Fort Loudoun Winchester Virginia

Fort Loudoun Winchester Virginia Fort Loudoun Winchester Virginia, a fort built on top of this hill by George Washington 1756 to 1758, was a frontier bastion in the French and Indian War.

Our narrow focus is Fort Loudoun Winchester VA, as George Washington's headquarters for the French and Indian War. Our broader focuses encompasses the world wide nature of this war.

Operating as usual

George Washington goes West - again in September 1784.  But for GW going back West was like going back thru time, like b...
09/15/2020
Fort Pleasant (Waggener's Lower Fort)

George Washington goes West - again in September 1784. But for GW going back West was like going back thru time, like back thru his own memories 30 years ago in the French and Indian War.
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Set the mood? This is 1784 !!! Think of that. Washington is only one year away from the Paris Peace Treaty of 1783 officially ending the war, and 3 years away from the Battle of Yorktown defeating Cornwallis in 1781.
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He's a resigned, Roman Cincinatus, leaving power to others. Until 1789 when they need him to become President. And you know that name President? That was the term they used as the presiding officer over court martials held at Fort Loudoun 1756 to 1758.
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And another thing.
He lost a lifelong friend last year 1782, William Crawford who was burned at the stake out west.
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See that story here:
https://frenchandindianwarfoundation.org/event/william-crawford-burned-at-the-stake/
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That was just only one of many horrors over the years. But Washington? He just doesn't stop. He just keeps moving. Moving Moving Moving. Non-stop. Death was only lucky to mistakenly mess with his throat in 1799. Otherwise he would have kept going on and on and on.
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When you get older, you realize things can go fast, not slow.
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So back to this trip out west.
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GW is still trying to make the land promised him by Lt Gov Dinwiddie to the men of 1754 to turn a profit.
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He went west in 1770, twelve years after his service in the French and Indian War and here he is again in 1784 checking out the West.
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What a long strange trip, it's been.
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The Promised Land is what this is about.
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Now this trip west to the Ohio River? This trip is like a journey back in time, coming thru Winchester and touring through the network of forts he supervised during the French and Indian War.
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He stops at Fort Pleasant. This fort is still standing since the French and Indian War back in the 1756 when it was built by Capt Waggener, who lost his brother as a KIA in 1754, the Battle of Fort Necessity.
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Enjoy the story in bits and pieces.
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https://jimmoyer1.wixsite.com/fortloudounva/single-post/2018/10/06/Fort-Pleasant-Waggeners-Lower-Fort
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https://jimmoyer1.wixsite.com/fortloudounva/single-post/2018/10/06/Fort-Pleasant-Waggeners-Lower-Fort

Today, September 1, 1784, is the first day of George Washington's trip to the West again.. He made a major trip in 1770. .That was a trip, quite a tr

Sunday Word 3Robbie ConradNext time you stop at Braddock and Cork in Winchester VA? .Look over to that musty old Braddoc...
09/13/2020

