The Indian Arts and Crafts Board (IACB), U.S. Department of the Interior, was created by Congress to promote the economic development of federally recognized* American Indians and Alaska Natives (Indians) through the expansion of the Indian arts and crafts market. A top priority of the IACB is the implementation and enforcement of the Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1990 (Act), a truth-in-advertising law that provides criminal and civil penalties for marketing products as "Indian-made" when such products are not made by Indians, as defined by the Act.
The IACB's other activities include providing professional business advice, information on the Act and related marketing issues, fundraising assistance, and promotional opportunities to Indian artists, craftspeople, and cultural organizations of federally recognized tribes. The IACB operates three regional museums in the Plains Region, the Sioux Indian Museum, the Museum of the Plains Indian, and the Southern Plains Indian Museum. The IACB also produces a consumer directory of approximately 400 federally recognized Indian owned and operated arts and crafts businesses.
These activities are not duplicated in either the federal or private sector. The IACB is the only federal agency that is consistently and exclusively concerned with the economic benefits and cultural development of federally recognized Indians. The IACB's policies are determined by Commissioners who are appointed by the Secretary of the Interior, and serve without compensation. The IACB's activities and programs are carried out by a professional and experienced staff.
* The IACB provides services, including Source Directory listings, to enrolled members of "any Indian tribe, band, nation, or Alaska Native village, or other organized group or community which is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians" (25 U.S.C. § 305e(d)(3)(A)). The Federally Recognized Indian Tribe List Act of 1994, 25 U.S.C. §§ 479a(2), 479a-1, requires the Secretary of the Interior to publish a list of all Indian or Alaska Native tribes, bands, nations, pueblos, villages or communities "recognize[d] to be eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians." Consistent with other statutes defining this Department's responsibilities and obligations to Indian tribes, the Department interprets the first definition of Indian tribe in the Indian Arts and Crafts Act as those tribes listed on the tribal entities list published in the Federal Register.