Braddock Road Preservation Association

Braddock Road Preservation Association The Braddock Road Preservation Association is an advisory organization that seeks to research, develop, interpret & promote the historic Braddock Rd.

The Braddock Road Preservation Association is an advisory organization that seeks to research, develop, interpret and promote the French and Indian War history of Jumonville, Dunbar Camp, and the Braddock Road. A secondary purpose is to research, develop, interpret and promote the history of the Pennsylvania Soldiers’ Orphans School. The Association functions in an advisory capacity to the Board o

The Braddock Road Preservation Association is an advisory organization that seeks to research, develop, interpret and promote the French and Indian War history of Jumonville, Dunbar Camp, and the Braddock Road. A secondary purpose is to research, develop, interpret and promote the history of the Pennsylvania Soldiers’ Orphans School. The Association functions in an advisory capacity to the Board o

Operating as usual

From our friend and former board member, Robert Matzen!
Featured on eBookDaily Bargains- $2.99

From our friend and former board member, Robert Matzen!

'Dutch Girl: Audrey Hepburn and World War II' by Matzen, Robert is featured on eBookDaily's best Kindle book bargains


For any who may be interested, please see below and feel free to share.
Irish immigrant and land speculator who launched one of
the largest and most effective British trade networks
in America in the 1740s. From his original trading post
on this site, Croghan expanded as far as the French-
controlled Ohio Country. He learned Native American
languages and customs to gain a source for furs, in
high demand in Europe. For three decades, he was a key
negotiator for the British at Indian conferences.
For any questions, contact FRANK HANCOCK

Fort Ligonier receives museum association award for innovative fundraiser


Fort Ligonier’s Cannon Ball Online Auction and Party to Go has received a 2021 Special Achievement Award from PA Museums, an independent statewide museum association that supports the Pennsylvania museum community. Usually an in-person event, the Cannon Ball was restructured in September due t...

Congratulations to former BRPA Board member, Robert Matzen! Outstanding!

Congratulations to former BRPA Board member, Robert Matzen! Outstanding!

Jest nam niezmiernie miło, że nasza biografia Audrey Hepburn została nominowana do tytułu Książki Roku 2020 w plebiscycie w kategorii "Autobiografia, Biografia, Wspomnienia". 🖤
Jeśli jesteście miłośnikami tej wyjątkowej aktorki i ikony XX wieku, to koniecznie zagłosujcie na jej biografię, w której Robert Matzen odsłania przed czytelnikami zapomniany dotąd rozdział z życia Audrey Hepburn, i robi to w iście filmowy sposób.🎬

📍Jak głosować?
- Na stronie, po zalogowaniu, możecie oddać po jednym głosie w 13 kategoriach.
- Wchodząc w daną kategorię wybierzcie swój ulubiony tytuł i kliknijcie przycisk ZAGŁOSUJ.
- Czekajcie na wyniki głosowania, które poznamy na początku marca. 😊
Liczymy na Wasze zaangażowanie!

Glad the operator knew to call the bomb squad!

Glad the operator knew to call the bomb squad!

No question, Pittsburgh is steeped in history, and the city has another secret to reveal.

Just before 12:20 p.m. on July 2, a Franjo Construction crew working on 39th Street, between the Allegheny River and Butler Street in Lawrenceville, struck something solid while turning soil for a new condominium development by Milhaus.

Thankfully, this excavator operator had some prior experience and promptly called the Pittsburgh Police Bomb Squad when he recognized what his machinery had hit; a cache of Civil War era cannonballs.

This was the same employee who had helped unearth 715 cannonballs while working not far from here in March of 2017, the site of the former Allegheny Arsenal, an important supply and manufacturing center for the Union Army during the American Civil War.

The tally on this latest discovery of cannonballs has not yet been established. The cannonballs are the property of the United States Army.

The ordnances are live and therefore sensitive to certain conditions, such as shock, heat, friction, and impact. As such, the Pittsburgh Police Bomb Squad will handle mitigation of the cannonballs in coordination with the Army.


