The Mogadore Historical Society

The Mogadore Historical Society Public Hours: Open by appointment only. Closed holidays. [email protected] 330-351-3840 or 330-907-0489
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INDIA TIRE AND RUBBER COMPANY  When the India Tire and Rubber Company shut down in Mogadore in 1934, another company mov...
09/05/2020

INDIA TIRE AND RUBBER COMPANY

When the India Tire and Rubber Company shut down in Mogadore in 1934, another company moved into that location on South Cleveland Avenue. But not before India closed in 1933, as a result of the world-wide Depression.

Writer Miriam Wise Andrews of Mogadore remembered her youth in the Village. She wrote, “When we were small children, living at 123 South Cleveland Avenue (then, across from the high school), the blimp was our constant companion. We woke up to its gentle chug overhead and its plump shadow drifting across our garden. We knew its pilots and on occasion would help them settle their big, slow sky-fish onto the field in front of what was then the India Tire and Rubber Company….tugging at the ropes and helping them secure the benign giant.”

In 1916 India Tire and Rubber Company was founded by J. M. Alderfer, P. C. Searles, D. A. Grubb, and J. K. Williams. In 1918, the company was capitalized at $250,000. In 1924 the sales exceeded $3,000,000. In 1925 India produced over 1200 tires daily. In 1931 it was the largest industry in Summit County and the largest employer in Mogadore.

The story of India, as it was called, can be followed in news articles in The Mogadore News. The headline on October 13, 1932: “Refunding Pay Cut Biggest India Story This Year” announced the company’s refund of a 20% pay cut for salaried employees. When the company’s president was asked how the company could cancel pay cuts despite the Depression and in a critical and hard-pressed industry, W. G. Klauss replied, “We do not wholly recognize the depression.”

On March 29, 1933, The Mogadore News reported that “conditions at the India were fast returning to normalcy today as re-organization progressed and a step-up in production of 50% kept the plant busy. W. G. Klauss, who resigned as president following receivership proceedings last week, and then was appointed receiver’s agent,...announced the increased production.”

May 3,1933: “Mogadore Group Confers on Purchase of India” headlined the article which explained that a group of Mogadore businesses headed by Samuel S. Carper, bank president, was working on a plan to purchase India from the present receiver and operate it locally in order to preserve one of Mogadore’s largest industries. The purchase price for the factory was set at $100,000, and Mr. Carper thought the funds could be arranged.

May 10, 1933: Judge L.S. Pardee ordered the sale of the India property at $400,000 and gave the stockholders and creditors until May 19 to show cause why the plant should not be sold. The appraisal of the plant’s assets was set at $1,165,493.

June 7, 1933: “To Appraise Bids on India Thursday” - Two bids were considered by Harry L. Snyder, referee in bankruptcy, one from General Tire at $600,000 and one from the Mogadore businessmen at $500,000, but with the promise of assuming responsibility for receiver’s obligations up to $132,000 which made the Mogadore bid higher. “It is a question, however, of just how long the General would operate the plant here while there would be no doubt were the property to be acquired locally.”

December 8, 1934: Akron Beacon Journal - “Discouraged Mogadore Awaits Decision On India”
The current battle over the India Tire Company, principal employer at the time, caused residents to question the future of Mogadore. “The politics and the legal aspects of the fight over the company” were not understood by the businessmen interviewed. A government loan of $300,000 to the Village was seen as the “only hope for return of prosperity.”
“ ‘Save the India any way possible,’ is their feeling on the subject, and the feeling is intense.”
The receivership suit, an attack on the management of India President W. G. Klauss, would be heard on December 10, 1934 in Ravenna’s court, charging Klauss and other company officers who had discussed the loan.
Businessmen interviewed and pictured below were Pete Drawkulich, a hotel keeper and butcher, (shelves from his store donated to the Historical Society are used in displays); Levi Darrah, owner of the restaurant at the Village Square; and George Moroz, owner of the dry goods store at the northwest corner of the Square.

