Tubac Presidio Park

Tubac Presidio Park Arizona’s first State Park, Arizona’s oldest European community, and the best preserved Spanish Colonial Presidio site in Arizona. Official Page

Tubac Presidio State Historic Park preserves the site of the oldest Spanish presidio, or fort, in Arizona. Established in 1752, the Presidio San Ignacio de Tubac was the first European settlement in what later became the state of Arizona. No visit to Tubac is complete without a stop at Arizona’s first state park located in the heart of Tubac village. The Tubac Presidio is one of only three presidios in Arizona and is one of the rare sites where the story of New Spain’s presidios can be adequately told. (A presidio is buried under downtown Tucson and another is near Fairbank in Cochise County.) Tubac Presidio State Historic Park was due to close in March, 2010 when the Arizona Legislature swept Arizona State Parks funds. The community of Tubac came together and succeeded in crafting a Public-Private Partnership that allowed Arizona’s first state park to remain open and available to the public.

Women of TubacJoan Shankle was among the first women pilots in Arizona. She earned her pilot’s license in Massachusett...
07/17/2019

Women of Tubac

Joan Shankle was among the first women pilots in Arizona. She earned her pilot’s license in Massachusetts, where she was the first woman to do so. She became the first woman to fly solo coast-to-coast. She and her husband bought a 400-acre ranch 5 miles north of Tubac in 1931. They named it Pajaritos Migradores, ‘Migratory Birds,’ and immediately added a hanger and a runway. The Tubac “air ranch” was a stopover for many aviation personalities.

As a Tubac resident Ms. Shankle flew a Stearman J-5 and a Lockheed Sirius aircraft. She was one of the few women to hold a transport pilot’s license and the only woman to compete in the National Air Race.

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo
07/17/2019

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo

About That ArtifactThis gun flint was recently found on the grounds of the Presidio. It is knapped and made for a musket...
07/16/2019

About That Artifact

This gun flint was recently found on the grounds of the Presidio. It is knapped and made for a musket lock. It is 1" by 1". The interesting thing about this flint is a semi-circle in the rear of the flint. The semi-circle is man made with directed flaking of the stone. So, what is it?

It is common to find such shapes on Spanish escopetas. An escopeta is a Spanish weapon with a boot heel stock and a lock known as a padilla or miquelet lock, which has all the working parts on the outside of the gun. Troops at Tubac were known to carry escopetas until the time they moved north to Tucson.

Often original escopetas are seen with the semi circle cut out so the flint rests against the jaw screw. Leather pieces are above and below the flint, but not behind it.

This suggests that our flint is a real prize, dating from the Spanish period.

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo
07/16/2019

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo

07/13/2019

First big #monsoon storm to hit #tubac. Stay safe everyone!

"In the village where the garrison is situated, a foot guard of five men is maintained the the house of the captain. Thi...
07/09/2019

"In the village where the garrison is situated, a foot guard of five men is maintained the the house of the captain. This guard is changed every day and is supposed to provide protection for the inhabitants. They would be of little help against a courageous and determined enemy in a place open all sides, protected by neither wall or rampart."
-Father Ignaz Pfefferkorn

Father Pfefferkorn may have been speaking of Tubac's presidio and pueblo. The low number of troopers assigned to the presidio (approx. 50) meant the numbers on guard were always low. The horse herd had to be guarded and soldiers were constantly on patrol or escort duty. Tubac even provided a five man guard detail to protect Tumacacori Mission.

The parapet on the captain's house provided a good view of the surrounding area so the alarm could be sounded early. Pfefferkorn's reference to the foot guard refers to the guard detail, in this case four soldiers and a corporal, who when not actually on guard, slept and resided in the guard house. The guard remained fully dressed, even when asleep. On guard duty they wore their heavy deerskin armored vest. At Tubac the guard house was located in the southwest corner of the captain's house.

The day herd of horses, saddled and ready for pursuit or defense, was located in the building's center.

