House of Hanover Saxe Coburg Windsor Battenberg

House of Hanover Saxe Coburg Windsor Battenberg A history of the Germanic British Royal family and how they came dubiously to succeed to the throne
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26/01/2022
I just could not ignore it...
13/08/2021

I just could not ignore it...

God Save the Nonce defender 👑, right? - GandalfTheRed

14/03/2021

US attorney suggests bullying inquiry is ‘calculated decision’ with prince mired in Epstein controversy

01/01/2021

How Queen personally intervened to stop Harry laying a wreath at the Cenotaph: The monarch took 'two seconds' to decide to refuse grandson from ceremony - as any return to royal life for Suss*xes is declared 'dead in the water.'

So, nothing has changed. Spiteful when Diana died. Spiteful over grandson's decision to become responsible and put his family first...

The thing about Phil the Greek is that the UK state had to create a myth around him, away from his family's Germanic lin...
05/09/2020

The thing about Phil the Greek is that the UK state had to create a myth around him, away from his family's Germanic links and the fact that the Greek government declared his father Andrew a traitor to the Greek Nation, in order to marry Elizabeth Windsor, who, along her many years of marriage, had to put up with her husband entertaining an array of mistresses (Camilla Parker Bowles included…) and producing two illegitimate children… Manipulative, totally unscrupulous, callous and decidedly dedicated to further the myth of the Windsor Battenberg household. You are either with them or against them in his one tracked mind. From a diplomatic point of view, Philip has blundered often and made life for the Foreign Office difficult at best. Coming from a by-gone era is what saved his reputation.

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8701525/Telling-like-Prince-Philip-REALLY-thinks-black-sheep-Royals.html

It grieves Prince Philip that many younger members of the Royal Family do not appear to share his values. He has struggled greatly, for example, with what he sees as his grandson Harry's dereliction of duty.

George V being euthanized is a fact known since 1986.  Mary Wurtemberg von Hohenstein, Prinzezzin von Teck, wife of King...
21/08/2020

George V being euthanized is a fact known since 1986. Mary Wurtemberg von Hohenstein, Prinzezzin von Teck, wife of King George V, also suffered from kleptomania, and she and her husband made sure that a younger son of theirs, Prince John, would never be seen by the public because he suffered, and died from epilepsy in 1919, age 13…

The genealogy of Catherine Middleton from Henry VIII Tudor and Mary Boleyn, sister to Queen Anne Boleyn.Henry VIII of En...
17/05/2020

The genealogy of Catherine Middleton from Henry VIII Tudor and Mary Boleyn, sister to Queen Anne Boleyn.

Henry VIII of England and Mary Boleyn had Catherine, wife of Sir Francis Knollys. They had, among others, Elizabeth, wife of Sir Thomas Leighton. They had Elizabeth, who married Sherrington Talbot. They were the parents of Sherrington, who married Jane Lyttleton. They begat Elizabeth, whho was married to Henry Davenport, by whom William, the husband of Grace Alloway. They had William, who married Elizabeth Marshall. Their daughter Sarah married Thomas Ashford, parents to Elizabeth, wife of Robert Hobbes. They had Christina, who married Peter Thomas Davis. They were the parents of Harriet, who married Francis Lupton. Their daughter Olivia married Richard Noel Middleton|. Their son Peter married Valerie Glassborow, by whom Michael, who, by his wife Carole Goldsmith,| had Catherine Elizabeth Middleton born in 1982. She married HRH Prince William of Wales, now Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.

Princess Diana of Wales, Prince William’s mother, shares Catherine Knollys as a common ancestor to Katherine Middleton, and is descended from Anne Knollys, wife of Henry Wilmot, 1st Earl of Rochester.

Times are hard for the Prince as he struggles to pay his bills:'Prince Andrew and his former wife failed to pay a £6.6 m...
11/05/2020

Times are hard for the Prince as he struggles to pay his bills:
'Prince Andrew and his former wife failed to pay a £6.6 million instalment on a luxury Alpine chalet because their earnings recently collapsed amid the Jeffrey Epstein row, it emerged last night. The seller of the £16.6 million chalet in the ski resort of Verbier only agreed to a highly unusual deferred payment because she trusted the British royal family and still believes they have the money, The Times has learnt.'