Sunday Word 3
Robbie Conrad
Next time you stop at Braddock and Cork in Winchester VA?
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Look over to that musty old Braddock Cannon sitting on that corner? You'll think of Robbie Conrad and her Dad.
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Many have seen a story or 2 on this Braddock Cannon before.
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But this story? This story is about a little girl left behind, just like that cannon was, just like her Dad was.
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Her Dad introduced that cannon to an Apple Blossom size parade that celebrated its installment on that corner. He gave a speech. It was pretty long. So long that the Winchester Star printed that speech on the front page in 4 installments over 4 days.
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It was long, yet well researched, especially back then when access to this information of the Braddock Expedition was limited.
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And this street you are on? As you idle in your car waiting for the light to go green? Well it's Cork and Braddock.
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Poetic this naming. Braddock's men embarked on ships to cross the Atlantic from Cork Ireland on Sept 30, 1754.
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They arrive here Hampton Roads February 20, 1755.
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They marched north of Winchester VA in April and May 1755. Braddock himself stayed in Winchester for a little bit to see if any Indian allies would show up. That's another story.
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So yes, where were we? We're idling at the light. What? It's already green?
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Okay. Make a circle. Come back to this intersection.
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That Dad made a speech about that cannon, 27 May 1915. A sister cannon got the same treatment being installed on a circle at Russell and Braddock road in Alexandria the day before.
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These 2 cannons were left behind by Braddock in April 1755. A third one was converted into a fountain at Gadsby's Tavern in Alexandria.
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That Dad spoke of the horror like Joseph Conrad's Kurtz in Heart of Darkness (Apocalypse Now was made from that story).
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The horror that befell Braddock's men for several hours of hell was the horror that befell this Dad three years later 1918 in the last offensive of WWI at Meuse-Argonne Offensive,
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This the last offensive of WWI.
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It “was the largest in United States military history, involving 1.2 million American soldiers. It is the deadliest battle in American history, resulting in over 350,000 casualties including 28,000 German lives, 26,277 American lives and an unknown number of French lives. ” Source Wikipedia.
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But the night of that speech, installing that Braddock Cannon on that corner? Front page of the Winchester Star foreshadows the coming hell, a dirigible floats over the English Channel to blithely defecate bombs on Southampton England.
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Forward 3 years later. This Dad got shot in the head. He survived most of the day only to succumb. Some stories allege he was saved from further fire by German prisoners grabbing him back into the trench. But according to local historian Ben Ritter, an Arthur Daniel Boone pulled Robert Y Conrad back into the trench after Conrad got shot in the head by a sniper.
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That day he was shot was famous. That was the same day a guy we called Sgt York (he was actually a Corporal then) single handedly captured 132 Germans. Our local hero, Robert Y Conrad dies the next day from that head wound.
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Yes. Too much. Still idling? That light went Green again.
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Come back around to the intersection.
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We took a long time to get around to discussing that little girl, Robbie Conrad.
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She was born 23 Feb 1919. She was named Robert Young "Bobby" Conrad (later Kirkland).
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Named Robert for her Dad. Her Dad's name is Robert Young Conrad.
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Eight months later her Dad was killed 9 Oct 1919.
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And her Dad's Dad? That was Holmes Conrad. He died months before his son's speech dedicating the Braddock Cannon. Holmes Conrad was a friend of Pres McKinley. Both were interested in a memorial or statue for Daniel Morgan just before McKinley's assassination. Holmes Conrad was a Solicitor General, meaning he made arguments before the Supreme Court representing the federal govt. Holmes Conrad should share his name to Handley Library. He was the mover and shaker behind it, while Handley left the money.
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Back to Bobbie Conrad.
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There may still be people living who remember her.
We welcome stories or remembrances from anybody here.

Bobbie Conrad died 29 June 1965, age 46. Her mom died in 1974.
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Sources
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Robert Young “Bobbie” Conrad Kirkland
https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/71452744/robert-young-kirkland
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CAPT Robert Young Conrad
https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/55991508/robert-young-conrad
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Those Pictures?
Robbie Conrad is that little girl.
The other pictures show the Braddock Cannon on Cork and Braddock of Winchester VA, and its two sister cannons left behind by Braddock - one converted to a fountain, and one on a circle in Russell and Braddock roads of Alexandria.
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The big story on the Braddock Cannon?
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There is a lot here.
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So skip around and read sections.
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https://frenchandindianwarfoundation.org/event/braddock-memorial/
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Sunday Word 2Calendar loses 11 days.September 2 is followed by Sept 14..Earlier in the same year, April 20, 1752, The Ho...
09/13/2020

Sunday Word 2
Calendar loses 11 days.
September 2 is followed by Sept 14.
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Earlier in the same year, April 20, 1752, The House of Burgesses, made the town name of Winchester official.
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Tomorrow September 14, 1752 in Winchester VA and the worldwide British Empire had an Unusual Yesterday.
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That Yesterday’s date? September 2, 1752.
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This Calendar change was passed in 1750 by an Act of Parliament in London for the whole Empire.
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As a side note, the Virginia House of Burgesses was not in session either in 1750 when that act was passed, nor was it in session when that Act went into effect in 1752
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More?
At your leisure scan through different parts of this story.
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https://frenchandindianwarfoundation.org/event/calendar-change-julian-to-gregorian/

Sunday Word 1"Horse Thieves"Our tour through old Frederick Co VA  of 1756 continues.September 6, 1756 letter ,Consider b...
09/13/2020

Sunday Word 1
"Horse Thieves"
Our tour through old Frederick Co VA of 1756 continues.