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo
07/09/2019

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo

Thank you to everyone who came out for Tubac's Annual 4th of July Celebration! Happy Birthday, America!🇺🇸 (And a H...
07/06/2019

Thank you to everyone who came out for Tubac's Annual 4th of July Celebration! Happy Birthday, America!🇺🇸 (And a HUGE thanks to all of the organizations who worked booths and activities! Thanks #JRSandoval for performing--you made it so special!) #4thofjulytubac #visittubac #communitystrong #anzatrail #tubacpresidio #tubachistoricalsociety #Tubaccenterofthearts #tubacfire #TumacacoriNPS #Tubaccommunitycenter #Globalcommunitycommunicationsalliance #whippleobservatory #tubacrotary #anzatrailcoalition #Tubacchamber #az19corridor #santacruzcitizencouncil

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo
07/02/2019

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo

Join us July 4th 🇺🇲, 10am- Noon, for a FREE, fun-filled, family event! Food, games, activities, face painting, 'sq...
06/23/2019

Join us July 4th 🇺🇲, 10am- Noon, for a FREE, fun-filled, family event! Food, games, activities, face painting, 'squirt-down' from the fire department and live music from country music's up and coming artist, JR Sandoval @sandovalcountymusic Sponsored by the community of Tubac. #visittubac #communitystrong #tubacpresidio #azstateparks #anzatrail #anzatrailnps #az #usa #tubaccenterofthearts #tubachistoricalsociety #az19corridor #tubacrotary #tubacfire #anzatrailcoalition #tubaccommunitycenter #tumacacorinp Tubac Presidio Park @azstateparks @tubacarts @Tumacacorinps @az19corridor @tubacchamber @tubaclocal4125

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo
06/18/2019

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo
06/13/2019

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo

Summer PursuitsLate May and early June, 1886 were exciting times in the Santa Cruz Valley around Tubac. Geronimo, the Ch...
06/11/2019

Summer Pursuits

Late May and early June, 1886 were exciting times in the Santa Cruz Valley around Tubac. Geronimo, the Chiricahua Apache, was leading a small band of raiders around southern Arizona. It was the last major outbreak and would end in September 1886. The Army was in pursuit, in a confusing chase.

Captain Henry Lawton had been selected to lead a select group of troops and scouts on a rapid chase. The trail seemed to lead everywhere.

On May 25, the soldiers found a man killed at the Pantano Railroad Station, just north of the present I-10 freeway. The diary of the journey noted there was a company of the 8th Infantry, 20 Apache scouts, and all had 20 days of rations.

The pursuit marched south through Davidson's Canyon and meandered into the Santa Cruz Valley. They marched up river and camped at Tumacacori on May 30.

After camping at Calabasas from June 1 to June 6 they marched into the Patagonia Mountains and made contact with Geronimo's group.

By today, June 11, the command was over the border into Mexico. The diary noted his command had 49 mules, 12 horses, 854 lbs of dry alfalfa. They would march through the summer monsoons and finally, on August 27, Geronimo and fellow leader, Naiche would come into camp to parley.

Here's something new and fun. We're marking some of the historic 19th century ruins at the Presidio. We really do have 2...
06/11/2019

Here's something new and fun. We're marking some of the historic 19th century ruins at the Presidio. We really do have 2,000 years of history. The photos are the Garrett House ruins. The Garretts would also build Tubac's only 2 story house.

So, it's over 100 degrees in Tucson today. The morning is beautiful and cool in Tubac. The Tubac Presidio's trail head f...
06/11/2019

So, it's over 100 degrees in Tucson today. The morning is beautiful and cool in Tubac. The Tubac Presidio's trail head for the Anza Trail is waiting for you.

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo
06/11/2019

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo

From our collection:This is believed to be a sword blade converted to a belduque (precursor to the bowie knife). The gri...
05/29/2019

From our collection:
This is believed to be a sword blade converted to a belduque (precursor to the bowie knife). The grip is horn.
It says "Defender al Procura Const....(Constantine)". Could this be a tax collector's knife?
Collected it in Jalisco, Guadalajara, Mexico.

