UCR Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

UCR Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences We are the UCR Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences! Departmental news, specimens from our museum, and recent discoveries in earth science will be posted here.

We are the UCR Department of Earth Sciences!

Operating as usual

Nic Barth and co-authors on why some earthquakes get to be larger than others, based on data from New Zealand
04/20/2021
Study reveals the workings of nature’s own earthquake blocker

Nic Barth and co-authors on why some earthquakes get to be larger than others, based on data from New Zealand

A new UC Riverside study finds a naturally occurring “earthquake gate” that decides which earthquakes are allowed to grow into magnitude 8 or greater.

An update on some of the diversity, equity and inclusion activities we have initiated within the Department over the pas...
04/03/2021

An update on some of the diversity, equity and inclusion activities we have initiated within the Department over the past 9 months

Read it here: https://epsci.ucr.edu/

An update on some of the diversity, equity and inclusion activities we have initiated within the Department over the past 9 months

Read it here: https://epsci.ucr.edu/

Rising to your full potential!
03/21/2021
Rising to your full potential!

Rising to your full potential!

Chief Scientist of AMASE 2008--leadership role Ford Motor Company was looking to hire a woman as president in early 20...

From the EDGE Institute: Free eBook for the 2nd Isotope Queen volume starts Monday at 12:01 am and goes for 2 days. Have...
01/25/2021
Science from the Isotope Queen: Discoveries with stable isotopes to learn about the natural world

From the EDGE Institute: Free eBook for the 2nd Isotope Queen volume starts Monday at 12:01 am and goes for 2 days. Have a look and download while the "price is right".

https://www.amazon.com/Science-Isotope-Queen-Discoveries-isotopes-ebook/dp/B08TRTSYZN/ref=tmm_kin_title_0?_encoding=UTF8&qid=&sr=

Science from the Isotope Queen: Discoveries with stable isotopes to learn about the natural world

Brought to you by the Virtual Seminars in Precambrian Geology (VS-PG) series organized by our very own Dr. Andrey Bekker...
01/20/2021

Brought to you by the Virtual Seminars in Precambrian Geology (VS-PG) series organized by our very own Dr. Andrey Bekker and grad student Alex Kovalick.
Sign up here for Zoom link https://sites.google.com/ucr.edu/vs-pg/home

If you cannot make it, a recording will be posted on the website and VS-PG Official YouTube channel (coming soon)!

Hewett Club welcomes you back for the New Year 2021! Introducing our first speaker...
01/11/2021

Hewett Club welcomes you back for the New Year 2021! Introducing our first speaker...

Check out graduate student Xueying’s poster at AGU2020 Connect!#AGU20 #climatechange #aerosal #greenhousegases
12/15/2020

Check out graduate student Xueying’s poster at AGU2020 Connect!
#AGU20 #climatechange #aerosal #greenhousegases

“Trust your gut microbiome: intramolecular isotopic fingerprints of amino acids in mouse tissues” 🐭Oral presentation by ...
12/14/2020

“Trust your gut microbiome: intramolecular isotopic fingerprints of amino acids in mouse tissues” 🐭
Oral presentation by post-doc Kaycee Morra in the session “Mass Spectrometry, Isotope Metrology, Fine-Scale Analyses: How the Details Reveal the Bigger Picture”, 7-8am PST

#agu20 #microbiome #aminoacids

Check out grad student Pam Vervoort’s poster. Available all day Dec 14!#AGU20 #modelling #spatialanalysis  #oceanography
12/14/2020

Check out grad student Pam Vervoort’s poster. Available all day Dec 14!

#AGU20 #modelling #spatialanalysis #oceanography

AGU Connect Attendees: Check out graduate student Andrew Birkey’s oral presentation on the “Architecture of the Australi...
12/10/2020

AGU Connect Attendees: Check out graduate student Andrew Birkey’s oral presentation on the “Architecture of the Australian Lithosphere” brought to you from the Ford Lab at UCR (Photo is from past presentation!)

