Fort Loudoun Winchester Virginia

Fort Loudoun Winchester Virginia Fort Loudoun Winchester Virginia, a fort built on top of this hill by George Washington 1756 to 1758, was a frontier bastion in the French and Indian War.

Our narrow focus is Fort Loudoun Winchester VA, as George Washington's headquarters for the French and Indian War. Our broader focuses encompasses the world wide nature of this war.

Sunday Word 4And now back to our promised tour through just the year 1756.  .Henry Timberlake is our subject, because he...
07/12/2020

Sunday Word 4
And now back to our promised tour
through just the year 1756.
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Henry Timberlake is our subject, because he was recommended to join Colonel George Washington's Virginia Regiment here in Winchester VA.
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Timberlake was in the Gentlemen's Association. That's a story of the elite feeling up a taste of martial actions but ended up doing nothing.
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But Timberlake's interest did not wane.
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This guy is big, in the Cherokee world.
We know a lot about the Cherokee because of this guy.
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But he also wanted to come here to Winchester VA.
He wanted to be in George Washington's Virginia Regiment.
He even had Lt Gov Dinwiddie and rich man Byrd recommend him.
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But Colonel George Washington isn't hip with this guy.
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Doesn't hire him.
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For the 2019 London New Year's Parade
. . .
the Cherokee recreated
Henry Timberlake
taking 3 Cherokee Chiefs to London in 1762 and 1764.
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Ostenaco was one of them. The pictures below are of him drawn by Sir Joshua Reynolds in their first 1762 trip.
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Ostenaco also came to Fort Loudoun Winchester VA.
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TIMBERLAKE IS RECOMMENDED TO COLONEL GEORGE WASHINGTON
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Lt Gov Dinwiddie
12 July 1756
recommends Timberlake to Colonel GW:
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https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-03-02-0239
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William Byrd III
8 July 1756
recommends Timberlake to Colonel GW:
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https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-03-02-0233
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The Memoirs of Timberlake
probably completed in debtors prison.
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https://publicdomainreview.org/collection/the-memoirs-of-lieut-henry-timberlake-1765
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Ostenaco also came to Fort Loudoun Winchester VA.
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https://frenchandindianwarfoundation.org/event/cherokee-allies-meet-capt-mercer/
,
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2019 LONDON PARADE
Cherokee recreate 1762 trip to London
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https://visitcherokeenc.com/blog/entry/255-years-in-the-making-cherokee-warriors-perform-in-the-london-new-years-d/#:~:text=The%20Warriors%20of%20AniKituhwa%2C%20joined,invitation%20from%20British%20government%20officials.

07/12/2020

Sunday Word 3
Long Knives Again
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July 13, 1684, Our Virginia Governor Howard boated up to Albany NY.
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And that's when the name started.
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Is this wishful thinking?
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Wonder what "they" really called us.
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Read how we Virginians
embraced our name
bestowed on us
by those who were already here.
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And we kept recording events and moments where the Indians kept on calling us that for over a 100 years.
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Oh the other colonies got their names too.
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Interesting links are in here.

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https://jimmoyer1.wixsite.com/fortloudounva/single-post/2020/07/13/LONG-KNIVES---ASSARIGOA
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Sunday Word 2Tomorrow July 13, 2013, when you drive up Braddock Street in Winchester VA, you will think of Braddock's Sa...
07/12/2020

Sunday Word 2
Tomorrow July 13, 2013, when you drive up Braddock Street in Winchester VA, you will think of Braddock's Sash, Braddock's Cannon, WW1 brewing, and in the heart of the Revolution 20 years after, the men of this expedition still talking about their narrow escape.
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Braddock dies tomorrow July 13, 1755 after being shot thru July 9, 1755.
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He gets carried away in a Sash that although looking ceremonial, doubled as a stretcher. That Sash was later found on this very street. It was in the care of Bettie Dandridge, who lived on Braddock Street. She had the sash. She was a daughter to Pres Zachary Taylor. She also took on the duties as First Lady because the President's wife wanted nothing to do with such public pressures. Her sister? Jefferson Davis' first wife.
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Drive up a little further on Braddock Street, you come to the Cannon. Braddock's Cannon sits at the corner of Cork and Braddock, both streets so named because, Braddock's men boarded ships in Cobh bay, Cork Ireland to cross the ocean to a grisly fate.
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That cannon? It has a sister too in Alexandria that was left behind by the Braddock Expedition because there were not enough horses and wagons to be procured in time not to delay the expedition further.
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That cannon was inaugurated on that corner with an Apple Blossom size parade ending in a huge long speech by Robert Y Conrad who described the battle of the Monongahela, a battle that was just as grim and gory as Conrad would 3 years later experience taking all day to die from a shot in the head in the Trenches of Meuse Argonne on the same day "Sgt" York captured single handedly 132 Germans.
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Conrad's dad? He was Holmes Conrad, friend to Pres McKinley, Solicitor Attorney General --- the guy who argue cases in the Supreme Court. His Dad is also the guy who Handley Library should share its name with, because Conrad was very instrumental in making that Library happen.