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo
05/29/2019

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo

HUGE thanks to all of our wonderful volunteers! Without you there would be no Presidio. We are glad everyone had a great...
05/19/2019

HUGE thanks to all of our wonderful volunteers! Without you there would be no Presidio. We are glad everyone had a great time at the appreciation party. Special thanks to the Tubac Market for always making parties fun, tasty and easy!

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo
05/17/2019

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo

05/11/2019

Gorgeous blooms at the Tubac Presidio Park #weloveaz #tubacpresidio

05/10/2019

After installation of the #Smithsonian #waterwaysaz exhibit... @tubacpresidio will be hosting this special exhibition: October 19th- December 1st!

05/10/2019

Before installation of the #Smithsonian #waterwaysaz exhibit....

Last week's #Smithsonian #Waterwaysaz installation workshop was a blast! Thank you Smithsonian Arizona Humanities & Ariz...
05/10/2019

Last week's #Smithsonian #Waterwaysaz installation workshop was a blast! Thank you Smithsonian Arizona Humanities & Arizona State University Check out Arizona Wilderness Brewing Co for their specialty brews and ethical and sustainable brewing practices.

Chocolate! 1000 Years and Counting – Sundays, May 12, 10 am - NoonCome discover the rich history of chocolate in the S...
05/05/2019

Chocolate! 1000 Years and Counting –
Sundays, May 12, 10 am - Noon
Come discover the rich history of chocolate in the Southwest. Taste a cacao bean, learn how the Mayans and pre-Columbian Native Americans prepared their chocolate, and sample the energy drink that fueled the 1774 and 1775 Anza expeditions from Tubac to Alta California. Included with park admission -
$5 adult, $2 youth 7-13, children free.

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo
04/29/2019

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo

Thanks to everyone who participated in our 1st Annual Anza Fun Run and Health Fair! We had a wonderful time, running, wa...
04/28/2019

Thanks to everyone who participated in our 1st Annual Anza Fun Run and Health Fair! We had a wonderful time, running, walking, dancing, and doing Tai Chi and Yoga. The fresh and free produce was a plus, too! Anza Trail Color Guard Tumacácori National Historical Park Anza Trail Coalition of Arizona, Inc. Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail Outdoor Foundation Western National Parks Association #parkrx #anzatrailnps #tubacpresidio #tumacacori

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo
04/27/2019

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo

Club Espana Tucson & Asociación de Españoles en Arizona (AEAZ) in Phoenix visited our park today and made some incredi...
04/27/2019

Club Espana Tucson & Asociación de Españoles en Arizona (AEAZ) in Phoenix visited our park today and made some incredible paellas! Thank you for sharing some with us. See you at our Santa Gertrudis Celebration next Spring! #clubespana #tubacpresidio #spain Gracias!!!

Kinsley Lake at Amado north of Tubac
04/26/2019

Kinsley Lake at Amado north of Tubac

Happy #earthday ! May we be earth conscious and earth loving. #tubacpresidio #tubacpresidiopark #anzatrail #azstateparks...
04/23/2019

Happy #earthday ! May we be earth conscious and earth loving. #tubacpresidio #tubacpresidiopark #anzatrail #azstateparks #anzatrailnps #tubac #arizona #visittubac #communitystrong #az

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo
04/21/2019

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo

04/20/2019

“The village of Tubac, three miles above the Tumacácori Mission, has been left by the new highway about one-fourth mile off the main road. One cannot talk long about Tumacácori without referring to this old town of Tubac which is not only the oldest town in Arizona but was the only presidio in this part of the country in the early mission days.
“I have taken up the matter with residents of Tubac and we are going to place a large sign on the highway giving a short history of the town. Also important buildings and sites within the town will be signed.
-Southwest Monuments Report, Jan 4, 1932

Every day is a lovely day in #tubac #arizona #tubacpresidio #tubacpresidiopark #anzatrail #azstateparks #visittubac #vis...
04/20/2019

Every day is a lovely day in #tubac #arizona #tubacpresidio #tubacpresidiopark #anzatrail #azstateparks #visittubac #visitarizona #az

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo
04/18/2019

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo

04/18/2019

Founding Tubac as a Military Outpost

It was April 19, 1752, that Governor Ortiz Parrilla ordered the final meeting that would decide the location of the new San Ignacio cavalry company. In the end the council of war would choose the popular Tubac site.