#AGU20 #seismology

Support our 2nd year grad student Hsin-Yu Lee in the Douilly Lab by checking out her virtual poster!#earthquakes #haiti ...
12/10/2020

Support our 2nd year grad student Hsin-Yu Lee in the Douilly Lab by checking out her virtual poster!
#earthquakes #haiti #research #agu20 #womeninstem

Make sure to check out David Oglesby’s invited virtual poster in Session 030: Supershear Earthquakes: Recent Observation...
12/10/2020

Make sure to check out David Oglesby’s invited virtual poster in Session 030: Supershear Earthquakes: Recent Observational, Experimental, and Theoretical Developments!

#AGU20 #supershearearthquake #earthquake #research

Our very own grad student Colby Ostberg will be presenting a lightning talk titled “Transmission Spectroscopy of Exo-Sol...
12/08/2020

Our very own grad student Colby Ostberg will be presenting a lightning talk titled “Transmission Spectroscopy of Exo-Solar Systems in the TESS Era” on Wednesday 12/9 from 11:02-11:05 am PST. #agu20
@ostberg_m_colby

More information in conference link

https://agu.confex.com/agu/fm20/meetingapp.cgi/Paper/711717

Attention AGU attendees:We will be featuring a series of UCR EPSci people presenting in AGU this year!First of, post-doc...
12/08/2020

Attention AGU attendees:
We will be featuring a series of UCR EPSci people presenting in AGU this year!
First of, post-doc Jonathan Nye is presenting a poster “Advocating for Science in the Salton Sea: the Salton Sea Task Force”
Check out the interesting collaborative work of the Salton Sea Task Force sponsored by the EDGE Institute.

Text session 12/9/2020 1800-1900 PST

#saltonsea #AGU20 #science #research

Hewitt Club @ Tuesday 12/8/2020 10:30pmWe have the honor to learn about surface age, lithosphere and geodynamics of Venu...
12/07/2020

Hewitt Club @ Tuesday 12/8/2020 10:30pm
We have the honor to learn about surface age, lithosphere and geodynamics of Venus from Dr. Suzanna Smrekar from the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Learn more about our speaker at https://science.jpl.nasa.gov/people/Smrekar/

#venus #nasa

Read about how the research of the Earthquake Processes and Geophysics group at UCR is helping us to understand and miti...
11/20/2020
Fall 2020 Breaking Ground

Read about how the research of the Earthquake Processes and Geophysics group at UCR is helping us to understand and mitigate the hazards posed by earthquakes in this month's UCR Magazine!

https://magazine.ucr.edu/fall-2020-breaking-ground

UC Riverside scientists are using a variety of tools and techniques to understand processes that take place before, during, and after earthquakes, studying plate tectonics, seismic activity, buried faults, and earthquake gates, as well as major faults including the San Andreas Fault and others along...

The Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at the University of California, Riverside will no longer accept the GRE ...
09/04/2020

The Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at the University of California, Riverside will no longer accept the GRE for consideration of admission to our graduate program. The GRE instead will be replaced by a holistic evaluation rubric. This change is permanent.

The full statement from the Department website:

08/27/2020
Geology major is a total rock star

See recent EPS graduate Yuka Oshima interviewed about how she got into paleontology and museum collections management as a geology major at UCR

https://youtu.be/CTmHSg1pgPU

Yuka Oshima isn’t your average undergraduate. Hard work, initiative and years of volunteer service in her field have transformed this geology major from a st...

06/13/2020

The Earth and Planetary Sciences Class of 2020 share their thoughts, thanks and congratulations upon their graduation. Well done to all of you, and please keep in touch!

"We strongly condemn systematic racism and we stand in solidarity with all who endorsed the Call to Action in grief, pai...
06/12/2020

"We strongly condemn systematic racism and we stand in solidarity with all who endorsed the Call to Action in grief, pain, and frustration with anti-black police violence. Staying silent and inactive is not an option."

