The UN SRSG Nicklous Kay spoke today at the United States Institute for Peace (USPI). USIP (www.usip.org). Mr. Nicklaus Kay (SRSG for Somalia) made the following comments about Somaliland.
1 - Question from audience member: Mr. Allen asked this:
Mr. Kay; Could you say something about how you see the prospects in Somaliland? It is relations with the national authorities in Mogadisho and the role of UNSOM presence in Somaliland?
2 - Answer:
OK, Allen, Somaliland;
Somaliland as we all know is in a unique kind of position where it is deeply entrenched in its own view and claim of independence. But is also singularly not recognized as independent state by single other State in the world. So the international legal position is extreme clear. Every security council resolution reaffirms the territorial integrity of Somalia and sovereignty of Somalia. But in reality there is De Facto government in Somaliland deeply entrenched in its personal sense of Independence and Statehood. I think my general sense is that situation is likely to prevail for quiet sometime and as Mogadisho, Puntland, South Central address its issues of drawing up new federal constitution and eventually having election in 2016 all of that will happen with Somaliland outside of that and stepping aside, opting out or whatever and I suspect that will prevail. And that said there are talks brokered by Turkey going on and are being institutionalized with permanent secretariat in Ankara for both Somaliland and Somalia. Those talks are looking in areas of mutual interest more of technical level and they may progress to political level. It is good that process is happening and It is good Turkey is putting time and effort supporting that.
For UNSOM; I have been to Somaliland once, shortly after I began the mission back in June\July last year, very good visit to Hargeysa, very well received and look after, impressive developments they are making parliament, governance, and their institutions Ministries. And then I want for last meeting of the program to visit President Silanyo. President was very polite and very charming and then told me (don't come back again)...laugh from moderator Johnny Carson and from the audience. He said Mr. SRSG your are the head of the UN mission in Somalia and I think you find you got the wrong country, they are next door; and your mandate from Security Council to promote federalism, constitution review and elections and things like that, how on earth are you going to do that in Hargeysa?, how dare you of doing that in Hargeysa essentially? and I can entirely understand from their end of the telescope why they say that and why they felt that, I think it is slightly regrettable because UNSOM does many things other than just support political process. We are also doing supporting security sector reform, rule of law, justice, large amount of human rights, capacity building, as well as monetary reporting. All of those things I would say would be of relevance and indeed benefit to Hargeysa and Somaliland. My hope is, we did not fall out, as I say, I respect their view on this, and there will come time when we sit down and talk again, and I am open for that conversation.
You can find video for the event at this link:the Somaliland question start after 120 minutes and it takes about two minutes.
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