The Manchester Historian

The Manchester Historian The University of Manchester's history departmental newspaper. Produced by students, for students.

The Manchester Historian is a newspaper written, produced, edited and distributed by students in the University of Manchester's History department.

Mission: The aim of the Manchester Historian is to make History more widely accessible to the wider community of the University and give the opportunity to History students to engage with alternative material to what is covered in their courses. We also provide opportunities for students within the History department who are interested in going into journalism, advertising, marketing, website management or publishing to gain some experience whilst at University.

13/05/2020
The Manchester Historian

There are only a couple more days to submit your application to join the Manchester Historian team!

Download an application form below and send it to us by Friday 15th May if you want to be a part of this exciting student magazine

Are you interested in journalism, marketing, or design? Fancy getting some real experience with a student publication? Apply to join next year’s team at the Manchester Historian! We’re recruiting our new team for the 2020/21 academic year, and would love you to be involved. This is a fantastic opportunity, and a great thing to put on your CV! We welcome applicants from all degree courses, and no prior experience is needed.

We’re looking for copyeditors, designers, people to run the website, run the launch events, and manage the magazine’s marketing. Have a look at this document for the role specifications: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1H3S62xZnabAIY37zZ5Vyxwbbp5DRhFoC/view?usp=sharing

If you want to apply, download and fill out one of these application forms: https://drive.google.com/file/d/12REp1BazqP0z-R59hAlxfE1Vwf1iTfA_/view?usp=sharing.
Attach it to an email, and send it to us at [email protected] before the deadline on 15th May.

Look forward to hearing from you!

05/05/2020

Are you interested in journalism, marketing, or design? Fancy getting some real experience with a student publication? Apply to join next year’s team at the Manchester Historian! We’re recruiting our new team for the 2020/21 academic year, and would love you to be involved. This is a fantastic opportunity, and a great thing to put on your CV! We welcome applicants from all degree courses, and no prior experience is needed.

We’re looking for copyeditors, designers, people to run the website, run the launch events, and manage the magazine’s marketing. Have a look at this document for the role specifications: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1H3S62xZnabAIY37zZ5Vyxwbbp5DRhFoC/view?usp=sharing

If you want to apply, download and fill out one of these application forms: https://drive.google.com/file/d/12REp1BazqP0z-R59hAlxfE1Vwf1iTfA_/view?usp=sharing.
Attach it to an email, and send it to us at [email protected] before the deadline on 15th May.

Look forward to hearing from you!

https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/history-of-the-feminist-movement-in-the-us-by-kate-jackson/'The feminist movement i...
05/03/2020
History of the feminist movement in the US, by Kate Jackson

https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/history-of-the-feminist-movement-in-the-us-by-kate-jackson/
'The feminist movement is certainly far from its origins but that does not mean that the concerns of ‘former’ waves are no longer relevant.'

The feminist movement began in the US at the end of the nineteenth century. It has persisted to this day, although the goals and rationalities behind the movement have changed radically since its i…

https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/the-life-and-legacy-of-constance-markievicz-by-joe-hurdman/'Markievicz was a hugely...
03/03/2020
The life and legacy of Constance Markievicz, by Joe Hurdman

https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/the-life-and-legacy-of-constance-markievicz-by-joe-hurdman/
'Markievicz was a hugely influential figure in the fight for Irish independence, not just due to her actions and accomplishments but because of her role as a trailblazing female politician and revolutionary.'