#ShakeOut at UCRiverside
10/17/2019

#ShakeOut at UCRiverside

This past weekend at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting in Phoenix, our very own Nic Barth received the GS...
09/24/2019

This past weekend at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting in Phoenix, our very own Nic Barth received the GSA/ExxonMobil Field Camp Excellence Award. Nic almost singlehandedly restarted our summer field program since joining the faculty in 2014, and it is a testament to his dedication and high standards that it is gaining national attention after only a few short years. Congratulations, Nic!

Check out the research Dr. Ghosh is doing in response to the Ridgecrest Earthquakes that occurred on July 4th and 5th.
08/14/2019
UC Riverside

Check out the research Dr. Ghosh is doing in response to the Ridgecrest Earthquakes that occurred on July 4th and 5th.

It took a 7.1 earthquake for scientists to realize this fault line existed, and now they fear it could cause a “big one.” Abhijit Ghosh, an associate professor of geophysics at UC Riverside, is racing to understand the unnamed fault to help officials prepare for the next major shake.

Check it out! One of our graduate students, Jen Humphreys, is on the  Nautilus expedition to the Pacific Remote Islands ...
07/06/2019

Check it out! One of our graduate students, Jen Humphreys, is on the Nautilus expedition to the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument.

How do art, science, and lava all come together? Jennifer Humphreys can tell you! As a second year graduate student at @ucriversideofficial Jen studies the chemical evolution of magma within the lithosphere and does detective work to reveal what the composition of volcanic rocks can tell us about Earth's interior. But, Jen has not always been on the geology path; her first Bachelor degree was in Visual and Dramatic Arts! This training was an important part of her path, helping hone Jen's visual-spatial skills and observational skills. Learn more about how Jen combines her talents and training into her research here: www.nautiluslive.org/people/Jennifer-Humphrey. On our Nautilus expedition to the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument Jen is a science watchstander making geologic observations and assisting with rock samples in the lab. Learn more about what it is like to come to sea for the first time as geologist Jen takes over the #NautilusLive Instagram Story today.

Dr. Stephen Kane is giving a the Cosmic Thursday talk today! Come by and learn about "The Planet We Could Not Imagine" i...
05/23/2019
Cosmic Thursdays – Public Talk – May 23

Dr. Stephen Kane is giving a the Cosmic Thursday talk today! Come by and learn about "The Planet We Could Not Imagine" in Bourns Hall #A265 at 6:30 PM

COSMIC THURSDAYS, a series of public and free talks on astronomy. The talks are designed with the general audience in mind. They are fun, easy to understand, and engaging. Date: Thursday, May 23 – …

Yesterday, UCR students got some hands-on field experience, learning about magnetotellurics with the EarthScope MT array...
05/21/2019

Yesterday, UCR students got some hands-on field experience, learning about magnetotellurics with the EarthScope MT array! Thank you to all who made this experience possible!

UC Riverside
04/07/2019
UC Riverside

UC Riverside

“It gives me an interest that isn’t collecting cats.” Andy Ridgwell, a professor of geology, has a particularly plush collection in his #UCR office that you may want to see.

Learn about why Dr. Heather Ford decided to become a geophysicist on "Humans of Earthscope"!
02/01/2019
Heather Ford | Earthscope

Learn about why Dr. Heather Ford decided to become a geophysicist on "Humans of Earthscope"!

  “I can’t recall why I decided to become an earth scientist, but from the age of 5 or 6, I was fascinated by rocks. I grew up in Michigan, so we spent a lot of time on the lake, just walking on the beach. I’d pick up a stone and ask my father how it was made. My parents weren’t geologists....

Needing help with your resume and CV ? Come and get some help from Dr. Heather Ford this Monday!
02/01/2019

Needing help with your resume and CV ? Come and get some help from Dr. Heather Ford this Monday!

We hope that everyone has been having a great quarter so far!

With upcoming job openings, we hope you are taking the time to think about your future success.

For those of you seeking employment before or after graduation, now is the time to refine your resumes and CV's to give yourselves the best opportunity in finding a job.