General Tire and Rubber Company eventually won the fight.
With the acquisition of the India Tire and Rubber Company, General Tire was now a leader in the tire industry, with 2.7 percent of U.S. tire sales in 1933. Although its sales were minuscule compared with Goodyear’s 30 percent of the market, General Tire was considered an important player because of its concentration in the market for higher-priced tires.

In 1934 General Tire and Rubber Company used the old India building for a warehouse until about 1950 when it opened a polymer plant and started manufacturing latex.
Latex is a white, sticky substance that has been manufactured at that location for almost 70 years, used in paper products, backing for rugs, diapers, and filler for tires. In 1991 there were 250 employees, 10% of whom lived in Mogadore, according to the Record Courier article in July, 1991.

Margaret Lattimer Lansinger and her brother Harry Lattimer were neighbors of the company for decades. They remembered that India started operations in 1917 and closed in 1934. During World War II the building was a bustling operation, serving as a warehouse for General Tire.

In the late 1980s General Tire became GenCorp. The tire plant division in Mogadore shut down and some of its workers moved to Waco, Texas, to work at the GenCorp tire plant there.

Former GenCorp polymer plant general manager Harlan Jewett donated to the Mogadore Historical Society an old India Rubber tire label. It looks like a pair of gold wings, pictured at the end of this article.
GenCorp over the years had donated funds to the fire department, the schools, tires to the police department, and land to the Mogadore Historical Society so by 1989 the Society could accept the donations of the Historical House and Depot to their current location.

GenCorp in 1999 spun off its polymers and decorative and building products unit as publicly traded Omnova Solutions.

Omnova is now part of Synthomer, a global specialty chemicals company and one of the world's major suppliers of aqueous polymers. The combined organization creates a US $2.8 billion global enterprise with a broad array of specialty products and services. Synthomer said in a statement that it becomes a global player in water-based polymer solutions, and also increases its presence in Europe and Asia.

Synthomer, headquartered in London, has about 2,900 employees globally and reported $2.1 billion in revenue for its 2018 fiscal year.

But ironically, the India Tire and Rubber Company has returned to a company that has its origin in the country of India!

Synthomer traces its roots back to 1863, when Andrew Yule founded a trading house in Calcutta, India. In 1920 Thomas Catto and David Yule changed the name of the British purchasing arm to Yule, Catto & Company Ltd. Due to increased taxation, the devaluation of the Indian rupee and the abolition of the managing agency system, Yule, Catto & Co decided in 1969 to sell its shareholding in Andrew Yule & Co. to the Indian government.
With the acquisition of Revertex Chemicals in 1980,Thomas Catto's son, Stephen (1923–2001) started to turn Yule Catto & Co. into an international specialty chemicals and building products manufacturer. Since 2007 the group has been transformed from a diversified chemical business to a focused specialty polymer business.
In 2012 the company changed its name to Synthomer on the basis that the majority of its business already traded under that name.

Welcome to Mogadore, Synthomer!

Thomas YoutzFor 30 years, the village of Mogadore had only one law enforcement officer.  From 1920 to 1950, Thomas Youtz...
08/31/2020

