#OTD 15 May 1942: President Roosevelt signs bill into law, creating the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC), the women's branch of the United States Army. The unit was converted to full status as the WAC on 1 July 1943. Learn more: http://bit.ly/2HiidEC
Just one of MANY things to do at this coming Saturday's Armed Forces & National Police Celebration - get your caricature done in your favorite military or police uniform! Join us at the National Cryptologic Museum on 5/18 from 10am to 3pm for tons of entertainment, hands-on activities, fun, food, and prizes! Get more details: bit.ly/2CLBzAt
#OTD 13 May 1930: The first Japanese linguist, John Hurt, was hired by U.S. Army's Signals Intelligence Service. He had a genius flair for languages & made an invaluable contribution to the nation's cryptologic effort. Photo: Hurt stands 3rd from left: http://bit.ly/2VpSl3r
Wishing a very Happy Mother's Day to ALL the Moms out there! Military or not, thank you for all you do in that all-important role as Mom!
Only ONE week until the annual Armed Forces & National Police Celebration on Sat. 5/18. Join us from 10am-3pm at the National Cryptologic Museum. SO MUCH to do and see. Lots of hands-on activities. Remember to stop by the NCMF table for crypto-goodies!: bit.ly/2CLBzAt
#OTD 10 May 1927: Elizebeth S. Friedman became a cryptanalyst for the Bureau of Prohibition. The U.S. Coast Guard credits her with deciphering over 12,000 encoded radio missions & calls her “one of the most remarkable women to ever work for the U.S. Government.”: http://bit.ly/2Vg4ZNS
The Armed Forces & National Police Celebration is right around the corner - Saturday, 18 May! Join us from 10am to 3pm at the National Cryptologic Museum for this annual celebration with SO MUCH to do and see. There is truly something for everyone to enjoy! The USMC Silent Drill Platoon will be performing, plus there will be numerous exciting demonstrations and hands-on activities. The NCMF will be sponsoring the snowball stand, a crypto-raffle, and a special NCMF bag giveaway. Get details: bit.ly/2CLBzAt
#OTD 4 May 1942: 29 Navajos reported to Fort Defiance, Arizona, the first of roughly 400 to be trained as Code Talkers. The #CodeTalkers developed a code (based upon their own language) that became invaluable & saved thousands of lives. In 2013, the Native American Code Talkers were the first to be inducted as a group into the Cryptologic Hall of Honor. Learn more: http://bit.ly/2L5QD2y
Limited time remains to register for the 10 May 2019 Henry F. Schorreck Lecture Speaker Series: GCHQ 1919-2019: Reflections at the Start of Our Second Century, presented by Tony Comer, GCHQ Historian. Pre-registration is required: bit.ly/2IIdJeo
#OTD 1 May 1943: GC&CS activated the Heath Robinson Machine - predecessor to the Colossus. It was named after Heath Robinson - a British cartoonist and illustrator best known for designing fantastically complicated machines - as evidenced by the image here of his pancake-making machine!: http://bit.ly/2VvWmml
#OTD 1 May 1960: U-2 recon plane piloted by Francis Gary Powers was shot down over the Soviet Union. He was held prisoner in the Soviet Union for 21 months before his release as part of a "spy exchange."
In 2012, more than 50 years after the shoot-down, Powers was posthumously awarded the Silver Star for exhibiting 'exceptional loyalty' during long & intense interrogations while being held by the KGB and the Soviet Union for nearly 2 years.
His story is told in the Cold War section of the National Cryptologic Museum. A collage of photos from the exhibit is pictured here. The exhibit includes a fragment from the U-2.
In April 2018, the National Cryptologic Museum (NCM) was honored to welcome Francis Gary Powers Jr. at the end of April 2018 when he escorted a group from Senior Outdoor Adventures in Recreation for a tour of the museum. Gary Jr. is Founder and Chairman Emeritus of The Cold War Museum in Midlothian, Virginia. More info: http://bit.ly/2GPM7B0
Every year at the Eagle Alliance hosted Crypto Cup Golf Tournament - the Spy Hole generates a lot of laughs. This year's tournament is on 28 June and registration and payment are due by 7 June. Sponsorships are limited, so grab one now. There are always great raffle prizes, plus lots of fun & friendly competition on the course. The Crypto Cup benefits the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation and we hope to see you there. Get more details: bit.ly/2Ysz8fx
Love solving puzzles, logic problems, or brain teasers? Johns Hopkins APL invites you to participate in a fun & exciting new study designed to explore crowdsourced reasoning. Learn more about the Create Better Reasoning study & get involved now: http://bit.ly/2GDVAu4
#OTD 27 April 1964: DoD established DEFSMAC (Defense Special Missile & Astronautics Center). In 2002 “Astronautics” changed to “Aerospace.” With a headquarters at NSA, the joint NSA-DIA-NGA mission is to coordinate the collection of intelligence info from foreign missiles & satellites. You can learn much more about DEFSMAC’s mission and history in the Center for Cryptologic History publication “In the Forefront of Foreign Missile and Space Intelligence,” by Richard L. Bernard: http://bit.ly/2Gnp5jH
#OTD 23 April 1869: Birthday of cryptologic machine designer Edward Hebern. Hebern's five-rotor cipher machine is cryptologically significant as part of the overall evolution of U.S. manufactured rotor devices. The NCM has two very rare five-rotor Hebern cipher machines in its collection: http://bit.ly/2IM13BF
#OTD 19 April 1862: Confederate Signal Corps established. The Corps performed tactical & strategic communications, including electromagnetic telegraphy & aerial telegraphy ("wig-wag" signals). It also had a covert intelligence agency, the Secret Service Bureau. Remember to visit the Revolutionary Secrets exhibit at the National Cryptologic Museum: http://bit.ly/2WTbs2s
#OTD On 18 April 1943, U.S. forces shot down the aircraft carrying the Commander-in-Chief of the combined fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto. Cryptanalysis played a key role in this event. Image info: A P-38G Lightning of the 339th Squadron, 347th Fighter Group, shoots down a G4M1 bomber carrying Pearl Harbor mastermind Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto on April 18, 1943. (c. Jack Fellows, ASAA): http://bit.ly/2VNOWI7
#OTD 17 April 1942: Intercepts by Station HYPO (led by Capt. Joseph Rochefort -pictured here) revealed Japanese plans to attack Port Moresby, thus, allowing for Allied defense: http://bit.ly/2UFUack
#OTD 15 April 1969: On this date, 31 US Navy & Marine Corps personnel were killed when a Navy EC-121 (tail code PR-21 and radio call sign Deep Sea 129) was shot down by North Korean MiGs over the Sea of Japan: http://bit.ly/2G5aR7X
Have you seen the most recent video from the National Cryptologic Museum? Learn more about the many resources available at the NCM and get some behind the scenes details about how artifacts are selected: http://bit.ly/2D9zZZz
We are pleased to announce that in recognition of his notable impact on the field of cyber security, NCMF BoD member and former DIRNSA Kenneth Minihan will be inducted into the Cyber Security Hall of Fame - Class of 2019. Congratulations on this prestigious award!: http://bit.ly/2Vu76hJ
#OTD 8 April 1950: A US Navy PB4Y-2 Privateer was shot down over the Baltic Sea. In addition to other missions, privateers were used by the Navy for signals intelligence (SIGINT) flights. The crew of 10 sailors were reported missing in action on 9 April 1950. Each of the crew members were posthumously awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. It is believed that aircrew members of flight 59645 were captured and held in Soviet Gulags until their death: http://bit.ly/2G7e1bz
Have you SAVED THE DATE for the annual Armed Forces and National Police Celebration at the National Cryptologic Museum? Join us 18 May 2019 from 10am to 3pm for tons of great activities. Bring the whole family for a fun and educational day. Learn more: http://bit.ly/2CLBzAt
As we close out #WomensHistoryMonth2019 - if you are looking for inspirational reading for young women in your life, especially those aspiring in STEM fields - check out "Women in Science" by Rachel Ignotofsky. We have added it to our Cryptologic Bytes archives. We have always loved her illustration work featuring the incomparable Grace Hopper! Learn more: http://bit.ly/2V6042w
In case you missed this post from the Museum - what an appropriate way to celebrate #WomensHistoryMonth - with a former U.S. Navy WAVE! Ms. Betty Bemis Robarts recently visited the NCM before attending a reunion of women codebreakers in Washington, DC. Here she is reminiscing about working on rotors that would become part of the Bombe machine!
WAVE Visits NCM
Former U.S. Navy WAVES Betty Bemis Robarts visited the museum today before attending tomorrow's reunion of women code breakers to be held in Washington, D.C. Mrs. Robarts joined the Navy in 1943 as one of the first 600 WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service) to work on the German U-Boat 4-Rotor solution. At 96 years old, she vividly remembered how she joined the service while attending college, went to boot camp in New York, and then joined the ranks at Dayton, Ohio, Building 26, where she soldered wires to rotors that would become part of the U.S. Navy Cryptanalytic Bombe. She spoke of the secrecy in which they worked and her comradery with the other women with whom she worked.
Love to GOLF? Love cryptology & cybersecurity? Come out to support the NCMF at the 2019 Eagle Alliance Crypto Cup on 28 June in Pasadena, MD. It's always a great time & for a great cause. Register to play, sponsor a team, or donate a raffle prize!: http://bit.ly/2Ysz8fx
It's still #WomensHistoryMonth - so how about a salute for the U.S. Navy WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service) who worked day and night helping to solve German Enigma messages during World War II. Learn more about these dedicated and patriotic women, as well as many others who made invaluable contributions: http://bit.ly/2TAkhQp
UPDATE 3/25 - PLEASE NOTE- registration is closed now as seats are filled. Thank you! Tomorrow 3/25 COB is the deadline to register for our Spring Cryptologic Program on 27 March. The program features Mr. Rick Estberg, whose presentation is based on his book, "Berlin Daze," which recounts his unique experiences in walled West Berlin, both as an Army NCO & an NSA civilian. Registration is $25 and includes lunch. A book-signing will also follow the presentation: bit.ly/2WaXfyh
#OTD 22 March 1962: Overcoming significant challenges, ASA flew its first airborne radio direction finding mission in Vietnam. With the ASA's fledgling ARDF capability, the 3d RRU could now provide much improved SIGINT support to the South Vietnamese Army: http://bit.ly/2CakSOY
How about a #WomensHistoryMonth salute for the "Hello Girls" of WWI?! The men of the Army’s Signal Corps constructed telephone lines along the front, but it women who connected the calls between major entities of the Allied effort, working even on the “fighting lines.” These professional female telephone operators became the first American women to serve in an official capacity in any sort of combat role in the U.S. military. The women’s bravery and excellence in the American Expeditionary Forces advanced the boundaries of women in the military and paved the way for increased participation in future conflicts. For much more, check out "The Hello Girls: America's First Women Soldiers," by Elizabeth Cobbs. Learn more: http://bit.ly/2TAkhQp
So here's a #WomensHistoryMonth trivia question for you. Do you know which famous "woman of cryptology" was also a Shakespeare enthusiast? She even co-authored a book about Shakespearean ciphers. Learn more about all of these amazing women: http://bit.ly/2TAkhQp
In honor of #WomensHistoryMonth - we invite you to revisit this special 2018 guest post for the Smithsonian Air & Space Museum's website, written by the National Cryptologic Museum's Lou Leto and Jen Wilcox - "WWII Women Cracking the Code.": http://bit.ly/2ChTe2B
Here are a few of the books featured on our page celebrating female pioneers in cryptology and related fields. Plus there are lots of articles to explore. Visit today and get inspired: http://bit.ly/2TAkhQp
March is moving fast....we hope have you registered for our 27 March Cryptologic Program featuring Mr. Rick Estberg. Rick's presentation will be based on his book, "Berlin Daze," which recounts his unique experiences in walled West Berlin, both as an Army NCO & an NSA civilian. $25 for members and guests - includes lunch. A book signing will also take place after the presentation. Register now: bit.ly/2WaXfyh
#OTD 8 March 1954: USAFSS started its Airborne Reconnaissance Program. It began with one RB-29 flying missions in the Far East in April 1954. USAFSS also had personnel serving as operators aboard 343d Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron RB-50G ECM aircraft: http://bit.ly/2HbSiQu
