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Depiction of all the 10 Avatars (Incarnations) of the Hindu Lord Vishnu in different Temples of the same city?Happy Pars...
22/04/2023

Depiction of all the 10 Avatars (Incarnations) of the Hindu Lord Vishnu in different Temples of the same city?

Happy Parshuram Jayanti (Birth anniversary of Lord Vishnu's 6'th incarnation) to all of the Hindu followers of the page out there ✨🙏🏼

Temples in Hampi, Karnataka 🇮🇳📍

The Vaishnava (Related to Lord Vishnu) cults grew strength probably during the peak days of the Vijayanagara Empire. Except the Virupaksha temple, all other grandstanding Temples of Hampi were dedicated to the Lord Vishnu and his various incarnations. In the later days of the Vijayanagara Empire, the religious center of gravity has shifted from around the Virupaksha Temple in the west to the Vijaya Vitthala Temple in the east of Hampi.

Many Temples such as Vijaya Vitthala Temple, Varaha Temple, Lakshmi Narsimha Temple, Hazara Rama Temple and many others in Hampi are a great example that the later kings in the Vijayanagara Empire promoted Vaishnavism to a great extent.

Pic- 1) Matsyavtar (Fish/Pisces 🐟), Hazara Rama Temple, Hampi
2) Kurmavtar (Turtle/Tortoise 🐢), Vijaya Vitthala Temple, Hampi
3) Varahavtar (Boar 🐗), Varaha Temple, Hampi
4) Narsimhavtar (A human body with lion's head), Vijaya Vitthala Temple, Hampi
5) Vamanavtar (A dwarf human being), Vijaya Vitthala Temple, Hampi
6) Parshuramavtar (A Brahmin warrior), Vijaya Vitthala Temple, Hampi
7) Ramavtar (A Kshatriya king as an ideal human being), Vijaya Vitthala Temple, Hampi
8) Krishnavtar (A great warrior and a philosopher), Virupaksha Temple, Hampi
9) Buddhavtar (A Kshatriya Saint, who founded Buddhism is said to be an incarnation of Lord Vishnu in the Hindu text Gita Govinda), Hazara Rama Temple, Hampi
10) Kalkiavtar (A human in 'Kalyuga' or the last phase of the human life on the Earth), Vijaya Vitthala Temple, Hampi




A Tughlaq-era Mosque in a Mughal-era settlement (Shahjahanabad)?Eid Mubarak to all the Muslim followers of the page out ...
21/04/2023

A Tughlaq-era Mosque in a Mughal-era settlement (Shahjahanabad)?

Eid Mubarak to all the Muslim followers of the page out there✨🙏🏼

Kalan Masjid, Turkuman Gate, Delhi 🇮🇳📍

Located in present day Turkuman Gate area of the historical Shahjahanabad, established by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1648, is a Mosque that was built in the Tughlaq era of the Delhi Sultanate, during the reign of Sultan Firoz Shah Tughlaq. According to some legends, the Sultan was a devotee of a popular Sufi Saint in this area, named Turkuman Shah Bayabani. During the time when Sultan Firoz Shah Tughlaq established his settlement in Delhi, named 'Firozabad', the Khanqah of the Sufi Saint was located near the bank of the river Yamuna. So, after some time, the Sultan bought some land of the villages around the Khanqah.

These areas also included 'Bulbulikhana', in the present-day Turkuman Gate, near which this Mosque was built during the Sultan's reign by his prime minister Khan-i-Jahan Telangani in 1387. 'Kalan Masjid' roughly translates to 'Great Mosque,' but it sometimes referred to as 'Kali Masjid', or 'Black Mosque,' because the lime plaster that covered it became black with age. The green and white colour on the Mosque which can be seen nowadays was done in the recent years only.




Happy   to all of you! Letting our heritage get lost in this race of life is the biggest wrong we are doing. In helping ...
18/04/2023

Happy to all of you!

Letting our heritage get lost in this race of life is the biggest wrong we are doing. In helping shape our identity, our heritage becomes part of what we are. Our expression of this identity shows others what we value; it highlights our values and priorities. Our heritage provides clues to our past and how our society has evolved. It helps us examine our history and traditions and enables us develop an awareness about ourselves. It helps us understand and explain why we are the way we are. Heritage is a keystone of our culture that plays an important role in our politics, society, business and world view. It informs, influences and inspires public debate and policy both directly and indirectly.

