Cold War International History Project

Cold War International History Project Part of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars' History and Public Policy Program The Project supports the full and prompt release of historical materials by governments on all sides of the Cold War, and seeks to accelerate the process of integrating new sources, materials and perspectives from the former "Communist bloc" with the historiography of the Cold War which has been written over the past few decades largely by Western scholars reliant on Western archival sources.
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It also seeks to transcend barriers of language, geography, and regional specialization to create new links among scholars interested in Cold War history.

Operating as usual

03/22/2021

Live now - Laura Robson speaks about her book "The Politics of Mass Violence in the Middle East" in a session of the Washington History Seminar.

WATCH NOW: To mark the 75th anniversary of Ambassador George F. Kennan's "Long Telegram," a group of renowned historians...
02/22/2021
George F. Kennan's "Long Telegram" at 75: Appraising a Critical Cold War Document

WATCH NOW: To mark the 75th anniversary of Ambassador George F. Kennan's "Long Telegram," a group of renowned historians discuss one of the most consequential foreign policy cables in US history and analyze the document from a Soviet perspective.

To mark the 75th anniversary of Ambassador George F. Kennan's "Long Telegram," the History and Public Policy Program gathered a group of renowned historians to discuss one of the most consequential foreign policy documents in US history.

LIVE WEBCAST: "Suffrage: Women's Long Battle for the Vote" with Ellen Carol DuBois, Kimberly A. Hamlin, and Marcia Chate...
10/26/2020
Suffrage: Women's Long Battle for the Vote

LIVE WEBCAST: "Suffrage: Women's Long Battle for the Vote" with Ellen Carol DuBois, Kimberly A. Hamlin, and Marcia Chatelain.

https://www.wilsoncenter.org/event/suffrage-womens-long-battle-vote

The Surprising History of Woman Suffrage covers the extraordinary three quarters of a century of suffrage struggle, concentrating on four episodes: first, the original form of the woman suffrage constitutional amendment that called, not just for women's enfranchisement, but for the right to vote for...

Live webcast starting now! Engaging the Evil Empire: Washington, Moscow, and the Beginning of the End of the Cold War wi...
10/19/2020
Engaging the Evil Empire: Washington, Moscow, and the Beginning of the End of the Cold War

Live webcast starting now! Engaging the Evil Empire: Washington, Moscow, and the Beginning of the End of the Cold War with Simon Miles, featuring comments by Elizabeth C. Charles and Mary Sarotte.

The received wisdom in diplomatic circles is that the beginning of the end of the Cold War came from changing policy preferences and that President Reagan in particular opted for a more conciliatory and less bellicose diplomatic approach. Simon Miles argues in Engaging the Evil Empire that Reagan an...

Join us on Friday 10/23 at 3:30pm for Germany: A Nation in its Time with Helmut Walser Smith, and discussants Charles S....
10/19/2020
Germany: A Nation in its Time

Join us on Friday 10/23 at 3:30pm for Germany: A Nation in its Time with Helmut Walser Smith, and discussants Charles S. Maier and Suzanne Marchand. RSVP at our website!

Conventionally, historians argue either that nationalists invent nations or that nationalism is an irrational form of national attachment. By contrast, Helmut Walser Smith takes the long view in his new book, Germany. A Nation in its Time, and situates nationalism within the dramatic transformations...

Join us on Monday 10/19 at 4PM for "Engaging the Evil Empire: Washington, Moscow, and the Beginning of the End of the Co...
10/15/2020
Engaging the Evil Empire: Washington, Moscow, and the Beginning of the End of the Cold War

Join us on Monday 10/19 at 4PM for "Engaging the Evil Empire: Washington, Moscow, and the Beginning of the End of the Cold War" with Simon Miles, and featuring comments from Elizabeth C. Charles and Mary Sarotte. More details and RSVP information are below.

The received wisdom in diplomatic circles is that the beginning of the end of the Cold War came from changing policy preferences and that President Reagan in particular opted for a more conciliatory and less bellicose diplomatic approach. In reality, as Simon Miles clearly demonstrates in Engaging t...