That night of the inauguration of that Braddock Cannon? German Dirigibles had floated over the English Channel dropping bombs on southern England.
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And General Braddock?
Two days ago he orders our George Washington to procure wagons and supplies from the Dunbar camp, which was the other half of the army miles away.
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Listen to George Washington describe that trip crawling through the night figuratively and metaphorically of Dante's Hell:
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July 9 Night into July 10 Morning
GW, who was still very weak from his illness, traveled through the night and part of the next morning with two guides to reach Dunbar’s camp about 6 miles south of Gist’s plantation and about 50 miles from the battlefield.
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.
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“The shocking Scenes
which presented themselves
in this Nights march
are not to be described,”
GW later wrote.
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“The dead—the dying—
the groans—lamentation—and crys
along the Road
of the wounded for help . . .
were enough to pierce a heart of adamant.
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End quote. Linger on that phrase, the heart of adamant. Adamant then referred mostly to stone so hard you could not break it, carve it, nick it.
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Washington resumes writing ---
.
The gloom & horror
of which was not a little encreased by
the impervious darkness
occasioned by the close shade of thick woods
which in places
rendered it impossible
for the two guides
which attended to know
when they were in,
or out of the track
but by groping
on the ground
with their hands”
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Source of all of the above:
https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-01-02-0164#GEWN-02-01-02-0164-fn-0004
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10 July 1755
Braddock received wagons and supplies
from Dunbar at Gist’s plantation
on the evening of 10 July
11 July
The Wounded Braddock arrives at Dunbar’s camp late in the day.
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Source:
https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-01-02-0164#GEWN-02-01-02-0164-fn-0004
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SOURCES
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Braddock's Sash
https://frenchandindianwarfoundation.org/event/braddocks-sash-in-winchester-va/
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,
Braddock's Cannon
https://frenchandindianwarfoundation.org/event/braddock-memorial/
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Dunbar's Camp
https://frenchandindianwarfoundation.org/event/dunbars-army-retreat-to-fort-cumberland/
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Horatio Gates and Adam Stephen
July 9, 1782
https://frenchandindianwarfoundation.org/event/travelers-rest-horatio-gates-place/
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PICTURES
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The first two pictures are by Jim Moyer
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1. That was tip of the spear of the French and Indians meeting the Braddock's Expedition.
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2. the Background woods is sketch by Jim Moyer to show how dark the woods were, how tight the forest canopy was to let no light in. I then Photoshopped in is the reenactor group, Capt George Mercer's Co of the Virginia Regiment.
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3. Picture by Robert Griffing to show 3 years later the visit to this battlefield of skull and bone to find Sir Peter Halkett and his son by this tree.

https://www.lordnelsons.com/gallery/frontier/griffing/main.htm

07/12/2020

Sunday Word 1
George Washington is quoting Mark Twain.
I don't know how he did that.
.

As I have heard since my arrivl at this place,
a circumstantial acct of my death and dying Speech,
I take this early oppertunity of contradicting , ,
and of assuring you that ,
I ⟨ illegible ⟩ of the livg by the miraculous care of,
I have not, as yet, composed the latter.

But by the all powerful dispensatns of, Providence,
,I have been, beyond all human probability & expectation
for I had 4 Bullets through my Coat,
and two Horses shot under me
yet although death
was levelling my companions
on every side of me
escaped unhurt.
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July 18, 1755 -
GW writes that the day after
he arrives at Fort Cumberland,
5 days after Braddock died.
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All the rumors have been going full strength viral.
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Tomorrow, July 13, 1756 General Braddock dies.
We in Winchester VA have a street named after him.
There is unusual story after story associated with Braddock.
Take a look at today's posts of a time that almost seems like it was from the Greek Gods.
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That quote above is down further in this web site link.
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We first tell you a little about the Virginia Blues and how that name got started. Then we tell you of an all night hike through hell George Washington took.
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https://jimmoyer1.wixsite.com/fortloudounva/single-post/2020/07/09/Who-said-Virginia-Blues

Sunday Word 4July 4, 1758A pre-cycled Scalp  .Captain Johnny, a Catawba, is hawking a scalp given him by the Cherokee an...
07/05/2020