Here, I focussed on frescoes and ceiling art, in different parts of India, being an important part of the heritage.Appreciate every kind of heritage present in your region, whether tangible or intangible!

Pic-2:- A fresco depicting the Hindu Lord Ram, his wife Seeta Maata and brother Lakshman, in a 18'th century Haveli in Jhajjar, Haryana

Pic-3:- A fresco depicting the birth of the first Guru and founder of Sikhism Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji, in Gurdwara Baba Atal Rai Sahib in Amritsar, Punjab

Pic-4:- A century fresco depicting the reign of the founder and first Tirthankar of Jainism Sri Rishabhnath, when he was a king, in a Mughal-era Jain Mandir at Chandni Chowk, Delhi

Pic-5:- A ceiling art having decorative elements like floral patterns, inside the Amber Fort in Jaipur, Rajasthan

Pic-6:- Ceiling art and decorative elements with Qur'anic inscriptions, inside the Tomb of the Mughal Emperor Akbar in Sikandra în Agra, Uttar Pradesh

Pic-7:- Remains of the ceiling art, dating back to 14'th-16'th century, inside the Virupaksha Temple in Hampi, Karnataka

Karnataka's oldest girls school 🏫Govt. Girls High School in Old Vanivilas Institution Fort, Bengaluru, Karnataka 🇮🇳📍In m...
12/04/2023

Karnataka's oldest girls school 🏫

Govt. Girls High School in Old Vanivilas Institution Fort, Bengaluru, Karnataka 🇮🇳📍

In my recent trip to the Indian state of Karnataka, and Bengaluru to be particular, just near the Bangalore Fort and Tipu Sultan's Summer Palace, I came accross this building which I found really interesting in terms of architecture. It was constructed in a British architectural style, so I clicked some pictures of it. A board outside mentioned it to be a Government Girls High School. When I researched about it, I found out that it is the oldest girls school in the Karnataka state.

Established in the erstwhile Mysore kingdom in 1868, during the reign of Mummadi Krishnaraja Wadiyar, the institute is located opposite to the Victoria Hospital in the KR Market area. It has around 500 girls, specially from the weaker sections of the society in it. Although the building was upgraded with institution's expansion, the current structure was probably built in 1917. It was named 'Vani Vilas Institute' during Nalwadi Krishnaraja Wadiyar's reign.

Yashaswini Sharma, urban historian and founding architect of Esthetique Architects, said the damaged roof has caused water leakage, vegetation growth and damp walls in the building. The repairs are estimated to be Rs. 6 Crores. Yashaswini's team is involved in the restoration work of this British-era school.

A Mughal-era painting of Akbar's reign, depicting the scene of Crucifixion of Jesus Christ (Good Friday)🎨The women of Je...
07/04/2023

A Mughal-era painting of Akbar's reign, depicting the scene of Crucifixion of Jesus Christ (Good Friday)🎨

The women of Jerusalem bearing up the swooning Virgin contrast with the kneeling St John with the derisive gestures of the crowd behind him. First brought by the Jesuit mission to Akbar in the early 1580s, Flemish religious prints or editions of other European schools were highly influential in Mughal painting of the later reign of Akbar and of Jahangir.

Production date:- 1590

Depictions of Hindu Lord Hanuman in Hampi, Karnataka 🇮🇳📍Happy Hanuman Jayanti to all the Hindu followers out there ✨🙏🏼Th...
06/04/2023

Depictions of Hindu Lord Hanuman in Hampi, Karnataka 🇮🇳📍

Happy Hanuman Jayanti to all the Hindu followers out there ✨🙏🏼

The present historic town of Hampi in the South Indian state of Karnataka is mentioned as 'Kishkindha' in one of the two most popular epics in Hinduism, that is, Ramayan. Kishkindha is believed to be the Monkey Kingdom of Sugriva, with one of his ministers Lord Hanuman. It is said that the Anjanandri Hill, which is the birthplace of Lord Hanuman, according to the Ramayan, is just accross the river Tungabhadra from Hampi.