This Monday, GSO is offering a resume and CV workshop to help you prepare for job applications. This is an opportunity to get feedback and advice on how to professionally present yourself.

Join us for coffee and cookies while associate professor Heather Ford discusses the qualities in professional resumes and effective CV's.

We will be meeting on February 4th from 2-4 pm in Geology 1444. This is an open time for you to stop by and get advice on the job application process.

If you would like us to review and help revise your resume or CV, then feel free to bring either an electronic or physical copy.

Having a second opinion on your resume can greatly improve your chances of getting an interview and landing a job.

We welcome everyone to this event and hope you take advantage of this opportunity!

01/16/2019
The Geology Student Organization at UCR

Come to the AEG meeting TODAY to meet Deborah Green and learn more about "How to Build a Geology Career You Love".

The Association of Environmental and Engineering Geologists (AEG) Meeting TODAY, Wednesday, Jan. 16th!

Meet Deborah Green, 2018-2019 Richard H. Jahns Distinguished Lecturer in Applied Geology, over coffee and cookies from 2 pm-2:30 pm at Geology 2460P, BEES Conference Room

GSO members, undergrads, and graduate students have been invited to meet with Deborah Green at 2 pm. Anyone interested in pursuing a career in geology is encouraged to come!

This is an excellent opportunity to ask questions about professional geologist work and to get advice on career development after graduation while enjoying coffee, tea, and cookies. No RSVP required, just meet us at Geology 2460P in the BEES Conference Room.

We hope you take advantage of this unique opportunity! Right after meeting with Deborah, we will head to Pierce 2330 for her presentation.

"How to Build a Geology Career You Love" presented by Deborah Green, MS at 3 pm in Pierce 2330

This talk is sponsored by AEG and the Geological Society of America (GSA). This presentation covers the many options available for work in environmental and engineering geology and how to apply the knowledge we gain from a research-oriented institution to life after graduation.

"Let's Talk: A Conversation on How We Communicate about Science" from 5:30 pm-8:30 pm at Pinnacle Peak Steakhouse presented by Deborah Green, MS

Following the 3 pm lecture, we will be carpooling to Pinnacle Peak Steakhouse in Colton to attend the monthly AEG meeting. We will listen to Deborah Green cover the challenges of conversing with non-scientists about science, and the necessity of facing those challenges head on.

The meeting will take place on Wednesday, January 16th at Pinnacle Peak Steakhouse located at 2533 La Cadena Drive South, Colton, CA 92324.

Students pay $15 with RSVP and proof of valid student ID. The Earth Science Department will reimburse student dinner with proof of receipt. The cost without a RSVP is $35 (RSVP deadline on Tues, Jan. 15th).

For dining options, there is a choice of a steak, salmon, pork ribs, chicken, or vegetarian meal.

This is a great opportunity to network with local geoscience professionals through AEG. We hope to see you there!

11/06/2018
The Geology Student Organization at UCR

The IGS November meeting is tomorrow!

Hello everyone!

The Inland Geological Society's November meeting is TOMORROW, Nov. 7!

Tomorrow's meeting is all about employment! Jeff Fitzsimmons is an engineering geologist at Lahontan Regional Water Quality Control Board. He will be discussing employment opportunities, applications, interviews, job expectations, etc. essentially, everything you need to know / do to get hired!

The meeting will take place at the Jurupa Mountains Discovery Center. There will be a social hour beginning at 6 pm, and the talk will start around 7 pm until about 8 pm.

Please make sure you RSVP to Jessie Bagby at [email protected] by 5 pm TODAY (11/6) if you plan on attending. Dinner is $7 for students.

If you want to go but don't have a ride, then you can carpool with us! E-mail me by 3 pm tomorrow (11/7) at [email protected] if you need a ride to tomorrow's meeting.

This is a great opportunity to clarify any questions, network, and to better prepare yourself when searching for a job in the field.

We hope you all take advantage of this opportunity!