Prince Andrew and his former wife failed to pay a £6.6 million instalment on a luxury Alpine chalet because their earnings recently collapsed amid the Jeffrey Epstein row, it emerged last night.The

08/05/2020

Prince Andrew, Duke of York, and Sarah Ferguson are sued over £6.7m unpaid bill that is four months overdue on their £13m skiing chalet in Verbier …

Bills, bills, bills… Who pay bills nowadays?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gewF4SxTGWQ
05/04/2020

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gewF4SxTGWQ

THE Queen evoked the wartime spirit as she thanked Brits and the NHS for their tireless efforts fighting the COVID-19 and promised better times are ahead. Mi...

02/04/2020

Andrew Parker Bowles, the former husband of the Duchess of Cornwall,has revealed he has coronavirus and believes he contracted it at the Cheltenham Festival. The Duchess of Cornwall's ex-husband is among hundreds of racegoers displaying symptoms after the event went ahead two weeks ago just before the lockdown began. Brigadier Parker Bowles, 80, was seen in close contact with members of the Royal Family including Princess Anne and her daughter Zara.

Well, that being the case, we know why Anne is nowhere to be seen…

First part of the War of the Roses by my favorite English historian Dan Jones, factual, precise, enthusiastic, everythin...
10/03/2020

First part of the War of the Roses by my favorite English historian Dan Jones, factual, precise, enthusiastic, everything he says just burst into one's imagination. If only history teachers had his knack to make history so alive...

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SB_OThWd-eA

Check out our new website for more incredible history documentaries: HD and ad-free. http://bit.ly/2O6zUsK Historian Dan Jones tells the story of the Wars of...

One of my Colorado best friend knows her personally.  Very nice lady  who still thinks of William of Gloucester after al...
09/03/2020

One of my Colorado best friend knows her personally. Very nice lady who still thinks of William of Gloucester after all thiese years...

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=71_gv6Kv0yI

The romantic yet tragic story of Prince William of Gloucester: the Queen's pl***oy cousin reminiscent of real-life James Bond. Prince William had a forbidden...

A York bus too many…  And it managed to drive by Buck House...
21/02/2020

A York bus too many… And it managed to drive by Buck House...

18/02/2020

The story so far. Harry and Meghan said goodbye. Peter Philips is divorcing and now Queen is 'saddened' as nephew David Linley - Princess Margaret's son with Lord Snowdon - splits 'amicably' from his wife of 26 years Serena 'after spending too much time working away from home.'

This is obviously a Windsorian year of parting...

06/02/2020

Bells will ring at Westminster Abbey on Prince Andrew’s 60th birthday… but no flags in Scotland for Andy

28/01/2020

US Federal prosecutors reveal Prince Andrew has 'provided zero cooperation' in Jeffrey Epstein investigation despite publicly promising he WOULD - as US attorney leading probe gives press conference outside paedophile's New York mansion.

Speaking outside Epstein's former home in Manhattan on Monday, US Attorney for the Southern District of New York Geoffrey Berman said Prince Andrew's lawyers have not returned prosecutors requests for an interview. 'To date, Prince Andrew has provided zero cooperation,' Berman said. The attorney made his remarks about the case during a press event to discuss New York law that made it easier for people to sue over childhood s*x abuse. Berman wouldn't discuss the Epstein investigation in detail but said prosecutors are still looking at possible 'conspirators'.

He declined comment when asked if Epstein's alleged madam Ghislaine Maxwell is cooperating with investigators. Andrew released a public statement in November saying he was 'willing to help any appropriate law enforcement agency with their investigations' into Epstein. It came amid renewed attention over his friendship with Epstein, and a woman's claim that she had s*x with the prince several times starting when she was 17. Andrew has denied any knowledge that Epstein was s*xually abusing teenage girls.

While the Press is focusing intently on the Suss*x, Andrew of York,  HRH Prince, takes his smiling mother to Church…  So...
19/01/2020

While the Press is focusing intently on the Suss*x, Andrew of York, HRH Prince, takes his smiling mother to Church… Someone will be getting his office back in Bucks very soon.

13/01/2020

The Queen's statement on the Duke and Duchess of Suss*x's decision to step back from royal duties.

“Today my family had very constructive discussions on the future of my grandson and his family.

