6th Pennsylvania Regiment

6th Pennsylvania Regiment The 6th Pennsylvania Regiment is a Living History organization, portraying lives in the 18th C.

We present camp life as it was during 1777, when the men of the 6th Penna fought the British, and their wives and children followed the camps. Throughout the year, you may observe us as we re-enact some of the battles fought in the mid-Atlantic states during the Revolution. We also set up camp during fairs and festivals and allow the public to observe camp life up close. We are also available for school programs and Honor Guard ceremonies


“often worn backwards.”The 18th century baseball cap

“often worn backwards.”
The 18th century baseball cap


A Philadelphia Loyalist’s diary entry described the Entrance of the Crown Forces into the Colonial capital.

September 26, 1777— Rose very early this morning in hopes of seeing a most pleasing sight. About 10 the troops began to enter. The town was still, not a cart or any obstruction in the way. The morning had before been cloudy, but nearly the time of their entrance the sun shone out with a sweet serenity, & the weather being uncommonly cool for the time of year prevented their being incommoded with the heat.

First came the light horse, led by Enoch Story & Phineas Bond [both Loyalists], as the soldiers were unacquainted with the town & different streets, nearly 200 I imagine in number, clean dress & their bright swords glittering in the sun.

After that came the foot, headed by Lord Cornwallis. Before him went a band of music, which played a solemn tune, & which I afterwards understood was called “God save great George our King.”

Then followed the soldiers, who looked very clean & healthy & a remarkable solidity was on their countenances, no wanton levity, or indecent mirth, but a gravity well becoming the occasion seemed on all their faces. After that came the artillery. & then the Hessian grenadiers, attended by a large band of music but not equal in fitness or solemnity to the other. Baggage wagons, Hessian women, & horses, cows, goats & asses brought up the rear.

They encamped on the commons, & but for a few officers which were riding about the city. I imagine to give orders & provide quarters for their men, in 3 hours afterwards you would not have thought so great a change had taken place. Everything appeared still & quiet. A number of the inhabitants sat up to watch, & for fear of any alarm.

Thus was this large city surrendered to the English without the least opposition whatever or even firing a single gun, which I thought called for great humility & deep gratitude on our parts.

Wainwright, Nicholas B., and Sarah Logan Fisher. “A Diary of Trifling Occurrences”: Philadelphia, 1776-1778.The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 82, no. 4 (1958), 449-50. Illustration by Henry Alexander Ogden (1856-1936).

Saving the “Liberty Bell” from capture by the British. Hidden under church floorboards in present-day Allentown

Saving the “Liberty Bell” from capture by the British.
Hidden under church floorboards in present-day Allentown


Big shout out to my newest top fans! 💎

Luke Berneking, Brianna Frances MacKinnon, Joe Joey Parvana, Josh Ellis

A PLAQUE POSTED ON PIER 1 Imports at 3rd Avenue and 66th Street in Manhattan claims that Nathan Hale, a young American s...

A PLAQUE POSTED ON PIER 1 Imports at 3rd Avenue and 66th Street in Manhattan claims that Nathan Hale, a young American spy and soldier in the Revolutionary War, was strung up on a gallows within 100 yards of this site on September 22, 1776, and hanged by the British.

This information comes from a British Officer’s diary, which stated that the hanging occurred at “the Royal Artillery Park near the Dove Tavern at the old Post Road,” which is now 3rd Avenue.

Hale, born in Coventry, Connecticut, on June 6, 1755, and a teacher by trade, joined his five brothers in the fight for independence against the British. He quickly rose to the rank of captain in the military. He fought under General George Washington in New York, as British General William Howe began a military build-up on Long Island. Washington took his army onto Manhattan Island. At the battle of Harlem Heights, Washington, facing Howe in battle yet again, asked for a volunteer to go on a spy mission behind enemy lines. Hale stepped forward.

Disguised as a Dutch schoolmaster, Hale set out on his mission. For a week he gathered information on the position of British troops, but was captured while returning to the American side.

Because of incriminating papers Hale possessed, the British knew he was a spy. It is said that his cousin, a British sympathizer under Howe’s command, betrayed him. Howe ordered the 21-year-old Hale to be hanged the following day.

