Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015

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Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015 The write-ups have been compiled from information in public domain. The stamps are not for sale.

While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the same does not constitute any representation.

Post  # 241The Scinde District Dawk stamp (see Post  # 55), the first postage stamp in undivided India, was issued in 18...
01/01/2023

Post # 241

The Scinde District Dawk stamp (see Post # 55), the first postage stamp in undivided India, was issued in 1852 for circulation in the Sindh province. Following its success, the (British) Government of India considered manufacturing postal stamps for use in the whole of India. Consultations with the Mint at Calcutta led to the famous "Lion and Palm Tree" stamp design in 1853 which had appeared on the gold mohur issued by the East India Company in 1847.

The proposed stamp was to be neither gummed nor perforated, and would depict lion trippant (the lion walking towards dextier (your left)) under palm tree on an oblong disk. The design included an open lacework border, with value below in words. However, it was not found feasible to prepare satisfactory “quadruple” die and the printing process was to take a long time. The “Lion and Palm” stamp, which would have been the first public stamp of India, never came into the circulation. It thus became first Indian Essay – that is, a design for a proposed stamp submitted for consideration but not used.

The image on your left, as downloaded from the web, is that of the ½ anna “Lion and Palm” Essay of 1853. The image on your right is of the 2 rupees stamp issued on October 12, 1977 by India during the Inpex’77 Philatelic Exhibition, Bangalore and depicts the ½ anna “Lion and Palm” Essay of 1853.

Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015

Instagram page :

The write-ups about the stamps have been compiled from information available in the public domain. While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the write-ups do not constitute any representation. Further, the stamps from late Nirmal Hingorani’s collection are for display, and not for sale. For latest write-ups on historic stamps, please do like the page and follow the Instagram page

Post  # 240In the spring of 1776, the Continental Army (commandeered by George Washington) moved to Manhattan to defend ...
22/12/2022

Post # 240

In the spring of 1776, the Continental Army (commandeered by George Washington) moved to Manhattan to defend New York City against the anticipated British attack. Washington was desperate to know the British troop movements and called for a spy behind enemy lines in New York City.

Nathan Hale volunteered on September 8, 1776 to spy for the Continental Army. While on the intelligence gathering mission, Hale was captured by the British and was hanged on September 22, 1776 at the age of 21. He is considered as an American hero and patriot.

This ½ cent stamp was issued in 1929 by the United States and depicts the image of Nathan Hale (June 6, 1755 – September 22, 1776). The stamp bears the precancel of New York, the city for which Hale laid down his life during the American Revolutionary War.

Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015

Instagram page :

The write-ups about the stamps have been compiled from information available in the public domain. While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the write-ups do not constitute any representation. Further, the stamps from late Nirmal Hingorani’s collection are for display, and not for sale. For latest write-ups on historic stamps, please do like the page and follow the Instagram page.

States

Post  # 239Catla catla (Catla) is an economically important freshwater fish indigenous to the rivers and lakes in Pakist...
18/12/2022

Post # 239

Catla catla (Catla) is an economically important freshwater fish indigenous to the rivers and lakes in Pakistan, northern India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar.

Catla is a major acqua-cultured carp in South Asia, with the oldest record of acqua-culture in the Indian sub-continent said to be dating back to 300 B.C. Indeed, carp have been farmed in the Bengal region for many centuries.

This 1 rupee stamp was issued on September 24, 1973 by Pakistan and features the Catla catla.

Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015

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The write-ups about the stamps have been compiled from information available in the public domain. While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the write-ups do not constitute any representation. Further, the stamps from late Nirmal Hingorani’s collection are for display, and not for sale. For latest write-ups on historic stamps, please do like the page and follow the Instagram page.

Post  # 238In ancient Greek mythology and religion, Hermes, son of Zeus and the Pleiad Maia, was believed to be the mess...
04/12/2022

Post # 238

In ancient Greek mythology and religion, Hermes, son of Zeus and the Pleiad Maia, was believed to be the messenger of the gods, being able to move quickly and freely between the worlds of the mortal and the divine. He was also considered the protector of shopkeepers, merchants and travellers.