UCR Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences's cover photo
10/31/2018

UCR Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences's cover photo

Address

Geology Building And Pierce Hall, UCR
Riverside, CA
92521

General information

UC Riverside Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences. Learn more at: https://earthsciences.ucr.edu/

Opening Hours

Monday 09:00 - 16:00
Tuesday 09:00 - 16:00
Wednesday 09:00 - 16:00
Thursday 09:00 - 16:00
Friday 09:00 - 16:00

Telephone

(951) 827-3434

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Videos

UC Riverside Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

We will share news and updates about the department; Hewett Speaker Series talks, museum news, guest speaker talks, recently published papers, conference updates, and recent discoveries in earth science!

We offer undergraduate (B.S.) in Geology and Geophysics and graduate degrees (M.S. and Ph.D.) in Geological Sciences.

Our department is very diverse lines of research with 25 faculty and specialists. Topics of research include:


  • Paleontology, Paleobiology, Paleoecology
  • Nearby museums


    Comments

    Photos of future Earth Science chair Michael McKibben and fellow undergrad Kazuo Furukawa determining station locations for gravity measurements south of Salton City during UCR Winter Field Geophysics, March 1976.
    "The mechanism of the vertical circulation of the waters of the oceans". The reason for the formation of hydrogen sulfide in the Black Sea. Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences https://vk.com/ioran The wind waves enrich the water with oxygen only to a depth of several tens of meters of the seas and oceans surface, while the whirlpools deliver the water enriched with oxygen to a depth of more than 10 km. (Mariana Trench) How does this happen: The waters of the lakes, seas and oceans of the northern hemisphere rotate counterclockwise, and the waters of the southern hemisphere rotate clockwise, forming giant whirlpools. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_gyre As is known, everything that rotates, including whirlpools, has the property of a gyroscope (whirligig) to maintain the vertical position of the axis in space, regardless of the rotation of the Earth. If you look at the Earth from the side of the Sun, the whirlpools, rotating with the Earth, overturn, due to which the whirlpools precess, resulting in a vertical movement of ocean water. http://goo.gl/AM5g1s The presented theory can easily be verified by relation between the oxygen content and the whirlpools rotation speed. Based on the map of the depths and currents of the seas and oceans. The higher the current velocity, the greater the oxygen content and the lower the hydrogen sulfide content. https://youtu.be/ihM1I5r_MUg https://youtu.be/X6PavdKXIE8 List of seas with low oxygen content: Black Sea. East of the Mediterranean. Gulf of Mexico. Norway fjords. As we see, whirlpools are involved not only in the horizontal circulation of the sea and ocean waters, but also in the vertical. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dead_zone_(ecology) https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/ocean-dead-zones/ The coefficient of oxygen content can be expressed mathematically by the following formula O = V / G V - whirlpool rotation speed, km / h. G - depth of the reservoir, km. Black Sea 0.2 / 1200 = 0.00016 Sea of Okhotsk 1/800 = 0.0012 Vertical movement of ocean waters can be convincingly modeled using simple experience. For this, a half-filled vessel with a rotating liquid (bucket, tumbler, mixer) must be rotated around itself (in orbit). If the liquid in the bucket rotates to the right, the bucket around itself (in orbit) must be rotated to the left. http://bourabai.ru/articles/black_sea.htm Vertical and horizontal circulation is a vital fundamental law of nature, without which life in the ocean would be impossible. During the vertical and horizontal circulation, there are also side non-vital effects of nature: ebb and flow, seasonal sea-level rise, killer waves. Real-time sea current speed: http://portal.esimo.ru/portal https://www.ndbc.noaa.gov https://ru.nencom.com/spravochnik/energoresursy/globalnaya-onlayn-karta-vetrov http://fermi.jhuapl.edu/sat_ocean.html —————————————————————————————— Seasonal increase in the level of waters of the seas and oceans. Institute of Water Problems, RAS https://vk.com/club134348321 The waters of the lakes, seas and oceans of the northern hemisphere rotate counterclockwise, and the waters of the southern hemisphere rotate clockwise, forming cyclonic gyres. The main cause of rotation of the whirlpools are local winds, flowing into the seas and oceans of the river and the deflecting force of Coriolis. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_gyre And the higher the speed of the winds, the higher the speed of rotation of the whirlpools, and as a result, the higher the centrifugal force of the whirlpools, thereby increasing the water level of the seas and oceans. And the lower the speed of rotation of the whirlpools, the lower the level of water, seas and oceans. https://youtu.be/ihM1I5r_MUg The speed of currents along the perimeter of the seas and oceans is not the same everywhere and depends on the depth of the coast. In the shallow part of the seas and oceans, the flow moves fast, and in the deep water part of the seas and oceans the flow moves slowly .. Seasonal rise in the water level is observed not along the entire coast of the seas and oceans, but only on those coasts where the high angular velocity of the currents and, as a result, the high centrifugal force of the water. (Centrifugal force F = mv2 / r). On straight coasts, where currents do not have an angular velocity, the water level does not rise. Real-time sea current speed http://portal.esimo.ru/portal https://www.ndbc.noaa.gov https://ru.nencom.com/spravochnik/energoresursy/globalnaya-onlayn-karta-vetrov The waters of the Gulf of Finland rotate counterclockwise, forming a whirlpool in the form of an ellipse. And when the seasonal south-westerly winds unwind the whirlpool to 5 km / h, the centrifugal force of the whirlpool rises, so that on the east coast of the Gulf of Finland the water level rises to 30 cm. A similar pattern of seasonal increase in water levels is observed in all lakes, seas and oceans .. The average depth of the Gulf of Finland is about 50 meters, on the east coast is about 5 meters, in the west of the bay it is about 100 meters, for this reason the linear and angular velocity of currents on the east coast of the Gulf of Finland is much higher (as much as the depth of the coast increases current velocity) .. In the Gulf of Finland, the seasonal increase in water levels has two peaks: in August-September and in December-January and in time they coincide with the season of south-westerly winds. The speed of the current in the Gulf of Finland reaches from 2 to 17 km / hour, and the maximum speed of the current on Earth reaches 30 km / hour, the wind speed is more than 100 km / hour. http://goo.gl/eYVTo6 http://esimo.oceanography.ru/esp1/index.php?sea_code=1§ion=6&menu_code=1734 The waters of the North Sea rotate counterclockwise, forming a huge whirlpool. And when seasonal northwestern storm winds unleash a whirlpool (up to 20 km / h on the southern coast), the centrifugal force of the whirlpool rises, making the level on the southern coast of the North Sea up to 5 meters. (Storm surge 2.5 meters, centrifugal surge 2.5 meters). https://de.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:North_Sea_Currents.svg https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Sea_flood_of_1953 The waters of the Caspian Sea rotate counterclockwise, forming a whirlpool in the form of an ellipse. And when the seasonal winds and the flood river Volga unleash a whirlpool, the centrifugal force of the whirlpool rises, making the water level up to 1 meter on the north coast of the Caspian Sea. The average depth of the Caspian Sea is about 200 meters, on the north coast about 5 meters, on the south coast - about 500m. Due to this, in the north of the Caspian Sea the speed of the current increases from 1 to 10 km / h. In the Caspian Sea, the peak of the seasonal rise in water level is observed in June-August and coincides in time with the season of winds and high water of the Volga River. During a drought over the Volga River basin, the level of the Caspian Sea does not rise. http://tapemark.narod.ru/more/06.png http://goo.gl/47tXq2 In the Bay of Bengal, in the season of monsoon winds, the whirlpool speed rises to 10 km / h, making the seasonal rise in water levels up to 1.2 meters. http://www.aziya-tur.ru/bengal%27skii-zaliv.php Seasonal increase in the level of the Black Sea (up to 40 cm) is most pronounced in the southeastern part of the sea, where in