LIVE WEBCAST starting now - "Manipulating the Masses: The Roots of the Modern Government Propaganda Machine" with Jack H...
10/13/2020
Manipulating the Masses: The Roots of the Modern Government Propaganda Machine

LIVE WEBCAST starting now - "Manipulating the Masses: The Roots of the Modern Government Propaganda Machine" with Jack Hamilton and Trygve Throntveit.

https://www.wilsoncenter.org/event/manipulating-masses-roots-modern-government-propaganda-machine

Join us for a discussion with Jack Hamilton, author of Manipulating the Masses: Woodrow Wilson and the Birth of American Propaganda (LSU Press, 2020), exploring the Great War origins of one of the most profound and enduring threats to American democracy: the systematic production and dissemination o...

The April 1986 American bombing of Libya under the Reagan Administration “marked a seminal moment in the development of ...
09/18/2020
Reagan, Rogue States, and the Problem of Terrorism

The April 1986 American bombing of Libya under the Reagan Administration “marked a seminal moment in the development of US counterterrorism strategy”, writes Matthew Frakes. Read more about how this strategy set a precedent for the Global War on Terror here: https://www.wilsoncenter.org/blog-post/reagan-rogue-states-and-problem-terrorism

Matthew Frakes explains how Ronald Reagan’s counterterrorism strategy against Libya laid the groundwork for the future Global War on Terror.

The expression the “Cold War” (leng zhan) never gained extensive circulation in China from the 1940s to the 1970s, write...
09/10/2020
There Never Was a Cold War China

The expression the “Cold War” (leng zhan) never gained extensive circulation in China from the 1940s to the 1970s, writes Covell Meyskens. "Cold War China" only ever existed as a semantic entity outside the PRC’s borders.

In the debate over whether the United States and China are now in the midst of a "new Cold War," Covell Meyskens writes that pundits often forget that China experienced the Cold War in a drastically different manner than the United States.

Michelle Paranzino writes about the wealth of materials covering Soviet-Latin American relations that are available in t...
08/25/2020
Latin America in the Russian Archives

Michelle Paranzino writes about the wealth of materials covering Soviet-Latin American relations that are available in the Russian archives.

When she began her archival research in 2011, literature on Soviet-Latin American relations was thin, outdated, and based almost entirely on published sources, so author Michelle Paranzino was surprised to hear the head archivist say “you’ll positively drown” just before she arrived in Moscow....

In the latest episode of International History Declassified, we speak with Dr. Mariana Budjeryn about the significance o...
08/25/2020
International History Declassified - Ukrainian Nuclear History and the Budapest Memorandum with Mariana Budjeryn

In the latest episode of International History Declassified, we speak with Dr. Mariana Budjeryn about the significance of the Budapest Memorandum, signed 25 years ago on the heels of the collapse of the Soviet Union and which made Ukraine one of the few countries to give up its nuclear arsenal. Dr. Budjeryn also shares fascinating insight into her experiences researching in Ukrainian archives, and interviewing Soviet generals.

In this episode of International History Declassified, Kian and Pieter speak with Dr. Mariana Budjeryn of Harvard University's Belfer Center. Dr. Budjeryn explains the significance of the Budapest Memorandum, which was signed 25 years ago on the heels of the collapse of the Soviet Union, and which m...

In September 1951, Soviet Bloc security began rolling up an extensive US espionage ring in East Germany. This American i...
08/17/2020
Betrayal in Berlin: The Riddle of the “Walter Affair”

In September 1951, Soviet Bloc security began rolling up an extensive US espionage ring in East Germany. This American intelligence disaster came to be known as the “Walter Affair,” after the cover name of one of the captured informants. Thanks to recently discovered records in American and German archives, the story behind this deadly affair can now be told, Thomas Boghardt writes.

In September 1951, Soviet Bloc security began rolling up an extensive US espionage ring in East Germany. Eventually, about 200 individuals were caught in the Soviet-East German dragnet. The Soviets sentenced many of them to lengthy prison terms and executed up to 46 in Moscow. This American intellig...

