Today in Capitol History

Today in Capitol History The United States Capitol Historical Society is a nonprofit organization created in 1962 to educate the public about the history of the Capitol & Congress.
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The United States Capitol Historical Society is a nonprofit organization created in 1962 to promote the history of the Capitol and Congress.

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#OTD  in 1878 President Hayes invited children for an Easter Monday Egg Roll on the White House lawn, a tradition that c...
04/05/2021
Origins of the White House Easter Egg Roll

#OTD in 1878 President Hayes invited children for an Easter Monday Egg Roll on the White House lawn, a tradition that continues today. Children took over the west grounds to roll their dyed hard-boiled eggs across the lawn.

https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.whitehousehistory.org/origins-of-the-white-house-easter-egg-roll&sa=D&source=editors&ust=1617631993241000&usg=AFQjCNF8JTl4UDSwKij8C0JMuaOjA9pP5g

Since 1878, American presidents and their families have celebrated Easter Monday by hosting an 'egg roll' party. Held on the South Lawn, it is one of the oldest annual events in...

#OTD in 1789, the First Congress finally achieved quorum, a month after the session began in Federal Hall in New York Ci...
04/01/2021
Congress Profiles | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives

#OTD in 1789, the First Congress finally achieved quorum, a month after the session began in Federal Hall in New York City. Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania was elected the first Speaker of the House on April 1, 1789. Muhlenberg would serve in this position for two years but remain in Congress for eight. During his tenure, he made numerous legislative decisions, including casting the decisive vote for the location of the nation's new Capitol.

Learn more about Muhlenberg 👇 https://history.house.gov/Congressional-Overview/Profiles/1st/ https://history.house.gov/Congressional-Overview/Profiles/1st/

The 1st Congress (1789–1791) finished what the Founders started: filling out the U.S. Constitution’s skeletal framework by addressing concerns raised during ratification and by creating the federal architecture—a revenue system, the first executive departments, and the judiciary. Congress also...

#OTD in 1870, the US adopted the 15th Amendment guaranteeing the right to vote regardless of race. It was passed in the ...
03/30/2021
Reconstruction’s New Order | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives

#OTD in 1870, the US adopted the 15th Amendment guaranteeing the right to vote regardless of race. It was passed in the Reconstruction Era & after its passage formerly enslaved Black men flocked to the ballot boxes & sought elected office.

https://history.house.gov/Exhibitions-and-Publications/BAIC/Historical-Essays/Fifteenth-Amendment/Reconstruction/

On New Year’s Day 1863, Republican President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing slaves in captured portions of the Confederacy, a decision which helped win the war and which brought a new order to the United States.5 The North’s victory in 1865 ensured that the newly f...

#OTD in 1912, Helen Herron Taft & the Viscountess China, the wife of the Japanese ambassador the US, planted the first c...
03/27/2021

#OTD in 1912, Helen Herron Taft & the Viscountess China, the wife of the Japanese ambassador the US, planted the first cherry trees in DC in a ceremony that would become the National Cherry Blossom Festival of today. The famed cherry blossoms bloom all over the city, including the Capitol.

To learn more about cherry blossom season at the capitol, visit: https://www.aoc.gov/explore-capitol-campus/visitor-resources/spring

Photo Credit: Sam Holliday

#OTD in 1912, Helen Herron Taft & the Viscountess China, the wife of the Japanese ambassador the US, planted the first cherry trees in DC in a ceremony that would become the National Cherry Blossom Festival of today. The famed cherry blossoms bloom all over the city, including the Capitol.

To learn more about cherry blossom season at the capitol, visit: https://www.aoc.gov/explore-capitol-campus/visitor-resources/spring

Photo Credit: Sam Holliday

#OTD in 1911, The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire killed 146 garment workers mostly young immigrant women. It was a cri...
03/25/2021
The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire | Occupational Safety and Health Administration

#OTD in 1911, The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire killed 146 garment workers mostly young immigrant women. It was a critical event in the history of the U.S. labor movement, the New Deal & the development of occupational safety & health standards.
https://osha.gov/aboutosha/40-years/trianglefactoryfire

Healthier Workers. Safer Workplaces. A Stronger America. THE TRIANGLE SHIRTWAIST FACTORY FIRE As OSHA celebrates 40 years of protecting workers, we also remember the labor pioneers, safety advocates, community leaders and ordinary workers whose vision for a stronger America laid the foundations for....