summer the angular velocity of the currents reaches its maximum value. http://tapemark.narod.ru/more/07.html The assumption that the cause of the seasonal rise in the water level may be the pressure of the atmosphere, the flow of the rivers, the temperature difference and the salinity of the waters do not hold water, these factors may raise the water level by a few cm, but no more. The presented theory can be easily verified by relating the velocity of the currents to the level of the seas and oceans. (Based on a map of depths and currents, seas and oceans). https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annual_cycle_of_sea_level_height https://research.csiro.au/slrwavescoast/sea-level/sea-level-change/ http://www.okeanavt.ru/tainiokeana/1066mifosrednemurovne.html —————————————————————————————— High and low tides are the result of the earth rotation and of the whirlpools. Department of Oceanology, MSU https://vk.com/ocean_msu There is a strict pattern - tides are formed not along the entire coast of the seas and oceans, but only on those coasts with a high current velocity, and the higher the velocity of the currents, the higher the amplitude of the tidal wave. No tides are formed on these coasts where currents do not have a high velocity. The waters of the lakes, seas and oceans of the northern hemisphere rotate counterclockwise, and the waters of the southern hemisphere rotate clockwise, forming giant whirlpools. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_gyre As is well known, everything that rotates, including whirlpools, has the property of a gyroscope (whirligig) to maintain the vertical position of the axis in space, regardless of the rotation of the Earth. If you look at the Earth from the side of the Sun, the whirlpools, rotating with the Earth, overturn, twice a day, due to which the whirlpools precess (sway by 1-2 degrees) and reflect a tidal wave from themselves along the entire perimeter of the whirlpool. http://goo.gl/AM5g1s https://goo.gl/images/M4SJq8 The waters of the White Sea rotate counterclockwise, forming a huge whirlpool-gyroscope, which, while precessing, reflects a tidal wave along the entire perimeter of the White Sea. A similar pattern of tides is observed in all lakes, seas, and oceans. Sailing Directions of the White Sea https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sailing_Directions http://tapemark.narod.ru/more/22.png The waters of the Mediterranean Sea rotate counterclockwise, forming tides 10-15 cm high. But in the Gulf of Gabes, off the coast of Tunisia, the height of the tides reaches three meters, and sometimes more, and this is considered one of the mysteries of nature. But at the same time, a whirlpool rotates in the Gulf of Gabes, precessing and reflecting an additional tidal wave. https://youtu.be/ihM1I5r_MUg The tidal wave in the Amazon River is created a huge planetary whirlpool with a diameter of several thousand kilometers, rotating between South America and North Africa, covering the mouth of the Amazon River. The pattern of tidal wave movement over the perimeter of the North Atlantic planetary whirlpool. https://youtu.be/ZEhm_ONTQKc The tidal wave length depends on the whirlpool diameter. And the tidal wave height depends on the whirlpool rotation speed, the Earth orbital velocity, and the whirlpool tilting time (12 hours). А = V1•V2/t where: A - tidal wave amplitude (precession angle). V1 - whirlpool rotation speed. V2 - the Earth orbital velocity. t - whirlpool tilting time (12 hours). Table of the dependence of the amplitude of the tides on the speed of the current, on any coast. 1 km / h - 1 meter 5 km / h - 5 meter 10 km / h - 10 meter 15 km / h - 15 meter The amplitude of the tides also depends on the size of the whirlpool, the amount of water under the whirlpool, the distance from the coast to the whirlpool and the direction of flow (north, south, west, east). The current, which moves along the coast, reflects a tidal wave both towards the coast and towards the open sea. The whirlpool theory of tides can easily be verified by relating the height of the tidal wave to the speed of rotation of the whirlpools. From the height of the tides, you can determine the speed of the current along the coast, based on the atlas of sea currents in real time: http://portal.esimo.ru/portal https://www.ndbc.noaa.gov https://ru.nencom.com/spravochnik/energoresursy/globalnaya-onlayn-karta-vetrov