September 6, 1756 letter
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Consider being so scared you don't even have enough time to escape in your car, so you just run into some place to hide and then keep running?
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That's what Hampshire County did in 1756. (They still had no administration of their own until 1757-1758).
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They just left their horses, their livestock, their plantings, their home and its supplies. They just got the hell out of Dodge.
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The woods were like Halloween, like Headless Horseman Halloween.
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Some tried to take some things with them. But a lot got left behind.
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The Indians were living off the roaming livestock and the planting as they foraged about, scaring the white settlers with whom they used to hunt with and trade with.
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So did they steal the horses?
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No. Most strays got rounded up by the Virginia Regiment and by the militia and by the Rangers and sold by them for their own personal gain.
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Not good.
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"Complaint has been made that the Officers and Soldiers upon party, take up the Strays they find in the woods—Let these practices be discouraged."
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September 6, 1756, Colonel George Washington in Winchester VA mentions this complaint to Lt Col Adam Stephen holed up in Fort Cumberland.
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GW mentions how bad two men were. He says how he would like to punish them. One of them, Philemon Waters, is alleged to have fired the first shot at the French and Indians at Fort Necessity, the Battle at Great Meadows, two years ago in 1754.
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But there's a particular horse. GW writes in that letter:
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"She was a creature belonging to the Heirs of Theobald, caught by Captain Ashby for me. I intended to have had her appraised, and allowed the heirs her full value. "
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"She was first carried to Fort-Cumberland, then brought down by that villain Burrass, and here sold or swapped—I want to know to whom, that I may get her, & do as I first intended."
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GW admonishes, Virginia should not follow what PA and MD does
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"Captain Peachy applied to me for leave to take up Strays, &c. and said it was practised by the marylanders & pennsylvanians. If the people of those provinces are guilty of unlawful practices, I can not think it should be any excitement to us to follow their example: for under that pretence of getting Strays in the mountains, is carried on a scene of the greatest iniquity that can be imagined. "
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We, the VA Regiment, are worse than the Enemy:
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"The Horses on Pattersons Creek, South-Branch, and other of our deserted Settlements hitherwards, are taken up, sold and made away with, to the infinite detriment and oppression of the people; who complain of these Grievances in the most sensible manner; and urge, that they are more oppressed by their own people, than by the Enemy. "
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This is just one of the complaints made about the Virginia Regiment, other than thieving, desertion, public drunkenness, fights in bars, hitting on the women. These complaints went Front Page viral 3 days before Sept 3, 1756, in the Virginia Gazette leading all the officers wanting to quit the service en masse.
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See that Front Page story in the Virginia Gazette roundly castigates and pummels our Virginia Regiment here in Winchester and in the other forts:
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https://frenchandindianwarfoundation.org/event/centinel-x-va-gazette/
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Sources
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Picture credit?
That picture of the horses can be found at the Longhorn Restaurant in Winchester VA on Pleasant Valley Road, across from Chipotles.
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The Letter on Horse Thieving
The 6 September 1756 letter
https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-03-02-0345
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The rest of these sources are about Philemon Waters:
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Philemon Waters is that guy alleged to have fired the first shot at Fort Necessity
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https://founders.archives.gov/?q=Correspondent%3A%22Washington%2C%20George%22%20Correspondent%3A%22Stephen%2C%20Adam%22&s=1111311111&r=46#GEWN-02-03-02-0345-fn-0009
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Philemon Waters Tobacco and slaves
https://www.colonial-settlers-md-va.us/getperson.php?personID=I051545&tree=Tree1
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Philemon Waters hoping for Promised Land
July 3, 1790
https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/05-06-02-0006
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Philemon Waters bio
ourfamilysaga.com
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https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/48710987/philemon-waters
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Philemon Waters with Adam Stephen in 1756
1. William Dean was a sergeant in the company of artificers working on the fort at Winchester in the summer of 1756. Sergeant Waters was probably one of the three men of that name listed on the size rolls of companies in the Virginia Regiment on 13 July 1756: Cpl. Philemon Waters of Adam Stephen’s company, John Waters of David Bell’s company, or William Waters of Henry Harrison’s company. The “Drums” were the drummers. For the drafting of militiamen for the Virginia Regiment, see Dinwiddie to GW, 8 May 1756, n.4.
PERMANENT LINK What’s this?
https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-03-02-0171