The attributes and symbols of Hermes included winged sandals (talaria), winged helmet and the caduceus (the winged staff that has two serpents entwined with their heads facing each other). In Roman mythology and religion, many of Hermes' characteristics belong to Mercury (see Post # 36), a name derived from the Latin merx, meaning "merchandise," and the origin of the words "merchant" and "commerce."

This 1.6 shillings stamp was issued on October 31, 1937 by Australia and depicts Hermes and the Globes. Hermes is featured as striding across the globes, holding the caduceus in his left hand, with his right arm raised. He is shown as wearing his winged cap and winged sandals to signify speed and fleet-footedness.

Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015

Instagram page :

The write-ups about the stamps have been compiled from information available in the public domain. While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the write-ups do not constitute any representation. Further, the stamps from late Nirmal Hingorani’s collection are for display, and not for sale. For latest write-ups on historic stamps, please do like the page and follow the Instagram page.

Post  # 237Winslow Homer  (February 24, 1836 – September 29, 1910), considered as one of the foremost painters in ninete...
26/11/2022

Post # 237

Winslow Homer (February 24, 1836 – September 29, 1910), considered as one of the foremost painters in nineteenth-century America, is best known for his marine subjects. Amongst his finest painting is the “Breezing Up (A Fair Wind)”.

Homer began the canvas in New York in 1873, based on sketches he made while visiting Gloucester, Massachusetts. The oil painting was completed it in 1876 – the centennial year of the American Revolution. The painting depicts a father and three boys out for a spirited sail in a catboat called the Gloucester, chopping through that city's harbour under "a fair wind".

The National Gallery of Art purchased the work in 1943, described as "one of the best-known and most beloved artistic images of life in nineteenth-century America”

This 4 cents stamp was issued on December 15, 1962 by the United States and features the “Breezing Up (A Fair Wind)”.

Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015

Instagram page :

The write-ups about the stamps have been compiled from information available in the public domain. While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the write-ups do not constitute any representation. Further, the stamps from late Nirmal Hingorani’s collection are for display, and not for sale. For latest write-ups on historic stamps, please do like the page and follow the Instagram page.

Post  # 236The Owen Falls Dam, which was commissioned in 1954, houses a hydroelectric power station across the White Nil...
12/11/2022

Post # 236

The Owen Falls Dam, which was commissioned in 1954, houses a hydroelectric power station across the White Nile near its source at Lake Victoria in Uganda. The Dam submerged the Owen Falls along with the nearby Rippon Falls. The Dam was later renamed as the Nalubaale Dam, Nalubaale being the Luganda name for Lake Victoria.

This 30 East African cents stamp was part of the first definitive series of British East Africa depicting the image of Elizabeth II, who had been coronated as the British monarch on June 2, 1953.

The stamp, which features the Owen Falls Dam, was issued on June 1, 1954 for use in the then British colonies of Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika (K*T) and circulated by their joint postal service.

Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015

Instagram page :

The write-ups about the stamps have been compiled from information available in the public domain. While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the write-ups do not constitute any representation. Further, the stamps from late Nirmal Hingorani’s collection are for display, and not for sale. For latest write-ups on historic stamps, please do like the page and follow the Instagram page.


*T

Post  # 235The creation of the first viable and effective method of wireless communication has been credited to Guglielm...
06/11/2022

Post # 235

The creation of the first viable and effective method of wireless communication has been credited to Guglielmo Marconi (April 25, 1874 – July 20, 1937), a home-schooled Italian inventor and electrical engineer, who went on to share the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics with Karl Ferdinand Braun. The role played by Marconi’s wireless technology in maritime rescues, particularly the sinking of the RMS Titanic on April 15, 1912 and the RMS Lusitania on May 7, 1915, raised public awareness of the value of radio and wireless telegraphy.