July 14, 1755
Early in the Morning we marched and after we had got a little distance from our old ground we halted till their was a grave dugg'd for the genll, where we Buried him in two Blankits in the high Road that was cut for the Wagons, (so) that all the Wagons might March Over him and the Army (as well) to hinder any Suspision of the French Indiens. For if they thought he was Buried their, they would take him up and Scalp him. To day we march'd 10 miles.

Braddock's GOLD 💰- Setting the Record Straight!  We occasionally get inquiry's as to whether or not General Braddock car...

Braddock's GOLD 💰- Setting the Record Straight!

We occasionally get inquiry's as to whether or not General Braddock carried with him and buried a CHEST OF GOLD during his expedition against the French at Fort Duquesne during that fateful march in 1755.

The FACTS From one of our esteemed BRPA Historians Bruce Egli: Capt. Dumas, in his after-battle report, confirmed that he had taken possession of the money tumbril* with the military chest. A number of the Indians, he said, were looking through it, but were not conscious of its value. I have not seen further information on where it went after that, although several of Braddock's artillery pieces show up elsewhere. The famous twelve-pounder at Niagara allowed the French and British to shoot the same shot back and forth at each other.
As an aside, "gold," or gold coin, was relatively rare because of its high value. Braddock's money chest would have contained mostly silver and copper coin, more useful for local transactions. Large sums were paid for with bills of exchange payable in London,much more convenient and highly valued by colonial merchants. The problem with gold coins like the British guinea is making change. Think of going into a store and asking for change for a thousand dollar bill.

And from noted "Braddock's Defeat" Author - Dr. David Preston on this subject: Believe me, I have scoured the British National Archives, the British Library, and other archives in Britain for correspondence relating to Braddock's Expedition. There is NO paper trail on lost treasure amounting to (in today's currency) hundreds of thousands of dollars. There IS a paper trail in Britain regarding the capture of Braddock's headquarters papers and their damaging secrets, the capture of his artillery and ammunition, along with the other stores destroyed at Dunbar's camp.

These two documents edited by Edward Williams are also key in establishing the fate of Braddock's pay chest: As Williams says, "Our interest in these reports lies in the fact that they state categorically that the "money tumbril" remained at Fort Cumberland and did not accompany the army, and that a box containing a relatively small amount for commissary expenses, together with the Commissary's vouchers, fell into French hands." [The coins mentioned in some French accounts].


NOTE: Definition of a "TUMBRIL": A tumbrel (alternatively tumbril) is a two-wheeled cart or wagon typically designed to be hauled by a single horse or ox. Their original use was for agricultural work; in particular they were associated with carrying manure. Their most infamous use was taking prisoners to the guillotine during the French Revolution.[1][2] They were also used by the military for hauling supplies.[2] In this use the carts were sometimes covered. The two wheels allowed the cart to be tilted to discharge its load more easily.

July 12, 2020PENNSYLVANIA-CAMP ON WEST SIDE YOUGHIOGHENY(seaman)  On the 12th, at 8 at night, he (the General) departed ...

July 12, 2020
On the 12th, at 8 at night, he (the General) departed this life, much lamented by the whole Army, and was decently, through privately, buried next morning. The number killed, wounded and left on the Field, as appeared by the returns form the different companies, was more than another, except the Grenadier Companies and Carpenters; from out of Colonel Dunbar's Grenadiers, who were 79 complete that day, only 9 returned untouched, and out of 70 of Halket's, only 13. Amongst the rest, I believe I may say the Seamen did their duty, for out of 33, only 15 escaped untouched: and every Grenadier Officer either killed or wounded. Our loss that day consisted of 4 field pieces, 3 howitzers, and 2 wagons, with Cohorns, togeather with the 51 carriages of provisions and Ammunition, &c., and Hospital stores, and the General's private chest with 1000pds in it, and about 200 horses with officers baggage.