“My family and I are entirely supportive of Harry and Meghan’s desire to create a new life as a young family. Although we would have preferred them to remain full-time working Members of the Royal Family, we respect and understand their wish to live a more independent life as a family while remaining a valued part of my family.

“Harry and Meghan have made clear that they do not want to be reliant on public funds in their new lives.

“It has therefore been agreed that there will be a period of transition in which the Suss*xes will spend time in Canada and the UK.
“These are complex matters for my family to resolve, and there is some more work to be done, but I have asked for final decisions to be reached in the coming days.”

This is going viral.  Certainly, if looks could kill, I'd be worried for my future.  Crrisis meeting today at Sandringha...
13/01/2020

This is going viral. Certainly, if looks could kill, I'd be worried for my future. Crrisis meeting today at Sandringham, which will include Harry. Meghan, as we all know, went back to Canada to take care of their son Archie, whom she left with the Nanny and had not seen for a few weeks. One could say that the call of motherhood perhaps overtook anything else in her life and that of Harry. They may simply feel that parenthood should be a full time job unhindered by national duties that so many other royals would be willing to take over. Maybe Canada will soon have a new resident Royal Governor or Washington a new Royal Ambassador. Or, maybe, Harry might just say 'enough is enough, I'd like a normal life, thank you very much.' What is sure is that they'll pile pressure on Harry, and I hope his rebellious streak will be able to handle them all.

Hmmmmm.  One wonders!
12/01/2020

Hmmmmm. One wonders!

11/01/2020

Wow, all this because two adults have decided to take hold of their own future…

I must say that I find this excessive journalistic outrage on Harry and Meghan’s decision to step back from the Firm rat...
09/01/2020

I must say that I find this excessive journalistic outrage on Harry and Meghan’s decision to step back from the Firm rather hypocritical… Just because you are born into the Windsor family does not mean you have to live by the set criteria of Buck House.

Harry and Meghan are adults, parents to a child, and wish to live their lives away from the limelight as much as it is possible. Incredibly, this is what younger sons and daughters of most reigning royal houses in Europe do. And none fare that badly, nor do the nationals their parents represent mind. On the contrary. Look at the monarchs who have decided to retire so that a younger generation can take over. Spain, Belgium and The Netherlands are now leading the trend in this new concept. No longer do nations have to wait for a King or Queen to die to see a constitutional succession taking place. King Juan Carlos of Spain, King Albert of the Belgians and Queen Beatrix of The Netherlands (in her case, the third monarch in succession to take that step in Holland), all retired gracefully so that their sons could take over to represent their respective nations.

I remember years ago being interviewed by Jeremy Paxman in Edinburgh as he was doing research on his book on royalty. His take on me, and my first book ‘The forgotten Monarchy of Scotland’, was that while I wanted to re-introduce the family in Scotland, he just could not understand why people wanted to be part of a royal family. I, personally, could agree with him inasmuch that, when talking about the Windsors, we are facing a bit of a paradox, as the family is quite disfunctional, needs to constantly re-design itself so to speak, and is not even legitimate per say when it comes down to it.

The Windsor family is the only one in Europe to live by constrains. There is little liberal living. It is all based on a construct that is based on a well run routine and god helps you if you deviate one iota from it. This, and the rule of privileges, is one that makes the family the least sympathetic in Europe. It was very much obvious when Princess Diana died. The lack of compassion from the Queen was so glaring that the nation could not but show contempt and anger at the de facto British monarchy.

That Harry and Meghan do not wish to play the Firm's game is telling. While William and his wife fell so easily into the Windsor mould, this is not the case with Harry. There is a rebellious streak which, I, personally, like about Harry. I can almost hear him say to his aides ‘come on, make my day’, with a c**t in his hand, ready to fire… Meghan had a professional life which she was willing to give up. But, somehow, while they spent time on holiday together, they took time to reflect and thought deeply what they wanted as a couple. And they took a decision, whether we like it or hate it, with which they and their son could live, grow and evolve together. Isn’t this what life is all about ? With William having three children, the succession is assured and we know that Harry will never be king. As such, Harry is perfectly entitled to chose the life he and his wife want to live. I wish them luck and success in all their endeavours.

So many crowns for England, but why ?The Crown Jewels, the ceremonial royal artifacts which have been acquired by Englis...
05/01/2020

So many crowns for England, but why ?