Marconi purchased the two-masted steam yacht, Rovenska, in 1919, renamed it as the Elettra and used it as a floating laboratory fitted with an eight kilowatt transmitter and a loop aerial capable of transmitting wireless signals over a 1,000 miles distance.

During the First World War, the Elettra was requisitioned and served as a minesweeper. After Marconi's death in 1937, the Elettra was sold to the Italian government, then requisitioned by the German forces while at Trieste in 1943, torpedoed by a British submarine in the Adriatic sea in 1944 and salvaged in 1962. Since restoration plans would have been prohibitively expensive, the wreckage was cut into pieces which were distributed amongst Italian museums.

This 20 centimes stamp was issued on August 19, 1974 by the Republic of Rwanda, a landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley in Central Africa, to commemorate the birth centenary of Guglielmo Marconi. The stamp depicts the Elettra, and also features the image of wireless signals with the words “L’Elettra yacht-laboratoire de Guglielmo Marconi”.

Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015

Instagram page :

The write-ups about the stamps have been compiled from information available in the public domain. While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the write-ups do not constitute any representation. Further, the stamps from late Nirmal Hingorani’s collection are for display, and not for sale. For latest write-ups on historic stamps, please do like the page and follow the Instagram page.

Post  # 234Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (October 31, 1875 – December 15, 1950), a founding father of the Republic of India, ...
31/10/2022

Post # 234

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (October 31, 1875 – December 15, 1950), a founding father of the Republic of India, served as India’s first Deputy Prime Minister as also its Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Information, and Minister of States.

Sardar Patel was critical in the country's struggle for independence from British colonial rule, in negotiating the transfer of power from British to Indian hands, in the deliberations of the Constituent Assembly of India, in the integration of princely states into India and in the Indianization of the Indian Civil Services (ICS) into the Indian Administrative Services (IAS). Known as the ‘Iron Man of India’, Patel was posthumously awarded India's highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna, in 1991.

This 25 paise stamp was issued on October 31, 1975 by India to commemorate the birth centenary of Sardar Patel and depicts his image.

Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015

Instagram page :

The write-ups about the stamps have been compiled from information available in the public domain. While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the write-ups do not constitute any representation. Further, the stamps from late Nirmal Hingorani’s collection are for display, and not for sale. For latest write-ups on historic stamps, please do like the page and follow the Instagram page.

Post  # 233Before the 17th century, the battles on the seas were usually fought by ships closing in on each other, and b...
30/10/2022

Post # 233

Before the 17th century, the battles on the seas were usually fought by ships closing in on each other, and boarding enemy vessels for hand-to-hand combat as opportunities presented themselves. In the 17th century, the naval tactics changed with the increased use of coordinated fire by a battery of cannons from one side of the battleship (the broadsides). This line of battle required ships to form single-file lines close to the enemy fleet, and batter the enemy fleet with cannon power from the broadsides till the enemy fleet retreated.

The adoption of such line-of-battle tactics led to newer naval warship designs, and the distinction between the ships 'of the line', and ships put to other uses like acting as scouts or relaying signals. The term "ship of the line" fell in disuse by mid-19th century with further evolution of warships and naval tactics.

This 2.10 Polish złoty stamp was issued on March 19, 1964 by Poland and depicts the design of the “ship of the line" from the 18th century.

Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015

Instagram page :

The write-ups about the stamps have been compiled from information available in the public domain. While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the write-ups do not constitute any representation. Further, the stamps from late Nirmal Hingorani’s collection are for display, and not for sale. For latest write-ups on historic stamps, please do like the page and follow the Instagram page.

Post  # 232The postcard, introduced in Austria in 1869, soon spread to Europe and America, with seaside towns having the...
28/10/2022

Post # 232

The postcard, introduced in Austria in 1869, soon spread to Europe and America, with seaside towns having their own array of post cards that formed an intrinsic part of the holiday experience.

In the UK, the public were permitted to post pictorial postcards from 1894 onwards; prior to that only the Post Office cards could be used.