Constance Markievicz (1868 – 1927) seems an unusual figure for a revolutionary. Markievicz was born into a privileged, landholding family that owned estates in both Ireland and England.

https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/modern-classicists-by-anne-de-reynier/'Present in almost every form of media, from ...
28/02/2020
Modern Classicists by Anne De Reynier

https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/modern-classicists-by-anne-de-reynier/
'Present in almost every form of media, from instagram accounts to video games, we are constantly surrounded by references to the ancient world.' Read Anne de Reynier's article on Modern Classicists, now up on our website ✨

To those within the academic sphere, it seems that classical mythology has seen a dramatic rise in popularity amongst the general public, and has never been more influential.

https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/vietnam-colonial-cold-or-civil-war-by-rebecca-boulton/The Vietnam War was  a 'cruci...
26/02/2020
Vietnam: Colonial, Cold or Civil War? by Rebecca Boulton

https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/vietnam-colonial-cold-or-civil-war-by-rebecca-boulton/
The Vietnam War was a 'crucial example of how foreign intervention can result in increased divisions and a considerable extension of a conflict.' Read Rebecca Boulton's article on the Vietnam War via the link ✨

Over a period spanning 30 years of conflict, the Vietnam War caused the death of approximately 3 million people, including Vietnamese soldiers, civilians and foreign military. Historically, the war…

https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/mexican-national-identity-by-tasha-parsons/'Vasconcelos saw muralism as a form of n...
21/02/2020
Mexican National Identity, by Tasha Parsons

https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/mexican-national-identity-by-tasha-parsons/
'Vasconcelos saw muralism as a form of national education, itself pivotal to the creation of a national identity.'
Follow link below to read Tasha Parsons's article on Mexican National Identity✨✨

Following the Mexican Revolution, the newly formed government pursued art as a means of building national identity and establishing a collective narrative about the war.

https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/the-fall-of-saigon-by-charlotte-roscoe/'As Saigon’s fall was inevitable it was impo...
19/02/2020
The Fall of Saigon, by Charlotte Roscoe

https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/the-fall-of-saigon-by-charlotte-roscoe/
'As Saigon’s fall was inevitable it was impossible for South Vietnam to ever be an independent nation.' Charlotte Roscoe's article on the Fall of Saigon is now up on our website! Read via link below: ✨✨

In 1975, on the 30th of April, Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, was captured by the People’s Army of Vietnam and the Vietcong. Was the fall of Saigon an inevitability? Was there any chan…

https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/the-slaves-that-dared-to-challenge-imperialism-how-haiti-was-punished-for-its-revol...
18/02/2020
The slaves that dared to challenge imperialism: how Haiti was punished for its revolution (1791-1804), by Wilf Kenning

https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/the-slaves-that-dared-to-challenge-imperialism-how-haiti-was-punished-for-its-revolution-1791-1804-by-wilf-kenning/
'For white colonialists, the enslaved could not even comprehend political concepts such as freedom or equality, let alone articulate a political movement grounded in such concepts that would radically confront the European colonial epistemology.' Read Wilf Kenning's article on the Haitian Revolution now up on the website 😊

The French colony of Saint-Domingue (contemporary Haiti) was heralded as ‘the Pearl of the Antilles’, the slave-driven sugar economy making it the richest of the French colonies and a central compo…

16/02/2020

The Manchester Historian is looking for writers for our upcoming issue. Could you write for us?

Issue 36 - Ideology and Faith

This issue, we want to explore how humans have understood their place in the world historically. How have these understandings shaped the world and the way we live?

If you’d like to write an article, email a brief plan to [email protected]
You are welcome to write an article from the list below, but we also encourage pitches of your own article ideas, and of book reviews relevant to the theme. To reserve space in the magazine, you must email us with your article plan before 19th Feb. The final deadline for article submission is 24th Feb.