We halted and broak and distroyed all the Ammunition and provisions and Buried them in the ground. The Reason for distroying them was because we wanted the wagons to Carry the Wounded. The Horses dying so fast oblig'd us to fire about a hundred for want of horses to draw them


July 11, 1755
Some waggons, provisions, and hospital stores arrived. As soon as the wounded were dressed, and the men had refreshed themselves, we retreated to Colonel Dunbar's Camp, which was near Rock Fort. The road on the other side of the Yoxhio Geni for the refreshment of any men who might have lost their way in the woods. Upon our arrival at Colonel Dunbar's camp, we found it in the greatest confusion some of his men had gone off upon hearing of our defeat and the rest seemed to have forgot all discipline. Several of our detachment had not stopped 'till they had reached this camp.
It was found necessary to clear some waggons for the wounded, many of whom were in a desperate situation; and as it was impossible to remove the stores, the Howitzer shells, some twelve pound shot, powder, and provisions, were destroyed or buried.

The wounding of General Braddock

The wounding of General Braddock


July 10, 1755
We marched all that night, and the next day, and about ten o'clock that night we got to Gist's plantation.

(Br. Officer 1)
On leaving Col; Dunbar's party at ye meadows, the General had given him orders to remove to Guests, about 50 miles from ye place of Action, but having a great number of carriages & vary bad Horses he could not reach within 12 miles of the place; however by means of an express, we met with provisions a few miles from his Camp where we halted the next night & joyned next Morning. Provisions & rest were very seasonable for the Men not having of either for 48 hours. The Men of Coll: Dunbars party hearing of our defeat, were extreamly frightened, nay so much so, that upon seeing 2 or 3 of our own Indians returning, the greatest part began to run away; but were stopp'd when they were convinced of their mistake.
Coll: Dunbar having had charge of ye: ammunition & provision except wt: we had taken with us, & not having Horses to carry them back to ye: Fort, he was obliged to destroy the whole, except a little they preserved to support the Men to ye: Fort: they brake all ye Shells, buried the shott, burned all ye: composition, provision & wagons.
Our remains retreated all night, and got to Col. Dunbars Camp the next day, which was near 50 miles from the field of action, and then the General ordered Col. Dunbar to prepare for a retreat, in order to which they were obliged to destroy all the Ammunition and provisions they could not possibly carry, and the reason of so much was the absolute necessity there was for a number of waggons to carry the wounded officers and men: the General's pains increased in such a manner-for he was shot through the arm into the body-togeather with the great uneasinesss he was under.

An important event of the French and Indian War (1754-1763) was commissioned in 1903 by Robert Laird McCormick, presiden...

An important event of the French and Indian War (1754-1763) was commissioned in 1903 by Robert Laird McCormick, president of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Charles Langlade, the Green Bay fur trader is on the left directing the attack with Indians from Wisconsin and Michigan (Ottawa, Chippewa, Menominee, Winnebago, Pottawatomie, and Huron). The commander-in-chief of the British Army in America, General Edward Braddock, is just falling from his horse, and Major George Washington is catching its bridle.
(Courtesy of the Wisconsin Historical Society)


