Nubian Civilization of Sudan

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Nubia is a region along the Nile river encompassing the area between the first cataract of the Nile (just south of Aswan in southern Egypt) and the confluence of the Blue and White Nile

Each one of these "serving figures" was carved by hand for the Nubian king Taharqa, a handful of over 1,000 found in his...
12/02/2024

Each one of these "serving figures" was carved by hand for the Nubian king Taharqa, a handful of over 1,000 found in his tomb. (various stones, ca. 675 BCE)

Found upside-down beside the grave, decorative bowls like this suggest consumption of food and drink took was part of th...
12/02/2024

Found upside-down beside the grave, decorative bowls like this suggest consumption of food and drink took was part of the funerary ritual. (2400-2000 BCE, ceramic, 5")

This bronze vessel dates to around 100 CE, yet it is the same shape as ceramic vessels found in about the same area 5,00...
12/02/2024

This bronze vessel dates to around 100 CE, yet it is the same shape as ceramic vessels found in about the same area 5,000 years earlier. Coincidence?

Nubians interpreted the Egyptian combination of profile and frontal view in their own way.  (sandstone, ca. 150 CE, 22")
12/02/2024

Nubians interpreted the Egyptian combination of profile and frontal view in their own way. (sandstone, ca. 150 CE, 22")

Imagine the time it took to make the alternating pierced and burnished areas on this simple pot.  (2400-1550 BCE, 9")
12/02/2024

Imagine the time it took to make the alternating pierced and burnished areas on this simple pot. (2400-1550 BCE, 9")

It must have been King Piankhy who ordered the removal of this Egyptian statue from an Egyptian temple at Soleb to his t...
12/02/2024

It must have been King Piankhy who ordered the removal of this Egyptian statue from an Egyptian temple at Soleb to his temple at Jebel Barkal, 200+ miles upstream - no small feat! (68", 1350 BCE, granite)

Ivory hair rings were worn in pairs and would have stood out brilliantly against dark hair. (2400-2050 BCE,  1.5")
12/02/2024

Ivory hair rings were worn in pairs and would have stood out brilliantly against dark hair. (2400-2050 BCE, 1.5")

Animals were adorned too. These silver cowrie shell beads were found in the tomb of a dog. (ca. 700 BCE, each 1")
12/02/2024

Animals were adorned too. These silver cowrie shell beads were found in the tomb of a dog. (ca. 700 BCE, each 1")

12/02/2024
Femininity and Truth, represented by the faces of the goddess Hathor and the kneeling figure of Mut (respectively) form ...
11/08/2023

Femininity and Truth, represented by the faces of the goddess Hathor and the kneeling figure of Mut (respectively) form one of what was likely multiple registers of this necklace, dazzling even in its fragmentary state. (gold, 3.5" for length for strand, ca. 50 BCE-100 CE0

Traditions endure.  Thin walls, black tops, and incised decoration are all found on ceramics at least as early as 5,000 ...
11/08/2023

Traditions endure. Thin walls, black tops, and incised decoration are all found on ceramics at least as early as 5,000 BCE in Nubia (although not all necessarily on the same pot). (ca. 1800 BCE, 11")
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Jewlery makers and enthusiasts will recognize this as an endpiece found occasionally on necklaces today.  This one dates...
08/08/2023

Jewlery makers and enthusiasts will recognize this as an endpiece found occasionally on necklaces today. This one dates to ca, 620 BCE. (gold)

Although found in a tomb at Kerma, both the shape and material of this vessel are Egyptian.  It is likely one of many Eg...
08/08/2023

Although found in a tomb at Kerma, both the shape and material of this vessel are Egyptian. It is likely one of many Egyptian imports, perhaps traded in exchange for Nubia's gold. (travertine, 5', ca 1800-1600 BCE)

This shape of vessel, know as an alabastron, was found throughout the Mediterranean world.  This example, made of a ston...
20/07/2023

This shape of vessel, know as an alabastron, was found throughout the Mediterranean world. This example, made of a stone (travertine) that likely comes from Egypt, was found in King Nastasen's tomb. (ca. 330 BCE, 5.5")

Based on his body proportions, King Akhratan based this statue on a statue of the Egyptian king Amenhotep III rather tha...
20/07/2023

Based on his body proportions, King Akhratan based this statue on a statue of the Egyptian king Amenhotep III rather than his Nubian ancestors. Both were found at Jebel Barkal in Sudan. (350 BCE, 33.5", granodiorite)

This statue of the Egyptian king Amenhotep III is likely the model on which King Akhratan's statue was modelled about 1,...
20/07/2023

