City of London Police Museum

City of London Police Museum A unique collection that charts the development of the City of London Police Force, from the earliest days, through to modern policing methods.
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The City of London Police Museum will take visitors on a unique journey, which includes the last hours of Catherine Eddowes, one of Jack the Ripper’s victims; bomb damage during the Blitz; being at the forefront of technology to counter terrorism and the current work against economic crime and cybercrime . The City of London Police has been responsible for policing the Square Mile since 1839. Over the course of more than 175 years, the force’s priorities have remained the same: keep the City safe. It is also the UK’s leading police force for fraud and economic crime. The purpose-built museum is a collaboration between the City of London Police and the City of London Corporation’s Guildhall Library, which is situated next to the new museum at Guildhall, the City’s historic headquarters. The Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF) awarded a grant of c.£90,000 towards the development of the museum and associated community engagement. Admission to the museum is free and over 2016 and 2017 there will be a variety of special events, talks and walks, as well as a range of merchandise available.

Operating as usual

We miss seeing the City Horses outside the museum every afternoon (the photo below is from our launch). Who else misses ...
22/01/2021

We miss seeing the City Horses outside the museum every afternoon (the photo below is from our launch). Who else misses seeing them patrolling the streets of the City because they’ve been WFH or on furlough?

In April 1967 it was advertised that a married man who joined the City Police aged 22 would be earning £1288 a year. Wha...
20/01/2021

In April 1967 it was advertised that a married man who joined the City Police aged 22 would be earning £1288 a year. What was your starting salary in your first job and in what year?

To continue our story about the Houndsditch Murders, #OTD 10th Jan 1911, DI Thompson visited a gun shop, Westley Richard...
10/01/2021

To continue our story about the Houndsditch Murders, #OTD 10th Jan 1911, DI Thompson visited a gun shop, Westley Richards & Co on New Bond Street, to ask about where the Mausers (a 3D copy of one of these can be seen in the image) found at Sidney Street were bought from.
In a reply ten days later they said "we have today heard from our friend Herr Mauser, the inventor & maker at Oberndorf, that the two pistols..., were sold to his agent, Mr Adolf Frank of Hamburg, on December 13th 1907 & he subsequently sold them to Louis Smeets of Antwerp"
The gun sellers included some marketing material for the Mauser with an offer to arm the City Police for a good price:
"Pistol complete with Holsters £5-5-0
Cartridges with Military Bullets 8-0 per 100
Cartridges with Soft Nose Bullets 8-6 per 100"

On 16th December in 1910 three police officers, Sergeants Bentley and Tucker and Constable Choat, were killed by burglar...
16/12/2020

On 16th December in 1910 three police officers, Sergeants Bentley and Tucker and Constable Choat, were killed by burglars with automatic weapons at Exchange Buildings off Houndsditch. The gang escaped but not before one was shot accidentally by one of his friends. This is an imaginative recreation of the shooting in the Daily Graphic.

Here are a couple of photos of cadets in 1958-9. The footballers are all named, but who’s boxing?
11/12/2020

Here are a couple of photos of cadets in 1958-9. The footballers are all named, but who’s boxing?

In the First and Second World Wars the police were also essentially early paramedics, operating an ambulance service and...
10/12/2020

In the First and Second World Wars the police were also essentially early paramedics, operating an ambulance service and administering First Aid, something they had been trained in since the late 19th century.

We are recording a talk today with Clare Smith of the Metropolitan Police Heritage Service and Paul Bickley of the Met’s...
08/12/2020

We are recording a talk today with Clare Smith of the Metropolitan Police Heritage Service and Paul Bickley of the Met’s Crime Museum about the Houndsditch Murders – the video will be out on the anniversary 16th Dec.

Does anyone know anything about this photo? All we know is it says it's from Christmas Eve 1965.
04/12/2020

Does anyone know anything about this photo? All we know is it says it's from Christmas Eve 1965.

These medals belonged to Sergeant Tucker, one of three police officers killed on Dec 16th 1910 at the Houndsditch Murder...
28/11/2020

These medals belonged to Sergeant Tucker, one of three police officers killed on Dec 16th 1910 at the Houndsditch Murders, the others being Sergeant Bentley and Constable Choat.