The Crown Jewels, the ceremonial royal artifacts which have been acquired by English kings and queens, mostly since 1660, have had a turbulent history.

The English collection includes not only the regalia used at coronations, but also crowns acquired by various monarchs, never mind church and banqueting plates, orders, chivalric insignia, robes, and include a unique collection of medals and Royal christening fonts.

Edward the Confessor (reigned 1042-66), was the first English king to deposite Royal ornaments for safe-keeping in Westminster Abbey, may have been the first monarch to assemble a regalia.

King John is said to have lost the Crown Jewels in quicksand in 1216. Edward III pawned the jewels to pay his troops during an overseas campaign. Charles I's wife, Queen Henrietta Maria of France, also managed to pawn the Crown Jewels in Holland at the beginning of the Civil War in 1641.

The jewels have been replaced or altered over the succeeding centuries due to civil wars when Plantagenet kings vied for the crown by right of the sword. It was Henry VIII Tudor, following Charles Quint decision to add arches to the Spanish crown, who required that the same be applied to the then opened royal crown of St Edward, thus turning it into an imperial crown.

The English Crown Jewels suffered their most disastrous fate following the ex*****on of Charles I in the seventeenth century. In 1649 Cromwell ordered that the Royal regalia 'be totally broken' as being symbolic of the 'detestable rule of kings'.

The regalia's precious stones were sold separately and the gold crown sent to the Mint to be melted to finally be turned into coins. Other pieces belonging to the royal regalia, such as the Coronation Spoon dating from the twelfth century and later returned to Charles II on his return to England in 1660, were sold intact. However, detailed archival records and croquis of the old regalia survived, and replacements for the lost regalia were made at a cost of nearly £12,185 for Charles II's coronation in 1661 based on the original description.

The Coronation Chair (dating from 1300) remained intact as it was used in 1653 at Westminster Hall when Cromwell was installed into it as Lord Protector of England.

Since Charles II's coronation, there have been many additions and alterations to the regalia. New sets of regalia had to be made in 1685 for James II's wife, Mary of Modena (the first Queen Consort to be crowned since the Restoration) and for Mary II Stuart in 1689 when she was crowned with her husband William III, as Queen in her own right.

From the reign of Anne, who reigned from 1702 till 1714, until the early twentieth century, it was quite usual for the regalia to be set with jewels hired for the coronation only.

Afterwards, the stones were returned to the jewellers and the regalia were sometimes re-set with crystals or paste and put in the Jewel House for display. The monarch would then use a State crown set with coloured jewels for Parliamentary use.

More often, the crowns were dismantled, leaving only the frames. For example, George IV tried to persuade Parliament to buy the stones for his crown so that it could remain set as a permanent crown. He failed and the crown was eventually dismantled. Most Hanoverian monarchs, from George I in 1714 till the death of George IV in 1830, had new crowns made for themselves as they did not wish to be crowned with a crown which their father had previously used…

Britain is also the only European monarchy still using its regalia for the consecration ceremony of crowning the Sovereign. At Westminster Abbey, where William I was the first monarch to be crowned, the Sovereign is escorted to the Coronation Chair (used at every coronation since 1300) by individuals carrying the processional regalia. Previously, the House of Aetheling used a coronation stone, presently on show in Kingston-upon-Thames, until they brought the Scottish Stone of Scone, or so Edward I claimed, upon which each kings, from Edward II till Elizabeth II, have been crowned.

The royal coronation artifacts include two of the Royal maces, three swords, representing Mercy, Spiritual Justice and Temporal Justice, the Great Sword of State, symbolising the Sovereign's Royal authority, and St Edward's Staff, a Stuart addition dating from 1661.

After the coronation oath comes the anointing by the Archbishop of Canterbury on the Sovereign's hands, breast and head, the oil being poured from the ampulla into the spoon.

The ampulla, dating 1661, is a golden eagle flask which holds the holy oil used in the anointing, whilst the spoon is the oldest piece in the regalia, probably made for Henry II or Richard I.

The anointing is followed by dressing in the coronation robes (up to Queen Victoria's coronation in 1838, new robes were provided), George V and his successors have all worn the robes on display in the Jewel House.