Theodor Heuss was America’s favorite German. Shortly after the US Army occupied Heidelberg, the American military govern...
08/06/2020
The Ties that Bind: Theodor Heuss and American Intelligence

Theodor Heuss was America’s favorite German. Shortly after the US Army occupied Heidelberg, the American military government appointed him minister of culture for the state of Württemberg Baden. Heuss was elected president of West Germany in 1949, but his cordial relationship with the United States may have had a covert side to it, Dr. Thomas Boghardt explains.

Theodor Heuss was America’s favorite German. Shortly after the US Army occupied Heidelberg, the American military government appointed him minister of culture for the state of Württemberg Baden. Heuss was elected president of West Germany in 1949, but his cordial relationship with the United Stat...

The Korean War continues to shape East Asia – and the world. Learn more about our resources from the Digital Archive in ...
06/18/2020
The Korean War: Collections & Resources on DigitalArchive.org

The Korean War continues to shape East Asia – and the world. Learn more about our resources from the Digital Archive in this collections guide.

June 25, 2020 marks the 70th anniversary since the start of the Korean War, a major Cold War flash point that continues to shape East Asia – and the world.

Understanding the Korean War veteran’s difficult journeys home speaks to key themes of the war and can help take the tru...
06/17/2020
Forgotten Veterans of a Forgotten War: Remembering those Who Served in the Korean War

Understanding the Korean War veteran’s difficult journeys home speaks to key themes of the war and can help take the true measure of the war’s place in American history, writes Zachary Matusheski

Understanding the Korean War veteran’s difficult journeys home speaks to key themes of the war and can help take the true measure of the war’s place in American history, writes Zachary Matusheski.

Ross Johnson writes how George Kennan disavowed his earlier advocacy of covert operations by the US, but remained proud ...
06/09/2020
George Kennan: “Father” of Free Europe Committee and American Committee for Liberation

Ross Johnson writes how George Kennan disavowed his earlier advocacy of covert operations by the US, but remained proud of his founding the Free Europe Committee, which sponsored Radio Free Europe among other programs.

In the 1970s and 1980s, George Kennan disavowed much of his earlier advocacy of covert operations by the US government, but he remained proud of his record founding the Free Europe Committee, a public-private partnership of the US government and influential Americans that sponsored Radio Free Europe...

The North Korean invasion of South Korea in June 1950 was a wake-up call to re-establish US special operations capabilit...
05/28/2020
Korean War Special Operations

The North Korean invasion of South Korea in June 1950 was a wake-up call to re-establish US special operations capabilities.

The Korean War prompted the US military establishment to realize that special operations capabilities cannot be built on a moment’s notice. They had to be maintained and nurtured in peacetime.

The UN coalition that joined the Korean War was long portrayed as 22 nations, but new research shows that 63 UN member s...
05/27/2020
The “Greater” UN Coalition during the Korean War

The UN coalition that joined the Korean War was long portrayed as 22 nations, but new research shows that 63 UN member states participated

The UN coalition that participated in the Korean War was composed of 63 nations and represented the first UN peace enforcement operation.

During Deng Xiaoping's visits to Tokyo in 1978 and 1979, the Chinese and Japanese leaderships discussed the Soviet Union...
05/20/2020
Deng Xiaoping Visits Tokyo, October 1978 and February 1979

During Deng Xiaoping's visits to Tokyo in 1978 and 1979, the Chinese and Japanese leaderships discussed the Soviet Union, Korea, Taiwan, and the "Cuba of the East," or Vietnam

Deng Xiaoping visited Tokyo in 1978 and again in 1979. The records of these visits are important for understanding Sino-Japanese relations, the rise of China, and Japan’s role in the Cold War.

In a series of blog posts, Kian Byrne surveys archives and research institutions in Lebanon, Turkey, Egypt, Israel, and ...
05/20/2020
A Survey of Middle East Archives

In a series of blog posts, Kian Byrne surveys archives and research institutions in Lebanon, Turkey, Egypt, Israel, and Iran.