According to the Ramayan, there was a dispute between the two twin brothers Vali and Sugriva for the kingdom. As Vali was misusing his powers and doing evils on his subjects and even on his brother, Lord Ram and Lord Hanuman helped Sugriva to defeat Vali and take the control of his kingdom back. After defeating Vali, the whole Vanara Sena(Literally an army of monkeys) helped Lord Ram and his brother Lakshman, under the supervision of Lord Hanuman, Sugriva and Jamwant, to rescue Seeta Maata(The wife of Lord Ram) from the demon Ravan, who kidnapped her and took her to his kingdom of Lanka(Now, Sri Lanka)

Probably this might be the reason why in most of the Temples of Hampi, which were built during the reign of the Vijaynagar kings(Such as Hazara Rama Temple, Virupaksha Temple, Vitthala Temple, and many small Temples on Hemkuta Hill), and also in many other historical sites there, one will definately find stone carvings and depictions of either Lord Hanuman or many scenes associated with Ramayan. This might also be the reason why many Kings of Vijayanagara such has Bukka have a depiction of Lord Hanuman on the coins issued by them.




An abandoned Mosque(Built in around 1830's), Pul Moran/Pul Kanjri, Amritsar, Punjab 🇮🇳📍Pul Moran, which was earlier know...
04/04/2023

An abandoned Mosque(Built in around 1830's), Pul Moran/Pul Kanjri, Amritsar, Punjab 🇮🇳📍

Pul Moran, which was earlier known as 'Pul Kanjri', is a historical site on one of the significant historical route between the cities of Lahore and Amritsar during the era of Sikh Empire under Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Nowadays this area is located in the village of Dhanoa Kalan (Just within 2 Kms of the Indo-Pak border) in Amritsar district of Punjab, which was resided by many Arora Sikhs, Hindus and Muslims before the partition of the Indian states of Punjab and Bengal in 1947.

The legend associated with this site is, when Maharaja Ranjit Singh married Moran Sarkar, on their way to Lahore they had to cross this canal on Ravi river. People used to cross the canal by foot but Moran refused to do so. Since Maharaja Ranjit Singh was deeply in love with Moran Sarkar, he had a small bridge built for her. This historical site also contains a Sarovar(A bathing poo)l, a Shivala(A Punjabi word for a Shiv Temple, a Baradari(A resting house having 12 doors), a Gurdwara and a Maseet(A Punjabi word for a Mosque).

The photo in this post is of the same Mosque built during that time. As the site had undergone a significant damage during the Indo-Pak wars of 1965 and 1971, there is a no man's land zone built just ahead of the bathing pool and the Shiv Temple. The Baradari, Gurdwara and this Mosque are inside the no man's land zone between India and Pakistan nowadays. I managed to click this photograph by zooming the camera in the phone and clicking it by standing on the edge of bathing pool itself. Otherwise no one is permitted to enter that area(Except the farmers who own those fields).




Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji in Odisha?Gurdwara Sri Aarti Sahib, Puri, Odisha🇮🇳📍'Gagan mein thaal' is an Aarti (Prayer) in Sikh...
29/03/2023

Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji in Odisha?

Gurdwara Sri Aarti Sahib, Puri, Odisha🇮🇳📍

'Gagan mein thaal' is an Aarti (Prayer) in Sikh religion which was recited by the first Guru, Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji. This was recited by him in 1506 or 1508 at the revered Jagannath Temple, Puri, during his spiritual journey (Udaasi) to East India.This aarti is sung (Not performed with platter and lamps etc.) daily after recitation of Rehraas Sahib & Ardaas at Sri Harmandir Sahib(Golden Temple), Amritsar and at most Gurudwara Sahibs. However, it is common among Nihangs to recite 'Aarta' before Aarti, which is a composition of prayers from each Banis in Dasam Granth and to use lamps, flowers, conch shells, bells, incense at different parts of the ceremony. This form of Aarti is also recited at Patna Sahib, Bihar and Hazur Sahib, Maharashtra.

Famous Saint poet of India, 'Gurudev' Rabindranath Tagore was once asked by Balraj Sahni, who used to teach at Shantiniketan then, that the way he has written the National Anthem of India, why doesn't he write one for the world? He replied that it has already been written. It was written in 16th Century by Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji, and this was sung by Guru Sahib himself as Aarti at Jagannath Puri to the Lord (The omnipresent God) and that, this anthem was not only for the world, but for the entire universe. He was so influenced by this Aarti that he himself translated it into Bangla language.
Special thanks to our friend for sharing the picture and valuable information about this place🌼🙏🏼

A carved wooden door from Sun Temple at Katarmal Village of Almora, Uttarakhand, now preserved in National Museum, New D...
28/03/2023

A carved wooden door from Sun Temple at Katarmal Village of Almora, Uttarakhand, now preserved in National Museum, New Delhi 🇮🇳📍

The following pictures are of an intricately carved door of Shisham wood, with two leaves, which belongs to the Sun Temple of Katarmal Village of Almora in the hill state of present day Uttarakhand. Each leaf is divided into four panels, and depicts various Hindu Gods and Goddesses such as Shiva-Parvati, Lakshmi-Narayana, Narsimha-Fourth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, Brahma and Bhairava.