- Mother Earth: The changing relationship between humankind and nature. Could include:
> The rise of eco-socialism [RESERVED]
> Green politics: the political arm of the environmental movement in the 1960s and 70s
> Native Americans: the original environmentalists
> Indigenous peoples as the last custodians of the wild
> Mother Earth or the furnace of industrialisation: The ideology of man’s domination over nature - Earth as a controllable machine
- Futurism: a radical understanding of progress or fascist propaganda?
- A short history of the Apocalypse: Humanity’s imagined endings
- The Idea of Progress: An examination of the rise of the belief in the 19th century that life will get better
- Historical approaches to insanity: Could cover:
> Thinkers such as Nordau, Lombroso, Morel,
> Or perhaps the approach of Foucault, Szasz, Freud
> Analyse literature on insanity: eg. The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde; The Picture of Dorian Grey
- ‘I hear people say we have to stop and debate globalisation. You might as well debate whether autumn should follow summer’ (Blair, 2005) - Is a globalised world inevitable?
- How globalised was the pre-industrial world? Could cover:
> The slave trade in the Indian Ocean, the Columbian exchange, and the Roman and Mediteranian
- The damaging ideology of social Darwinism in Victorian Britain
- bell hooks and the growth of Intersectionality in Western Feminism [RESERVED]
- An introduction to Ayn Rand and Objectionalism
- Iconoclasts and iconophiles: the war over religious imagery in Abrahamic religion. Could cover:
> Protestantism and the rejection of Catholic sacrilege
> The wars fought over icons in Byzantium
> How the rejection of icons shaped Islamic art [RESERVED]

- A profile of Mary Wolstonecraft and the birth of Western Feminism [RESERVED]
- Women in intellectual history: a forgotten history
- Francis Fukuyama and contemporary debates over End of History
- A history of Utopian Societies - Robert Owen, Henri de Saint-Simon, Charles Forier, Henry George [RESERVED]
- The Harlem Renaissance - A radical expression of racial identity
- How the arrival of the printing press changed the world
- Decadence, pessimism and decline during the Fin de Siecle
> Could contrast with contemporary perceptions like the Belle Epoque
- Categorisation, empiricism and governance in Victorian Britain and Empire
> Could cover approaches to sexuality, race, imperial anthropology, criminality and degeneracy
> Could cover a longer analysis of European race theory
- Enlightened monarchs and the idea of rational government
> Could explore: how enlightened were the enlightened Monarchs?
- The global impact of the ideas of the French revolution
> Could explore how these ideas impacted Spanish America, the Caribbean, US.
- The ideology of Pan-arabism: the growth of Ba’athist Parties and the Muslim brotherhood
- The longevity of nomadism in pre-colonial sub-saharan Africa
- An article exploring Zionism. Could cover:
> The Zionist movement 1917-1948
> British responses to the Zionist movement in it’s colonial policy in Palestine
> How Zionism has shaped the history of Israel: the battle between ‘new’ and ‘old’ historians over 1948.
> The catastrophy of exile and the Holocaust in Zionist thought
- James Baldwin’s problematic relationship with America [RESERVED]
- Casta paintings and Iberian understandings of race 1760-1821
- Native American Monarchism during the Spanish American wars of independence
- The Chinese Dynastic Cycle: A self-fulfilling prophecy?
- The Chinese Civil Service Exam: an exercise in Confucianism and Communism
- What can ancient Hindu texts like the Vedas and the Manu tell us about the modern day caste system?
- To what extent is the Caste system a Hindu belief system?
- Printing to meteorology: Advances in science and culture under the Joseon Dynasty in Korea
- From Myanmar to Japan: Buddhism’s variations across Asia
- The role of Tibetan Buddhism in Tibetan society
> Historical timespan could begin with the first dissemination (7-9th Centuries), or cover later periods.
- Buddhist conversion as a strategy of upward mobility in Indian society 1850-1960
- The enduring legacy of Christianity on Western morality
> (This article could be a review of Dominion by Tom Holland; or an original analysis)
- The Barbarian Other on the edge of the Roman World
- ‘The Strong do what they will, and the weak suffer what they must’: Athenian Democracy and the Melian Dialogue
- The history of fire, the wheel, and other monumental prehistoric inventions
- StoneHenge, Druidism and prehistoric Celtic religion
- Ideological profiles: A brief history of… [examples could include:]
> Capitalism
> Communism, Socialism, Fabianism, Trotskyism
> Anarchism
> Liberalism
- A review of The Cheese and the Worms by Carlo Ginsberg [RESERVED]
- The messages of dystopian fiction - from Wells to the modern day
- Fantasy as a reflection of society: the problematic narratives of CS Lewis and J R R Tolkein