#OTD in 2010, President Barack Obama signed the Affordable Care Act into law. To learn more about women's role (featurin...
03/23/2021
Women’s importance in enacting, implementing, and defending the Affordable Care Act

#OTD in 2010, President Barack Obama signed the Affordable Care Act into law. To learn more about women's role (featuring both congresswomen and aides) in passing this important peiece of legislation, visit https://www.brookings.edu/essay/womens-importance-in-enacting-implementing-and-defending-the-affordable-care-act/

Nancy-Ann DeParle and Jeanne Lambrew highlight the important role women played in passing, implementing, and protecting the Affordable Care Act.

#OTD  in 1972 Senate approved the Equal Rights Amendment which stated  “equality of rights under the law shall not be de...
03/22/2021

#OTD in 1972 Senate approved the Equal Rights Amendment which stated “equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the US or by any State on account of sex.”

Hawaii was the first state to ratify the Amendment, and it got 22 of the necessary 38 state ratifications in the first year. However the pace slowed as opposition began to organize and only eight states ratified it in 1973, three in 1974, one in 1975, and none in 1976. When the deadline for ratification came on June 30, 1982, the ERA was just 3 states shy of the needed 38 states for full ratification.

In March of 2017, Nevada became the 36th state —the first state since 1977, and 35 years after the original deadline in 1982 — to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment. Illinois followed close behind ratifying the ERA in April of 2018.

On January 27, 2020, Virginia made history to become the 38th state to ratify the ERA causing it to reach the minimum number of ratified states required by Congress when it sent the ERA to the states for ratification in 1972.

Jan. 21, 2021, a bipartisan resolution was introduced to remove the deadline to ratify the ERA.

#Womenshistorymonth #equalrights #ERA #civilrights #womenshistorymonth2021

Image The Library of Congress

#OTD in 1972 Senate approved the Equal Rights Amendment which stated “equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the US or by any State on account of sex.”

Hawaii was the first state to ratify the Amendment, and it got 22 of the necessary 38 state ratifications in the first year. However the pace slowed as opposition began to organize and only eight states ratified it in 1973, three in 1974, one in 1975, and none in 1976. When the deadline for ratification came on June 30, 1982, the ERA was just 3 states shy of the needed 38 states for full ratification.

In March of 2017, Nevada became the 36th state —the first state since 1977, and 35 years after the original deadline in 1982 — to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment. Illinois followed close behind ratifying the ERA in April of 2018.

On January 27, 2020, Virginia made history to become the 38th state to ratify the ERA causing it to reach the minimum number of ratified states required by Congress when it sent the ERA to the states for ratification in 1972.

Jan. 21, 2021, a bipartisan resolution was introduced to remove the deadline to ratify the ERA.

#Womenshistorymonth #equalrights #ERA #civilrights #womenshistorymonth2021

Image The Library of Congress

#OTD March 21, 1965, MLK & the  Southern Christian Leadership Conference began the 54-mile Selma to Montgomery March - a...
03/21/2021

#OTD March 21, 1965, MLK & the Southern Christian Leadership Conference began the 54-mile Selma to Montgomery March - a 5-day, march from Selma to the Capitol steps of Montgomery to protest for voting rights.

https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/selma-to-montgomery-march-begins

Image @librarycongress

#OTD March 21, 1965, MLK & the Southern Christian Leadership Conference began the 54-mile Selma to Montgomery March - a 5-day, march from Selma to the Capitol steps of Montgomery to protest for voting rights.

https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/selma-to-montgomery-march-begins

Image @librarycongress

☘️ Happy☘️  #stpatricksday☘️ #OTD in 1983, Speaker Thomas P. “Tip” O’Neill hosted the first St. Patty's Day lunch. It wa...
03/17/2021
Tip O'Neill hosts St. Patrick's Day lunch, March 17, 1983