It belongs to the 14'th century AD. Provision of chain for locking the door is also there.The most important aspect of this door is that an inscription of five lines in Devanagari script of late mediaeval period is on the reverse of right door leaf.

Rajon ki Baoli, Mehrauli Archaeological Park, New Delhi 🇮🇳📍Rajon ki Baoli also referred as 'Rajon ki Bain' is a famous s...
27/03/2023

Rajon ki Baoli, Mehrauli Archaeological Park, New Delhi 🇮🇳📍

Rajon ki Baoli also referred as 'Rajon ki Bain' is a famous stepwell in Mehrauli Archaeological Park of Delhi, India.It was commissioned by Daulat Khan in 1506 CE, an administrator of the Lodi dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate, who ruled Punjab during that time and was uncle to the last Lodhi Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi.The enclosure of Rajon Ki Baoli also includes a Mosque and a Tomb.

The name 'Rajon Ki Baoli' is derived from the 'Rajbirs' or 'Mistris' - the term used for masons. It got its name in early 20th century because of the masons that moved in permanently into the area.
From the North, the steps lead down to the water filled in the stepwell and, from the east and west sides the stepwell is enclosed by high walls. The walls have a narrow side to walk on and twelve pillars both sides that encased arched niches.

The monument gives its first impression of the medieval period. A courtyard surrounded by a verandah with many beautiful pillars and the arches in the verandah are made in the typical north Indian fashion of that time. There is a stepwell at the center of the structure the steps leading to the stepwell are made in such a way that it gets cooler as reaches down near the stepwell.


Jamali Kamali Masjid and Tomb, Mehrauli Archaeological Park, New Delhi 🇮🇳📍Jamali Kamali Mosque and Tomb, located in the ...
26/03/2023

Jamali Kamali Masjid and Tomb, Mehrauli Archaeological Park, New Delhi 🇮🇳📍

Jamali Kamali Mosque and Tomb, located in the Archaeological Village complex in Mehrauli, Delhi, India, comprise two monuments adjacent to each other; one is the Mosque and the other is the tomb of Jamali and Kamali. Their names are tagged together as 'Jamali Kamali' for the Mosque as well as the Tomb since they are buried adjacent to each other. The Mosque and the tomb were constructed in 1528-1529, and Jamali was buried in the tomb after his death in 1535.

'Jamali' was the alias given to Shaikh Fazlu'llah, also known as Shaikh Jamali Kamboh or Jalal Khan, a renowned Sufi Saint who lived during Lodhi Dynasty and the Mughal Dynasty, a period from the rule of Sikander Lodhi to that of Babur and Humayun. The name 'Jamali' is an Urdu word, though originates from 'Jamal' which means 'beauty'. Jamali was a popular poet who traveled widely around Asia and the Middle East. He became court poet during Lodhi Dynasty rule and continued to enjoy the patronage of the Mughal rulers, Babur and his son Humayun. His poetry mirrored Persian mysticism of the times. His two popular works are The Sun and Moon and The Spiritual Journey of the Mystics. It is said that his Tomb was completed during Humayun's rule. Kamali was an unknown person who was Jamali's disciple and his lover, according to the oral stories and traditions. It is noted that even though they were both males, as signified by a symbolic pen box on each of their graves, their graves are placed in a manner that implies that they were lovers.






A well-preserved skeleton of a middle-aged woman from Rakhigarhi, Haryana(A Harappan site), now in National Museum, New ...
24/03/2023

A well-preserved skeleton of a middle-aged woman from Rakhigarhi, Haryana(A Harappan site), now in National Museum, New Delhi 🇮🇳📍

Displayed here is one of the best preserved burials of a middle-aged female. Extended in the North-west direction, her head is tilted towards West, showing an estimated height of 165 Cm. She is wearing a couple of shell bangles in her left hand, which is a sign of a married woman in the present context. The Harappan pots as funerary objects, arranged around the head suggest a belief in life after death.

