Border Reiver and Highland Clans

Border Reiver and Highland Clans Rugged, tough people who lived by their own laws and known as the Border Reivers. Sheep stealing and burning homes was common. Their descendants can be found all over the world and include the first man on the moon, Prime Ministers and Presidents.

The battle of Solway Moss was over almost as soon as it had begun. The vastly superior numbers of the Scottish forces sh...
28/03/2020

The battle of Solway Moss was over almost as soon as it had begun. The vastly superior numbers of the Scottish forces should have made short work of the English army. But lack of cohesion amid the Scottish leaders, combined with skilful use of troops and topography on the part of the English, led to a humiliating Scottish defeat. Three weeks later on the 14 December 1542, James V died having withdrawn to Falkland Palace, thus leaving the two week old Mary as Queen. This in itself led to further problems, leaving Henry VIII of England the nearest male successor, leading to what was to become the War of the Rough Wooing.

Two great articles : https://clancarruthers228187931.wordpress.com/2018/01/13/the-battle-of-solway/

https://clancarruthers228187931.wordpress.com/2020/03/27/clan-carruthers-battle-of-solway-moss/

26/03/2020
Interesting shot of Warkworth Castle NorthumberlandMany a Reiver, from both sides of the border saw out their final days...
26/03/2020

Interesting shot of Warkworth Castle Northumberland
Many a Reiver, from both sides of the border saw out their final days in the dungeon here...not the notorious Jerry “Topping” Charlton though, who somehow managed to survive a bout of plague which wiped out most of the garrison
It was just one of the strongholds of the powerful Percy family.... The real “Kings of the North”

If you've ever had the pleasure of visiting Iona, you can't fail to have been impressed by the towering cross outside Io...
25/03/2020

If you've ever had the pleasure of visiting Iona, you can't fail to have been impressed by the towering cross outside Iona Abbey.

This week, Historic Environment Scotland has awarded category A listed status to this striking replica of St John’s Cross.

St John’s Cross was just one of many crosses which showed visitors the way to the abbey. The original cross was carved more than 1200 years ago. When it was first made, it would have been one of the widest crosses in all of Britain and Ireland!

The people who carved the original cross wanted to build a huge and impressive cross – but they overdid it. The arms of the cross were too long, and it collapsed almost as soon as it was built. It looks like they tried to fix it by adding the stone rings, but that didn’t work for long either.

In 1927 the pieces were stuck together again, but the intact cross only lasted till 1957. At that point all the surviving pieces were brought into the museum, and in 1970 this replica cross was built.

The design brief was for the replica cross to accurately resemble the original in colour, texture and detail and be durable enough to withstand the extreme weather of this Hebridean island.

This replica cross is now an important part of the history of the abbey and is valued by people across the world

25/03/2020

While in Florida the Bruce Clan announced that they were also an Irish Clan now. This makes the second Clan I know of.

Jim Elliott I have spent my winters near Beaufort SC for more than 20 years. Stephen Elliott was born and is buried ther...
25/03/2020

Jim Elliott I have spent my winters near Beaufort SC for more than 20 years. Stephen Elliott was born and is buried there on the grounds of the Anglican church built in 1720 which he attended. It is still in use. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_Elliott_Jr.

Brigadier General Stephen Elliott (1830-1866), Confederate army officer of renown .His father was Rev Stephen Elliott(1804 -1866) .They descend from Thomas Elliott, another brother of William And Barnard

25/03/2020
24/03/2020
Border Reivers Social Isolation

Border Reivers Social Isolation

A man searches for an old Border Reiver tower deep in the forests of the Tweed valley in the Scottish Borders.

For all the Campbells out there!  You may enjoy this three volumn set of books on ......drum roll..... The Campbells
24/03/2020
Store | Clan Campbell

For all the Campbells out there! You may enjoy this three volumn set of books on ......drum roll..... The Campbells

Photo: Inveraray Castle on the west coast of Scotland is the ancestral home of the Duke of Argyll, Chief of the Clan Campbell

Clan Carruthers Int Society CCIS, not the copycat Clan, has some of the best material on the Border Reivers.  I stopped ...
24/03/2020
CLAN CARRUTHERS : HISTORY OF SCOTTISH CLANS COVENATORS AND JACOBITES

Clan Carruthers Int Society CCIS, not the copycat Clan, has some of the best material on the Border Reivers. I stopped counting this morning at 50 blogs.

Clan Carruthers Int Society CCIS PROMPTUS ET FIDELIS History of Scottish Clans Covenanters And Jacobites And Wars With England   King Charles I was born a Scotsman in the yea…

Say Hello to Butch Armstrong!
24/03/2020

Say Hello to Butch Armstrong!