☘️ Happy☘️ #stpatricksday☘️ #OTD in 1983, Speaker Thomas P. “Tip” O’Neill hosted the first St. Patty's Day lunch. It was aimed at improving relations between 2 Irish-American politicians: O’Neill & President Reagan & has become an annual bipartisan event.☘️

https://www.politico.com/story/2009/03/tip-oneill-hosts-st-patricks-day-lunch-march-17-1983-020071

On this day in 1983, House Speaker Thomas “Tip” O’Neill hosted the first St. Patrick’s Day lunch at the U.S. Capitol.

#OTD  in 1836, the Senate rejected South Carolina's John C. Calhoun's proposed gag rule. The rule was intended to ban an...
03/16/2021

#OTD in 1836, the Senate rejected South Carolina's John C. Calhoun's proposed gag rule. The rule was intended to ban any anti-slavery petitions from reaching the Senate floor. While this was rejected, the Senate devised their own delaying procedure which allowed members to avoid receiving petitions.

Learn more about March 16, 1836 👇https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/GPO-200NOTABLEDAYS/pdf/GPO-200NOTABLEDAYS.pdf

Image The Library of Congress

#OTD in 1836, the Senate rejected South Carolina's John C. Calhoun's proposed gag rule. The rule was intended to ban any anti-slavery petitions from reaching the Senate floor. While this was rejected, the Senate devised their own delaying procedure which allowed members to avoid receiving petitions.

Learn more about March 16, 1836 👇https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/GPO-200NOTABLEDAYS/pdf/GPO-200NOTABLEDAYS.pdf

Image The Library of Congress

Happy Birthday to the late, great Ruth Bader Ginsburg!#OTD in 1933, #RBG was born!  RBG was nominated to the Supreme Cou...
03/15/2021

Happy Birthday to the late, great Ruth Bader Ginsburg!

#OTD in 1933, #RBG was born! RBG was nominated to the Supreme Court by President Clinton. The Senate confirmed her by a 96–3 vote on August 3, 1993. She passed in 2020 after serving for 27 years as a Supreme Court Justice.

https://senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=103&session=1&vote=00232

photo credit The Library of Congress

#womenshistorymonth #womenshistorymonth2021 #SupremeCourt #SupremeCourtJustice

Happy Birthday to the late, great Ruth Bader Ginsburg!

#OTD in 1933, #RBG was born! RBG was nominated to the Supreme Court by President Clinton. The Senate confirmed her by a 96–3 vote on August 3, 1993. She passed in 2020 after serving for 27 years as a Supreme Court Justice.

https://senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=103&session=1&vote=00232

photo credit The Library of Congress

#womenshistorymonth #womenshistorymonth2021 #SupremeCourt #SupremeCourtJustice

#OTD in 1868, the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson began. First Lady Eliza McCardle was so confident in her...
03/13/2021
Eliza McCardle Johnson | The White House

#OTD in 1868, the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson began. First Lady Eliza McCardle was so confident in her husband's ability to win, she continued to host White House social events during the trial.

To learn more about McCardle Johnson, click here: https://www.whitehouse.gov/about-the-white-house/first-families/eliza-mccardle-johnson/

Eliza McCardle Johnson was the wife of the 17th President, Andrew Johnson. She served as First Lady of the United States from 1865 to 1869. “I knew he’d be acquitted; I knew it,” declared Eliza McCardle Johnson, told how the Senate had voted in her husband’s impeachment trial. Her faith in h...

#OTD in 1993, Janet Reno was confirmed by the Senate 98-0 to be US Attorney General. Reno was the first woman AG and ser...
03/11/2021
Attorney General Confirmation

#OTD in 1993, Janet Reno was confirmed by the Senate 98-0 to be US Attorney General. Reno was the first woman AG and served under President Bill Clinton from 1993-2001

https://www.c-span.org/video/?38657-1/attorney-general-confirmation

Attorney General Designate Janet Reno was confirmed 98-0. Following her conformation Ms. Reno met with reports outside white House. Ms. Reno was accompanied by Senator Joe Biden of Delaware [Democrat] and Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee.