As well as the Queen Victoria Jubilee medal and the Coronation medal of Edward VII he was posthumously awarded the King’s Police Medal. Tucker was meant to have retired in 1910 but he requested to stay on until the coronation of George V in 1911, but he didn't make it.

Former PS “Eddy” Jones donated this image of him demonstrating the first breathalyser in 1967. He didn’t know the name o...
27/11/2020

Former PS “Eddy” Jones donated this image of him demonstrating the first breathalyser in 1967. He didn’t know the name of the CID officer.

Thanks for the heads up about obscuring the address, and many apologies to Eddy.

We have information that the CID officer is Ex Superintendent Robin Francis.

This letter is dated 21st April 1860 and is from the City of London Corporation to the City Police Commissioner about es...
24/11/2020

This letter is dated 21st April 1860 and is from the City of London Corporation to the City Police Commissioner about establishing a telegraphic communication system between police stations. Sorry the photo is a bit blurry.

These City Police flats at Ferndale Court in Brixton were damaged by bombing on 27th November 1940. Does anyone remember...
20/11/2020

These City Police flats at Ferndale Court in Brixton were damaged by bombing on 27th November 1940. Does anyone remember these flats?

One of the jobs of the early City Watch was to light the lamps, ‘cressets’, outside livery halls, as set out in these in...
19/11/2020
Ancient Manner and Order of Setting the Watch. | London Metropolitan Archives

One of the jobs of the early City Watch was to light the lamps, ‘cressets’, outside livery halls, as set out in these instructions from 1585 at the London Metropolitan Archives
https://search.lma.gov.uk/scripts/mwimain.dll/144/LMA_OPAC/web_detail/REFD+CLA~2F048~2FPS~2F02~2F001?SESSIONSEARCH#?c=0&m=0&s=0&cv=0&z=-1.3826%2C-0.0884%2C3.7651%2C1.7686

The City of London website also provides a wide range of information about London Metropolitan Archives including the latest news and events.

Catherine Eddowes was one of many people arrested for being drunk and disorderly on the streets and kept in a cell at Bi...
17/11/2020

Catherine Eddowes was one of many people arrested for being drunk and disorderly on the streets and kept in a cell at Bishopsgate Police Station in the Victorian period. Less than an hour after her release she was murdered. This is an image from a 3D video recreation installed in the museum of her time in the cell created for us by Guildhall School of Music and Drama.

The origin of the City of London Police goes back into the early medieval period. William of Normandy granted the City i...
13/11/2020
William I charter to the City of London

The origin of the City of London Police goes back into the early medieval period. William of Normandy granted the City it’s ancient rights in 1067 in this charter, granting that the citizens were 'law-worthy'. https://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/things-to-do/history-and-heritage/london-metropolitan-archives/collections/william-i-charter-to-the-city-of-london

This page looks at the charter granted by King William I to the City of London in 1067 and links to a digital image of the document.

PC John Brown signed up to serve in the army in 1915 and was killed in service the following year. His widow gave the Ci...
12/11/2020

PC John Brown signed up to serve in the army in 1915 and was killed in service the following year. His widow gave the City of London Police some of his papers, including his copy of the Police Code with his handwritten notes.

A bit older, this one. This silver jug and plate were given to George Borlase Childs on his retirement from his role as ...
10/11/2020

A bit older, this one. This silver jug and plate were given to George Borlase Childs on his retirement from his role as police surgeon in 1885. He used his own money to set up the police hospital at Bishopsgate, which was used until the NHS was set up.

We love this photo from the 1960s, part of the Walk Tall in the City recruitment campaign, we think. Thinking about soun...
06/11/2020

We love this photo from the 1960s, part of the Walk Tall in the City recruitment campaign, we think. Thinking about sounds this week, we need some help. Did the cars and motorbike have sirens?

In the later nineteenth century the whistle was introduced to police communications, and was issued right up until the 1...
05/11/2020

In the later nineteenth century the whistle was introduced to police communications, and was issued right up until the 1980s in the City Police. Does anyone remember hearing the police whistle? They have been reissued more recently.