This statue of the Egyptian king Amenhotep III is likely the model on which King Akhratan's statue was modelled about 1,000 years later. Both were found at the sacred mountain, Gebel Barkal. (ca. 1350 BCE, peridotite, 42.5")

Feminine power!  An unnamed queen bedecked in jewels and wearing the double uraeii of Kush*te monarchs sits between the ...
20/07/2023

Feminine power! An unnamed queen bedecked in jewels and wearing the double uraeii of Kush*te monarchs sits between the (slimmer) Egyptian goddesses connected to rebirth, Isis and Nephthys, who pour a liquid libation for her eternal nourishment. (gold flecks and paint on sandstone, ca 100 BCE, 25.5")

This massive stela (9,000 lbs) granite stela of King Anlamani was unfinished, but it was placed in his tomb chapel anywa...
20/07/2023

This massive stela (9,000 lbs) granite stela of King Anlamani was unfinished, but it was placed in his tomb chapel anyway. (9'4", granite gneiss, ca. 600 BCE)

If the identification of this stone as porphyry is correct, then it must have been quarried in Egypt's Eastern Desert.  ...
20/07/2023

If the identification of this stone as porphyry is correct, then it must have been quarried in Egypt's Eastern Desert. (Does anyone know of other sources?) King Aspelta used it for his imposing offering table. (35.5", ca.575 BCE)

Hundreds, if not thousands of fragments of gold foil were collected from King Aspelta's tomb.  It is possible they come ...
20/07/2023

Hundreds, if not thousands of fragments of gold foil were collected from King Aspelta's tomb. It is possible they come from his wood coffin, which was overlaid with gold and inlaid with semi-precious stones. (ca. 570 BCE)

Ponderous but powerful, King Amani-natake-lebte's image is joined with Amun and Horus on the handle of this mirror.   (s...
20/07/2023

Ponderous but powerful, King Amani-natake-lebte's image is joined with Amun and Horus on the handle of this mirror. (silver, gold and Egyptian blue, ca. 525 BCE, 13")

Like Egyptian, Meroitic could be written in both hieroglyphic (top) and cursive (below).  (ca. 150 BCE, granite, 18")
20/07/2023

Like Egyptian, Meroitic could be written in both hieroglyphic (top) and cursive (below). (ca. 150 BCE, granite, 18")

Three groups of Napatan Period sculptures have been found from the Third Cataract to the Fifth.  King Aspelta was one of...
20/07/2023

Three groups of Napatan Period sculptures have been found from the Third Cataract to the Fifth. King Aspelta was one of only three kings whose statues were present in all of them. This one is the finest. (granite gneiss, ca. 575 BCE, 10'11" tall)

Protective magic at its best!  The dwarf god Pataikos, a Nubian favorite, stands atop 2 crocodiles and subdues snakes wi...
20/07/2023

Protective magic at its best! The dwarf god Pataikos, a Nubian favorite, stands atop 2 crocodiles and subdues snakes with his bare hands. (faience, 4", ca. 650 BCE)

I imagine myself trying to make - and decorate- this bowl by hand, as the so-called Pan Grave culture did.  Although the...
20/07/2023

I imagine myself trying to make - and decorate- this bowl by hand, as the so-called Pan Grave culture did. Although they lived along the Nile Valley in both Egypt and Nubia, they are thought to have originated in the Eastern Desert. (4", ceramic, ca. 1600 BCE)

Black topped red vessels are found in a number of Nubian cultures, including the so-called "Pan Grave," a nomadic group ...
20/07/2023

Black topped red vessels are found in a number of Nubian cultures, including the so-called "Pan Grave," a nomadic group from the Eastern Desert.

Meroe fell for a number of reasons, one of which was the conquest and subsequent Christianization by King Ezana of Ethio...
20/07/2023

Meroe fell for a number of reasons, one of which was the conquest and subsequent Christianization by King Ezana of Ethiopia. You can see the crosses on this vessel. (4-6th c CE, 12.5")

Cow skulls are found in and around graves in different cultures, but does anyone know a culture other that the Pan Grave...
20/07/2023

Cow skulls are found in and around graves in different cultures, but does anyone know a culture other that the Pan Grave people who painted them? (1700-1550 BCE, 45.5")

http://bit.ly/CongressSudanSolidarity
20/05/2023

http://bit.ly/CongressSudanSolidarity

As African scholars and academics, we are deeply concerned with the crisis in Sudan. The armed conflict between the army and the state sponsored paramilitary group known as the Rapid Support Forces continues to threaten the civilian population and the democratization process in the country. We are e...

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