While the Asian Exclusion Acts of 1882 and 1924 banned people from Asian countries from entering the United States, Filipinos were allowed to migrate to the US freely because the Philippines was a territory of the US. Accordingly, Filipinos were considered “US Nationals” and could travel between the two countries - as long as they could afford their own boat fare. This open migration continued until 1934, when the U.S. Congress passed the Tydings-McDuffie Act, also known as the Philippine Independence Act, which promised Philippine independence in 10 years, while also changing the status of Filipinos from “nationals” to “aliens,” and establishing an entry quota of 50 Filipino migrants per year. This wave of immigration would later be referred to as the “Manong generation” (which translates to “older brother” in Ilokano). While Filipinos in this era came for different reasons, the majority were laborers, and mostly were either predominantly Ilocano and Visayan.