Hale has gone down in history not just for his heroic fighting and intelligence-gathering, but because of the awesomely patriotic words he is said to have uttered just before his ex*****on: “I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.”

Perhaps this fame is why there are actually competing locations for where the hanging took place. Another plaque claiming to be the location of Hale’s ex*****on is affixed to the building of the Yale Club (Hale was a Yale graduate, class of 1773) at East 44th Street and Vanderbilt Avenue. That plaque also claims that the “British Artillery Park” existed there. A 13-foot-statue of Nathan Hale also stands tall in City Hall Park.



Patriots Week is a celebration of Trenton's revolutionary role in America's history!

This year the battle re-enactments are on December 30, 2023. The first battle reenactment starts at 11 am at the Battle of Trenton Monument. The second battle reenactment starts at 3 pm in Mill Hill Park. Both battles are reenacted on the original battlefields.

The Battle Reenactments are free to attend.

More information at

Patriots Week is a celebration of Trenton's revolutionary role in America's history! Visit our site to see events hosted by the Old Barracks Museum.


" Parce qu'un homme sans mémoire est un homme sans vie, un peuple sans mémoire est un peuple sans avenir… "
-- Ferdinand Foch

English Translation:
Since a man without memory is a man without a life, a people without memory are a people without a future…

The Battle of the Clouds. A Revolutionary War battle that was called on account of rain.Seriously.

The Battle of the Clouds.
A Revolutionary War battle that was called on account of rain.

Revolutionary War History Blog

The variety of weaponry in the ranks of Massachusetts soldiers would continue throughout the early years of the American...

The variety of weaponry in the ranks of Massachusetts soldiers would continue throughout the early years of the American Revolution, and it would not be until 1777 that Massachusetts was able to successfully standardize the weapons used by its soldiers in the fight against England.

In 1774, a war between England and Massachusetts Bay Colony appeared inevitable. In preparation, Massachusetts militiamen relied upon muskets obtained from various sources: inheritance, the French and Indian War, the Siege of Louisbourg, and commercial markets. The result was a variety of weapons of...


Battle of Brandywine
Women bring water to the troops

"During the battle of Brandywine, Pennsylvania in September, 1777, the women of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment “frequently cautioned as to the danger of coming into the line of fire,” took “empty canteens of their husbands and friends and returned with them filled with water” during the “hottest part of the engagement."

“Remember the ladies” - Abigail Adams

I asked the organizers of the 240th anniversary of the Battle of Brandywine to work this historic scenario into the battle, and allow all willing women in the camp the opportunity to recreate this event. After discussion, the go-ahead was given.

During a lull in the battle, women ran onto the battlefield with buckets and ladles, and gave water to the very thirsty troops.

It was a privilege to see our ladies, often overlooked during battle reenactments, become an integral part of the story, just as they did during the original Battle of Brandywine.

Photo by Meridith Meredith Barnes

   Illustration by Trevor Meredith

Illustration by Trevor Meredith

Philadelphia is in dire need of help with its main bell, known to some as “the Liberty Bell.” We are asking people to si...

Philadelphia is in dire need of help with its main bell, known to some as “the Liberty Bell.”

We are asking people to sign this petition to raise awareness of what appears to be a massive crack that has formed.

We’re not sure if any of the city’s leaders are yet aware of the damage, or if we’re the first people to notice, so please sign here so we can let the mayor know as soon as possible. Time is of the essence with these things.

Calling all activists: The city is in dire need of help with its main bell, known to some as “the Liberty Bell.” We are asking…


Von Steuben’s first job was to create a standard method of drills for the entire army.
He came up with a plan to form what he called a model company. He selected 180 to 200 Soldiers and drilled them under a system of infantry drill.

He wrote the drills in French since he could not speak English and had his military secretary translate the drills into English. Copies of the drills were given to each company and officer.

Von Steuben established a “model company” of 100 men from each brigade in addition to the 50 Virginians that came from Washington’s Life Guard company to demonstrate new drills for the rest of the army. He worked with the troops directly and delivered the drills in a quick and simple manner.

The American soldiers appreciated von Steuben’s willingness to personally work with them. They also appreciated his use of colorful words in several different languages, including relying on an aide to curse at the soldiers in English when warranted.