Thomas Youtz

For 30 years, the village of Mogadore had only one law enforcement officer. From 1920 to 1950, Thomas Youtz, U.S. Marshal, served as the entire police department.
During Youtz’s tenure, Prohibition was the law, but bootlegging liquor was rampant. This was also the time of numerous bank robberies around the country, the time that made nationwide bank robber John Dillinger famous. Stories circulated that Dillinger may have visited Mogadore. So begins the article that Luella Cordier wrote for the Record-Courier in March, 1992.
The article continued: Youtz lived in Mogadore on First Avenue with his wife Josephine and their nine children. He was the keeper of the village peace, making numerous arrests and warning residents when two tornadoes approached. (One in 1932 and one in 1943).
Everyday Youtz kept watch at the Village Square, helping children cross the street as they went home for lunch or after school. He also drove the fire truck, operated the road scraper and filled chuckholes in the dirt roads he had scraped. For all of this he was paid $200 a month.
In 1992 the Village had seven full-time police officers and 10 volunteer auxiliary officers. The area of Mogadore was the same as in Youtz’s day: one mile square. But the population had increased from about 600 in 1920 to 4000 in 1992.
Automobiles were rare during most of Youtz’s 30 years. In 1992 more than 18,000 cars a day traveled through Mogadore.
Dressed in his uniform of navy blue pants and coat, gray shirt and black tie, Youtz was a familiar figure with his holster and gun prominently displayed. He usually smoked a big cigar.
His youngest daughter Indus Furbee related that when her father came home, the gun was taken off and put on the buffet. She said the kids knew “never, ever better touch it!”
Furbee also remembered her father shooting a burglar after the burglar had run into cornfields off South Cleveland and Albrecht Avenues. There had been several homes broken into. Youtz and his deputized son Murray cornered the burglar.
But it was dark and Youtz could not see whether his gunshot hit its mark until the next morning when he found the slain burglar in the cornfield.
On April 25, 1943, the old Mogadore Bank (today’s Board of Education building) was held up by two armed robbers. William Viall, a teller, and Eugene Adolph, assistant treasurer at the time, and two customers were forced to ride at gunpoint on the running board of the getaway car, speeding north toward Tallmadge.
The hostages were dropped off at the railroad tracks on Southeast Avenue, and they walked along the tracks all the way back to Mogadore.
The robbers were later apprehended in St. Louis, Missouri; one was brought back to Ravenna and tried in Portage County court. Youtz was involved in helping other law enforcement officials after the robbery. It was claimed by some that the robbers were part of the Dillinger gang, though not proven.
Youtz was kept busy tracking down bootleggers and their stills during Prohibition. Mogadore resident and Historical Society member Arthur Viall said that Youtz had volunteers who helped in catching the culprits. Then Youtz would sell him back his equipment and “pinch him again.”
Youtz depended on village volunteers to man the fire department. All of his sons were on the fire department and their sister Indus said they had many dinners interrupted by the siren. She said, “Mom just put things back and kept them warm.”
Another Facebook post about Thomas Youtz appeared on June 19, 2018, on the Mogadore Historical Society page with more photos of Marshal Youtz.

The Coffee Cup  Following the Monroe pottery shop at the corner of Cleveland Avenue and Mogadore Road, brothers Clayton ...
08/24/2020

The Coffee Cup

Following the Monroe pottery shop at the corner of Cleveland Avenue and Mogadore Road, brothers Clayton and John Barnard constructed another building on that site in 1907. John had a jewelry store and Clayton a cigar store in the building. Over the years, the entire building housed a pool room, an ice cream parlor, Mogadore’s post office, a grocery store, a Ford dealership, a tavern, and for many years a restaurant, owned by Levi and Blanche Darrah. Apartments were on the second floor.
Levi Darrah (1879-1955) was pictured in a previous post as a baseball player for Mogadore’s team, along with his brothers Ralph and Kirk. They were the sons of Levi and Pamelia Everly Darrah.
Levi married Blanche Eudell Mills (1884-1957) and they opened their restaurant around 1924. According to the 1934 Mogadore Directory, it was named Darrah’s Restaurant. They also owned a tavern next to the restaurant in the same building.
In the 1950’s the Darrahs’ son William Darrah managed the tavern which became known as The Frosted Mug. There was a pass-through between the tavern and the kitchen of Darrah’s Restaurant so that the tavern could serve food to its customers.
Russell and Virginia Baters took over the restaurant in the 1950s which became known as The Coffee Cup. In 1995 Penny Pfaff-Mitchell became the last owner of The Coffee Cup before the land was sold for a new CVS.
Over the decades, The Coffee Cup became “community central” with its 50 seats filled daily. Everybody knew everybody. They shared meals, stories and news of the Village and beyond. Hundreds turned out in October 1998 to say thanks to Penny and her staff, take photos, and gather menus and other memorabilia from their favorite restaurant.
From the Akron Beacon Journal article from October 17, 1998, writer Mary Ethridge wrote, “Among those on hand to say goodbye yesterday were Dave and Mike Lutz, grandsons of the original Coffee Cup owners Levi and Blanche Darrah.
“ ‘I was raised in that place. My brother was born upstairs,’ said Dave Lutz who lives in southern Ohio. ‘It’s so sad. It’s the end of an era. I guess memories can’t compete with money.’ "
Pictured below is a photo of the building in 1908. The next one is of the building when it housed an ice cream shop. The last one is from a 1955 photo of an aerial view of the Village. Note the Coffee Cup in the northeast corner of the Village Square.