July 9, 1755
The whole marched agreeably to the Orders before mentioned, and about 8 in the morning the General made the first crossing of the Monongahela by passing over about one hundred and fifty men in the front, to whom followed half the carriages. Another party of one hundred and fifty men headed the second division; the horses and cattle then passed, and after all the baggage was over, the remaining troops, which till then possessed the heights, marched over in good order.
The General ordered a halt, and the whole formed in their proper line of march.
When we had moved about a mile, the General received a note from Lieutenant Colonel Gage acquainting him with his having passed the river without any interruption, and having posted himself agreeably to this orders.
When we got to the other crossing, the bank on the opposite side not being yet made passable, the artillery and baggage drew up along the beach, and halted 'till one, when the General passed the detachment of the 44th, with the picket of the right. The artillery waggons and carrying horses followed; and then the detachment of the 48th, with the left pickets, which had been posted during the halt upon the heights.
When the whole had passed, the General again halted, till they formed according the (annexed)plan.
It was now two o'clock, and the advanced party under Lieutenant Colonal Gage and the working party under Sr John St Clair were ordered to march on 'till three. No sooner were the pickets upon their respective flanks, and the word given to march, but we heard an excessive quick and heavy firing in the front. The General imagining the advanced parties were very warmly attacked, and being willing to free himself from the incumbrance of the baggage, order'd Lieutenant Colonel Burton to reinforce them with the vanguard, and the line to halt. According to this disposition, eight hundred men were detached from the line, free from all embarrassments,, and four hundred were left for the defence of the Artillery and baggage, posted in such manner as to secure them from any attack or insults.
The General sent forward an Aid de Camp to bring him an account of the nature of attack, but the firing continuing, he moved forward himself, leaving Sr Peter Halket with the command of the baggage. The advanced detachments soon gave way and fell back upon Lieutenant Colonel Burton's detachment, who was forming his men to face a rising ground upon the right. The whole were now got togeather in great confusion. The colours were advanced in different places, to separate the men of the two regiments. The General ordered the officers to endeavor to form the men, and to tell them off into small divisions and to advance with them; but neither entreaties nor threats could prevail.
The advance flank parties, which were left for the security of the baggage, all but one ran in. The baggage was then warmly attacked; a great many horses, and some drivers were killed; the rest escaped by flight. Two of the cannon flanked the baggage, and for some time kept the Indians off; the other cannon, which were disposed of in the best manner and fired away most of their ammunition, were of some service, but the spot being so woody, they could do little or no execution.
The enemy had spread themselves in such a manner, that they extended from front to rear, and fired upon every part.
the place of action was covered with large trees, and much underwood upon the left, without any opening but the road, which was about twelve foot wide. At the distance of about two hundred yards in front and upon the right were two rising grounds covered with trees.
When the General found it impossible to persuade them to advance, and no enemy appeared in view; and nevertheless a vast number of officers were killed, by exposing themselves before the men; he endeavored to retreat them in good order; but the panick was so great that he could not succeed. During this time they were loading as fast as possible and firing in the air. At last Lieutenant Colonel Burton got together about one hundred of the 48th regiment, and prevailed upon them, by the General's order, to follow him toward the rising ground on the right, but he being disabled by his wounds, they faced about to the right, and returned.
When the men had fired away all their ammunition and the General and most of the officers were wounded, they by one common consent left the field, running off with the greatest precipitation. About fifty Indians pursued us to the river, and killed several men in the passage. The officers used all [possible endeavors to stop the men, and to prevail upon them to rally' but a great number of them threw away their arms and ammuntion, and even their cloaths, to escape the faster.
About a quarter of a mile on the other side the river, we prevailed upon near one hundred of them to take post upon a very advantageous spot, about two hundred yards from the road. Lieutenant Colonel Burton posted some small parties and centinels. We intended to have kept possession of that ground, 'till we could have been reinforced. The General and some wounded officers remained there about an hour, 'till most of the men run off. From that place, the General sent Mr Washington to Colonel Dundar with orders to send waggons for the wounded, some provision, and hospital stores; to be escorted by two youngest Grenadier companies, to meet him at Gist's plantation, or nearer, if possible. It was found impracticable to remain here, as the General and officers were left almost alone. we there fore retreated in the best manner we were able. After we had passed the Monongahela the second time, were were joined be Lieutenant Colonel Gage, who had rallied near 80 men. We marched all that night, and the next day, and about ten o'clock that night we got to Gist's plantation.


887 Jumonville Rd
Hopwood, PA

General information

In November 1753, 21-year-old George Washington first traveled an old Native American path over the rugged Appalachian Mountains. It was called "Nemacolin’s Path," and began at the junction of Wills Creek and the Potomac River, at the site of present-day Cumberland, Maryland. The path then traversed a series of mountain peaks through endless forest to the Forks of the Ohio, the meeting place of the Allegheny, Monongahela, and Ohio Rivers (now Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania). Washington traveled as an emissary on behalf of Virginia. He carried an order for the French military to withdraw from the fertile Ohio Country, which had been claimed by both the British and French crowns. Many tribes of Native Americans, primarily the Six Nations of the Iroquois and the Delawares, also claimed these lands. All sides were willing to shed blood to secure their rights. When negotiations between Washington and his French counterparts failed, the three empires prepared for war. Washington traveled Nemacolin’s Path a second time in the spring of 1754, leading a band of Virginia militia in an effort to forcefully expel the French military, which had seized the Forks of the Ohio.Washington fought the French twice in 1754, at the Jumonville Glen, and at the battle of Great Meadows or Fort Necessity. In the latter engagement, Washington surrendered to the French after taking heavy casualties. In 1755 the Nemacolin Path became "Braddock’s Road" in honor of British Gen. Edward Braddock, who led a costly expedition against the French Fort Duquesne at the Forks of the Ohio. Gen. Braddock widened the path into a 110-mile road for his army of siege guns, field pieces, 200 wagons, and 2,200 troops. It was an epic maneuver in a summer plagued by heat and drought.