राखीगढ़ी, हरियाणा (एक हड़प्पा स्थल) में एक अधेड़ उम्र की महिला का अच्छी तरह से संरक्षित कंकाल अब राष्ट्रीय संग्रहालय, नई दिल्ली में 🇮🇳📍

यहाँ प्रदर्शित एक मध्यम आयु वर्ग की महिला की सबसे अच्छी संरक्षित कब्रों में से एक है। उत्तर-पश्चिम दिशा में विस्तारित, उसका सिर पश्चिम की ओर झुका हुआ है, जिसकी अनुमानित ऊंचाई 165 से मी है। उसने बायें हाथ में शंख की दो-दो चूड़ियाँ पहनी हुई हैं, जो वर्तमान परिपेक्ष्य में एक विवाहित स्त्री का लक्षण है। सिर के चारों ओर व्यवस्थित अंतिम संस्कार की वस्तुओं के रूप में हड़प्पा के बर्तन मृत्यु के बाद जीवन में विश्वास का सुझाव देते हैं।

راکھی گڑھی، ہریانہ (ہڑپای ثقافت کی ایک سائٹ) میں ایک ادھیڑ عمر خاتون کا اچھی طرح سے محفوظ شدہ ڈھانچہ اب نیشنل میوزیم، نئی دہلی میں 🇮🇳📍

یہاں نمائش کے لیے رکھی گئی ایک ادھیڑ عمر خاتون کی بہترین محفوظ قبروں میں سے ایک ہے۔ شمال مغربی سمت میں پھیلا ہوا، اس کا سر مغرب کی طرف مائل ہے، جس کی اونچائی 165 سینٹی میٹر ہے۔ اس نے اپنے بائیں ہاتھ میں دو شنخ کی چوڑیاں پہن رکھی ہیں جو موجودہ تناظر میں شادی شدہ عورت کی نشانی ہے۔ ہڑپہ کے مٹی کے برتن جنازے کی اشیاء کی شکل میں سر کے گرد ترتیب دیے گئے موت کے بعد کی زندگی پر یقین کی نشاندہی کرتے ہیں۔

Eroding Mughal-era and Colonial-era Havelis(Chandni Chowk/Shahjahanabad and Chiragh Delhi), Delhi🇮🇳📍A 'Haveli', which is...
22/03/2023

Eroding Mughal-era and Colonial-era Havelis(Chandni Chowk/Shahjahanabad and Chiragh Delhi), Delhi🇮🇳📍

A 'Haveli', which is popular word for a 'mansion' in many of the Indian languages, used to be a common architectural feature in residential context. These structures were initially constructed as mansions of the people belonging to the rich sections of the society. Be it a noble in a ruler's court or a rich trader/merchant, this form of architecture was very common in the residential areas of the Indian Subcontinent, and to be more precise, in its Northern part.

They used to be constructed with a variety of architectural themes, but the most common elements in them were arches(Of different kind, depending upon the era), brackets and beautifully and precisely carved doors. Also, there used to be an extended balcony(Jharokhas) as an integral part in them. Nowadays, due to the impact of modernisation, this kind of architecture is eroding at a very high rate, if we talk about the Havelis in the urban residential complexes. In the city of Delhi, which served as a Mughal capital for a long time, and the capital of the British Empire also(After 1911), there were many Havelis built in many areas(Like those in Shahjahanabad and Chiragh Delhi), with similar elements as described above, but they are now facing 'modification' and demolition on a very high rate.

Check out my stories of this post regarding the types of Havelis and their location(Of those shown in the post).

Garib Das Dham at Chhudani Village, Jhajjar, Haryana 🇮🇳📍Saint Garibdas Ji Maharaj was a spiritual leader and a reformer....
21/03/2023

Garib Das Dham at Chhudani Village, Jhajjar, Haryana 🇮🇳📍

Saint Garibdas Ji Maharaj was a spiritual leader and a reformer. He took birth in 1717 A.D. to a family of Dhankhar Jaats in the village of Chhudani, in Jhajjar district of Haryana. He was from a rich farmer family. According to his own account, his spiritual journey started when the famous Bhakti Saint Kabir(Whom he used to consider as his ideal 'God') came to meet him and gave him initiation at the age of 10 years. After getting spiritual awareness from his 'Almighty God' Kabir, he uttered many Banis that are collected as holy book Garib Das ki Granth. Like his ideal spiritual mentor Kabir Sahib, in his Banis, he also criticised many religious practices of both Hindus and Muslims.