These stamps were part of the Pictorial Postcards series issued on April 12, 1994 by the UK to mark its centenary of pictorial postcards, and depict the saucy seaside postcards of Donald McGill (1875-1962), Britain’s most prolific postcard designer who interestingly studied naval architecture before turning to cartoons.

According to the British Philatelic Bulletin, the 30 penny stamp “features “wish you were here!” the sun shines while gulls wheel overhead and our day tripper lounges back in a sagging deck chair happily penning the traditional seaside greeting to his friends back home”.

The Bulletin describes the 41 penny stamp as portraying the “Tower Bridge in London. The simpler pleasures of a bygone era are remembered in this stamp, with bars of chocolate tumbling from the penny crane. The smile on the player’s face will not be disturbed even when one bar is carried off in the jaws of a terrier-like mongrel. A reminder of home for Londoners can be seen in the depiction of Tower Bridge, which this year, too, is celebrating its centenary.”

Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015

Instagram page :

The write-ups about the stamps have been compiled from information available in the public domain. While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the write-ups do not constitute any representation. Further, the stamps from late Nirmal Hingorani’s collection are for display, and not for sale. For latest write-ups on historic stamps, please do like the page and follow the Instagram page.

Post  # 231This 15 saˈtang stamp was issued on April 15, 1928 by the then Kingdom of Siam (present day Thailand) and dep...
26/10/2022

Post # 231

This 15 saˈtang stamp was issued on April 15, 1928 by the then Kingdom of Siam (present day Thailand) and depicts the image of Rama VII (also known as Prajadhipok), the seventh monarch of the Chakri dynasty, who had been coronated on February 26, 1926.

Rama VII (1893 – 1941) was the last absolute monarch of Siam, with the Revolution of 1932 ushering in a constitutional monarchy. Rama VII became the first constitutional monarch, and was interestingly also the only Siamese monarch of the Chakri Dynasty to abdicate – on March 2, 1935.

Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015

Instagram page :

The write-ups about the stamps have been compiled from information available in the public domain. While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the write-ups do not constitute any representation. Further, the stamps from late Nirmal Hingorani’s collection are for display, and not for sale. For latest write-ups on historic stamps, please do like the page and follow the Instagram page.

Post  # 230This 5 Egyptian millieme stamp was issued on April 16, 1923 by the then Kingdom of Egypt, shortly after the U...
23/10/2022

Post # 230

This 5 Egyptian millieme stamp was issued on April 16, 1923 by the then Kingdom of Egypt, shortly after the U.K. recognised Egyptian independence in 1922 while retaining control of its foreign relations, communications and the military. Egypt was under monarchical rule from 1922 till 1953, when it became a republic.

Sudan remained united with Egypt throughout the existence of the Kingdom, though under British control. The nominal Egyptian monarch was styled as the sovereign of "Egypt and Sudan".

This ornamental stamp depicts the image of Fuad I (1868-1936), the Sultan of Egypt, who issued a decree on March 15, 1922 declaring himself as the King of Egypt and Sudan. For more details on this first King of Egypt (and Sudan) and his particularly unfortunate private life, see Post #33

Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015

Instagram page :

The write-ups about the stamps have been compiled from information available in the public domain. While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the write-ups do not constitute any representation. Further, the stamps from late Nirmal Hingorani’s collection are for display, and not for sale. For latest write-ups on historic stamps, please do like the page and follow the Instagram page.

Post  # 229Rosa odorata (also known as tea-scented China roses) is believed to be a hybrid of Rosa chinensis (native to ...
21/10/2022

Post # 229

Rosa odorata (also known as tea-scented China roses) is believed to be a hybrid of Rosa chinensis (native to China) and Rosa gigantea (native to northeast India, northern Myanmar and Southwest China in the foothills of the Himalayas). Rosa odorata, found in China for centuries, spread from China to Europe and North Africa by the 18th/19th century.

Rosa odorata was cultivated in private gardens and estates in Algeria, which was a French colony in North Africa from 1830 to 1962.