The spurs, dating from the reign of Charles II and representing knighthood and chivalry, the jewelled Sword of Offering, dating from 1820, and the armills, the gold bracelets representing sincerity and wisdom (The Queen was given new armills by the Commonwealth for her coronation in 1953) are then presented.

The Sovereign's Orb (representing Christian sovereignty) is placed in the Sovereign's right hand. Set with precious stones and pearls, it was made for Charles II's coronation, for a total cost of £1,150. It is then returned to the Altar.

The coronation ring (representing kingly dignity, and dating from the reign of William IV) is placed on the Sovereign's right hand and the sceptres are then presented. The Sceptre with the Cross symbolises the Sovereign's temporal power under the Cross, while the Sceptre with Dove - or Rod of Equity and Mercy - symbolises the Sovereign's spiritual role as Head of the Church of England.

The climax comes when the Archbishop of Canterbury places St Edward's Crown on the Sovereign's head.

The most famous attempt at theft was in 1671 by Colonel Thomas Blood. He was caught at the East Gate of the Tower with the crown, one sceptre and the orb.

During the Second World War the jewels were hidden in a secret location which has never been disclosed.

The present Crown of St Edward is not, however, the oldest royal regalia in Britain. The Scottish crown, and artifacts attached to it, holds the record of being the oldest royal regalia in Britain today and can be seen in the Crown room in Edinburgh Castle today. The last King to wear it was Charles II, when he was crowned King of Scots at Scone in 1651.

'And when he was up he was up ..and when he was down he was down and when he was only halfway up he was covered in the b...
03/01/2020

'And when he was up he was up ..and when he was down he was down and when he was only halfway up he was covered in the brown.'

I just could not resist it.

Wishing everyone a Merry Christmas and Happy New Year.  The picture is that of James 7th of the Scots, II of England, Fr...
25/12/2019

Wishing everyone a Merry Christmas and Happy New Year. The picture is that of James 7th of the Scots, II of England, France and Ireland, the last true reigning legitimate Stuart King these islands produced. What was set upon the throne after he fled for his life were and are nothing more than mere usurpers. And we have been paying the price for it ever since...

Looking old and forlorn, Mrs Windsor Battenberg and son on duty for the Queen's speech, written by one Dominic Cummings…...
23/12/2019

Looking old and forlorn, Mrs Windsor Battenberg and son on duty for the Queen's speech, written by one Dominic Cummings… Since the speech, 650 000 people have had their benefits cut, hide in the fridge Boris as renegade on bringing refugee children and their parents together, has sold a British defense security system to the Americans, has done absolutely nothing about the floods in Cornwall, Kent and East Suss*x (a third of England is now looking like a great lake, ach well…), and there won't be a budget organized before next March… Hey ho, hey ho, Tory England living up to all our expectation. I wonder what Betty thinks of her Elizabethan England now?

The State Opening of Parliament on Thursday 19 December marks the start of the parliamentary year and the Queen’s Speech sets out the government’s agenda. Pa...

Going viral, apparently…  A disgraceful fall in favour…  What a crash!  I wonder if the Pub will keep this up?
10/12/2019

Going viral, apparently… A disgraceful fall in favour… What a crash! I wonder if the Pub will keep this up?

Duke of York issues statement amid criticism over relationship with Jeffrey Epstein and steps back from public duties.  ...
21/11/2019

Duke of York issues statement amid criticism over relationship with Jeffrey Epstein and steps back from public duties.

“It has become clear to me over the last few days that the circumstances relating to my former association with Jeffrey Epstein has become a major disruption to my family’s work and the valuable work going on in the many organisations and charities that I am proud to support.

Therefore, I have asked Her Majesty if I may step back from public duties for the foreseeable future, and she has given her permission.

I continue to unequivocally regret my ill-judged association with Jeffrey Epstein. His su***de has left many unanswered questions, particularly for his victims, and I deeply sympathise with everyone who has been affected and wants some form of closure. I can only hope that, in time, they will be able to rebuild their lives.

Of course, I am willing to help any appropriate law enforcement agency with their investigations, if required.”

A Prince in trouble...The Andrew Windsor (Herbert) Battenberg saga continues... as new Epstein accuser sues Epstein’s es...
19/11/2019

A Prince in trouble...