BASEBALL Yes!  Major League Baseball 2020 is back.  At least for a time.  And there were some Little League teams playin...
08/15/2020

BASEBALL

Yes! Major League Baseball 2020 is back. At least for a time. And there were some Little League teams playing in the area this late spring into the summer. But years ago, Mogadore hosted a baseball team of adult men, playing other town’s teams.
Pictured here is the team in the early 20th century, probably about 1910. Back: Kirk Darrah (1883-1968), Ralph Darrah (1888-1937), Bill Upham - pitcher (1888-1959 ), Jim Mantell - manager (1884-1937), Ray Saxe, Sr. (1883-1970), and Levi Darrah (1879-1955).
Front: Bill Darrah, Harry (Dick) Fenton - catcher (1890-1980), Whip Weckerly - umpire (Ford? (1872-1908), Logan Lutz (1887-1951), and Charles Potts (1880-1925).
Note the number of Darrah men playing, all related! Kirk, Levi, and Ralph were brothers.
The second photo is from 1904. An original print is in the Historical House, thanks to Avenue Antiques in Canton which donated it to the Society this past year.
An article about the photo appeared in the Record Courier in 1965 which stated that this team was one of the first organized in Mogadore. In 1965 only three of the players were known to be still living, according to Kirk Darrah who was second baseman with the team. The other two were Ray Saxe of Suffield and Harry Fenton, then living in California.
Kirk Darrah retired at the age of 78 from the Akron Porcelain Company, formerly the Akron Smoking Pipe Company of Mogadore at the corner of Gilchrist and Mogadore Roads.
Darrah related for the article in 1965 that the hottest rival for Mogadore was the Wilson Hawkins’ nine of Akron and the arch rivals played each other eight times in one season. Each won four games and every contest was decided by one run. One game went 15 innings with Mogadore winning, 1 to 0.
Pictured in the 1904 photo: Back row: Elmer Hall, Dr. A.G. Krieger, Henry McClasky. Middle row: James Wise, Frank McAllister, Frank Roudebush, Jay Litz, Art Corl. Front: Kirk Darrah, Charles Potts, Harry Fenton, Charles Gerhold, Ray Saxe.
The photo was donated to the Record Courier by Mrs. R. L. Donel of Fenton Avenue, granddaughter of Frank Roudebush.
Another photo: the 1934 Mogadore Softball Schedule, a town league as indicated by the team names. Softball instead of baseball. And still men playing. This is the only information we have about a softball league in Mogadore.
If you know anything about the baseball teams or about the men pictured here, please share!

MONROE POTTERY  Where CVS is located today at the northeast corner of the Village Square, was the location of a hotel bu...
08/08/2020