[To view this post in a google doc, go to https://docs[DOT]google[DOT]com/document/d/1XuEo2ZGsEX9TOg2tUR3lC31l6dMT1Cxxg4BjyxkokSU/edit?usp=sharing]

‘The freedom of speech which today’s society take as a given right of existence, is a freedom that was fundamentally con...
14/02/2020
John Milton: a revolutionary worth remembering, by L. Pearl Leroux

‘The freedom of speech which today’s society take as a given right of existence, is a freedom that was fundamentally constructed from Milton’s arguments’✨ read L. Pearl Leroux’s biography of John Milton which is now up on our website ✨
https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/john-milton-a-revolutionary-worth-remembering-by-l-pearl-leroux/

Today, freedom of speech and action is seen as being central to western democracy. Yet, despite being one of the chief architects of the arguments for free speech and free will, and debating the i…

https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/iraq-the-14th-july-revolution-by-charlotte-roscoe/"born out of violence and bloodsh...
12/02/2020
Iraq: The 14th July Revolution, by Charlotte Roscoe

https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/iraq-the-14th-july-revolution-by-charlotte-roscoe/

"born out of violence and bloodshed, the Iraqi Republic was doomed from the start and, after only ten short years, the new republic, which had never been stable, crumbled." New article up on our website! Read Charlotte Roscoe's piece on the 14th July Revolution via the link.

The July 14th Revolution of 1958 led to the overthrow of the Hashemite monarchy and the creation of the Iraqi republic. One of the main leaders of the coup, Abd al-Karīm Qāsim, became the first pr…

Issue 35 is just round the corner, but we are already getting ready for Issue 36! The theme for this issue is Ideology a...
11/02/2020
Issue 36 - Ideology and Faith

Issue 35 is just round the corner, but we are already getting ready for Issue 36! The theme for this issue is Ideology and Faith.

If you’re interested in writing for the magazine, and have an idea for an article you’d like to write, email us a brief outline of your idea to [email protected] and we will reserve the space in the magazine for you. If you’d like to write, but are looking for article ideas, have a look at our list of article briefs, which you can pitch to us, or use as inspiration:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1XuEo2ZGsEX9TOg2tUR3lC31l6dMT1Cxxg4BjyxkokSU/edit?usp=sharing

Issue 36 - Ideology and Faith This issue, we want to explore how humans have understood their place in the world historically. How have these understandings shaped the world and the way we live? If you’d like to write an article, email a brief plan to [email protected] You are welc...

https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/deng-xiaoping-and-socialism-with-chinese-characteristics-a-capitalist-revolution-by...
10/02/2020
Deng Xiaoping and Socialism with Chinese Characteristics: a Capitalist Revolution? By Louis O’Halloran

https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/deng-xiaoping-and-socialism-with-chinese-characteristics-a-capitalist-revolution-by-louis-ohalloran/
'China is the world’s second largest economy after seeing growth of almost 10% every year for thirty-five years'. Louis O'Halloran's article on Deng Xiaoping and Socialism with Chinese characteristics is now up on our website!

On 1st September 1982, Deng Xiaoping addressed the 12th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. Held approximately every five years, the National Congress allows the Party to change its …

‘While Hong Kong is home to almost 100 billionaires, 1.35 million people (1 in 5) live below the poverty line.’ Tom’s ar...
06/02/2020
30 Years of Protest in China: From Tiananmen Square to Hong Kong’s ‘be water’ protests: has protest against the CCP ever achieved anything? By Tom Costello

‘While Hong Kong is home to almost 100 billionaires, 1.35 million people (1 in 5) live below the poverty line.’ Tom’s article on 30 Years of Protest in China is now up on our website via the link below ✨✨
https://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/30-years-of-protest-in-china-subheading-from-tiananmen-square-to-hong-kongs-be-water-protests-has-protest-against-the-ccp-ever-achieved-anything-by-tom-costello/

The world watched on on October 1 as Xi Jinping led massive military parades in Beijing, ostensibly to ‘celebrate’ the 70th anniversary of the Chinese Revolution. Fundamentally, it serv…