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Philemon Waters with Capt George Mercer 1756
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9. Both Cpl. Philemon Waters and Thomas Burris were in George Mercer’s company during the Fort Necessity campaign, and according to Stephen, Waters fired “the first gun at the Enemy that day July 3d. 1754” (Stephen to Waters, 17 July 1773, in Greene, Winchester, 196).
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https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-03-02-0345
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The name of Philemon, origin and meaning:
https://www.babynamewizard.com/baby-name/boy/philemon#:~:text=This%20name%20derives%20from%20the,epistles%20in%20the%20New%20Testament.&text=Philemon%20was%20the%20recipient%20of%20Saint%20Paul's%20Epistle%20to%20Philemon.

Meanings and history of the name Philemon
This name derives from the Greek word for "affectionate".
In the Bible, Philemon was the recipient of one of Paul's epistles in the New Testament.
Famous real-life people named Philemon
Philemon (362BCE–c.262BCE) was an Athenian poet and playwright.
Saint Philemon (feast day 8 March) was an early 4th century actor who was converted to Christianity by Saint Appolonius and later martyred.
Philémon Yunji Yang (1947- ) is a politician who has been Prime Minister of Cameroon since 2009.
Philemon "Phil" Raoul Masinga (1969- ) is a South African footballer.
Philemon was the recipient of Saint Paul's Epistle to Philemon.
Philemon in song, story & screen
The Epistle of Paul to Philemon, usually referred to simply as "Philemon,: is one of the books of the New Testament; it deals with forgiveness.
Philemon Arthur and the Dung is the name of a music group from Sweden.
Philemon is a a 1975 Off-Broadway musical by Tom Jones and Harvey Schmidt.
Philémon is a character in the Franco-Belgian comic series Philémon.
Philemon is the name of a spirit guide in the Shin Megami Tensei Persona video game series.
Filemón Pi is a character in the popular Spanish comics series Mortadelo y Filemón.
Philemon is the name of a character on the TV series Caprica.

09/07/2020
CONSTRUCTION ONLY 1

The Labor Day long weekend comes to a close.

Next time you drive by 419 N Loudoun St Winchester VA at the crest of the hill, just slow down a little, but be careful to watch your rearview mirror for oncoming . . . as you look a moment of history in a sign, a sort of rearview.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=57l4KXgfnZc&t=4s&fbclid=IwAR2pGoRPxc8vykrDpfjaLsOFq0MEka-mYju4mJzh9LkIR9DTAlciciGxzkc

http://jimmoyer1.wix.com/fortloudounva see website Fort Loudoun Winchester VA construction started in May 1756 ending in 1758. George Washington moved out of...