Introducing a new HAPP series, A Survey of Middle East Archives

A breakdown in Soviet-American diplomacy in 1947 perpetuated the division of Korea and contributed greatly to the start ...
05/18/2020
Failed Diplomacy: Soviet-American Relations and the Division of Korea

A breakdown in Soviet-American diplomacy in 1947 perpetuated the division of Korea and contributed greatly to the start of the Korean War

Records from the Russian archives offer insights into the deadlock in Soviet-American negotiations over Korea in 1947 and the permanent division of the peninsula into two rival states.

Lukas Mengelkamp explains the legacy of Dieter Senghaas's 1972 book Abschreckung und Frieden, Studien zur Kritik organis...
05/15/2020
Deterrence as "Organized Peacelessness"

Lukas Mengelkamp explains the legacy of Dieter Senghaas's 1972 book Abschreckung und Frieden, Studien zur Kritik organisierter Friedlosigkeit (Deterrence and Peace, Studies on the Critique of Organized Peacelessness), and it's place in the world of German peace research.

Lukas Mengelkamp explains the legacy of Dieter Senghaas's 1972 book Abschreckung und Frieden, Studien zur Kritik organisierter Friedlosigkeit (Deterrence and Peace, Studies on the Critique of Organized Peacelessness), and it's place in the world of German peace research.

German peace research was both a product of the Cold War, especially Germany’s centrality to it, and a radical project t...
05/15/2020
Deterrence as "Organized Peacelessness"

German peace research was both a product of the Cold War, especially Germany’s centrality to it, and a radical project to transcend it, writes Lukas Mengelkamp

Lukas Mengelkamp explains the legacy of Dieter Senghaas's 1972 book Abschreckung und Frieden, Studien zur Kritik organisierter Friedlosigkeit (Deterrence and Peace, Studies on the Critique of Organized Peacelessness), and it's place in the world of German peace research.

Numerous American public organizations and Congressional delegations came Baku immediately after World War II, a sign th...
05/14/2020
American Visitors to Baku at the Dawn of the Cold War, August-September 1945

Numerous American public organizations and Congressional delegations came Baku immediately after World War II, a sign that the US was initially intent on cooperating with the USSR in the post-war period, writes Jamil Hasanli.

Numerous American public organizations and Congressional delegations came Baku immediately after World War II, a sign that the U.S. was initially intent on cooperating with the USSR in the post-war period, writes Jamil Hasanli.

For Latin American and Caribbean countries that suffered under the Cold War divide, the archive has shifted from a tool ...
05/11/2020
The Latin American Archive: From State Repression to Political Redemption

For Latin American and Caribbean countries that suffered under the Cold War divide, the archive has shifted from a tool of surveillance and repression to an institution where an individual can find political and personal redemption, René Cordero writes.

For Latin American and Caribbean countries that suffered under the Cold War divide, the archive has shifted from a tool of surveillance and repression to an institution where an individual can find political and personal redemption, René Cordero writes.

02/11/2020
Wilson Center

Wilson Center

New year, new look! Explore the Wilson Center's brand-new website.

Wilson Center NOW features a discussion with Sam Wells about his new book, Fearing the Worst: How Korea Transformed the ...
12/17/2019
How Korea Transformed the Cold War: Fearing the Worst

Wilson Center NOW features a discussion with Sam Wells about his new book, Fearing the Worst: How Korea Transformed the Cold War.

In this edition of Wilson Center NOW we speak with author and Wilson Center Cold War Fellow Sam Wells on his latest book, "Fearing the Worst: How Korea Transformed the Cold War."

See the latest edition of Wilson Center NOW with Hope Harrison discussing her new book, After the Berlin Wall: Memory an...
11/14/2019
Germany 30 Years After the Fall of the Berlin Wall

See the latest edition of Wilson Center NOW with Hope Harrison discussing her new book, After the Berlin Wall: Memory and the Making of the New Germany, 1989 to the Present.

In this edition of Wilson Center NOW we speak with author Hope Harrison about her new book, After the Berlin Wall: Memory and the Making of the New Germany, 1989 to the Present.