“Mary Whitehouse was a social conservative campaigner who set her sights on the ‘permissive society’” ✨Read Kate’s artic...
03/02/2020
Mary Whitehouse and the Permissive Society: the battle over Gay News, and what it meant for 1960s Britain, by Kate Jackson

“Mary Whitehouse was a social conservative campaigner who set her sights on the ‘permissive society’” ✨Read Kate’s article on 1960s society and sexuality via the link below✨

http://manchesterhistorian.com/2020/mary-whitehouse-and-the-permissive-society-the-battle-over-gay-news-and-what-it-meant-for-1960s-britain-by-kate-jackson/

Mary Whitehouse was a social conservative campaigner who set her sights on the ‘permissive society’ – the liberalising of social norms – that, she believed, was exposing children to more sex and vi…

09/01/2020

Issue 35 - Fractured Nations

We are looking for articles for the Manchester Historian's 35th issue. Could you write for us? The theme this issue is Fractured Nations.

Below, we have some suggestions for articles you could write for Issue 35 of the Manchester Historian. These briefs are meant to be a starting point from which you can develop your article. Some questions to think about are, what would you like to cover within the broad topic of the brief? What will your argument be? What are the key historical debates surrounding the topic?

What we are really interested in exploring this issue is divided peoples. How can you have bitterly split, divided people living together in the same nation? What happens when it doesn’t work? Along these lines, we have article briefs below on the former Yugoslavia, the divide between Hutu and Tutsi peoples, the Partition of India and Pakistan, among other topics. We want to explore what it means to be a nation, and how people have been brought together, as well as how nations have split.

To reserve an article, email us with a short outline of what you plan to write. [email protected]

We provide these briefs in order to give writers some ideas about the sorts of articles they could write, but this list is not exclusive. If you have an idea for an article that’s not on the list below, we would love you to write it for us. Email us a short outline of your idea at [email protected]

///Modern Western History///
-We would like to include an article about tensions in the former Yugoslavia.
Some potential article topics could include:
Causes and consequences of the breakup of Yugoslavia [RESERVED]
Ethnic tensions/relations under Tito: what kept the country together?
The origins of ethnic tensions in the region: the Ottoman empire in Balkans
-The origins of Scottish nationalism: was the scottish nation manufactured?
-Waves of change - a history of the Feminist Movement in the USA [RESERVED]
-Newly unified, but freshly divided: How the American civil war led to new divides in the country, between the north and south, and between black and white populations.
-Racial Othering in Windrush Generation Britain
-Conceptions of Race in Nazi Germany [RESERVED]
-What was the role of the Great Irish Famine in Irish Nationalist movements, 1870-1923?
-From Kelso Cochrane to Mark Duggan: the history of racist police violence in the UK [RESERVED]
-We would like an article on the Spanish Civil War or Spain under France.
There are many angles you could take, one possibility is: An exploration of the uneasy alliance between Carlists and Nationalists during and after the Spanish Civil War
-Racist stereotyping or the start of minority representation: The portrayal of race in British kitchen sink television shows. [RESERVED]

///Early Modern and Medieval History///
-Christianity as a disrupting force: forced conversion on Europe’s frontiers
You could examine how Christendom expanded its borders (e.g. Saxony, Hungary, Spain, Scandinavia), and how this affected/destroyed/bolstered indigenous cultures
-The 30 Years War & the Treaty of Westphalia
Explore the religious differences which led to the most destructive war in Central Europe until the World Wars, with eight million casualties
Or explore how the Treaty of Westphalia brought this conflict to an end
-Guelphs and Ghibellines
Did these labels contribute to the creation of civic identities, or were they a hindrance? Were they used as an excuse for the concentration of civic power?
-The Frankish civil wars:
Examine the effects of the dynastic struggles within Francia and its successor states.
Consider: ethnic divisions, the Pope, rules of inheritance etc.
-Political divisions caused by the growth of Protestantism in the Holy Roman Empire