http://fermi.jhuapl.edu/sat_ocean.html —————————————————————————————— Killer Waves The official group of the Institute of Earth Sciences SFU https://vk.com/ogbarannikova A tidal wave moving across the ocean is called a soliton. When a soliton collides with the coastline of the continent, ebbs and flows are formed. When solitons collide, two adjacent whirlpools, a killer wave is formed. https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Killer Waves This can be checked by throwing two stones at the same time in a bath of water. When a soliton collides, the resulting killer wave foams and a larger wave pulls a smaller wave somewhat. You can create a half-meter-killer wave with a duration of 0.5 seconds, if two divers simultaneously jumped with a “bomb” into the reservoir from a height of 2 meters, with a distance between them of 3 meters. If you throw two pieces of sugar into a glass of tea at the same time and a killer wave forms there. The mechanism of formation of a tidal wave in rivers and killer waves in the oceans is similar, and the height of the tidal wave in a river depends on the speed of the flow of water in a river. https://goo.gl/images/Tm13py https://goo.gl/images/amdjwj The location of the possible stoning of the killer waves can be predicted from the whirlpool charts and, accordingly, to lay routes. An approaching killer wave or tsunami can be partially neutralized by creating a series of oncoming waves, torpedoes or projectiles. If two waves do not collide with each other, then they freely walk on the ocean, and they are called solitons or Rossby waves. "Three sisters are a collision of a soliton with three storm waves .. Solitons, reflected around themselves in whirlpools, colliding with storm waves, create a killer wave and are the main cause of ships wreck. And knowing the distribution schedule of solitons by whirlpools, one should accordingly choose the time and route of movement in the seas and oceans. The perimeter of the seas and oceans, I believe, is the most dangerous place for anchorage and movement of ships, especially where there is a high whirlpool speed. The center of the whirlpool, I believe, is the safest place to wait out bad weather, and it is advisable to install a buoy in the center of the whirlpool. https://goo.gl/images/icF4zf The map shows the areas of the most frequent occurrence of killer waves. In the North Atlantic, killer waves form mainly along the perimeter of the North Atlantic planetary whirlpool, as a result of a collision of a tidal wave with storm waves (three sisters) .. http://www.freegrab.net/Tide%20waves.gif The animation shows how in the area of the Bermuda Triangle, as a result of the collision of tidal waves reflected by the North Atlantic and South Atlantic planetary whirlpools, a killer wave is formed .. The clock set on the animation shows that killer waves in the Bermuda Triangle are formed twice a day at 12 and 24 hours. Based on the demonstrated animation, you can make a calendar of formation of killer waves not only for future years but also for previous ones. In the season of long, eastern winds in the north of the Sea of Okhotsk and floods of the rivers flowing into the Penzhinsky Bay, the current speed in the north of the Sea of Okhotsk increases several times, due to which, in the north of the Sea of Okhotsk, the water level, the amplitude of tides and killer waves increases. The current, which moves along the northern coast of the Sea of Okhotsk, reflects a tidal wave both towards the coast and towards the open sea. (South). https://goo.gl/images/u3AsBQ The discovery was published in the Russian-German scientific peer-reviewed journal “Eastern European Scientific Journal” No. 3/2015. Page 64. June http://www.auris-archiv.de/journal.html Scientific journal "NBICS-Science. Technologies" No. 4/2018. Page 104. (Nanotechnology Society of Russia) http://www.nanonewsnet.ru/news/2018/vyshel-chetvertyi-nomer-zhurnala-nbiks-naukatekhnologii Continued: The mechanism of the vertical circulation of the waters of the oceans. Forum Federal Target Program "World Ocean" http://okeany.com/forum/784.htm "Forum on the Flagship" http://vmf.net.ru/forums/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=2328 French Maritime Forum (Discussion). http://forummarine.forumactif.com/t9357-le-flux-et-reflux-est-le-resultat-de-la-rotation-de-la-terre English forum. "Weather/Earth sciences" https://www.wxforum.net/index.php?topic=35094.0