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Cold War Victory Day 1 May is designated as Cold War Victory Day which occurred in 1991. When the Cold War ended the former superpower, known as the Communist Soviet Union, relinquished freedom to 15 independent countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. Many countries in the Eastern bloc that were controlled by the former Soviet Union also fought to replace their communist rule. These countries included East Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania and arguably, several others. 22 countries were freed from an oppressive communist regime. One of their first moves was to establish a constitution modeled after that of The USA. I know from personal experience that, to a great extent, the collapse of the Soviet Union and the independence of more than 22 countries and over 330 million people that were freed from communism was in large part due to the foreign policy and leadership of then President Ronald Reagan.
Open Society Archives and Central European University organize an online summer school on the crisis of expertise, a central topic in the debates of the last year. We extended the deadline to 19th of April 2021. The course will make connections between historical and current issues related to expertise by analyzing the genealogy of interventionist techniques and social inquiries. We will study the emergence of hybrid, policy sciences during the Cold War by analyzing the cases of sociology, (macro)economy, statistics, environmental sciences, and design. We analytically investigate the differences as well as convergences between East and West with regards to their data cultures and truth regimes in order to analyze the validity, intelligibility, and portability of scientific facts/ phenomena when being tested, communicated, appropriated across time and space. Last but not least, we shall connect the past problems of communicating science along ideological divides with current concerns of conveying valid scientific claims in a post-truth era. The summer school is offered to advanced-level undergraduate students, graduate students, junior faculty in humanities and social sciences, journalists and artists interested in writing articles or creating projects which might go beyond an academic context. There are scholarships and fee reductions. The applicants from CIVICA partners do not have to pay the summer school tax. The seven CIVICA partners are Bocconi University, Central European University, the European University Institute, the Hertie School, the National University of Political Studies and Public Administration in Romania, Sciences Po Paris and the Stockholm School of Economics. Theme: Confronting the Crisis of Expertise. Historical Roots and Current Challenges If you want to apply, click here: https://summeruniversity.ceu.edu/confronting-the-crisis-of-expertise-2021?fbclid=IwAR1HXUx--hHJXFT_Wu8Cq8BuHU1GcCSY7C9iswpgBuq4EHPtiJpaf9pOY4U If you want to read more about the syllabus, click here: https://summeruniversity.ceu.edu/sites/default/files/course_files/Syllabus_crisis%20of_%20expertise_March_2021.pdf?fbclid=IwAR1LSLKDvXgDPtyKWJQZvUkP8GepNe7Q8QEsBCU5m-aNcG5c_-1n5vGMbHo
Last days to apply! Open Society Archives and Central European University organize an online summer school on the crisis of expertise, a central topic in the debates of the last year. Our course enhances participants’ skills in analyzing the incorporation of techno and scientific knowledge into public governance and discourses. The summer school seeks to provide the tools and categories to critically assess systemic responses in times of both contested expertise and scientificization of politics. The course will make connections between historical and current issues related to expertise by analyzing the genealogy of interventionist techniques and social inquiries. We will study the emergence of hybrid, policy sciences during the Cold War by analyzing the cases of sociology, (macro)economy, statistics, environmental sciences, and design. We analytically investigate the differences as well as convergences between East and West with regards to their data cultures and truth regimes in order to analyze the validity, intelligibility, and portability of scientific facts/ phenomena when being tested, communicated, appropriated across time and space. Last but not least, we shall connect the past problems of communicating science along ideological divides with current concerns of conveying valid scientific claims in a post-truth era. The summer school is offered to advanced-level undergraduate students, graduate students, junior faculty in humanities and social sciences, journalists and artists interested in writing articles or creating projects which might go beyond an academic context. Theme: Confronting the Crisis of Expertise. Historical Roots and Current Challenges Deadline for applying: 23 March, 2021. Dates: 26-30 July 2021. https://summeruniversity.ceu.edu/confronting-the-crisis-of-expertise-2021 If you want to read more about the summer school, here you have the syllabus:https://summeruniversity.ceu.edu/sites/default/files/course_files/Syllabus_crisis%20of_%20expertise_March_2021.pdf