Sunday Word 4
July 4, 1758
A pre-cycled Scalp
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Captain Johnny, a Catawba, is hawking a scalp given him by the Cherokee and pretending it is a fresh one so he can get a bounty paid him.
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They are on to him.
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On 1 June Captain Johnny and twenty-five Catawba
marched with Adam Stephen
and his troops from Winchester
to Fort Loudoun in Pennsylvania.
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This is another event
where
troops at Fort Loudoun Winchester VA
visit Fort Loudoun PA.
.
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But back to the Catawba with the re-cycled scalp.
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Letter 11 July 1758
Bouquet wrote Forbes “the Catawbas have left us like scoundrels, after bringing us one scalp, which was recognized by the Cherokees as an old scalp which they themselves gave them in the spring”
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Letter 10 July 1758
Washington writes Gov Francis Faquier:
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Quote "
A Letter from Colo. Bouquet of the 6th which I have just receivd Contains this Paragraph.

“The Cuttawbas under the Command of Captn Johnne are gone to Winchester; they have behav’d in the most shameful manner, and run away as a parcell of thieves rather than Warriors without seeing me; they have never killd a deer, and there is the strongest suspicians that the Scalp they pretend to have taken, was an old one."
End Quote.
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Interesting that Bouquet in his own letter to Forbes spells Catawba right but Washington quotes Bouquet spelling it wrong.
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Letter July 4, 1758
Abraham Bosomworth’s commission in the Royal American Regiment was dated 20 Jan. 1756 and he writes about Capt Johnny:
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Quote "Desire you’ll be so good as forward the enclosed to Captn Gist that he may not be imposed upon by a Scalp which Captn Johnny pretends to have taken with his Catawbas. Colo. Bouquet is well convinced of the Deceit & desires you will take Care Gist’s letter getts to Winchester before Johnny can, . . . " End Quote.
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Source
https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-05-02-0201
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Have people survived a scalping?
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Picture?
Robt McGee scalped by the Sioux Chief Little Turtle in 1864.
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Source
https://nativeheritageproject.com/2014/05/06/surviving-a-scalping/
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The other picture?
https://ournativeamericans.blogspot.com/2018/07/scalping-in-new-world.html
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The Humane British?
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:A_scene_on_the_frontiers_as_practiced_by_the_%22humane%22_British_and_their_%22worthy%22_allies_LCCN2002708987.jpg
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Sunday Word 34th of July 1776.Death is coming..It looks small and quiet.. But what is discussed in the letter of July 20...
07/05/2020

Sunday Word 3
4th of July 1776
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Death is coming.
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It looks small and quiet.
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But what is discussed in the letter of July 20, 1776 ?
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July 3, 1754, Washington's surrender at Fort Necessity
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July 9, 1755 Braddock's army destroyed.
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It's because Adam Stephen
remembers it on 4th of July
and writes to
George Washington about it.
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July 20, 1777 George Washington replies in this letter as he watches those ships invade Staten Island.
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"I did not let the Anniversary of the 3d or 9th of this Instt
pass of without a grateful remembrance of the escape
we had at the Meadows
and on the Banks of Monongahela."
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the same Provedence that protected us
upon those occasions will, I hope, continue his Mercies,
and make us happy Instruments
in restoring Peace & liberty to this once favour’d,
but now distressed Country.""
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End Quote
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In that same letter
GW describes this Armada:
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We have a powerful Fleet under the Command of Lord Howe in full view of us—
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distant about 8 Miles from this City—
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the Troops (from the best Accts amounting to about Eight or nine thousand Men)
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are upon Staten Island,
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fortifying themselves and waiting the Re-inforcement from England,
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which every fair Wind is expected to bring. this Reinforcement from different Accts will be from Fifteen to 20,000 Men.
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End quote
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This picture?
View of the Narrows between Long Island and Staten Island, with Our Fleet at Anchor and Lord Howe Coming In . . . . Lieutenant Archibald Robertson . . . . This picture was drawn by one of the Royal Engineers as he watched Admiral Howe’s flagship, HMS Eagle, arriving in the distance.
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Source
https://frenchandindianwarfoundation.org/july-4-1776/
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The invasion of Staten Island:
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From June 28, 1776 to July 5, 1776, a total of 130 British ships sailed to Staten Island and occupied the coastline of the mainly loyalist borough.
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By mid-August about 32,000 troops camped all around the island, mainly occupying what is now New Dorp and Old Town, Bell said.
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Source:
Before Battle of Brooklyn, Invasion Started in Staten Island By Nicholas Rizzi August 25, 2015 4:24pm
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https://www.dnainfo.com/new-york/20150825/new-dorp/before-battle-of-brooklyn-invasion-started-staten-island
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Sunday Word 2Lancaster Treaty June 24 to July 2, 1744.This was big. It allowed Virginia to "take" the Shenandoah Valley,...
07/05/2020

Sunday Word 2
Lancaster Treaty
June 24 to July 2, 1744
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This was big.
It allowed Virginia to "take" the Shenandoah Valley, and its long corridor down to North Carolina.