“Regulation for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States”. This “Blue Book” of military regulations would be approved by Congress in March 1779 and used by the United States Army until 1814.


On September 2nd, 1752, Britain and its colonies changed from the Julian Calendar to the Gregorian Calendar.

As a result, there was no September 3rd to September 13th.

Bayonet practice!

Bayonet practice!


As you may have suspected, the macaroni in the song "Yankee Doodle" is not the familiar food often accompanied by cheese. The feather in Yankee Doodle's cap apparently made him a Macaroni in the "fop" or "dandy" sense.

The sense appears to have originated with a club established in London by a group of young, well-traveled Englishmen in the 1760s. The founders prided themselves on their appearance, sense of style, and manners, and they chose the name Macaroni Club to indicate their worldliness.

The members were themselves called Macaronis, and eventually macaroni became synonymous with dandy and fop.


Breakdown of Regiment in Continental Army

During the 18th century, the British had one of the most disciplined and well-trained armies in the entire world. A British regiment of the Line consisted of exactly 811 men at the time of the unit’s formation. It was led by a Colonel, and was staffed by 40 junior officers, 72 non-commissioned officers, 24 drummers, 2 fifers, and fielded by 672 privates.

Each regiment was broken into 10 companies, eight of which were regular "center" companies, while the remaining two were "flank" companies: grenadier and light infantry. The light infantry and grenadier units were almost always placed at a regiment’s flanks during battle, and would often function independently throughout the course of a battle.

Washington organized his 27,000 man army based upon British doctrine and precedents; therefore, his army was divided into 6 combat brigades consisting of about 2,400 men. Each brigade was comprised of about 5 or 6 regiments, with each regiment averaging around 470 men fit for service.

A regiment was broken down further into 1 or 2 battalions which were then broken down into companies. Companies were comprised of 40 privates, 3 corporals, 1 ensign (2nd Lieutenant), 1 Lieutenant, and a Captain.

It should be noted that for both the British and Continental Army, the size of a brigade, division, and army could vary greatly at any given time according to losses, detachments, etc.


Extremely small Betty Lamp.

Extremely small Betty Lamp.


The Slave Enlistment Act of 1778 stipulated that any enslaved person accepted to the 1st Rhode Island Regiment be “immediately discharged from the service of his master or mistress, and be absolutely free."


Simon ben Zoma, a 2nd Century scholar, wrote:

Who is wise? He who learns from all people.

Who is strong? He who conquers his evil inclination.

Who is rich? He who is satisfied with his lot.

Who is honored? He who honors others.

- Pirkei Avos [Ethics of the Fathers]

Centuries later, Benjamin Franklin wrote:

Who is wise? He that learns from every One.

Who is powerful? He that governs his Passions.

Who is rich? He that is content.

Who is that? Nobody.

- Poor Richard's Almanack, 1755


Learn to play the card game Whist. It’s a colonial craze.
PDF instructions below:



Shout out to my newest followers! Excited to have you onboard!

Aidan Clark, Wyatt Duffy
And the Fishkill Historical Society!

Warning: informative rabbit hole. 😀

Warning: informative rabbit hole. 😀

Fly through a wooden warship from the age of sail!CREDITSJacob O'Neal - Modeling, animation, texturing, vfx, music, narrative scriptWesley O'Neal - Research,...

Big shout out to my newest top fans! 💎Irene Curcio, Reed Laverty, Wendy Lucas

Big shout out to my newest top fans! 💎

Irene Curcio, Reed Laverty, Wendy Lucas


On this day in 1776, the Declaration of Independence was publicly read for the first time from the balcony of Boston’s Old State House.

Abigail Adams recalled the celebration: "bells rang, the privateers fired...the cannon were discharged...and every face appeared joyful."


Philadelphia, PA


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Thank you to everyone who made it out to our slightly soggy Candlelight Event this past Saturday! Even though the weather didn’t quite cooperate for us, everyone had a wonderful time. We’d like to give a big shoutout to musician Keith Brintzenhoff of Toad Creek Music and the Heritage Dancers for bringing the holiday spirit with their incredible performances, and the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment for their engaging interpretation of winter life in the Continental Army. And of course, we’d especially like to thank all of the staff members and volunteers without whom an event like this would not be possible.
Tickets for the House Tour at this weekend’s Candlelight Event are SOLD OUT!