Open Society Archives and Central European University organize an online summer school on the crisis of expertise, a central topic in the debates of the last year. There are scholarships and fee reductions. We have extended the deadline. Here you have the call: Theme: Confronting the Crisis of Expertise. Historical Roots and Current Challenges Deadline for applying: 23 March, 2021. https://summeruniversity.ceu.edu/confronting-the-crisis-of-expertise-2021 The course will make connections between historical and current issues related to expertise by analyzing the genealogy of interventionist techniques and social inquiries. We analytically investigate the differences as well as convergences between East and West with regards to their data cultures and truth regimes in order to analyze the validity, intelligibility, and portability of scientific facts/ phenomena when being tested, communicated, appropriated across time and space. The course is organized along three thematic tracks (topics). The first topic, Cold War and the genealogies of technologies of intervention provides the historical background for ideas concerning the production and use of science for political intervention. The Cold War gave rise to notions of expertise at the intersection of social science, corporations, and planning systems, not only in the US but in Europe as well, as discussed in the sessions under the second topic, Truth regimes / East-West data cultures. We will focus on the broader issue of social inquiry for governance purposes rather than social sciences per se, with due consideration for the specificities as well as the relationships between fields like sociology, economy, statistics, and environmental science. The third topic, Evidence-basedpolicies within East-West interactions invites students to reflect on the legacies of Cold War technologies of intervention and the uses of data for policy making and economic development in the present. The summer school is offered to advanced-level undergraduate students, graduate students, junior faculty in humanities and social sciences, journalists and artists interested in writing articles or creating projects which might go beyond an academic context. If you want to read more about the syllabus, click here:https://summeruniversity.ceu.edu/sites/default/files/course_files/Course%20syllabus_0.pdf
Applications are now open for this timely CEU summer university course on "Confronting the Crisis of Expertise: Historical Roots and Current Challenges" (July 26-30, Budapest - hopefully). Deadline February 14. https://summeruniversity.ceu.edu/confronting-the-crisis-of-expertise-2021?fbclid=IwAR0S0-5T8ya-us0GKjTRdbWjwNnlRnwl0E8g5TVAVuZxrI2GvRZ-_kYEGPA Financial aid available for members of OSUN and CIVICA. The course will make connections between historical and current issues related to expertise by analyzing the genealogy of interventionist techniques and social inquiries. We will study the emergence of hybrid, policy sciences during the Cold War by analyzing the cases of sociology, (macro)economy, statistics, environmental sciences, and design. We analytically investigate the differences as well as convergences between East and West with regards to their data cultures and truth regimes in order to analyze the validity, intelligibility, and portability of scientific facts/ phenomena when being tested, communicated, appropriated across time and space.
Seasons greetings! ☃ I am hosting a 1950s-themed virtual Christmas party with other Rockabilly & vintage enthusiasts around the world! 🎄 The event will happen in the 1950s Household Discord server's video chat room. We will have the following activities: • Gift-giving options • Holiday ice breakers & fun games • 'Ugly Sweater' contest • Virtual choir & karaoke • Virtual house tours; show off your Christmas lights! • Dramatic/drunk readings of a Christmas classic • Possible visit by Santa 🎅 Come prepare your best holiday foods or drinks and share them live on the server! 📷 Dress Code: Ugly sweater, 50s holiday clothes, retro-inspired fashion, dressy. NO sweats, slacks, pajamas, or looking like a 90s Grunge kid whatsoever, UNLESS it is an ugly sweater!!! 📧 RSVP here: https://www.facebook.com/events/713994812833796
this photo is korean war ethiopian kagnew veteran photo by byungyong LEE korwa south
Wachstum Besitz auch Geschichte.IA
Dear CWIHP, Among yoyr document collections is one consisting of Cuban documents regarding the country's role in Africa. The documents are all in Spanish. Seeing that someone has made lots of pen/pencil marks on the documents (before bein scanned), this makes it just about impossible to use an online translator. How much chance is there that you could translate them yourself and publish the translations online? Many thanks - Dr Leopold Scholtz, South Africa historian.