///African, Islamic, and Arabic History///
-We would like an article on the Israel/Palestine conflict. Topics could include:
The holy land: how religion has fueled a history of conflict
Jewish and democratic: a structural tension at the heart of Israel? [RESERVED]
Arab citizenship in the Jewish state
-Dividing the Levant: effects of the Anglo-French Mandates in the Middle East
-Did the failures of Egypt and/or the Syrian Ba’athist states in the Arab-Israeli Wars facilitate the growth of so-called Islamic fundamentalism? [RESERVED]
-The origins of the Sunni/Shia divide within Islam [RESERVED]
-How the Tutsi/Hutu divide defines the Great Lakes region in Africa
-Biafran independence in Nigeria. Topics could include:
The tensions of united Nigeria and the causes of the civil war
Aftermath of the war: the subsequent oppression of the Igbo people.
Biafra under blockade: how the British and Nigerian governments starved 2 million people [RESERVED]
-Causes and consequences of Eritrean independence from Ethiopia
-Bantustans in divided South Africa: how false ‘countries’ were imposed from above, and their effects
-We are also interested in pitches on post-empire national creation in Africa.

///Non-Western, American History///
-An article on the Spanish American wars of independence. Topics could include:
Imperial loyalty during the Spanish American wars of independence: how the symbol of the King was used by both sides
Villages divided: native American loyalties in the Spanish American wars of independence
The creation of distinct nations out of newly independent Spanish America
-Dividing colonial subjects: the effects of the Spanish American caste system
-Reservations, seizures, and treaties: the politics of land in American/Native American relations 1831-1934

///Asian History///
-An article on the Caste system in India. Topics could include:
The origins of the caste system and the role of British views of caste in shaping it
Separate electorates and reservations for Dalits: ending oppression or creating division?
The changing nature of caste loyalties and practices in modern, urbanising India
-An article on the Partition of India and Pakistan. Topics could include:
Two nation theory and the political and ideological steps to partition.
Communal violence and ethnic cleansing in the run up and during partition.
A history of relations between Pakistan and India.
Violence against women during the partition of India.
Gandhi, Patel and the Muslim League: the politics of partition.
-The Comfort Women and their legacy in Korean-Japanese relations [RESERVED]
-An article on the Vietnam war. Some possible topics to tackle:
-Should we consider the Vietnam War a colonial, cold or civil war? [RESERVED]
-Was the fall of Saigon inevitable? Was an independent South Vietnam ever a viable nation?
-The rise and fall of Chinese warlordism
Or possibly: The rise of Chinese nationalism out of a divided, militarised nation
-How the ‘queue’, or braid, became a symbol of gender identity rather than a symbol of Manchi oppression under the Qing dynasty in China
-The use of Khmer identity and medieval history by the Khmer rouge
-Should the Korean War be seen as the result of a failure of Korean nationalism, or the hubris of two competing imperial powers?
-Should we consider the Zheng He voyages an imperialist project?

///Ancient History and Pre-History///
-Persians in the Greek imagination, before and after the Greco-Persian War.
-‘The unity of mankind’: The debate over Alexander the Great’s philosophy, and the divisions between the Greeks, Persians and Macedonians
-Civil Wars of the Roman republic (Julius Caesar + Pompey/Octavian + Mark Anthony)
-‘Who were the plebs?’ - debates over the origins of the separation of Roman citizens into patricians, plebs, and possibly clientes [RESERVED]
-Roman Successor states in the early middle ages
Or The breakup of the Western Roman Empire

/// We are also interested in publishing book reviews. Pitches for reviews of recent history publications, and older important works and welcome. Some of our suggestions based on the theme of Fractured Nations are:
Edward Said - Orientalism
Benedict Anderson - Imagined Communities
Akala - Natives: Race and Class in the ruins of Empire [RESERVED]
Michael Billig - Banal Nationalism

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At the issue launch... free copies of the latest issue, authors introducing their articles and ... free wine! 😃😀