What sound do you associate with the police? The siren? In the early 19th century it would have been a rattle like this ...
04/11/2020

What sound do you associate with the police? The siren? In the early 19th century it would have been a rattle like this one (like a football rattle).

We’re sharing our audioguide online this week for #HBAHSounds. Here’s some information about the City Police training fo...
30/10/2020
08. Sports - - MapMyVisit

We’re sharing our audioguide online this week for #HBAHSounds. Here’s some information about the City Police training for and taking part in the Olympics tug-of-war event in the early 20th century. Which sports do you think should be in the Olympics? https://www.mapmyvisit.com/object/viewobject/63433/en/246B3774EF68E9115C90DF88967FDE9F

The City of London Police has a long track record of organising sports clubs and winning trophies. Form the early days of the Police Service, officers and cadets were encourage to take part in Sports ...

We’re sharing our audioguide online this week for #HBAHSounds. Listen in for more information about police uniforms. Wha...
28/10/2020
20. Uniforms (Copy) - - MapMyVisit

We’re sharing our audioguide online this week for #HBAHSounds. Listen in for more information about police uniforms. What do you think about how they have changed over the years? https://www.mapmyvisit.com/object/viewobject/63566/en/ABC10BCAE08EF821533943D6354D0E23

Press A toListen to Belinda Harding talk about her women’s uniform in the 1970s Press B to hear about uniforms today Press C to find out why the police don’t wear uniforms when travelling to work

For History Begins at Home #HBAHSounds we’re going to share parts of our audio-guide this week. First up, all about the ...
27/10/2020
02. George Borlase Childs - - MapMyVisit

For History Begins at Home #HBAHSounds we’re going to share parts of our audio-guide this week. First up, all about the second police surgeon, George Borlase Childs https://www.mapmyvisit.com/object/viewobject/63431/en/EFAB1932534EBA6D66AEAF1C9AF90DAC

George Borlase Childs was the Surgeon to the City of London Police for over forty years. Born in 1814 in Cornwall, he started his career as a medical apprentice in the Cornish mines, and became a Memb...

City Police historians have shared so much knowledge and undertaken fantastic research for the museum. We share some of ...
16/10/2020

City Police historians have shared so much knowledge and undertaken fantastic research for the museum. We share some of their articles and talks below in the comments.

Our great volunteers have helped us so much during the lockdown and shown unceasing enthusiasm for the history of polici...
15/10/2020

Our great volunteers have helped us so much during the lockdown and shown unceasing enthusiasm for the history of policing. There are some of their contributions in the comments below.

These coat hooks from Snow Hill police station were labelled in chalk with the higher coat hooks for the City Police and...
13/10/2020

These coat hooks from Snow Hill police station were labelled in chalk with the higher coat hooks for the City Police and the lower coat hooks for visiting Met Police. Minimum height requirements were higher for the City than for the Met until they were abolished in the 1990s.

Catherine Eddowes was murdered early in the morning of 30th September 1888. She had been in police custody earlier in th...
29/09/2020

Catherine Eddowes was murdered early in the morning of 30th September 1888. She had been in police custody earlier in the evening. Here’s the story of her interaction with the City Police.

PC Louis Robinson of the City Police went to investigate a disturbance on Aldgate around 8pm and found a woman drunk and cursing at passers-by. A crowd had gathered. It was Catherine.

He asked if anyone knew her. No-one did. He tried to pick Catherine up but couldn’t, so got another officer, PC George Simmons, to help him take her to Bishopsgate Station.

Sergeant James Byfield asked her name as she came into the station. She said ‘Nothing’. She went to sleep in her cell.

In the meantime City Detective Daniel Halse ordered his officers to patrol the City in plain clothes to try to discourage the Whitechapel Murderer, who had already killed three women. We'll continue the story tomorrow in the comments and follow the police investigation over the next few days.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/af/The_Penny_Illustrated_Paper_-_October_13%2C_1888_-_Kate_Eddowes.jpg

The 1960s saw a recruitment campaign for women into the City of London Police based on the new uniform designed by Norma...
24/09/2020

The 1960s saw a recruitment campaign for women into the City of London Police based on the new uniform designed by Norman Hartnell. In the top left photo the two officers are wearing the old and new uniform side by side.

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