Flowers, flowers everywhere at the #tubacpresidio! Thanks to our AMAZING volunteers! 🌼🏵🌷🌵  #anzatrail #azsta...
04/08/2019

Flowers, flowers everywhere at the #tubacpresidio! Thanks to our AMAZING volunteers! 🌼🏵🌷🌵 #anzatrail #azstateparks #anzatrailnps #tubac #arizona #visittubac #visitarizona #az #tubacpresidiopark

03/17/2019

Santa Gertrudis Day followup: The Anza Color Guard paraded through Tubac and ended up at St. Ann's church to commemorate the Santa Gertrudis church, built about 1763 by Captain Juan Bautista de Anza. The modern St. Ann's sits on the very ground of Anza's church.

Tubac Presidio saw 148 visitors pass through the gates, many of whom demonstrated their support with generous donations. This event, the 2nd annual, is growing in popularity and will become an attraction for the Tubac community and merchants.
Thanks to all who supported Tubac's new holiday!
Viva Santa Gertrudis

03/17/2019

Distance-Vara
The ability to accurately measure distance as walked by a group was the key to success. The basic unit of measurement used was the Spanish vara (approximately 33 inches and considered a soldier's stride). Another measurement was the league (2.6 miles) which is approximately 5,000 varas and is considered the distance a soldier can cover in an hour of steady marching. The distance from Tubac to Tumacacori is just under 2 leagues. Of course, a horse at a gallop could do much better and the estimated time for a rescue force to ride from Tubac to relieve a besieged Tumacacori Mission guard would be in about 16 minutes.

The Tubac Presidio Park would like to thank the Tubac Fire District and the Tubac Firefighters for their extreme profess...
03/11/2019

The Tubac Presidio Park would like to thank the Tubac Fire District and the Tubac Firefighters for their extreme professionalism and utmost care when arriving on scene to an electrical fire that occurred in our museum building on Saturday. It is because of their efficiency and aptitude that nothing was destroyed. We have the highest respect for each of you. #tubacpresidio #tubacfire #communitystrong Our park will remain open and the museum building will open after repairs are finished. Thanks again Tubac Firefighters!

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo
03/10/2019

Tubac Presidio Park's cover photo

Happy International Women's Day and National Women's Month! Check out our book collection of remarkable, strong-willed, ...
03/08/2019

Happy International Women's Day and National Women's Month! Check out our book collection of remarkable, strong-willed, and heroic women who achieved greatness in the #Southwest. #tubacpresidio #internationalwomensday #nationalwomensmonth #strongwomen #bookclub #history #onetrailmanystories

Concerts and Cowgirls! Don't miss these rootin' tootin' events at the Tubac Presidio! Call to reserve your seats. 520-39...
02/28/2019

Concerts and Cowgirls! Don't miss these rootin' tootin' events at the Tubac Presidio! Call to reserve your seats. 520-398-2252 Teodoro Ted Ramirez #azstateparks #tubacpresidio #visittubac #arizona

The schoolhouse lit by the morning sun breaking over the horizon.
02/27/2019

The schoolhouse lit by the morning sun breaking over the horizon.

Address

1 Burruel St
Tubac, AZ
85646

Opening Hours

Monday 09:00 - 17:00
Tuesday 09:00 - 17:00
Wednesday 09:00 - 17:00
Thursday 09:00 - 17:00
Friday 09:00 - 17:00
Saturday 09:00 - 17:00
Sunday 09:00 - 17:00

Telephone

(520) 398-2252

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