However, there are still plenty of fun holiday activities for the whole family to enjoy! Meet the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment and learn how Continental soldiers survived the cold colonial winters. Visit the Summer Kitchen to watch an open-hearth cooking demonstration. Then, stop by the barn to watch local musician Keith Brintzenhoff perform PA Dutch Christmas music on the guitar and autoharp!

The Candlelight Event will run from 3:00 pm to 8:00 pm this Saturday, December 3rd.

All ages; Free.
Tickets for the House Tour are now SOLD OUT!

However, there are still plenty of fun activities to enjoy like an open-hearth cooking demonstration, a visit from the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment, and PA Dutch Christmas music from Keith Brintzenhoff.
The folks over at Townsends have sad news for many in the reenacting world. Some of you may have already heard:
"It is with deep regret that we inform you that James Townsend [Jon Townsend's dad] has passed away over the weekend after complications from a heart attack. Many of you were friends with Jim. He started selling candle lanterns to the historical reenacting community in 1973, which turned into a catalog mail order company that was run out of his garage, and eventually turned into the Jas. Townsend and Son that you know today. For almost fifty years he enjoyed, encouraged, and supported the historical reenacting community. He will be missed."
Members of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment gather 'round the campfire.
Jamestown settlement is founded.

On this day in history, May 14, 1607, the Jamestown settlement is founded in Virginia. It would become the first successful English settlement in the Americas. The New World was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492 and this soon brought a host of French, Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, Swedish, Danish and English explorers who searched for riches and traded with the natives.

The first European settlement was founded at Santo Domingo by the Spanish in 1498, while the first settlement on the mainland occurred in Columbia in 1502. John Cabot, sent by Henry VII of England, was the first to reach the northern part of North America in 1497. The first attempt at a permanent settlement in North America took place by the Spanish at Pensacola in 1559. The first successful settlement in North America was Saint Augustine, Florida, in 1565, also by the Spanish.

Queen Elizabeth I made the first attempt at a permanent English settlement in the New World at St. John's, Newfoundland in 1583. This venture ended when the leader of the expedition died. The following year, Elizabeth granted his half-brother, Sir Walter Raleigh, the chance to start a new settlement on Roanoke Island, North Carolina. The settlement began on July 4, 1584 but was plagued with food shortages and problems with Indians. A mission to resupply the colony in 1587 found it abandoned with no trace of the inhabitants, giving rise to the name "The Lost Colony of Roanoke."

A major settlement was not tried again until 1606 when King James I gave a charter to the Virginia Company of London, a group of investors who supplied the funds for a new settlement in the Chesapeake Bay area, hoping to reap rich financial rewards from the local natural resources.

The Company's first expedition landed at Cape Henry on April 26, 1607 with 144 men and boys aboard. They spent two weeks searching for a suitable spot on which to build their settlement and settled on a spot up the James River about 40 miles inland. The spot proved to be a malarial swamp and was uninhabited by local Indians because of its inferior agricultural qualities.

The earliest settlers battled primarily with starvation. 2/3s of the settlers died in the first year before an expedition arrived with supplies and more settlers. The winter of 1609-10 was particularly hard and is called the "Starving Time." When another supply expedition arrived in May 1610, only 60 people were left alive of the 500 who had landed thus far.

In spite of those harsh first years, the colonists began to learn how to plant and harvest food in the New World and instituted private ownership of land, which greatly increased their productivity. In 1619, the first elected assembly to meet in North America met at Jamestown. In 1624, King James made Virginia a Royal colony and Jamestown served as its capital until 1699 when the capital was moved to Middle Plantation (now Williamsburg).

After the removal of the capital, Jamestown began to deteriorate to the wild. Eventually the site's historical significance was realized, and preservation efforts began. Today, the site of the original fort and the ruins of Jamestown's church, built in 1639, can be visited at the Jamestown National Historic Site, which is owned by Preservation Virginia and the US National Park Service. The site contains a museum where period displays can be observed, along with replicas of the original settlers' ships, a huge collection of artifacts dug up from the site and much more.
And they say we have an expensive hobby!
Ye olde bungee corde.
Huzzah! You all rock, keep up the great work!