in 1993. ⁣

Voyager 2 is only the second human-made object ever to reach interstellar space. (Voyager 1 arrived there in 2012.) Even better, Voyager 2 has an instrument called a Plasma Science Experiment (PLS). Voyager 1’s PLS stopped working in 1980, so Voyager 2’s departure from the heliosphere means that scientists are now getting data and information that humans have never before received. The Voyagers are the farthest and longest-lived spacecraft ever built.

The Voyager missions were intended to last five years, but here we are, more than 41 years after their launches! It is now expected that the Voyagers have enough electrical power and thruster fuel to keep their scientific equipment running until at least 2020. An awe-inspiring feat of engineering! ⁣

For more about the Voyager mission, visit voyager.jpl.nasa.gov. ⁣For ASME's landmark report, visit https://www.asme.org/about-asme/who-we-are/engineering-history/landmarks/171-voyager-spacecraft-interplanetary-explorers.

Congratulations to our 268th landmark!
10/15/2018
PPPL designated historic mechanical engineering site

Congratulations to our 268th landmark!

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) on Oct. 5 presented the U.S. Department of Energy’s Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory with an engraved plaque designating the laboratory an ASME historic mechanical engineering landmark for its achievements in the quest to develop magnetically ...

Last month, ASME named the Janney Coupler its 267th landmark of mechanical engineering! The coupler not only improved sa...
10/08/2018

Last month, ASME named the Janney Coupler its 267th landmark of mechanical engineering! The coupler not only improved safety for rail workers, it also made train travel faster for passengers. Read more at ASME News: https://bit.ly/2yfPRaD (Photo by Daniel Schwen) #ASMELandmarks

ASME's newest landmark of mechanical engineering!
08/15/2018

ASME's newest landmark of mechanical engineering!

Earlier this week the ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) recognized the Moench tufting machine at corporate HQ as a historic, mechanical engineering landmark, ranking among landmarks such as the Model T and the Wright Flyer. Did you know that 75% of US-made carpet comes from descendants of this machine? Learn more: https://bit.ly/2w7ktJp

08/10/2018
Science Channel

The Pilatus was designated as an #ASMELandmark in 2002. Amazing to see the railway travel at a 48% grade!

The Pilatus Railway built in 1888, with its elevation of nearly 7,000 ft. is the steepest cog railway in the world. Its 48% grade is twice that of other cog railways - an engineering feat offering beautiful views.

06/14/2018
Science Channel

Check out this video to see a rotary snow plow in action! The Northern Pacific Rotary Snow Plow No. 2, the oldest of its kind still in existence, was declared an ASME Landmark in 2015.

This 1500 hp rotary snowplow train with its front intake and side blower, can move massive amounts of snow in minutes while moving SLOWER than wedge-shaped plows.

We love unique engineering! #ImpossibleRailroads

02/22/2018
Pratt & Whitney

Congratulations to our newest mechanical engineering landmark!

Join us as we mark history, honoring one of the brilliant inventions that changed the game for P&W engines.

#Eweek2018 #WeArePW #ENGINEering

Chosen from ASME landmarks, these trains, cars, and railways revolutionized transportation.
12/08/2017
11 Railway Engineering Marvels

Chosen from ASME landmarks, these trains, cars, and railways revolutionized transportation.

Gleaned from the ASME’s Historic List of Mechanical Engineering Milestones, these trains, cars, and railways changed the face of transportation and engineering.

On this day in 1969, American astronauts first walked on the moon! The suits worn by the crew of Apollo 11 were named AS...
07/20/2017

On this day in 1969, American astronauts first walked on the moon! The suits worn by the crew of Apollo 11 were named ASME landmarks of mechanical engineering in 2013. From 1968 to 1972, the suits were used on eleven missions, with a total of 158 hours spent on the lunar surface! Read more about the suits here: https://www.asme.org/about-asme/who-we-are/engineering-history/landmarks/255-apollo-space-suit (Photo: NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration)

Here's what it's like to visit the Lockport Cave & Underground Boat Ride, home of two ASME landmarks, the Holly Fire Pro...
06/20/2017
100 Things: Try Lockport Cave Tour & Underground Boat Ride - The Buffalo News

Here's what it's like to visit the Lockport Cave & Underground Boat Ride, home of two ASME landmarks, the Holly Fire Protection and
Water System and the Holly District Heating System.

Summer is the time for road trips. And so we celebrate Americana. We are talking weird roadside attractions, curiosities visitors see while passing through. Things you equate with the Travel Channel, Boy Scouts, and Ripley's Believe it Or Not. Western New York has a gem of Americana in the Lockport ...

Congratulations to ASME's newest landmark of mechanical engineering!
06/14/2017
ASME Recognizes Engine Collection in Italy

Congratulations to ASME's newest landmark of mechanical engineering!

A collection of more than 100 artifacts at the University of Palermo in Italy — including a variety of steam, automotive and aircraft engines — was recently recognized by ASME for its historical significance.

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