In exchange
the north and south Indians received a Right of Way.
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That Right of Way was to use their old War Path, down today's Route 11.
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The Cherokee in the south and the 6 nations up north would use it for their wars on each other.
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By then, Winchester's Frederick Co court officials had already held their first court in 1743, 5 years after the county's creation in 1738.
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Winchester was still known as Frederick Town or as Opekon, before it's official naming of Winchester in 1752.
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But back to this huge 1744 treaty in Lancaster.
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Some interesting names in this link. Thomas Walker is a huge name in that time period. He explored Kentucky and mapped it way before Daniel Boone. He had this 1744 treaty on parchment in his own library. The names of the Indian nations all have interesting spellings. October of 1744 is when the white officials record this deed of land.
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https://archive.org/stream/jstor-4242734/4242734#page/n1/mode/2up
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Full Text of this 1744 Treaty of Lancaster with the native nations.
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http://treatiesportal.unl.edu/earlytreaties/treaty.00003.html
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Where was the actual spot of this treaty in Lancaster PA, a treaty that had huge effects on our Winchester VA area?
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Next time you drive into Lancaster Pa, find this statue.
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Touch the yellow icon.
Laptop ?
Side bar appears on left. Scroll thru to read.
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Cell phone?
Side bar appears at bottom. Touch side bar to expand. Scroll thru to read.
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https://www.google.com/maps/d/viewer?mid=1trymtX5rGYDjQ_tYJUvv63wqc1M&ll=40.03803900000003%2C-76.3056332&z=18
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That statue was the site of the treaty.
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Read what Ben Franklin writes of this 1744 Treaty years later on 7 January 1784.
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It's an eye opener.
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Source:
https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Franklin/01-41-02-0280

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Sunday Word 1SashesNext time you drive by 116 N. Braddock Street Winchester VA you will think of the story of a daughter...
07/05/2020

Sunday Word 1
Sashes
Next time you drive by 116 N. Braddock Street Winchester VA you will think of the story of a daughter of a President living there. She had Braddock's sash.

That sash?
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Just ornamental?
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It was a stretcher too. They used Braddock's sash to carry the wounded General from the battle.
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Silk has a tensile strength stronger than steel.
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See Sprang Lady 2 minutes 5 seconds into this video:
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https://youtu.be/Jcjs9bxTTd0?t=124
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That very sash is said to have stayed in a trunk on 116 N Braddock Street Winchester VA near the "secret' FBI building on that street, in Bettie Dandridge's care, the daughter of Pres Zachary Taylor.
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Now that Sash? Where Now?
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It lands back at Mt Vernon.
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How?
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Because of Prince Yoshihisa Tokugawa related to last Shogun family of Japan, who was a representative in Japan’s Red Cross delegation visiting Mt Vernon 18 July 1918.
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More on that story?
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https://frenchandindianwarfoundation.org/event/braddocks-sash-in-winchester-va/
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More about Sashes.
Colonel George Washington required all his officers to have them.
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July 6-8, 1756

Colonel Washington expressly orders, that no Officer do provide himself with any other kind of Clothes than those ordered the 17th of September last: as they will not be allowed to appear in them. Every Officer who has not complied with that order, to do it immediately—
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and they are all to procure Sashes, if to be had—
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They may be supplied with Hats, and waistcoat-lace, at Mr Peters’s, Rock-Creek—and sword-knots—
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Interesting that the officers might have been wearing different items so much so that Colonel George Washington felt compelled to reinforce standardization.
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https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-03-02-0232
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And the rest of their uniform?
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Sept 17, 1755
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Every Officer of the Virginia Regiment, to provide himself as soon as he can conveniently, with a Suit of Regimentals of good blue Cloath; the Coat to be faced and cuffed with Scarlet, and trimmed with Silver: a Scarlet waistcoat, with silver Lace, blue Breeches, and a silver-laced Hat, if to be had, for Camp or Garrison Duty.
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https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-02-02-0034
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And those blue breeches? The pants? We believe our Colonel posed in red breeches many years later to reinforce his claim on Lt Gov Dinwiddies's Promised Land to the men of 1754 who did not wear blue breeches.

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Winchester, VA
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Some pictures from our Christmas party! Virginia Regiment Captain George Mercer Co.
Open to the Public French and Indian War Foundation Annual Meeting THIS Sunday 2pm November 11, 2018 . We're going back to the Well It still exists Blasted by black powder 1756-1758 Stevan Resan has a story about it. .