Dive into Women's History Month with a visit to our page celebrating female pioneers in cryptology and related fields. Get inspired by these innovative women & their invaluable contributions: bit.ly/2TAkhQp #WomensHistoryMonth
#OTD 6 March 1924: William Friedman testified before a Senate committee regarding coded telegrams exchanged during the Teapot Dome scandal (the scandal involved secret leasing of U.S. government-owned lands to private developers in exchange for bribes): http://bit.ly/2XBZbk2
#OTD 5 March 1942: Commander Joseph Rochefort & his Station HYPO team began reading Japanese JN-25. Breaking the code was daunting. The code consisted of approximately 45,000 five-digit numbers, each number representing a word or phrase. For transmission, the five-digit numbers were super-enciphered using an additive table. Breaking the code meant using mathematical analysis to strip off the additive, then analyzing usage patterns over time, determining the meaning of the five-digit numbers. By June of 1942, however, Rochefort's staff was able to make educated guesses regarding the Japanese Navy's crucial next move.: http://bit.ly/2VCOOL4
The CCH sponsored 2019 Henry F. Schorreck Lecture Speaker Series: GCHQ 1919-2019: Reflections at the Start of Our Second Century, presented by Tony Comer, GCHQ Historian, will take place on 10 May 2019 from 4:00-6:00pm at the National Cryptologic Museum in Ft. Meade, MD.
ABOUT THE PRESENTATION: Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) was created in 1919 right after World War I. First known as the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS), it would run the successful (and now very famous) Bletchley Park codebreaking facility north of London during World War II. Shortly after the war (1946), it would adopt its current name. In his presentation, Mr. Comer will offers stories and perspective about this historic organization—and about that special US-UK cryptologic relationship, first established in February 1941. A full house is anticipated, thus pre-registration is required. Get more details about the program and registration: http://bit.ly/2IIdJeo
#OTD 2 March 1971: Death of U.S. cryptologic pioneer Colonel Parker Hitt. His work, "The Manual for the Solution of Military Ciphers," published in 1916, was the first work of its kind in the United States in 100 years and laid the foundation for the nation's impressive cryptologic achievements during the 20th century. Hitt's work also directly influenced William and Elizebeth Friedman, who referred to him as the "father of modern American cryptology.":"http://bit.ly/2SUEBwB
#OTD 1 March 1971: A U.S. Army UH-1 Huey (LEFT BANK) helicopter was shot down near Dambe, Cambodia. All aboard the helicopter were killed. The mission crew, SP5 Gary David and SP4 Frank Sablan, both Radio Intercept Operators, were assigned to the 371st Radio Research Company. The flight crew, WO1 Paul Black and WO1 Robert Uhl, were from the 1st Cavalry Division. The 371st RRC's mission was to provide combat information to the division commander in pursuit of his war-fighting mission. They intercepted enemy radio transmissions and fixed the transmission location through triangulation. This was then reported to the division for combat action. The UH-1 was configured with radio direction finding equipment and was unarmed when it was shot down. (Photo from Army.mil) bit.ly/CryptologicDates
"Kent Gave Her Life "Serving in Silence" - Read the NSA press release regarding today's ceremony (Feb 28th) to honor Navy Senior Chief Cryptologic Technician (Interpretive) Shannon M. Kent and add her name to the Cryptologic Memorial Wall: http://bit.ly/2H6ULfg
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As we close out 2018, we are so thankful for all of you who helped the Museum to celebrate it's 25th anniversary year, and for everyone who continues to provide support to the Foundation. Your donations, membership, program attendance, time spent volunteering, Crypto Cup participation, support of the New Museum Project (Cyber Center for Education & Innovation), and your efforts to spread the word about our mission are deeply valued and appreciated. We look forward to seeing you in 2019! Have a safe & happy new year!