03/10/2021

#OTD in 1903, politician and playwright Claire Boothe Luce was born. Luce serves in the House of Representatives from 1943 to 1947. Luce also served as Ambassador to Italy from 1953 to 1965, the first woman in such a high-profile diplomatic role. Luce was also a dynamic and witty public speaker. In her first speech in the House, Luce called a recommendation by the Vice President to allow international airlines free access to US airports, "Globaloney."

#OTD in 1933, Congress passed the Emergency Banking Act, the first of FDR's New Deal policies. Secretary of Labor France...
03/09/2021
Labor Secretary arrives at Capitol. Washington, D.C., Jan. 6. Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins arriving at the Capitol today to hear President Roosevelt address a joint session of Congress

#OTD in 1933, Congress passed the Emergency Banking Act, the first of FDR's New Deal policies. Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins was one of the most instrumental figures in "the first 100 days" of the Presidency. Perkins was a fierce advocate for social programs and was also the first female cabinet member in the United States.

https://www.loc.gov/item/2016871083/

1 negative : glass ; 4 x 5 in. or smaller

Happy #InternationalWomensDay! #OTD in 1884, Susan B. Anthony spoke before the House Judiciary Committee to advocate for...
03/08/2021

Happy #InternationalWomensDay! #OTD in 1884, Susan B. Anthony spoke before the House Judiciary Committee to advocate for a Constitutional amendment to grant women the right to vote. The suffrage amendment was ratified Aug. 18, 1920.

Image:
@librarycongress

Happy #InternationalWomensDay! #OTD in 1884, Susan B. Anthony spoke before the House Judiciary Committee to advocate for a Constitutional amendment to grant women the right to vote. The suffrage amendment was ratified Aug. 18, 1920.

Image:
@librarycongress

#OTD in 1965, about six hundred people began a fifty-four mile march from Selma, Alabama to the state capitol in Montgom...
03/07/2021
Today in History - March 7

#OTD in 1965, about six hundred people began a fifty-four mile march from Selma, Alabama to the state capitol in Montgomery. The march was a demonstration for African American voting rights and to commemorate the death of Jimmie Lee Jackson, shot three weeks earlier by a state trooper while trying to protect his mother at a civil rights demonstration. After crossing thebridge on the outskirts of Selma, the marchers were brutally assaulted by the police, including future Congressman John Lewis.

Learn more about Bloody Sunday: https://www.loc.gov/item/today-in-history/march-07/

First March From Selma | Daniel Webster

03/06/2021

#OTD in 1902, Congress passed an act to make Census Office permanent within the Department of the Interior. The Census counts every resident in the U.S. and determines the number of seats each state has in the House of Representatives.

#OTD in 1868, the first presidential impeachment trial in history began in the Senate. Andrew Johnson was charged with e...
03/05/2021

#OTD in 1868, the first presidential impeachment trial in history began in the Senate. Andrew Johnson was charged with eleven articles of impeachment, mostly centering around his violation of the Tenure of Office Act. Months later, the Senate voted and, while a clear majority voted against the President, the tally fell one vote short of the necessary two-thirds majority to convict. Johnson was acquitted and finished out his term in office.

Learn more about Andrew Johnson's impeachment 👇👇👇https://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/common/briefing/Impeachment_Johnson.htm

Image from The Library of Congress

#OTD in 1868, the first presidential impeachment trial in history began in the Senate. Andrew Johnson was charged with eleven articles of impeachment, mostly centering around his violation of the Tenure of Office Act. Months later, the Senate voted and, while a clear majority voted against the President, the tally fell one vote short of the necessary two-thirds majority to convict. Johnson was acquitted and finished out his term in office.

Learn more about Andrew Johnson's impeachment 👇👇👇https://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/common/briefing/Impeachment_Johnson.htm

Image from The Library of Congress

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Founded in 1962, the United States Capitol Historical Society is a nonprofit organization that educates the public about the history of the Capitol and Congress. The U.S. Capitol Historical Society serves as an informational and educational resource for its members and the general public.

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