The Hawaiian Kingdom was overthrown 127 years ago. The following is the documented timeline #OnThisDay in 1893:
In the morning, Sanford B. Dole submitted his resignation as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court and accepted the Presidency of the Provisional Government.
The Queen’s Cabinet then called on U. S. Minister John L. Stevens and asked him again to support the Queen, which he refused to do. Stevens also hinted that U. S. troops might get involved if the Provisional Government or their supporters were attacked.
In the mid-afternoon on the makai steps of Aliiolani Hale, Henry E. Cooper read the proclamation overthrowing the monarchy and establishing a Provisional Government.
At 3:00 pm, James S. Walker informed the Queen of the proclamation and the opposition’s request for her abdication. Her Majesty refused.
The Queen’s cabinet along with S. M. Damon and J.O. Carter then met with the Queen, who yielded authority under protest to the U.S. Government and subsequently sent a letter to U.S. President Benjamin Harrison appealing for justice.
U. S. Minister John L. Stevens was forced into retirement for his actions during these five day in January of 1893.
Pictured: Liliuokalani in 1892.