The Andrew Windsor (Herbert) Battenberg saga continues... as new Epstein accuser sues Epstein’s estate and wants Prince Andrew to share information . Meanwhile, the University of Huddersfield said it will consult its student body over Prince Andrew’s position as chancellor after a panel voted unanimously to lobby for the duke’s resignation from the post. To top it all, several British charities have stated they would not renew their link with the Prince following the BBC interview, as many felt that there was a lack of contrition from the royal.

Brexit anyone…

Scotland, fighting for a safer future...The Scottish SNP government, led by First Minister Nicola Sturgeon, is now worki...
28/10/2019

Scotland, fighting for a safer future...

The Scottish SNP government, led by First Minister Nicola Sturgeon, is now working on a written constitution for Scotland, putting citizenship and equality of birth under the law as first priorities, something the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are greatly lacking politically. If, in England, sovereignty rests with Westminster, in Scotland, sovereignty rests with the Scottish Nation and People. When Scotland was a kingdom, the royal succession was contractual, whereas the king had to put the interests of the sovereignty of people and kingdom first. When Queen Anne imposed the treaty of union in 1707, she was actually deposed by the Scots Covenanters by proclamation at every Mercat Cross throughout Scottish cities, because she had broken the royal contract with her people. In medeaval England, the succession was partly hereditary from father to son, but was mainly gained by the thrust of a sword, hence from Normans to Boulogne to Plantagent, then to Lancaster, and from it to York, to Tudor, to Grey and back to Tudor, to Stuarts for lack of English heirs... The Stuarts reigned in one straight continuous line and under the same name for 343 years. Since 1714, Britain has been ruled, albeit in a straight line as well, by a family who bore three different names.

King Macbeth, the protagonist in Shakespeare’s Scottish play, is known worldwide, although the real history of Macbeth is a far cry from Shakespeare’s imagination. Whereas William Wallace has its own monument in Scotland and Robert the Bruce is revered as a king-hero, show me an English king who is as respected in England as the Bruce is respected in Scotland today. You won’t find one… In 1295, Scotland and France signed the Auld Alliance Treaty. It was revoked in … 1906. It was the longest lasting treaty between two nations. This meant that Scotland became involved with European politics on an every day basis. We fought in the Hundred Years war alongside the French and helped them kick the English out. We were successfully trading with the Anseatic League. Catholic Scotland was Rome’s ‘special daughter.’ In the 1590s, we were fishing in the American ocean, the Atlantic, long before the English set the basis of the 13 American colonies from the year 1607. We traded with Russia and the Nordic Kingdoms of Scandinavia. We imported spices from the Middle East from the days of King David I, Robert the Bruce’s ancestor, thanks to a major trade deal with the city of Brugges. Those were the days of City States, and Brugges was a major one in Western Europe.

There are, today, more books written about the Stuarts than about the Germanic succession in Britain. There are plays, films and operas about Mary, Queen of Scots, but none about the Hanoverian protagonists ruling from 1714 to 1837. Charles Edward Stuart is still remembered, both in poems, books and music, while Butcher Cumberland has been completely forgotten over the border. We sing about Flora Macdonald, meet every year at Culloden to remember those who died for freedom on that battlefield, and we gather at Blair Atholl to commemorate Graham of Dundee, while most Ceilidhs rouse the old spirit with Jacobite songs. Ye’r Jacobite by name…’ Even today, we still remember. And then there is our great poet himself, Robert Burns, who, till the day he died, added to the national tradition of remembering, and fighting with the word, for the good old cause of Scotland’s freedom. Royal Scotland… Even when it comes to economics, the entire world, never mind England, can thank Scotsman Adam Smith and his book ‘the Wealth of Nations.’ During the era of enlightenment, the Scots led the trend with their inventions and imagination.

As for England, with their imported Wee German Lairdies, Victoria alone has been a boon for Holywood film-makers, and there ends the interest of 305 years of Germanic historical association with the British nations. Sorry, that’s not quite true, let us not forget ‘The madness of King George…’ Quite an adequate epitath to an illegal royal house.

Here Stewarts once in triumph reigned,
And laws for Scotland’s weal ordained.
But now unroof’d their palace stands,
Their sceptre fall’n to other hands.

The injured Stewart race is gone,
A race outlandish fills their throne ;
An idiot race, to honour lost,
Who know them best despise them most

Robert Burns.

27/07/2019

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