Who is Mutaasa and Kafeero?Also the early moslem crusaders -Abajungute

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16/10/2022
16/10/2022

Owekitibwa Hajji Hassan Mutaasa Kafeero akiikilia Obuganda mu Nkole nga akyazizza owekitibwa katikiro wa Buganda Charles Peter Mayiga okugulawo ekkitebe kya Abaganda mu Ankole.

31/05/2022

HOW MEALS WERE SERVED AT SITTING TO A LARGE FAMILY OF YUSUF KAFEERO:

It’s amazing and yet true that despite this very large family composition in Yusuf Kafeero’s home, feeding at meals was at a single sitting.Big masses of cooked matooke (emiwumbo) ie mashed banana fingers wrapped in banana leaves that were lifted by ten strong men to the dining area where an old woman would serve the different sets of persons assembled as , girls,boys,vistors, elders , house helpers etc.

This method of serving and having meals had been introduced by his grandfather Adam Mutaasa who did not at any one time entertain cooking of small separate meals ( obutamu) by any individual or any of his wives at his household.This was practiced in all his children’s homes of age,as all his children were united ,ate together, played and studied together .Much heartfelt gratitude to our grandfather Adam Mutaasa for inculcating this idea of unity among his children and for endeavoring to put it into practice and urge all children thereafter and grandchildren to carry on the tradition

Our grandfather Yusuf Kafeero passed on September 19th 1971 at the age of 70years.

31/05/2022

WIVES ,CHILDREN AND VISITORS ENTERTAINED AT YUSUF KAFEERO’S HOME:

Yusuf Kafeero had many wives who bore him many children and among whom was HAJJI HASSAN MUTAASA KAFEERO,who today is a prominent businessman that has constructed numerous superb eye catching infrastructure in and around Kampala enhancing its skyline and boosting business as did his father Yusuf Kafeero,among these is Mutaasa Kafeero plaza built in memory of his father and grandfather Adam Mutaasa ,Hotels Triangle,Mutiple plaza in Gayaza and so much more.
Like his father’s home (Adam Mutaasa) Yusuf Kafeero’s home was a bee hive of human movement ,with children, grandchildren,brothers,friends and in-laws from all sides.The cries of sheep,cattle and chicken being slaughtered for sheiks,in-laws and other respectable vistors from various areas would fill the the home and village at large.

Such was the continuous movement and activity at Yusuf Kafeero’s home in and out that those who were witness still marvel about it.

30/05/2022

WHAT WAS UNIQUE AND SPECIAL ABOUT YUSUF KAFEERO’S BUSINESS AND PROSPERITY?

Yusuf Kafeero’s Bussiness brought him wealth,fame and admiration from people of Ankole, in an area that was full of grass thatched houses including county and sub-county headquarters.Yusuf Kafeero brought in an innovation of building an iron sheet roofed house! Nearly from Ngalo mwenda bridge at Mbarara upto the boarder of Ankole and Kigezi there wasn’t a sight as glamorous. Songs in praise of Yusuf Kafeero were composed and sang giving him numerous accolades.
With a ceiling in that house that the Banyakole had never seen before, many thought Yusuf Kafeero with such riches was a vampier and sucked people’s blood, exporting it for big money! They further asserted that up in the ceiling of his house,hid the blood suckers( BAGOOWA) and the tools he used for the activity.

Another mesmerizing article in Yusuf Kafeero’s surprises to Ankole and her people was a GRAMOPHONE and a Radio which they’d never seen or heard of but at Yusuf Kafeero’s. He was the only black man who possessed such sophisticated items apart from some whites and a-few Indians .His innovations didn’t stop at just western articles but he still was the first person to bring the Banana plant into Akole and also grew a banana plantation that is talked of up today.

Whenever Yusuf Kafeero went to Kampala,he brought various items of interest that were foreign to Ankole.

27/05/2022

KANGAWO KIBIRANGO MARRIES ADAM MUTAASA’S SISTER:

It’s is common knowledge that the rule of family one marries into matters, that is why the kangawo Kibirango of Bulemeezi who was highly famous during Kabaka Muteesa I,and Kabaka Mwanga II reign,admired and chose to marry Nakalika-Mukandaga-Akaliba-akendo ADAM MUTAASA’S sister ; it was ADAM MUTAASA who handed over his sister to him.

Nakalika bore kibirango a son Yusuf Waswa who who became the heir to Kangawo after he was killed in war at Rwembogo in Bunyoro in 1886. Yusuf Waswa, it should be noted that at this time ADAM MUTAASA was a young boy and at same age with waswa whom they often played together at his fathers’ courtyard as they grew up together.

Kibirango and ADAM MUTAASA were so close that he always had his name on his lips. This enabled ADAM MUTAASA to get in touch with kibirangos’ vistors among whom were the Arab Muslim traders that taught ADAM MUTAASA Islam and how to preach it to others. ADAM MUTAASA became so knowledgeable and advanced to the level of Sheik which as such had an added advantage of fluency in both written and spoke Arabic .
It’s also a fact of interest that ADAM MUTAASA was also a partner as Quran teacher with Mwalimu kanatta to Kabaka Kalema.

YUSUF KAFEERO:

The History of ADAM MUTAASAs’ ,Son Yusuf Kafeero:

Yusuf Kafeero born in 1901, is the son of the five (5) children born to ADAM MUTAASA and Lady ZAINABU NAKAYIMA.Of the five children, three were boys and two were girls, remember Zainabu Nakayima was captured during the Buganda-Buyonro war of 1885, she died on the 27th October 1933.

As a child YUSUF KAFEERO was able to learn how to read and write and was very eloquent, his education enabled him to become a famous and prolific businessman who dealt in buying and selling cattle and was actually the first man in Ankole to ferry cattle to Kampala in Buganda.

YUSUF KAFEERO’S BUSINESS AS A CATTLE TRADER:

Yusuf Kafeero had cattle trekked to Kampala on foot by herdsmen.They would spend days and nights in transit and it would take them roughly between three weeks to a month to reach Kampala their destination and market.Yusuf Kafeero usually rode a bicycle to Mbarara from his home town Kajara and board a lorry to Kampala which was the only descent means of passenger transport then.

He would wait for his herdsmen with the cattle upon reaching Kampala, sell the cattle and pack his silver and copper coins (a legal tender then) into bags made out of Japanese cloth place them into wooden suitcases and the herdsmen would carry these wooden suitcases back to his hometown village in Kajara and to the various villages that Yusuf Kafeero would buy cattle for the next resale in Kampala.
These herdsmen got permanently bald in the center of their heads as a result of their long time service in carrying these money loaded suitcases on their heads, and they were lucky still that at the time there were no highway robbers as is the case today.

At first Yusuf Kafeero dealt with Arabs but eventually started dealing with his fellow Baganda men too as they would request for cattle on credit and pay later and among the Baganda men he dealt with , the most trustworthy and faithful of them all was a man called Walusimbi Mpanga, Yusuf Kafeero supplied cattle to him,to the point that he too became stinking rich.
This cattle trade made Yusuf Kafeero outstanding and highly known far and wide.In Masaka and Ankole every Muslim knew him and many wanted to become a part of his family through marriage ties due to the fame he had accumulated and his lineage from ADAM MUTAASA , a famous sheik,county chief and brave moslem crusader.

He later combined trade with farming and owned more cattle kraals than the indigenous Bahima to which he was nick named RWEJIRA OMUHIMA.

25/05/2022

THE SCUFFLE BEFORE ADAM MUTAASA’S BURIAL:

What took place the day ADAM MUTAASA died is some thing that will always be remembered,because no battle will measure to the scuffle that was witnessed at ADAM MUTAASA’S home that day . A group that arrived from Buganda on hearing the sad news came armed to the teeth to take the body of their son back to his land Buganda,while the moslems and relatives insisted that he be buried at the county ,next to the mosque that he built on the land he donated to the Muslim community. The residents desired that he is buried at the county headquarters where he had worked diligently for a local period of time to the plight of the people before retiring, yet others wanted him buried at the sub-county headquarters since he had served there too.
Eventually after three days of hot debate, ADAM MUTAASA was laid to rest at the Mosque he personally built on a piece of land that he had offered to the moslems.

THE LINEAGE OF ADAM MUTAASA:

ADAM MUTAASA KAMYA TAMUSANGE is the fifth child of Matembe Kafeero Ssalongo of Bbira in Busiro.Matembe Kafeero Ssalongo died in Buddu when had gone to vist and was buried there.He was the grand child of Nsimbi-Egudde leader of lujja of kiwumu in Mawokota,grand son of Katwanga Mukegeya of Gunda-Mawokota,grandson of Lukwago Ssewankambo of Buwere-Mawokota leader of Lunyiriri, grandson of Sserunkungugga-miyingo of Buzaami,Bunjako,leader of sigga and grandson of chief elder Katumba who became the first Nkima clan head of kasolya hence mugema because of his wonderful services he at one time rendered to Buganda.He is at the same time the supreme Nkima clan in Buganda.

Therefore the renowned ADAM MUTAASA was a true muganda man of the Nkima clan . As mentioned earlier he was born in 1842 of Matembe Kafeero Ssalongo of Bbira,who was an official during the reign of Muteesa I in the kingdom of Buganda kisalosalo of Kago-Kyadondo and the headquarters were at Mbuya hill.

He had this child with Lady Nabbosa-Nvandiirwa Namirembe, daughter of Serunkuma of Mawokota.ADAM MUTAASA was grandson of Nsimbi Egudde who was a favorite chief in the palace of the head of the Nkima clan (the mugema)at the time.The Mugema was ruling Busiro as part of a hereditary rule,this was during the reign of Kabaka Kamanya and Kabaka Suuna of the Buganda kingdom.

ADAM MUTAASA ACCORDED REVERENCE BY HIS CHILDREN: ADAM MUTAASA was accorded high respect by all his children and whenever...
24/05/2022

ADAM MUTAASA ACCORDED REVERENCE BY HIS CHILDREN:

ADAM MUTAASA was accorded high respect by all his children and whenever one committed an offense he would be ordered by the old man to receive a lashing of the cain even if he or she was married and owned a home . ADAM MUTAASA was no sadist, sometimes he would forgive the offenders or demand a fine of goats or cattle to appease him. Such was the show of deep respect for ADAM MUTAASA by his children that even in his old age, grown ups would kneel before him while greeting him.

ADAM MUTAASA IN MOMENTS OF JOY AND ON JOURNEY AWAY FROM HOME:

Those grand children of ADAM MUTAASA who still have vivid memories of him that played in his compound,assert that while in moments of joy and happiness he would summon them and sing for them as they danced along. He would play the h**p ( endingidi) or xylophone ( amadinda) with such dexterity to the astonishment of on lookers.

Whenever he would be traveling on an overnight journey be it short or long, he would use two of his grandchildren to carry his personal belongings,one would carry his water jugs( ebinika or Nzinzimiya) , the other would carry his luggage containing bedsheets, blankets and burial sheets in case he died enroute away from home . This habit was adopted by all his children.

ADAM MUTAASA’S RESIGNATION FROM CHIEFTAINCY AND EVENTUAL DEATH:

Following Ssedulaka Sserwanga’s resignation as county chief,ADAM MUTAASA was appointed full county chief, however because of grief that his brother and friend was leaving him in a foreign land and yet his brothers in-law Mubi- Azalwa with whom they had come to Ankole had left him too after his death in 1924, coupled with advanced age,ADAM MUTAASA served briefly at the county and also later resigned going to rest.

Upon his resignation,ADAM MUTAASA was given pension,a home that formerly housed the sub-county headquarters and its extensive land there on in appreciation of his works .He finally passed on on the 8th/June/1952 at the age of 110 years at Kiyenze village Bwongyera, Kajara-Ankole.

23/05/2022

ADAM MUTAASA’S GRAND CHILDREN WIDELY SPREAD:

It is notably known that the majority of moslems in Ankole have root from ADAM MUTAASA’s circumcision razor blade or preaching and although his children are all almost deceased, the grand children and great grand children are numerous in most parts of uganda .These are majority of Muslim Baganda in Ankole,Masaka ,Jinja,Mbale and among 100 people you meet in Kampala,there is atleast one grand child of ADAM MUTAASA KAMYA TAMUSANGE WOZAMANGU.

BENEFITS THAT AROSE FROM THE ASSOCIATION WITH BAGANDA CHIEFS.

It can’t go without mention that it was ADAM MUTAASA basing on his association with the Baganda chiefs in Nkole who appealed to his colleagues that despite being in foreign lands they should never forget their motherland BUGANDA, their language,cultural norms and traditions and that these should be observed and kept well.

ADAM MUTAASA’s advice was heeded to and everything was put into practice.This is evident in the deep rooted and apparent exhibit of the Ganda traditions in places like Mabarara and in villages like Itendero-Sheema,Nyamunuka-Kajara,Kasumba-Bukanga and many other places not mentioned here,Luganda is so well spoken in these places and traditions carried out that one would be tempted to think that these are part of Buganda.

ADAM MUTAASA GAVE TOTS OF WISDOM TO HIS CHILDREN:

Weakened by old age and about to die , ADAM MUTAASA gathered all his male children and addressed them ;

"My children, remember that we came to Ankole to administer and enlighten these people,we were warmly welcomed and very liked that this made our mission easier to accomplish. We were given large and vast lands , married some of their beautiful daughters and these Ankole people have generally been good and forthcoming. But I want to earnestly remind you, that these are not our original lands and therefore any one that may one day wish to go back can do so, and those that wish to stay may stay,however they should be in rapport with the Nkole people by marrying their daughters so as to establish strong and indelible linkages of friendship that we long established with them.And it is only through such ways that you will always live in peace and harmony with them forever ”.

ADAM MUTAASA’S LEGACY IN KAKARA (ANKOLE)

During those days, for one to be a County chief he was entitled to involvement and responsibility of all developmental related activities to transform the social-economic status of the areas under his jurisdiction.And as such ADAM MUTAASA performed multiple roles vis-à-vis;Acted as judicial officer, meting out judicial duties, organizing the people to partake in the digging of communal roads , protecting wells and spring, digging pit latrines, educating locals on self care and personal hygiene,mobilizing the people on immunization against the killers diseases those days and above all mobilizing locals for adult literacy conducted at county and sub-county headquaters.
Those days motor vehicles weren’t available in Kajara and as such ADAM MUTAASA went about his duties on foot moreover wearing wooden sandals (Emikalabanda), which were the trendy footwear for chiefs back then.

A MEMORIAL MONUMENT FOR ADAM MUTAASA AT KAJARA:

Given his accomplishments that positively transformed the social and economic livelihood of the people of Kajara,authorities at the sub-county of Bwongyera decided to erect a healthy care center at the sub-county headquarters and named it MUTAASA -HOUSE.Therefore I,and on behalf of the entire Mutaasa family group wish to express our sincere appreciation to the leadership at Bwongyera sub-county especially Mr James Tnkamanyere L.C III and Mr John .W.Karazarwe L.C V Ntungamo district (2002) who even laid a foundation stone for that memorial health center.
We thank them for the gesture of appreciation that will forever remain both memorable and historical.The Baganda say,
“Okwebaza n‘okuddiza guba mwoyo”.
Translated : (Appreciation and gesture of return appreciation is an act of good spirit)

WHAT ADAM MUTAASA DID FOR LEISURE TIME

When all his administrative chores were ended at about four o’clock, ADAM MUTAASA went to the mosque where after the early evening prayer (Aswir), he taught the people the word of Allah and some times circumcised new converts to Islam. He then had sunset prayer(Magrib), after which he was escorted by his cohorts back home at Kiyenze, which is about one and a half kilometers away and of course on foot , padding on wooden sandles.
Some times when unable to get back home , he spent the night at Zaidi Mukasa’s home ( his younger brother who was popularly known as Luzundula a nick name)

On weekends(Saturday and Sunday) many converts would regroup and meet at ADAM MUTAASA’s home in Kiyenze where he and other moslems teachers would teach them the Quran.After lunch meals over the weenkends ADAM MUTAASA would then load his gun, with cohorts armed with spears and head out hunting for Buffaloes, Gazelle, Antelope and other wild animals. These hunting escapades were purely for sports and entertainment and not for game meat since at home he kept hordes of goats and chicken mostly accumulated as gifts from his subjects , and whenever he felt like cattle beef , he sent for a cow from his son Yusuf Kafeero who had lager herds of cattle and would send to (musajja mukulu) a live cow.

Given other weekends that ADAM MUTAASA wouldn’t be teaching the Quran or engaged in his hunting escapades;he had established a rule where he would meet all his grand children,young and old , and while with them he read them various verses from the Quran , played with them , gave names to the newly born and keenly observed their body features like feet, fingers, ears etc so as to ascertain whether they were of his family blood line.
A song that he sung most a-time to his grand children goes;

“Laila ailahah Mohammad rasulullah habibuna wa Mustafa wa sayidina libashali”.

And while at it he checked their body features, and for every child he approved, he retorted saying;

“Otyo ! Ono bwoya.(this one is ours indeed)”

This practice was carried on until ADAM MUTAASA was too old to see, he would on other occasions administer and arbitrate clan and family wrangles as a means of ensuring that brotherhood, harmony and togetherness prevailed in his family and clan at large.

22/05/2022

THE FIRST BAGANDA GROUP TO FLEE TO ANKOLE

In 1893,the first group to flee to Nkole went through Kooki and entered Ankole through Bukanga near the boarder with Tanzania. This group was led by Abdallah Affendi and commanded by Kawuzi Zebalaba.They settled in Bukanga and established their base there until 1907 when the Omugabe took over control of that area.
Zebalaba Kawuzi was slain in 1900 by Kanyabuzana the traditional leader of Bukanga who fled to Tanzania after this act.He was replaced by Abdallah Affendi whom the Omugabe of Ankole on taking over Bukanga made the county chief. Unlike Affendi and Kawuzi,ADAM MUTAASA and his group had entered Nkole at a later time when the Omugabe of Ankole had requested for Baganda chiefs ,while the initial group had intentions of conquest besides seeking sanctuary like the ADAM MUTAASA group however this group also intended to spread Islam in Bukanga and other areas as well, just as ADAM MUTAASA and group spread it in Rwampara-Sheema,Isingiro and Kajara.

ADAM MUTAASA LEADS THE KING’S GUARD ( EKITAASA):

By the time ADAM MUTAASA KAMYA TAMUSANGE left Buganda, he was in charge of the Kabaka’s body guards ,who ranged between 100-150 men.

These guards were solely for the Kabaka’s safety just like you would have the presidential protection unit in Uganda today.Kabaka Kalema created this group because he had excessively many enemies and growing by day,compared to his predecessors.

So he made sure that most of the EKITAASA members were either relatives or very close friends.
SInce October 1889 after Kabaka Kalema’s enthronement, his reign was characterized by strife and war, peace was so elusive and this confirmed the necessity for such guards.
Unlike Musafiri who led to the death of Kabaka Kalema’s wife(Queen) ADAM MUTAASA did his job exceptionally well that Kabaka Kalema died of only natural illness and not as result of enemy attack of sorts. ( To note:we talked of the origin of the name MUTAASA earlier that emanates from EKITAASA)

Another name ADAM MUTAASA earned from the way he executed his duties was ‘Wozamangu’ -meaning “make quick your plea”. This came about as a result of his tendency to call upon culprits to make their pleas quickly and keep time during court sessions.

WHERE DID ADAM MUTAASA FIRST ARRIVE WITH FAMILY IN ANKOLE!

ADAM MUTAASA reached Mabarara with two wives, his first wife Fatuma Birunji-okutuma and Second wife Zainabu Nakayima who was acquired during the Buganda and Buyonro wars ,who bore him his heir and elder son Saidi Wakaabu, who was ex-gombolola chief of Kasumba-Bukanga in Ankole.

ADAM MUTAASA sent him there to work as a chief when his fellow crusaders were in power and he ruled until his retirement with old age.SAIDI WAKAABU ,ADAM MUTAASA’s first born died at the age of 99 years.

It is still this lady Zainabu Nakayima that bore him YUSUF KAFEERO ,father of Hassan mutaasa Kafeero and many others . His sculpture sits in memory at the entrance of Mutaasa-Kafeero memorial shopping plaza ,plot 7 Burton street -Kampala at the entrance from Luwum street.It is his son HASSAN MUTAASA KAFEERO who constructed this shopping marvel plaza that conjoins two streets above and below called Mutaasa Kafeero plaza in memory of these two great parents.

ADAM MUTAASA on arrival in Ankole with his two wives was at Kitebero-katete and later made another home in Nyamitanga next where the school and Mosque stand today. At the time , there was no mosque in Mabarara built yet the crusaders would not stand being with out one, so ADAM MUTAASA set forth working tooth and nail to have one built and a small mud and wattle mosque was put up at Nyamitanga.But just as moslems developed and Islam spread further to many areas, a big mosque and Islamic school were later constructed and they still stand to date.

20/05/2022

THE DEATH OF ONE OF KABAKA KALEMA’S WIFE.

In the ensuing chaos and scuffle that prevailed in his Lungujja palace Kabaka Kalema’s wife was shot dead , but Kabaka Kalema survived and fled, the Kabaka who was also grievously hurt by the loss of his beloved wife, blamed his chief guard Musafiri, for failure to perform his duties as expected.
Musafiri was therefore demoted on Kabaka Kalema’s orders and was replaced by Adam Kamya Tamusaange who became head of the king’s guard called Ab’Ekitaasa (The defenders), and eventually gave rise to being called MUTAASA ( The defender) and it was a name for him!

THE FIRST FLIGHTS TO BUNYORO:

After Kabaka Kalema had fled his Lungujja palace , he regrouped with his followers and launched a ferocious attack on his enemies however he was eventually overwhelmed so he fled to Kabalega’s Bunyoro where Kabalega give him a and his followers asylum and later helped them with two hundred (200) soldiers and the same number of guns to try and retaliate; and with such a force Kabaka Kalema and his group under the command of Ssepagama, recaptured power in Buganda and built Kabaka Kalema a new palace at Nansana.

However ADAM MUTAASA says, “at the end of 1890 before we completely settled down, the enemies struck again and after a very fierce fight we were thrown out of the palace “.

In the mother of all battles, Kabaka Kalema and his group were pushed to the Buganda-Bunyoro boarder at Kijungute in Bugangaizi Bunyoro where they set camp. ADAM MUTAASA continues to say that , these catholic, Protestants and traditionalists did not leave them in peace none the less, they followed them up , attacked the group and throughly defeated them.It is during these attacks that the commanders Ssempagama and Muwuliriza were slain.

KABAKA KALEMA’S DEATH:

Engulfed by fatigue, distress and disillusionment, coupled with sickness Kabaka Kalema died camp at Kijungute- Bugangaizi-Bunyoro three days after the defeat of his group. His followers filled with grief, organized funeral prayers and he was buried there respectively, though his remains were later carried away and transferred to Mende in Busiro.

ADAM MUTAASA was in thick and thin of these wars initially as an ordinary fighter but then later appointed as in-charge of gun oiling and lubrication department ( Ekyoza Mundu ), from where he was taken into the kings guard and later promoted as leader seven moths later.

THE DISINTEGRATION AND REGROUPING LATER UNDER PRINCE NUHU MBOGO:

After Kabaka Kalema’s death( okussa omukono mungabo) in April 1890, his followers were left in disarray and highly disillusioned worsened by the continued attacks by their enemies at their camp in Kijungute ( Bugangaizi), many of them fled and his in various places in Buganda, Bunyoro and Busoga.
Those that remained in Bugangaizi later regrouped under the leadership of Nuhu MBOGO whom they elected as the Kabaka of Moslems.

All efforts of Mbogo’s group to wage a guerrilla warfare were futile as Captain Lugard and other Christian forces did not give them breathing space, as such by the end of the year 1891, they were finally completely routed from their hideouts in Bunyoro and among them was ADAM MUTAASA.

DISGUST AND CONSPIRACY MAKES NUHU MBOGO’S GROUP RETURN TO BUGANDA:

ADAM MUTAASA further narrates that in 1892, riddled by chicken pox , fatigue from war , lack of food supplies and a depleted armory combined with conspiracy, many of these defeated groups agreed and decided to return to Buganda.

He goes on to say that,
“Captain Lugard sent his emissary Ali Bey(Nubian descent) to go and lie to Nuhu Mbogo and all of us that he (Lugard) had been sent by the Sultan of Zanzibar to request us to end our warring intentions and go back to our Natete Headquarters “.
Ali Bey in that conspiracy further stated that the Kabaka then Mwanga had fled and left a power vacuum , which prince Nuhu Mbogo or any of the late Kabaka Kalema’s sons ( Alamanzani or Ndawula) could come and fill up.

ADAM MUTAASA says that,”fed on lies”, we came out of our hideouts to join in the peace arrangements with Semei Kakungulu,Sir Apollo Kagwa and others. On arrival, Captain Lugard ordered for our disarmament . The royals were given safe custody and we the crusading fighters were miserably ordered to go back to our Natete headquarter base forcefully.
That is how we crusaders first came out of exile in kijungute , he contends.

In ADAM MUTAASA’s story, he goes on to tell us that in June 1893, the disgruntled moslems with deep rooted anger after the lies that were fed to them, decided to launch and all out war on their Christian adversaries but as fate would have it they were completely defeated and a witch hunt for moslems followed.
On the orders of imperialist McAdonald, many moslems were rounded up and killed and afew that remained, once again fled from Buganda as noted formerly to the neighboring areas of Kiziba,Toro, Bunyoro, Busoga , Ankole and Kigezi.

19/05/2022

THE TENURE AND RESIGNATION OF CHIEFS IN ANKOLE AND KIGEZI:

For sure the Baganda Chiefs did a remarkable job in Ankole as the kingdom’s counties achieved rapid enlightenment and development and on Kgezi noticing this tremendous change , she also requested for Baganda Chiefs to come and assist them too. This made the Baganda very notable in Ankole and Kigezi extensively to the extent that from County to Parish level all levels were filled by Baganda.

Eventually after many years , all the Baganda chiefs in Ankole and Kigezi apart from peoples like ADAM MUTAASA who had retired and settled home due to age and other factors at play, were forcefully ordered to retire from these positions in 1936. This was because the Banyankore and Bakiga claimed they had acquired enough skill to manage their county’s affairs themselves.

HOW MOSLEM CRUSADERS WARS BEGAN AND HOW THEY ENDED:

In September 1888, during the reign of Kabaka Mwanga in Buganda, there was a power struggle when all religious denominations then joined hands with the help of Captain Lugard a British colonialist, over threw Kabaka Mwanga and installed prince Kweewa onto the royal throne as Kabaka of Buganda.
Hardly had he reigned for a month than the Arabs and Moslems started demanding he converts to Islam and expels all his right hand men who still practiced traditional religious beliefs replacing them with Muslims. Not knowing that it was a trick that threatened his power, he stood his ground and in October 1888 he was overthrown.

ADAM MUTAASA narrates as an eye witness during these two power struggles that kiweewa was trying to flee but was intercepted in Kyebando on the 10th of October 1888 near the tombs of Kabaka Kyabagu, first imprisoned and later killed as his body was burnt to ashes.And from the enthronement to being autsted, imprisoned until he was killed it was a total of only 72 days.

Please note, that prince Kalema is son of Kabaka Mutesa I by Queen mother Nalumu-Ndibuwakani a lady of Ndiga clan( sheep totem), Not as per J.C Sekamwa states in his book "Buganda n‘obwakabaka” states that she was of mamba clan , a lady who was cousin-sister to ADAM MUTAASA’s mother, lady Nabosa Nvaandiirwa Namirembe who was daughter to elder Sserunkuma of Mawokota.

Kalema was installed on the Buganda throne as Kabaka amidst moslems and Arabs having accepted circumcision on Friday 12/Oct/1988 by Mwalimu Jumama Kanatta an act that did not please the catholic christians and Protestants who therefore left and moved to Kabula which boarders Buganda and Nkole in protest.

Their main reason for going to Kabula wa to meet up with other Christians who had earlier gone there in defiance of Muteesi I’s leadership at the time because he had surrounded him self with too many Muslims towards the end of his reign. These Christians fled in bid to re-organize themselves to fight Islam. The new groups joined the old and formed battalions to be able to fight the government of Kabaka Kalema.

When Kalema had of the impending attack , he set himself ready for them whereas the Christians were also expecting attack from Kalema. So both sides were on high alert and ready for war.

ADAM MUTAASA says,
"As the moslem troops were slopping to intercept the enemy at Katonga, the Christians in joint command with their white counterparts were hurrying uphill to cross Katinga for fear of being intercepted there, these clashes became so volatile and eventually spread to most parts of Buganda “.

“We hit each other at Buddu, had a terrible scuffle at Katonga In which our prime minister Muguluma was killed, they pushed us through Kooki, Busiro upto Ntebbe.Meanwhile others groups were fighting in Mawokota and Busujju,while others were surfacing from Kyagwe.The battle was so tough and in it we lost our chief commander Wakigadya as well; Initially the enemies had killed Butuma our advisor and moral booster who would gather us whenever we were under attack or disarray. The tune on his drum always went as follows ;

Stand firm, be brave these wars are for the almighty for Allah, for Bisimi, for the prophet!

On hearing that tune we would get courage and fight bravely. His death was a great blow to us and greatly contributed to our losing the battle to the Catholics and Protestants. In 1889 , they entered Kabaka Kalema’s palace at Lungujja and the prime minister’s residence at Kitebi had also been taken over.

At Kabula on the boarder of Buganda and Ankole , in places where the Catholics and Protestants first arrived and then eventually joined forces and fought Kalema, monuments were built.
The Catholics built a very big Parish and named it KIJUKIZO , while the Protestants also built theirs that they called KINUUKA. They claim to have done this as a memorial of the experiences during the reign of Kabaka Kalema and his Muslim counterparts whom they overthrew basing at these areas.

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