Battle of Inverlochy Castle in 1431. The MacDonalds attacked the camp of the Earls of Mar and Atholl who were loyal to K...
23/03/2020

Battle of Inverlochy Castle in 1431. The MacDonalds attacked the camp of the Earls of Mar and Atholl who were loyal to King James I of Scots. Battle was confused both parties withdrew unsure who had won. The Earl of Mar fled bare foot and horseless to his Castle of Kildrummy.

1402 Scots (Black & Red Douglases, Ramsay, Sinclair, Stewart, Hay, Gordon, Swinton etc) sack Newcastle. Defeated at Homi...
23/03/2020

1402 Scots (Black & Red Douglases, Ramsay, Sinclair, Stewart, Hay, Gordon, Swinton etc) sack Newcastle. Defeated at Homildon Hill by Hotspur Percy using archers to draw Scots from their booty. Black Douglas had 3 arrows in him & an eye poked out but survived to fight another day.

Border-Reivers-Invade-English-TynedaleIn October 1593 the Border Reiver clans of the Scottish Border valleys answered th...
23/03/2020

Border-Reivers-Invade-English-Tynedale

In October 1593 the Border Reiver clans of the Scottish Border valleys answered the call to arms. They were intent on teaching the English a lesson in 'might is right'. Such a large-scale raid had never been planned before. For once the Scottish clans put their differences behind them, the relentless feud and blood-feud, and acted in concert for this great foray south of the Border Line. It involved a thousand men from the valleys of the Ewes, Esk, Liddel and Annan. Men with names that had, for generations, struck fear into the hearts of any who dared to contest their lawless ways. Armstrongs of Mangerton and Morton and Elliots of Dinlabyre and Larriston joined forces with many others who smarted for a final reckoning with the clans of Tynedale, the Hunters and Milburns in particular.

Scottish Border Reivers Attack Tynedale

A thousand strong, with pennants flying from their saddles, a gesture that generally signified war and not normally used by the Reivers in their nightly predatory wanderings, the Scottish Border Reivers descended on Tynedale, Northumberland, the English county that abuts the east of the English Scottish Border. It was a day-time foray, unusual and meant to be noticed, overt and signalling that they wished to be seen and recognised. Their goal was the valley of the Tarset, part of Tynedale, and the lands of Simonburn, now a lovely picturesque village; well-known today through the Northumberland stories of Katherine Cookson. Simonburn is used as a backdrop in televised versions of some of her stories.

Simonburn in the 16th century was a fortified place, its massive pele tower housing a garrison of fifty well-armed soldiers always at call to repel any invader into the holme-lands of the river Tyne, especially the raiders from the Scottish Marches. Alas today it is an overgrown ruin of ever dwindling proportions. It is said that gold was buried within its massive walls and successive generations, especially in the 18th century, have abused both its presence and history in futile attempts to lay the rumour to rest. A sad sight indeed today!

On the occasion of the Great Raid the garrison of the Pele Tower were unaware of the massive Scottish Border Reiver horde who stole into the area from Stonehaugh and moved on to Tarset.

The Raid on Tarsetdale

The Scottish Reivers soon overcame any opposition from the inhabitants of the Gatehouses, fortified bastle houses which stood sentinel to the entrance to the valley of the Tarset. Within a very short time they were engaged with a particularly vicious crew who inhabited the fortified houses of the Redheughe, the Bog Head, the Starr Head, the Water Head, the High Field, the Black Middens and the Kyme. These were the Hunters and Milburns, men renowned for the fighting prowess, their aggression and zealous guardianship of their homelands.

Black-Middens-Bastle-House-was-Raided-by-the-Scottish-Border-Reivers
Black-Middens-Bastle.

Against the massive numbers from the Scottish valleys they were put to flight but not before they had contested every inch of ground. Both the Hunters and Milburns would recover from the loss of their livelihood and the ruin of their homes. They lived to exact retribution in the Scottish Border valleys. Time brought these English Border Reivers some satisfaction.

Gatehouse-Bastle-House-is-at-the-Head-of-Tarsetdale-Northumberland-England
Gatehouse-Bastle

The Outcome of the Scottish Reive

The Scottish Reivers, led by William Ellot (Elliot) of Dinlabyre, together with the Laird of Mangerton, (leader of clan Armstrong) and William Armstrong called Kinmott (Kinmont) drove off 'nine hundred five score and five (1005) head of nolte (cows), 1000 sheep and goats, twenty-four horses and mares, burned an onset and mill and carried away £300 of insight gear (household goods and farming implements).
The rape of Tynedale, including Tarset was complete.
The Scottish Border Reivers, though harassed on their way back to the Scottish valleys, repelled every attack and brought the proceeds of the reive safely home. To safeguard the illegal gains, the product of the reive would be put in the hands of several ‘recettors’, or receivers until the heat of the raid had died down. Often these men, engaged in a lucrative trade but which required nerve and a frame of mind that could hold its own counsel, lived miles from the lairs of the thieves, Indeed it was not unusual for some of these men to be English.

Aftermath

Even though the principals of the Great Raid on Tynedale were taken before the King of Scotland, James V1, and were admonished for their massed attack on the English at a time when he desired to promote a harmonious relationship with his English counterpart, Elizabeth 1, no action was taken against them.
English authority was incensed at the response of the Scottish king. The Forsters, Middle March Wardens for England, were to have a personal interview with the King. He promised much but took no action. James V1 of Scotland, though he often abhorred the unruliness of his southern clans, knew they had a place in the society that prevailed in Scotland. The Reivers were the best light cavalrymen in Europe. They had always been a barrier to English expansion.
The Aim of the Reivers
It seemed as if the Scottish Border Reivers, unusually massive in their numbers, invited reprisal for their raid on Tynedale and desired a large scale confrontation. There is a hint within their action that they knew their 'day' was coming to an end. It was no secret that Elizabeth 1 of England, heirless and known as the Virgin queen, had indicated that James V1 of Scotland would succeed her on the English throne and thus unite the two countries. What price a Border in turmoil then? The Border would be a thing of the past in a new United Kingdom.
Were the Reivers of the Scottish valleys, in their Great Raid on Tynedale, endeavouring to promote friction between Elizabeth and James? As they moved south on that fateful day in October 1593, with pennants flying as in time of war, did their raid have a deeper significance than the stealing of beasts and the ruin of the men of Tynedale?

Union Despised by Scottish Border Reivers

Should the plans of the two monarchs come to pass then the Border between the two countries would have no future meaning. Both countries would be ruled by one King. As early as 1593, ten years before James' accession to the English throne, the Scottish Reivers began to contest the issue of Union. Should James not show control of his unruly Borderers then there was a chance that Elizabeth would think twice about his ability to follow her on the throne of England. His failure might just prolong the lives and times of the Border Reivers.

Simonburn-Village-often-Raided-by-the-Scottish-Border-Reivers

Spittal-on-Rule from the air; the Toll Cottage or 'Lucky House'Hawick’s medieval leper hospital at Spittal-on-Rule
21/03/2020

Spittal-on-Rule from the air; the Toll Cottage or 'Lucky House'

Hawick’s medieval leper hospital at Spittal-on-Rule

21/03/2020
21/03/2020
Went to the All Scottish Clan Conference, and no one ever believed it would be that big.   It followed the Central Flori...
21/03/2020

Went to the All Scottish Clan Conference, and no one ever believed it would be that big. It followed the Central Florida Games and just before St Paddys Day. The passing of Tom Buckalew was a sad note to hear, just before we boarded for home.

There were almost 200 clans that were present, and only two people from each clan were invited. If you have many branches of your clan, still only two people attended, not two members from each branch.

At some point in the past, way way past, the Douglas Clan was never allowed to be a clan again in Scotland. They had a small presentation to state that The Douglas Clan was officially a Clan in North America. The famous quote was
" We have not followed the Scottish rules since 1776, and the Lord Lyon knows it"

The other comment that went around was " No one should try to tell a Scot what to do"

It was nice to meet so many representative of clans in North America, exchange information, gather for like minded seminars.

Dunedin Scottish Games looks like they will be cancelled, not officially yet.

18/03/2020
18/03/2020
Border Reiver and Highland Clans's cover photo
05/03/2020

Border Reiver and Highland Clans's cover photo

Hawick Reivers Festival!    Great time!
05/03/2020

Hawick Reivers Festival! Great time!

05/03/2020
Allan Pinkerton is finally to be honoured in his home city of Glasgow. Pinkerton was the founder of the world's best kno...
02/03/2020

Allan Pinkerton is finally to be honoured in his home city of Glasgow. Pinkerton was the founder of the world's best known detective agency. A plaque is to be placed on Legal House in the Gorbals District, home to Historical Environment Scotland (HES) and close to the site of his birth in 1819. Pinkerton was a cooper to trade and emigrated to the US in 1842. He became a private detective in Chicago in 1849, and in the following year founded the North Western Police agency. It later evolved into the Pinkerton National Detective Agency. The site of the tenement building where he was born is now the Glasgow Central Mosque. For the few people who access this page and don't already know, Pinkerton is a recognised sept of Clan Campbell. Duncan Beaton

Colin Campbell of Glenorchy (c.1395–1478), Knight of Rhodes, Aged 80'The German Painter' (active c.1633)National Trust, ...
02/03/2020

Colin Campbell of Glenorchy (c.1395–1478), Knight of Rhodes, Aged 80
'The German Painter' (active c.1633)
National Trust, St John's Jerusalem

It's been on long term loan to the museum since 2013.Is is stone, very heavy and around 35cm long.WELL DONE! To everyone...
29/02/2020

It's been on long term loan to the museum since 2013.

Is is stone, very heavy and around 35cm long.

WELL DONE! To everyone that guessed correctly, it is indeed the Glenfinnan Stone. Legend has it that this was the stone from which Prince Charles Edward Stuart’s Standard was raised on 19 August 1745. The raising of the Standard at Glenfinnan marked the start of the 1745 Jacobite Rising.

Clan Fraser has a long military history – a history which came full circle when the 17th Lord Lovat landed on a Normandy...
29/02/2020

Clan Fraser has a long military history – a history which came full circle when the 17th Lord Lovat landed on a Normandy beach in June 1944 at the head of a Commando Brigade. Upon the realisation he had landed back where the Frasers had come from, Lord Lovat ordered his personal piper to pipe the unit ashore. This could have spelled disaster for the Commandos, however, the nearby German soldiers reportedly did not fire on the group because they thought their leader, Lord Lovat, was mad.

William Millin, commonly known as Piper Bill, was personal piper to Simon Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, commander of 1 Special Service Brigade at D-Day

One of the more infamous Frasers was the 11th Lord Lovat, a man called Simon Fraser. The Jacobite, known as The Fox, was...
29/02/2020

One of the more infamous Frasers was the 11th Lord Lovat, a man called Simon Fraser. The Jacobite, known as The Fox, was notorious for his feuding and switching his allegiances. He caused widespread outrage, when he kidnapped the sister-in-law of his enemy John Murray, Earl of Tullibardine, and forced her to marry him, then raped her. Facing prosecution, The Fox fled to France where he lived as a Jacobite spy, until he was eventually caught. Simon Fraser’s execution was as violent as his life. A timber erection collapsed under the weight of the crowd that had gathered to witness the beheading, instantly killing nine people. This caused great amusement to Fraser, who could barely contain his laughter… giving life to the idiom to ‘laugh your head off’.

One of the most notorious battles involving Clan Fraser occurred in 1544 in the Great Glen at the northern end of Loch L...
29/02/2020

One of the most notorious battles involving Clan Fraser occurred in 1544 in the Great Glen at the northern end of Loch Lochy. In a dispute over chiefship of the Macdonald clan, Hugh Fraser 3rd Lord Lovat brought four hundred of his best men and had planned to team up with Clan Gordon. But the head of Clan Gordon decided to return his men to their own territory when no battle materialised, however, the MacDonalds had been stalking Clan Fraser waiting for the opportunity to attack. Without Clan Gordon’s support, Clan Fraser was outnumbered and, despite their determination, hundreds of men were slaughtered. It is reported only five Frasers and eight MacDonalds survived the bloody fight. The battle is often referred to as the Battle of the Shirts, since it is believed to have been such a warm day that the warriors had to remove their heavy plaids in the heat and fight only in their shirts.

At the Siege of Inverness in 1562, Clan Fraser fought valiantly for Mary, Queen of Scots, alongside Clan Munro. Together...
29/02/2020

At the Siege of Inverness in 1562, Clan Fraser fought valiantly for Mary, Queen of Scots, alongside Clan Munro. Together they took Inverness Castle for the queen.

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Hello from New Mexico Clan Douglas Regent. And director of NM Renaissance Celtic Festival
I don't like this...I adore and appreciate it!!! ❤️
Today I read a post about the Lord Lyons being independent and not part of the College of Arms. I remembered when David Sellar resigned and the procedure for a new Lord Lyons. There was an article called The Queen is looking for a new Lord Lyons. It states that the Lord Lyons is one of four King of Arms in the United Kingdom. Whilst the Lord Lyon is the only King of Arms in Scotland, the rest of the United Kingdom also has 3 other Kings of Arms who are: Garter Principal King of Arms, Clarenceux King of Arms and Norroy and Ulster King of Arms. All 4 King of Arms are appointed by the Queen and work under the corporation of the College of Arms. When there are petitions against the Lord Lyons, they must be presented to the College of Arms. They do not go to the Scottish courts for decisions. Often seen resplendent in their famous tabards, the Kings of Arms are traditionally in charge of heraldry in the United Kingdom. The King of Arms for Scotland, also called the Lord Lyons also has his own judicial court with powers to bring criminal charges against people in Scotland for misuse of heraldic charges against people in Scotland for misuse of heraldic devices, and the power to issue fines and direct removal of any coats of arms. The College of Arms is a corporation in and of itself that is overseen by the Queen at present and soon the King of England. There was a man named David Moffatt who questioned this, and I do not know where that was, so I am hoping it is alright to post it here,
May I ask who runs this site?