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Does anyone have any maps of the route the troops took after they crossed the Yough at Connellsville? Or the location or the east encampment?
HEAR YE! HEAR YE! 2020 BRPA Seminar - 6-7 Nov! 2020 SEMINAR SCHEDULE Due to the unprecedented impact of Covid 19, we are holding a “virtual seminar” this year. All presentations will be online and hosted at Fort Ligonier, where a live panel will also gather for Saturday’s final session. Upon registration, you will be sent a link to log in to the online session that start at 10 AM on Saturday. We have reduced the registration fees accordingly, but want you to know that all proceeds above the costs of this event will be donated to our partner historic sites: Jumonville, Fort Ligonier, the Braddock’s Battlefield History Center, and Fort Necessity National Battlefield. With loss of visitor revenues, this year more than ever, it is vitally important that we do so. Friday Night Teaser – November 6, 2020 7:00 pm We will post info on speakers, book sales, and support options for our partner history sites to our BRPA page at 7:00 pm. After that we will launch a virtual tour of the Braddock Road from Fort Necessity. Saturday – Nov. 7, 2020 10:00 am Opening Remarks by Dr. Walter Powell 10:15 am 1st Session – Dr. Michael McConnell – Topic – The Treaty of Easton and the Forbes Campaign: Some Considerations 11:00 am Follow-up panel discussion with Dr. Erica Nuckles and Doug Cubbison 11:15 pm Announcements and Logistics 11:30 pm Lunch Break 1:00 pm 2nd Session – Colonel Sam Russell, Topic – Coulon de Villiers Family 1:45 pm Follow-up panel discussion with Dr. David Preston, Dr Walter Powell, Colonel Sam Russell, and Brian Reedy 2:00 pm Closing Remarks OUR SEMINAR SPEAKERS DR. MICHAEL MCCONNELL Michael is History Professor Emeritus at the University of Alabama–Birmingham. A native of Western Pennsylvania with a lifetime interest in the French and Indian War, he is the author of “A Country Between: The Upper Ohio Valley and Its People, 1724-1774” (Nebraska, 1992), “Army & Empire: British Soldiers on the American Frontier, 1758-1775” (Nebraska, 2004), and forthcoming “To Risk It All: General Forbes, the Capture of Fort Duquesne, and the Course of Empire in the Ohio Country” (University of Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 2020). COLONEL SAMUEL RUSSELL Colonel Sam Russell(USA, Ret) had 29 years of active service with the United States Army. He is a graduate of the Virginia Military Institute, the Army’s Command and General Staff College, and the Army War College. He is the editor of “Coulon de Villiers: An Elite Military Family of New France (Russell Martial Research,: 2018). 2020 SEMINAR COST The cost for the seminar is based on a household, regardless of how many people are logged in to the seminar. You can save some money if you register by October 24th. If reserved by October 24th $40/household $20/student If reserved after October 24th $50/household $25/student
The expertise and knowledge of the period.
Could you tell me where the photo is taken from the top of the page?
"On Saturday, August 11, 2018, at 2:00 PM, the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center in Carlisle, Pennsylvania will host Dr. David L. Preston to present a lecture based on his award-winning book, Braddock’s Defeat: The Battle of the Monongahela and the Road to Revolution. Dr. Preston will be accompanied by two experts on the French and Indian War in an extended roundtable event." At the Army Heritage and Education Center, here in Carlisle, PA: