Pritzker Military Museum & Library

Pritzker Military Museum & Library The PMML features books, exhibits, live webcasts, and audio podcasts about the military history and affairs.
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Online services available; Pickup available

#OnThisDay in 1864, the northern half of General Ulysses S. Grant’s Sixth Offensive played out in the Battle of Fair Oak...
10/27/2020

#OnThisDay in 1864, the northern half of General Ulysses S. Grant’s Sixth Offensive played out in the Battle of Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road, also known as the Second Battle of Fair Oaks.

General Grant instructed Benjamin Butler, commander of the Army of the James, to operate against the Confederates defending Richmond. Stressing the importance of pushing the Confederates left and avoiding any attacks against entrenchments, Butler’s objective was to draw off as many men as possible, forcing them to the north side of the James. The idea was that this would have allowed the Army of the Potomac to gain ground southwest of Petersburg - a strategy Grant employed numerous times before with varied success.

On October 27th, Butler’s Army of the James fought hard in an attempt to turn the left flank of the Confederate line guarding Richmond. The Tenth Corps probed slightly to the right and moved from the New Market Road onto the Darbytown Road to mask the main attack. The main attack was taken by the Eighteenth Corps, moving far to the right onto the Williamsburg Road and delving west.

The Tenth Corps explored the more established Confederate lines near the Darbytown Road, and under pressure for results, made an ill-conceived attack that was predictably disastrous, and didn’t even hold the Confederates’ whole attention. Confederate LTG James Longstreet ordered Field’s division from the First Corps to march quickly to the left towards Williamsburg Road in an effort to prevent that flank from being turned. Components of the division arrived in time to fight off the Union attack by the two divisions of the Eighteenth Corps.

Ill-conceived and unnecessary, the assault was accompanied by the Eighteenth Corps attack, in which elements of the all-Black 3rd Division assaulted northwest down the Nine Mile Road, eventually coming upon Gary’s Cavalry Brigade. The Confederates drove off the attack and when everything was said and done, the Eighteenth Corps lost over 1,000 men to uncoordinated attacks.

In the end, it was a bloody disaster for Butler. The Army of the James lost over 1,600 men, compared to the 100 their Confederate counterparts endured. The endeavor, and Butler’s inability to listen to direct orders, cost 1,603 Union and about 100 Confederate casualties. Although a Freeman marker stands on the site along Williamsburg Road, the grounds were unfortunately lost to development.

Learn more about the 1st and 2nd Battle of Fair Oaks: https://bit.ly/34wzN4v

As COVID cases and positivity rates rise across the state of Illinois, the Museum & Library would like to remind everyon...
10/26/2020

As COVID cases and positivity rates rise across the state of Illinois, the Museum & Library would like to remind everyone to continue exercising all appropriate levels of caution with regard to COVID-19.

Admission to the Museum & Library is still FREE as we work through these difficult times and continue to keep capacity limited to 25% or 50 people. The safety of our community, patrons, members and staff is still our most important priority. With this in mind, and safety protocols in place, the Museum & Library looks forward to continue offering a safe place for our visitors.

1. Masks are mandatory when entering the Monroe Building
2. New hours of operation will be in effect to maintain cleanliness and social distancing
3. Entrance and exit protocols will be in effect to adhere to social distancing
4. In the Museum & Library, the library stacks and 3rd floor exhibits will be closed to the public
5. Food and beverage will not be allowed in the space
6. Library Express Services will be offered to members only
7. Virtual services will be maintained

Our current service hours: Tues - Sat: 10 a.m.– 4 p.m. Mon & Sun: Closed

In alignment with state guidelines, we continue to require patrons and staff to wear masks at all times within the library and ask that returned materials be placed in the book drop box and not handed directly to staff. Signs are posted throughout the exhibit floor to keep patrons moving in a single direction to adhere to social distancing and promote flow. Hand sanitizer is available for public use.

We continue to update our website and social media with changes to service. Thank you and stay safe!

#OnThisDay in 1911 the first aerial reconnaissance mission is flown by an Italian pilot over Turkish lines during the It...
10/23/2020

#OnThisDay in 1911 the first aerial reconnaissance mission is flown by an Italian pilot over Turkish lines during the Italo-Turkish War.

In the years that lead to World War I, Italy aggressively pursued claims to areas in Africa that were once part of the Roman Empire. At the time, Libya was the only other territory in Africa that Italy had a chance of controlling because it was yet to be claimed by another European power.

In the late 19th and early 20th century as Italian colonial fervor rose, the Ottoman Empire endured a steady decline. Italian officials sent an ultimatum to the Ottoman Empire on September 28th, 1911 and although negotiations took place, Italy ultimately declared war the following day.

The conflict, which became known as the Italo-Turkish War, lasted a year and eventually led to an Italian victory and Italian control over Libya. The war gave life to its share of technological advancements - including the airplane. #OnThisDayInHistory, the first aerial reconnaissance mission occurred, with Captain Carlo Maria Piazza flying a Blériot XI over Tripolitania. The conflict also witnessed the first aerial bomb dropped on November 1st, both by an Italian aircraft. At the time, the Turks did not have anti-air defenses and became the first to shoot down an aircraft with rifle fire alone – imagine that!

Despite this conflict being minimal in itself, it was a significant precursor to World War I that not only weakened the Ottomans further, but also sparked a surge in nationalism among the Balkans that caused the Balkan League to declare war on the Turks before the war had ended.

See more about aerial reconnaissance on our website: https://bit.ly/3mf12GT

10/23/2020

In this episode of This Week in Military History, Dr. Havers explore the Cuban Missile Crisis and how close the 13-day confrontation came to a nuclear conflict.

10/23/2020
Pritzker Archives & Memorial Park Center

We are excited to share this update from the Pritzker Archives & Memorial Park Center!

Join us as we kick off our virtual groundbreaking for this exciting new project in the Village of Somers, WI! Visit our website to learn more about the celebration through Veterans Day: bit.ly/PAMPC-Virtual-Groundbreaking

There's just over 2 hours left to purchase a raffle ticket towards a copy of Drawing Fire: The Editorial Cartoons of Bil...
10/22/2020
Thank you for joining us this year to celebrate the work of the Pritzker Military Museum & Library and honor the service and stories of the U.S. Armed Forces’ citizen soldiers, past and present. | Pritzker Military Museum & Library | Chicago

There's just over 2 hours left to purchase a raffle ticket towards a copy of Drawing Fire: The Editorial Cartoons of Bill Mauldin signed by actor and contributor Tom Hanks! If you're an Illinois resident, click the link below to support the PMML!

Purchase Raffle Tickets: https://bit.ly/LibertyGala2020

Thank you for joining us this year to celebrate the work of the Pritzker Military Museum & Library and honor the service and stories of the U.S. Armed Forces’ citizen soldiers, past and present.We were honored to present World War II veteran and Senator, Bob Dole, with the inaugural Citizen Soldie...

Last night’s 2020 Liberty Gala was one for the history books! Thank you to everyone that tuned in last night in support ...
10/22/2020

Last night’s 2020 Liberty Gala was one for the history books! Thank you to everyone that tuned in last night in support of the Museum & Library’s mission and vision.

Thanks to our generous friends and sponsors, we have nearly reached our $750,000 goal. Help us reach the Liberty Gala goal with a gift to the Museum & Library today! There’s also still time to enter the raffle for our new book, Drawing Fire: The Editorial Cartoons of Bill Mauldin, signed by actor, filmmaker and veterans' advocate, Tom Hanks. Raffle tickets are $25 each or 6 for $100.

** The raffle ends today at 5:00 PM (CDT) and is open to Illinois residents only. **

Make a Gift & Buy Raffle Tickets Now: https://bit.ly/LibertyGala2020

We are officially LIVE one website and Facebook in celebration of our 2020 Liberty Gala! Tune in and help support the Mu...
10/21/2020

We are officially LIVE one website and Facebook in celebration of our 2020 Liberty Gala! Tune in and help support the Museum & Library through making a donation or purchasing a raffle ticket. Click the link below! https://bit.ly/LibertyGala2020

Join us LIVE in 15 minutes as we kick off our 2020 Liberty Gala! Tune in and help support the Museum & Library through m...
10/21/2020

Join us LIVE in 15 minutes as we kick off our 2020 Liberty Gala! Tune in and help support the Museum & Library through making a donation or purchasing a raffle ticket.

We are grateful for Senator Dole's service and his belief in the dignity and duty of sacrifices during both war and peac...
10/21/2020
Bob Dole Marks WWII Anniversary with a Reflection on Sacrifice and Service

We are grateful for Senator Dole's service and his belief in the dignity and duty of sacrifices during both war and peace. We are excited to honor him tonight at the 2020 Liberty Gala!

"Not just military men and women, but all of us would be better if we adhered to the tenets of the citizen soldier."

We are 6 hours away from our gala! Join Tom Hanks, Senator Dole and the Pritzker Military Museum & Library for the 2020 ...
10/21/2020
Join us online this year as we celebrate the work of the Pritzker Military Museum & Library and honor the service and stories of the U.S. Armed Forces’ citizen soldiers, past and present. | Pritzker Military Museum & Library | Chicago

We are 6 hours away from our gala! Join Tom Hanks, Senator Dole and the Pritzker Military Museum & Library for the 2020 Liberty Gala. Buy a raffle ticket to win a copy of Drawing Fire signed by actor Tom Hanks or make a donation to help us reach out fundraising goal! Your support makes a difference!

Raffle Tickets, Donations & More: https://bit.ly/LibertyGala2020

Your browser does not support html5 video. Watch this program for free.Join now for access to hundreds more!Join NowWatch this program for free.Thank you for being a member.Join us online this year as we celebrate the work of the Pritzker Military Museum & Library and honor the service and stories o...

Join Senator Bob Dole, Tom Hanks, and other special guests for the Pritzker Military Museum & Library’s 2020 Liberty Gal...
10/20/2020

Join Senator Bob Dole, Tom Hanks, and other special guests for the Pritzker Military Museum & Library’s 2020 Liberty Gala happening tomorrow at 6 PM!

Held virtually on our website and page, this year’s Liberty Gala is free, open to all and will feature special guests including Senator Bob Dole and Actor Tom Hanks. Although we will miss seeing you in person this year, we are still thrilled to celebrate Senator Dole and citizen soldiers like him, recognizing achievements in the field of military history.

Senator Bob Dole is the inaugural recipient of the Pritzker Military Museum & Library’s Citizen Soldier Award, to be awarded tomorrow night during the Gala. Dole will be introduced by Tom Hanks, a true friend of military history. Please join us for this celebration by registering for the event in the link below!

Register: https://bit.ly/LibertyGala2020

Help support the Museum & Library by purchasing a raffle ticket during this year’s Liberty Gala!Held virtually on our we...
10/19/2020

Help support the Museum & Library by purchasing a raffle ticket during this year’s Liberty Gala!

Held virtually on our website and page, this year’s Liberty Gala is free, open to all and will feature special guests including Senator Bob Dole and Actor Tom Hanks. As part of the Liberty Gala, we have decided to host a raffle of our latest publication, Drawing Fire: The Editorial Cartoons of Bill Mauldin. The book that we will be raffling off is signed by actor and filmmaker, Tom Hanks, who participated in the book’s creation.

Please note that this raffle drawing is only open to Illinois residents, by purchasing a raffle ticket, you are certifying that you are an Illinois resident that is eligible to participate in this contest. The Pritzker Military Museum & Library can accept donations from outside Illinois, as a result only Illinois residents are eligible to participate.

We are so thrilled to offer this one of a kind item in support of the Museum & Library’s mission.

Register for the Liberty Gala: https://bit.ly/LibertyGala2020

In honor of next week’s Liberty Gala, happening Oct. 21st at 6 PM, we decided to put together a list of drinks and cockt...
10/16/2020

In honor of next week’s Liberty Gala, happening Oct. 21st at 6 PM, we decided to put together a list of drinks and cocktails that our audience can toast with during the Gala. Below are three cocktails that come from military origins – enjoy!

The Gin & Tonic originated out of British soldiers’ adaptation to make a Malaria medication more tolerable in taste. The army of the British East India Company at the height of the British Empire experienced wide spread malaria which was treated with quinine, a bitter and terrible tasting medication. To make the medication more bearable, officers started mixing theirs with sugar, lime, and gin. See the recipe below.

1-1/2 ounces Gin
1/2 ounce Fresh Squeezed Lime Juice
Tonic Water
Lime Wheel or Wedge Garnish

The Gunfire is a much less popular concoction that was given to lower ranking members of the British Army in the late 1800s with the intention of giving each soldier a bump of courage before a morning attack. More recently, during the Korean War, British troops began to introduce U.S. military policemen to the drink. See the recipe below.

1 cup of hot, black tea
1 shot of rum

Finally, it’s rumored that the Sidecar was created out of necessity for a WWII Army Captain that was having trouble beating a cold. In Paris, a bartender made this libation and named it after the motorcycle sidecar in which that Captain was usually chauffeured around in.

1-3/4 ounces Cognac
3/4 ounce Cointreau
1/2 ounce Fresh Lemon Juice
Orange Twist Garnish

Register for the Liberty Gala: https://bit.ly/LibertyGala2020

10/16/2020
Nations and Empires in the Balance: South East Asia in WWII

Today's program focuses on South East Asia in WWII. Dr. Havers is joined virtually by Wisconsin Veterans Museum Director Christopher Kolakowski to explore the mainland battles of 1944, the events that led up to those battles and how these actions influenced the world following the war. Enjoy!

10/16/2020

In this week in military history, Dr Havers looks back at WWII and explores the completion of the Burma Railroad in 1943.

Friday, October 16th at 10 AM (CDT) we will be joined by Wisconsin Veterans Museum Director Christopher L. Kolakowski fo...
10/15/2020

Friday, October 16th at 10 AM (CDT) we will be joined by Wisconsin Veterans Museum Director Christopher L. Kolakowski for a program focused on South East Asia in World War II.

As historians look back at WWII in the Pacific Theater, a great deal of attention is placed on the air and land battles that took place near and over the Pacific Ocean. However, actions in India and Burma helped decide the course of the war. This program will explore the mainland battles of 1944, the events that led up to those fights and how these actions influenced the world following the war.

This event will be a virtual livestreamed event available on our Facebook and website, learn more in the link below!

Learn more: https://bit.ly/3nxAPET

Join Senator Bob Dole, Tom Hanks, and other special guests for the Pritzker Military Museum & Library’s 2020 Liberty Gal...
10/15/2020

Join Senator Bob Dole, Tom Hanks, and other special guests for the Pritzker Military Museum & Library’s 2020 Liberty Gala!

Held virtually on our website and page, this year’s Liberty Gala is free, open to all and will feature special guests including Senator Bob Dole and Actor Tom Hanks. Although we’ll miss seeing you in person this year, we are still thrilled to celebrate Senator Dole and citizen soldiers like him, recognizing achievements in the field of military history.

Senator Bob Dole is the inaugural recipient of the Pritzker Military Museum & Library’s Citizen Soldier Award, to be awarded the night of our Gala. Dole will be introduced by Tom Hanks, a true friend of military history. Please join us for this celebration by registering for the event in the link below!