This 0.40 Algerian dinar was issued on May 19, 1973 by Algeria and depicts the flowering shrub of Rosa odorata.

Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015
Instagram page :

The write-ups about the stamps have been compiled from information available in the public domain. While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the write-ups do not constitute any representation. Further, the stamps from late Nirmal Hingorani’s collection are for display, and not for sale. For latest write-ups on historic stamps, please do like the page and follow the Instagram page.

Post  # 228Ghazni, a city in southeastern Afghanistan, served as the capital of the Ghaznavid Empire (977 – 1186) which,...
20/10/2022

Post # 228

Ghazni, a city in southeastern Afghanistan, served as the capital of the Ghaznavid Empire (977 – 1186) which, at its height, comprised large parts of present-day Iran, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, all of Afghanistan, Pakistan and large parts of northwest India. By early 11th century, Ghazni became the most important centre of Persian literature and culture. After the fall of Ghazni in 1163, the Ghaznavids established themselves in Lahore, their regional capital for Indian territories. The spread of Islam in India is attributed to the Ghaznavid rulers. The Ghaznavid Empire came to an end when the last Ghaznavid ruler, Khusrau Malik, was deposed at Lahore in 1186.

This 7 Afghan afghani stamp was issued on December 23, 1967 by Afghanistan and depicts the image of a bronze vase dating back to the Ghaznavid era of the 11th - 12th century (“Vase En Bronze Epoque Ghasnavide 11-12 Siecle”).

Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015

Instagram page :

The write-ups about the stamps have been compiled from information available in the public domain. While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the write-ups do not constitute any representation. Further, the stamps from late Nirmal Hingorani’s collection are for display, and not for sale. For latest write-ups on historic stamps, please do like the page and follow the Instagram page.

Post  # 227Johann Sutter employed James Wilson Marshall, a carpenter and saw mill operator, to build his mill in Coloma,...
16/10/2022

Post # 227

Johann Sutter employed James Wilson Marshall, a carpenter and saw mill operator, to build his mill in Coloma, California, about 36 miles northeast of Sacramento. Marshall found gold at the mill on January 24, 1848. Before this discovery, San Francisco had been a tiny settlement of a population of about 1000. The discovery led to the California Gold Rush, with the population of San Francisco increasing to 25,000 by 1850 and an influx of about 300,000 gold seekers into California from across the United States and abroad. While the Gold Rush invigorated the American economy, it led to the horrific California genocide of the Native American population by government agents and private citizens.

The Gold Rush spurred the idea of building a bridge spanning the San Francisco Bay so as to make San Francisco, at the entrance of the bay, the regional centre of trade. While the idea was conceived in early 1870s, the construction of the complex of bridges started in 1933 and the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge opened in 1936.

On July 8, 1947, the Boeing 377 Stratocruiser, a large long-range airliner, had its maiden flight. The innovative design of the aircraft included two passenger decks and a pressurized cabin - 100 passengers could be accommodated on the main deck plus 14 in the lower deck lounge.

This 25 cents air mail stamp was issued on July 30, 1947 by the United States, and depicts the Boeing 377 Stratocruiser over the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge.

Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015

Instagram page :

The write-ups about the stamps have been compiled from information available in the public domain. While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the write-ups do not constitute any representation. Further, the stamps from late Nirmal Hingorani’s collection are for display, and not for sale. For latest write-ups on historic stamps, please do like the page and follow the Instagram page.

Post  # 226Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (earlier North West Frontier Province of British India) sits primarily on the Iranian Plat...
16/10/2022

Post # 226

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (earlier North West Frontier Province of British India) sits primarily on the Iranian Plateau and comprises the junction where the slopes of the Hindu Kush mountains give way to the Indus-watered hills approaching the Indian sub-continent.

During the Indus Valley civilization (3300 BCE – 1300 BCE), the Khyber Pass located in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa offered a vital route through the mountainous region. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is the site of the ancient region of Gandhara, including the ruins of the Gandharan capital of Pushkalavati - a civilization which reached its peak between the sixth and first centuries BCE and which features prominently in the Hindu epic, Mahabharata. Through the Khyber Pass, Gandhara became a regional centre of trade along the historic Silk Road route.

The Indian sub-continent has been invaded over the centuries by various races through the Khyber Pass – by Cyrus, Darius I, Genghis Khan, Mahmud Ghaznavi, Muhammad Ghori and many others. The Sikhs, under Ranjit Singh, captured the Khyber Pass in 1834. The then length and breadth of India was captured by the common phrase of that time as "Khyber to Kanyakumari”.

With the partition of the Indian sub-continent in 1947, North West Frontier Province fell in (West) Pakistan.

These 1, 2, 5 and 7 paise stamps were issued on January 1, 1961 by Pakistan and depict the Khyber Pass. The stamp bears the word “Pakistan” in Bengali as well as East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) was at that point of time part of Pakistan.

Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015

Instagram page :

The write-ups about the stamps have been compiled from information available in the public domain. While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the write-ups do not constitute any representation. Further, the stamps from late Nirmal Hingorani’s collection are for display, and not for sale. For latest write-ups on historic stamps, please do like the page and follow the Instagram page.

Post  # 225Belém Tower (Portuguese: Torre de Belém), known officially as the Tower of Saint Vincent (Portuguese: Torre d...
12/10/2022

Post # 225

Belém Tower (Portuguese: Torre de Belém), known officially as the Tower of Saint Vincent (Portuguese: Torre de São Vicente), served as a ceremonial gateway to Lisbon and the point of embarkation and disembarkation for Portuguese explorers in the 16th-century. Built on a small island in the Tagus river near the Lisbon shore, the tower is often viewed as a symbol of Europe's Age of Discoveries in which sea-faring Europeans explored regions across the globe.

This stamp was issued on March 1, 1972 by Portugal and depicts the quarter façade of the tower on the banks of the Tagus river. The then Portuguese currency was the escudos, which was sub-divisible into 100 centavos. The denomination was written as escudos $ centavos with the cifrão as the decimal separator. The denomination of this stamp is 1$50, that is, 1 escudo and fifty centavos.

Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015

Instagram page :

The write-ups about the stamps have been compiled from information available in the public domain. While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the write-ups do not constitute any representation. Further, the stamps from late Nirmal Hingorani’s collection are for display, and not for sale. For latest write-ups on historic stamps, please do like the page and follow the Instagram page.

Post  # 224The Charter of Cyrus the Great is an ancient baked-clay cylinder dating back to 539 B.C., which declares in t...
11/10/2022

Post # 224

The Charter of Cyrus the Great is an ancient baked-clay cylinder dating back to 539 B.C., which declares in the name of Cyrus, the first king of ancient Persia, the earliest known charter of human rights.

One of the significant steps taken by Cyrus on conquering the Mesopotamian city of Babylon (now in Iraq) in 539 B.C. was to free the slaves, declare that all people had the right to choose their own religion, and establish racial equality. These and other declarations were recorded on the cylinder in the Akkadian language with cuneiform script. Such expressions of human rights spread quickly from Babylon to India, Greece and eventually Rome.

Iran presented a replica of the cylinder to UN Secretary-General U Thant in 1971, which was displayed at the UN with English and French translations of the ancient script. Interestingly, the declarations parallel the first four Articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

This 20 paise stamp was issued on October 12, 1971 by India to mark the 2500th anniversary of the Charter of Cyrus the Great (539 B.C. to 1971) and depicts the image of Cyrus with a procession in the backdrop.

Private Stamp Collection of Nirmal Hingorani, Senior Advocate - 1921-2015

Instagram page :

The write-ups about the stamps have been compiled from information available in the public domain. While I have tried to be as accurate as possible in identifying the stamps and in collating the information, the write-ups do not constitute any representation. Further, the stamps from late Nirmal Hingorani’s collection are for display, and not for sale. For latest write-ups on historic stamps, please do like the page and follow the Instagram page.

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