National POW Museum

The Andersonville National Historic Site, located near Andersonville, Georgia, preserves the former Camp Sumter (also known as Andersonville Prison), a Confederate prisoner-of-war camp during the final twelve months of the American Civil War. Most of the site lies in southwestern Macon County, adjacent to the east side of the town of Andersonville. As well as the former prison, the site contains the Andersonville National Cemetery and the National Prisoner of War Museum.The site is an iconic reminder of the horrors of Civil War prisons. It was commanded by Captain Henry Wirz, who was tried and executed after the war for war crimes. It was overcrowded to four times its capacity, with an inadequate water supply, inadequate food rations, and unsanitary conditions. Of the approximately 45,000 Union prisoners held at Camp Sumter during the war, nearly 13,000 died. The chief causes of death were scurvy, diarrhea, and dysentery.ConditionsThe prison, which opened in February 1864, originally covered about 16.5acre of land enclosed by a 15ft high stockade. In June 1864, it was enlarged to 26.5acre. The stockade was rectangular, of dimensions 1620ft by 779ft. There were two entrances on the west side of the stockade, known as "north entrance" and "south entrance".

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Oglethorpe, GA

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