MONROE POTTERY

Where CVS is located today at the northeast corner of the Village Square, was the location of a hotel built by Major Norris. It burned in 1854.
The James Monroe pottery shop was then built on this site. Since it was right next to the sidewalk, passerbys could watch the men working at their little benches, turning the crocks, pie plates, and jugs as they were being formed by hand and foot power. Ware turning was considered an art.
This shop was also known for creating the molded animals one can find in antique shops or online. The yellow, molded lion is one such product of the Monroe shop that is now in the Historical House. Thanks to Dr. Robert Treichler of Kent State University whose hobby is Northeast Ohio pottery, the Historical Society was able to acquire a lion made by the Monroe Pottery Shop. Note the photo of the recumbant lion, perhaps Mogadore’s first “wildcat?”
The Monroe family history was shared with the Historical Society in 1932 by James’ nephew William Henry Harrison Monroe, son of Isaac, in an eight-page typewritten story of the family that moved to Mogadore. James (1818-1908), from Plymouth, New York, was the youngest brother of Isaac (1803-1882), from Pittsfield, Massachusetts, both of whom arrived in Ohio in the 1840s.
James and his wife Sarah Goodyear lived on a farm on the “Suffield and Brimfield Road” on the east side. Their youngest three children were born there, joining older brother Edgar who had been born in Plymouth, New York, in 1843.
James worked his farm with a yoke of oxen and with them “he brought his family to church at Mogadore in a lumber wagon.” He eventually left the farm and moved into Mogadore and went into the pottery business. James and Sarah were life-long members of the Christian Church; James for a time was an elder in the church,
His sons Edgar (1843-1918) and Gustavus (1847-1921) learned the potter's trade with their father. According to Dr. Treichler’s book A History of Northeast Ohio Stoneware, the Monroes are well documented as owners of a pottery and members of at least one potter’s trade organization, although the source of the family’s training in the profession is not known.
Isaac Monroe, older brother of James, was a brick maker by trade. He settled on a farm one mile east of Mogadore where he found a bed of clay suitable for making common brick in the southwest corner of his property. In the northeast corner was a deposit of sand suitable for all purposes. He built some mills for grinding the clay, and mixing it with sand, he went into the brick making business.
Isaac discovered that he could make brick by using a certain grade of potter’s clay that would stand the heat of furnaces. Eventually he found this suitable clay in Springfield Township and made brick of it, fire-brick. He fastened the letters MFB on the bottom of the mold and each brick had the stamp which stood for Mogadore Fire Brick.
He and his sons hauled the bricks to Akron, loaded them onto canal boats, sending them to different cities in America for smelting purposes. Fire brick was made only in summer in connection with farming where Isaac and his family raised grains and vegetables. A number of men were hired to help because there was so much work.
Four of his sons joined the Union Army in the Civil War and later Isaac sold his farm to John Arehart. He bought Aaron Wilson’s house, about a half mile east of the Village Square.
Note the photos here: a Monroe family photo of the elder Isaac and several of his children, apparently a prosperous family. Also, the gravesite of James Sexton Monroe in Mogadore’s Greenwood Cemetery in the Monroe family plot where eight other Monroes were buried. And the lion!

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87 S Cleveland Ave
Mogadore, OH
44260-1514

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Comments

Mogadore 4th grade class 1954, I hope some of my classmates enjoy looking back at this photo. What a great place to grow up, I was sorry I had to move from there in 58. Still have great memories living there. Mrs Bower was our teacher, I'm 3 in from her shoulder, maybe you can recognize someone.
Wildcat basketball in Akron Beacon Journal, March 19, 1964
More Mogadore clippings...from 1962
Here are some old news clippings from the Akron Beacon Journal
would you have April,May 1954&1955
would you have April, May 1954 & 1955
APRIL, MAY 1954 & 1955
DID MOGADORE HIGH SCHOOL HAVE A SCHOOL PAPER IN THE 1950'S
I attended the Mogadore High reunion in 1996 and received hate mail for 10 years+/-. I never knew who it was, but friends of mine suggested that the writer was female. I think she either died or got writers cramp. It saddened me that someone would do that. If anyone doubts what I say, I can post each letter on FB, although I would rather not. I did show a couple of the letters to some fellow alumni and they were angered by the content.
We moved here last year. My husband is from the area. We went to the Mogadore Historical Society during the Christmas Festival and we both had a great time. I don’t think we got to see everything, so I’d love to go back. Everyone here in Mogadore is so very friendly! I believe we made a good decision to buy our home here.
Looking for information on Les & Fern Ellis from this town they had one daughter she married and had 2 children Christopher and Mimi Renee ? This is a long shot but hope someone can help ?
Would the Historical Society have any Newspapers from the years 1951 to 1954 with articles about Mogadore sports ? Any help would be greatful Thank You Bob Rick Mogadore High School Sports Historian