09/06/2020
Electric Avenue - Eddy Grant || Lyrics

Sunday Word 3
Incandescent lights reached this pre-electric house now sitting on the Fort Loudoun site - 419 N Loudoun. It's last owner was Ann Q Hardy who was on the radio and told a lot of history stories over the years.
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Sunday Winchester Whispers 1
Electric Avenue Winchester VA
The story of electricity's first start in this area.
*****Warning*****
Do not play this song when you get up.
Don't do it.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=arztBvtkhO4
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Luray Caverns got electric light months before the towns of Winchester, Charles Town and Berryville.
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Winchester VA?
Electric Light turned on April 2, 1907.
Electric power turned on May 28, 1907.
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Berryville VA ?
Current turned on June 1, 1907
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Charlestown WV?
Power on May 13, 1907 and
Arc lights May 14, 1907 and
Incandescent lights June 1, 1907.
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Where was the power generator?
Millville WV
And they ran the high voltage line all the way to these towns.
It was AC or course. Westinghouse with Tesla beat Edison on DC, because DC can't travel as far. Watts (power) = Volts x Amperes (amt of current)
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Then how do you lower that high voltage? A Transformer right?
So where was it in Winchester VA?
Water Street (Boscawen) of all places. The very street that would get flooded all the time by the Town Run We don't know exactly where on that street. That little fact comes from the Winchester Star Feb 20, 1907, when the Transforming station on Water Street was completed. That same month? Luray Caverns got lit by electric light Feb 18, 1907.
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March 7, 1907 Winchester Star reports: "The big turbines of the Winchester and Washington City Railway and Electric Company at Millville on the Shenandoah were started last week in the presence of the principal officers of the company as told in the Star and worked in a highly satisfactory manner." End quote. The article went on to state that the turbines were getting moist from sitting still, so they had to turn on the turbines to burn off the accumulating moisture.
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See location of Millville power plant providing power to all 3 towns.
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https://www.google.com/maps/place/Millville,+WV/@39.2924124,-77.7901023,15z/data=!4m5!3m4!1s0x89b60301142e7bf1:0xb08468f5e542ef17!8m2!3d39.2938425!4d-77.7854006
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Sources?
This story comes from C Irvin Cather, Manager of the Southern Division of Potomac Edison, chapter 21, The Story of Frederick County, published by an old dear friend of mine from long ago, Sam Lehman, 1989 who with Rebecca Ebert and Ken Stiles organized many writers for different subjects of this book on Fredereick County. Q105 ran 5 excerpts a day from this book to celebrate Frederick County's 250th Anniversary.
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Other Sources?
1909 issues of the Winchester Star currently stored in the Handley Library Archives on microfiche.
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The Area goes Electric:
"The Winchester Gas and Electric Light Company had already begun work in Winchester. In January 1906, it offerred to sell out for 26k. A month later the Winchester and Washington City Railway Co buys it for 12k. On March 1, 1906, Mr D M Swink is hired as electrical engineer. Mr JJ Lumley is hired as a Line Foreman for 75 dollars per month. July 1, 1907, D M Swink reported that "current was first started in Winchester for light purposes April 2, 1907 and for power May 28, 1907. Charlestown WV got power on May 13, 1907 and arc lights May 14, 1907 and for incandescent lights June 1, 1907. That same day Berryville got the current turned on. "
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Company revenue?
850 monthly from Winchester. 360 from Charles Town. 50 from Berryville. That was monthly revenue.
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So 75 a month paid to line forman Lumley was the salary of a Prince.
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This company went thru many mergers to finally become known as Potomac Edison, so by 1989, the company has 1055 employees and yearly revenue of 500 million delivering power to 650,000 people.
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Okay back to Electric Avenue.
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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gldHHrqacbA&list=TLPQMDEwOTIwMjCPRk26ofaA2A&index=2
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So Winchester VA went Electric Avenue in 1907.
America is lighting up. Kinda.
The Great White Way was named for NYC's Broadway because it got all lit up.
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In 1880,
Brush Electric Light and Power Co. installed the first electric street lighting in New York City on Broadway from 14th Street to 26th Street. Madison Square was also illuminated. The first public use of electricity is said to have happened just 2 years earlier in Paris.
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Sources.
https://www.spotlightonbroadway.com/the-great-white-way-0
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https://www.milrose.com/insights/an-early-history-of-lighting-in-nyc#:~:text=1880%3A%20In%201880%2C%20Brush%20Electric,2%20years%20earlier%20in%20Paris.
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1889,
nine years after NYC was installing electric light, Winchester was installing gas lights on the street.
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The” Gas Company” was organized in 1853 and in May 1889 it began lighting the streets. (2A.pg.109)
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https://www.winchesterva.gov/sites/default/files/documents/fire-rescue/winchester-fire-dept-history-by-nathan-newlin.pdf
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Nov 10, 2010
Last Incandescent Light Factory in the USA is in Winchester VA.
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There may still be plenty of competition among potential successors to the incandescent light bulb, but there's little question that the traditional light bulb is on the way out -- a fact now further backed up by GE's closing of the last major factory making the bulbs in the US. GE had apparently considered a $40 million investment to retrofit the plant -- located in Winchester, Virginia, and employing some 200 workers -- to manufacture compact fluorescent light bulbs, but it says that bulbs made at the plant would have cost 50 percent more than ones from China, which is where the vast majority of CFLs are made. Of course, that shift hardly happened overnight -- be sure to hit up the Washington Post article linked below for a brief history of what led to this point, and a closer look at the plant itself.
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https://www.engadget.com/2010-09-13-ge-closes-last-us-factory-making-incandescent-light-bulbs.html
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GE is investing $2bn in China setting up joint ventures
US has lost 40% of its manufacturing jobs since 1979
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You can still buy incandescent bulbs, can't you?
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Light division spokeswoman Janice Fraser explains that regulatory changes are forcing out the phasing-out of incandescent bulbs by 2014 – and the firm is moving its remaining capacity to Monterrey, Mexico.
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https://www.theguardian.com/business/2010/nov/11/general-electric-production-shift-china
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And GE came out of Thomas Edison's company mergers with other companies.
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1913
Electric Light at Handley Library is the first public bldg built with electric light installed.
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Excerpts of the article:
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Handley Library opened its doors for the first time to the public on Aug. 21, 1913, during an evening celebration made even more special by all of the electric lights that had been installed.
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Even though Thomas Edison demonstrated the first electric light bulb in 1879, Handley Library was still one of the first public buildings in Winchester to be constructed with wiring for electrical lights.
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The Evening Star characterized the city’s new library with descriptions like “brilliant with hundreds of electric lights,” and the Times-Dispatch in Richmond reported on Aug. 23, 1913, that the library was “Bril­liantly illuminated from dome to base­ment with hundreds of electric lights …”
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The original instal­lation of electrical fixtures was done by Enos Electric Fixture Com­pany of New York through local agent John H. Snyder. It was the largest contract for fixtures that had ever been awarded in Win­ches­ter.
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The original lighting fixtures in the rotunda, which are still in use today, bear the patent number of Thomas Edison. Unfortu­nately, electrical lights were identified as one source of the cost overruns during construction!