Garib Das also initiated a sect called 'Garib Das Panth' which was a part of the Panth(Sect) of the Bhakti Saint Kabir (Known as Kabir Panth). Saint Garib Das Ji told through his Banis that Kabir Sahib is the supreme God in Satlok(One of the heavenly places as described in Bhaktism). Garib Das Ji left his human body in 1778 A.D., and over his remains, a memorial was established in the village of Chhudani itself. Later, his successors, including his children, spread his spiritual teachings among many people of other places of Haryana, as well as in the states of Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, this is the reason that the annual fair that happens near his shrine two times in a year recieves a lot of followers from the areas of states other than Haryana as well.

21/03/2023
An abandoned Haveli in Chhudani Village, Jhajjar, Haryana 🇮🇳📍The following pictures are of a 19'th century Haveli, which...
20/03/2023

An abandoned Haveli in Chhudani Village, Jhajjar, Haryana 🇮🇳📍

The following pictures are of a 19'th century Haveli, which is abandoned now. Its facade has frescoes of the Hindu Lord Ram, his wife Seeta Maata and his brother Lakshman, from the epic Ramayan. There are other frescoes also on the same wall, but they are almost totally faded and difficult to be understood.

This art was common among the Havelis of the influential Baniya community of traders among the Hindu and Jain societies of Haryana. I found out that Haryana as a region itself has a lot of these types of beautiful yet ignored examples of old frescoes and Havelis, in many districts. Brackets can also be seen just down the frescoes and the entrance has a massive door, made up of wood. Just outside the entrance, the wall has an opening(Called as an 'Aala' in Haryanvi language), which was used to keep an earthen lamp(Known as 'Deeva' in Haryanvi and 'Diya' in Hindi), for the purpose of lighting.

It is one of the examples of dying heritage of Haryana and India as a whole🏚️.


Tala Kaveri, Kodagu, Karnataka 🇮🇳📍A 200+ years old Hindu Temple in Karnataka, which was built in the Kerala-Temple archi...
18/03/2023

Tala Kaveri, Kodagu, Karnataka 🇮🇳📍

A 200+ years old Hindu Temple in Karnataka, which was built in the Kerala-Temple architectural style?

Talakaveri or Talacauvery is the place that is generally considered to be the source of the river Kaveri and a holy place for many Hindus. It is located on Brahmagiri hills near Bhagamandala in Kodagu district, Karnataka State. It is located close to the border with Kasaragod district, in Kerala State. Talakaveri stands at a height of 1,276 meters above sea level. However, there is not a permanent visible flow from this place to the main rivercourse except during the Monsoon. The Temple was built in around 240 years ago

A tank or kundike has been erected on a hillside, at the place that is said to be the origin. It is also marked by a small temple, and the area is frequented by pilgrims mainly it is the worship place of kodavas. The river originates as a spring feeding this tank, which is considered to be a holy place to bathe on special days. The waters are then said to flow underground to emerge as the Kaveri river some distance away.The temple here is dedicated to Goddess Kaveri(Or Kaveramma in the local language). Other deities worshipped here are Lord Agasthiswara, which denotes the link between Kaveri and Sage Agasthya.

Madikeri Fort, Madikeri(Coorg), Karnataka 🇮🇳📍Madikeri Fort also called Mercara Fort is a Fort in Madikeri, in the Kodagu...
17/03/2023

Madikeri Fort, Madikeri(Coorg), Karnataka 🇮🇳📍

Madikeri Fort also called Mercara Fort is a Fort in Madikeri, in the Kodagu district of the Indian state of Karnataka, first built by Mudduraja in the second half of the 17th century. Mudduraja also built the palace within the Fort. It was rebuilt and restructured in granite by Tipu Sultan, and the site was then renamed Jaffarabad. Madikeri Fort is one of the many forts built or rebuilt by Tipu Sultan during his reign in the second half of the 18th century. In 1790, Dodda Vira Rajendra took control of the fort. The palace underwent renovations by Linga Rajendra II from 1812-1814.The British made additions to the fort in 1834. The notable addition made by the British here is a Church named St. Mark's Church.

Today, the Madikeri Deputy Commissioner's Office is housed in the Palace building, while St. Mark's Church houses the Madikeri Fort Museum, managed by the Karnataka State Archaeological Department.The Church was constructed in 1859 by soldiers of the East India Company, with funding from the Madras Presidency. The Church was administered by the Madras Diocese of the Church of England, but was closed after Indian independence, and taken over by the Government of Karnataka in 1971.

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