Register: https://bit.ly/LibertyGala2020

#OnThisDay in 1947 U.S. Air Force Captain Chuck Yeager became the first person to fly faster than the speed of sound.Bor...
10/14/2020

#OnThisDay in 1947 U.S. Air Force Captain Chuck Yeager became the first person to fly faster than the speed of sound.

Born in Myra, West Virginia in 1923, Yeager was a combat fighter during World War II who flew more than 60 missions over Europe. His career began as a private in the United States Army Air Forces in 1941. After serving as an aircraft mechanic, he entered enlisted pilot training in September 1942 and upon graduation was promoted to the rank of flight officer. Yeager went on to a number of aerial victories as a P-51 fighter pilot on the Western Front, where he shot down over 13 German planes. He himself was shot down over France, but fortunately escaped capture with help from the French Underground.

After the war, Yeager was among several volunteers chosen to test-fly the experimental X-1 rocket plane, built by the Bell Aircraft Company to explore the possibility of supersonic flight. For years, many aviators believed that man was not meant to fly faster than the speed of sound. However, Yeager demonstrated that safe flight at the speed of sound was achievable, breaking the barrier #OnThisDay in 1947, flying the X-1 over Rogers Dry Lake in Southern California.

During this monumental flight, the X-1 rocket plane was lifted to an altitude of 25,000 feet by a B-29 before being released through the bomb bay, rocketing to 40,000 feet and exceeding 662 miles per hour (the sound barrier at that altitude). Nicknamed “Glamorous Glennis” (after Yeager's wife), the rocket plane was designed with thin, unswept wings and a streamlined fuselage modeled after a .50-caliber bullet.

To add to Yeager’s great feat, two nights before the scheduled flight, Yeager broke two ribs falling from a horse. Worried that the injury would remove him from the mission, he saw a civilian doctor who taped his ribs. Only telling his wife, one friend and a fellow project pilot Jack Ridley about the accident, Yeager showed up for the mission in a great deal of pain, hindering his ability to seal the X-1's hatch by himself. Ridley rigged up a device, using the end of a broom handle as an extra lever, to allow Yeager to seal the hatch and move forward with his mission.

The secrecy of the project forced Bell and Yeager’s achievement to not be announced until June 1948. Yeager continued to serve as a test pilot, achieving firsts and breaking records. In fact, in 1953 he flew 1,650 miles per hour in an X-1A rocket plane. Yeager retired from the U.S. Air Force in 1975 with the rank of brigadier general. His three war active duty flying career spans more than 30 years and took him to many parts of the world, including the Soviet Union during the height of the Cold War.

We have Yeager’s autobiography available within our collection, which provides a personal glimpse at the pilot’s story, see here: https://bit.ly/318zzOW

Support the PMML: http://bit.ly/JoinPMML

Address

104 S Michigan Ave, Fl 2nd
Chicago, IL
60603

Adams/Wabash CTA elevated Monroe CTA subway

General information

Since opening in 2003, the Pritzker Military Museum & Library has produced over 300 programs including events with award-winning authors, interviews with Medal of Honor recipients, and Emmy-nominated panel discussions on military issues. Programs are presented in front of a live audience, webcast live on the Internet, and recorded for later broadcast on WYCC-TV/Channel 20 and WTTW-TW/Channel 11, PBS affiliates. Programs are also available for download as audio podcasts. Winner of the 2009 National Medal for Museum and Library Service, the Pritzker Military Museum & Library features a collection of books and films on subjects covering the full spectrum of American military history, along with military-themed posters, photographs, medals, uniforms, and other artifacts from private donors and the collection of the Library’s founder, COL (IL) J.N. Pritzker, IL ARNG (Retired).

Opening Hours

Monday 10:00 - 16:00
Tuesday 10:00 - 18:00
Wednesday 10:00 - 18:00
Thursday 10:00 - 18:00
Friday 10:00 - 16:00
Saturday 10:00 - 16:00
Sunday 12:00 - 16:00

Telephone

(312) 374-9333

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