In 1929, on the 50th anniversary of Edison’s incandescent light bulb, the Northern Virginia Power Company put 30 large, electric spotlights on Handley Library, illuminating it for more than a week.
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People came from around the region to see the wondrous site. Librarian C. Vernon Eddy took a picture of the spotlights on the library and sent it to Thomas Edison, who replied that Handley Library was “… one of the most beautiful buildings that I have ever seen.”
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A favorite story around the library is about the original architectural plans for constructing the library. In the early 1960s, Edward K. Miller, property manager of the Northern Virginia Power Company at 14 North Loudoun Street, came to Librarian David Rowland with a huge roll of drawings. “Here, these belong to you,” he told Mr. Rowland. Apparently, the original pen-and-ink floor plans on linen had been kept for decades in the attic of the company’s building.
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These drawings later served as an invaluable resource for the 1979 addition and the 1999 renovation. The drawings have now been preserved in the Stewart Bell, Jr. Archives. Prints of these drawings have been made possible through funding from a Meredith Green bequest, and are available on the library’s website for purchase: www.handleyregional.org.
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Sources: Handley Regional Library: The First One Hundred Years, Winchester, Va., 2013. “Untold Stories of the Library,” presentation by Pat Ritchie and Trish Ridgeway, April 2013.
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Sources: Handley Regional Library: The First One Hundred Years, Winchester, Va., 2013. “Untold Stories of the Library,” presentation by Pat Ritchie and Trish Ridgeway, April 2013.
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Source:
https://www.co-opliving.com/coopliving/issues/2013/August%202013/cover%20story.htm
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But !!!!
It ain't just WATTS = AMPS X VOLTS.
It ain't just George Westinghouse with Tesla's Alternating Current vs Thomas Edison's Direct Current.
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http://www.newelectric.com/whats-the-difference-between-amps-volts-and-watts/#:~:text=Amps%20would%20be%20the%20volume,was%20used%20to%20power%20mills).
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Eventually everyone went AC.
Helsinki Sweden didn't phase out DC until almost the 1940s and Stockholm Sweden until the 1970s.
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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_the_currents#Remnant_and_existent_DC_systems
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Sweden still big on DC
Amazingly it's main high voltage major transmission lines are still DC. There must have been improvement to overcome the old issue that DC cannot travel as far as AC.
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https://www.iva.se/globalassets/info-trycksaker/vagval-el/vagvalel-swedens-future-electrical-grid.pdf
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Rock down to Electric Avenue
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UA5MtAmT24g
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149 N Loudoun St
Winchester, VA
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Some pictures from our Christmas party! Virginia Regiment Captain George Mercer Co.
Open to the Public French and Indian War Foundation Annual Meeting THIS Sunday 2pm November 11, 2018 . We're going back to the Well It still exists Blasted by black powder 1756-1758 Stevan Resan has a story about it. .